report

  基本词汇  
[rɪ'pɔːt]     [rɪ'pɔːrt]    
  • n.报告;传闻;成绩单;爆炸声
  • v.报告;报导;叙述;举报;报到;对…负责
reportable reported reported reporting reports
new

report是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 报告(书)
  2. 传闻,传说
  3. 爆炸声
  4. 通讯
  5. 报导
  6. 名声
  7. <英>成绩报告单
  8. 汇报
  9. 枪声
  10. 风评
  11. 公报
  12. 【议会】记录
  13. 速记
  14. 【律】审判记录
  15. 意见书
  16. 申请书
v.(动词)
  1. 报告(情况),发表公报,就…提出报告
  2. (使)报到
  3. 发表,公布,宣告
  4. 传闻,传说
  5. 告发,揭发,举报
  6. 当记者
  7. 记述,描述,叙述
  8. 写报导
  9. 告知,呈报,汇报
  10. 回报作报告,打报告
  11. 传达(人的话)
  12. 品评,访问,采访
  13. 通讯
  14. 记录(讲演等以备发表)
  15. 报道,报导
  16. 转述
  17. 记录
  18. 说明
  19. 交回议会辩论(常与out连用)
  20. 归…领导
  21. 对 ... 负责

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]报告,报道 spoken or written account of sth heard, seen, done, studied, etc., especially one that is published or broadcast
  2. [C]成绩报告单,工作鉴定书 periodical written statement about a pupil's or an employee's work and conduct
  3. [U]传闻,谣言,流言蜚语 common talk or rumour; piece of gossip
  4. [U]名声,名誉 way in which sb/sth is spoken of
  5. [C]爆炸声 explosive sound, like that of a gun being fired
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 报告; 报道 provide information (about) or give an account (of); make (sth) known; write or give an account of (a piece of news)
  2. vt. & vi. 公布,宣布,宣告; 当记者 make sth known, especially by publishing or broadcasting; announce; work as a reporter
  3. vt. 告发; 举报 make a complaint about
  4. vt. & vi. 报到 go or be present

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
report : 报表 ...
report : 报告, 报导 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
report : 报告, 报导 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
report : 报告 ...
report : 报告, 报导 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
report : 报表 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
report : 报告 ...
在 《外教社广告学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a written document describing the findings of some individual or group;

    "this accords with the recent study by Hill and Dale"

  2. the act of informing by verbal report;

    "he heard reports that they were causing trouble"
    "by all accounts they were a happy couple"

  3. a short account of the news;

    "the report of his speech"
    "the story was on the 11 o'clock news"
    "the account of his speech that was given on the evening news made the governor furious"

  4. a sharp explosive sound (especially the sound of a gun firing);

    "they heard a violent report followed by silence"

  5. a written evaluation of a student's scholarship and deportment;

    "his father signed his report card"

  6. an essay (especially one written as an assignment);

    "he got an A on his composition"

  7. the general estimation that the public has for a person;

    "he acquired a reputation as an actor before he started writing"
    "he was a person of bad report"

Verb:
  1. to give an account or representation of in words;

    "Discreet Italian police described it in a manner typically continental"

  2. announce as the result of an investigation or experience or finding;

    "Dozens of incidents of wife beatings are reported daily in this city"
    "The team reported significant advances in their research"

  3. announce one's presence;

    "I report to work every day at 9 o'clock"

  4. make known to the authorities;

    "One student reported the other to the principal"

  5. be responsible for reporting the details of, as in journalism;

    "Snow reported on China in the 1950's"
    "The cub reporter covered New York City"

  6. complain about; make a charge against;

    "I reported her to the supervisor"

report的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He is reading a report of the state of the roads.
    他正在看一篇关于道路状况的报告。
  2. My son got an excellent report last semester.
    我儿子上学期成绩出色。
  3. The tyre burst with a loud report.
    轮胎砰的一声巨响爆裂了。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. I shall have to report this to the authorities.
    我得把这事向当局报告。
  2. The crash happened seconds after the pilot reported engine trouble.
    飞行员报告发动机有故障后几秒钟飞机就坠毁了。
  3. The press in China widely reported the event.
    中国报界广泛报导了此事。
  4. She reported (her) having seen the gunman.
    她叙述说曾看见那持枪歹徒。
  5. You should have reported them to the police.
    你应当向警方控告他们的。
  6. It is time to report back for work.
    是回去报到上班的时候了。
  7. All representatives report (directly) to the sales department.
    所有营业代表均须向销售部(直接)承担责任。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The report was prepared at the direction of the president.
    该报告是奉总统之命写成的。
  2. According to newspaper reports, they will resume negotiations.
    据新闻报道,他们将恢复谈判。
  3. Let's listen in to the weather report.
    我们来收听天气预报吧。
  4. Then the floor was given to the Premier for his report on the state budget.
    接着由总理作关于国家预算的报告。
  5. He presented to the city council his report on energy problems.
    他向市议会呈送了关于能源问题的报告。
  6. The board of directors issued its annual report to the stockholders.
    董事会给股东发送年度报告。
  7. Every week they received reports to what was going on.
    每星期他们都收到有关事情进展的报告。
  8. His report of the battle won a Pulitzer prize.
    他对这次战役的报道获得了普利策奖。
  9. He wrote a lot of reports of the war in the Middle East during his stay in Damascus.
    他在大马士革期间写了很多报道中东战争的通讯。
  10. The boy has had a bad report this term.
    这学期孩子的成绩报告单上的成绩不好。
  11. Report has it that the ballet will visit China before long.
    据说这个芭蕾舞团不久将访问中国。
  12. Is there any truth in the report?
    这个传闻是否属实?
  13. It is matter of common report.
    那是大家都知道的传闻。
  14. According to report he's not coming.
    根据传闻,他不来了。
  15. Why, they should have started such an absurd report.
    哼!他们竟然造出这般荒谬的谣言。
  16. There is a report of the Loch Ness monster having been seen.
    据传有人看见过尼斯湖中的怪物。
  17. False reports were widely circulated.
    谣言广为流传。
  18. Don't listen to idle reports.
    别听信无稽之谈。
  19. I have only reports to go on.
    我的依据只是谣传而已。
  20. He is a man of good report.
    他是个名声很好的人。
  21. He was faithful through good and evil report.
    他不计褒贬毁誉而守信不渝。
  22. I heard a tyre of my truck burst with a loud report.
    我听见我卡车的一只轮胎砰地一声爆裂了。
  23. All was quiet except for occasional rifle reports in the distance.
    一切都很宁静,只是远处偶尔响起零星的枪声。
  24. The roar of airplane engines and the sharp reports of opening parachutes filled the sky.
    飞机发动机的轰鸣声和降落伞张开时发出的尖厉的声音响彻长空。
  25. From the reports of guns we knew that hunters must be nearby.
    听枪声我们知道猎人必定在附近。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The committee will report at twelve o'clock.
    委员会将在12点钟提出报告。
  2. She hasn't reported for days.
    她好几天没有汇报了。
  3. He did not simply report; he criticized and reflected.
    他不单是报道,还作了批评和谴责。
  4. What time do we have to report?
    我们该什么时候报到?
  5. The soldier was ordered to report at Shormcliffe Barracks.
    这个士兵奉命到肖姆克里夫兵营报到。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. They were instructed to report the movements of the enemy troops.
    上级指示他们要报告敌军的活动情况。
  2. A large number of factories reported sizable increases in output as compared with the previous year.
    大批工厂都报告说,和前一年相比,产量有很大增长。
  3. She reported the success of a new experiment.
    她报告说一次新的实验成功了。
  4. They reported discovery of a new element.
    他们报道说发现了一种新元素。
  5. The press in China widely reported these events.
    中国新闻界广泛报道了这些事。
  6. The Central People's Broadcasting Station reported the meet in special programmes.
    中央人民广播电台在特别节目中报道了这次运动会的情况。
  7. All the representatives must report themselves on time.
    所有的代表都必须准时报到。
  8. He has reported himself at the new post.
    他已到新的岗位报到了。
  9. Police reported the closure of the road.
    警方宣布那条道路禁通止行。
  10. 用于be ~ed结构
  11. Has it been reported in the newspaper?
    这件事报纸上报道了吗?
S+~+ v -ing
  1. He reported having seen no one come in.
    他报告说没有见谁进来。
S+~+that-clause
  1. The newspaper reported that prices were going up.
    报纸报道说物价正在上涨。
  2. Radio Pyongyang has reported that a delegation of Chinese youths arrived yesterday.
    平壤电台报道说,一个中国青年代表团昨天到达平壤。
  3. The newspapers reported that the prices of radio sets and TV sets are going to be further reduced.
    报上报道说,收音机和电视机将进一步降价。
It is/was ~ed+that-clause
  1. It is reported that China has sent another man-made earth satellite into orbit.
    据报道,中国又发射了一颗人造地球卫星进入轨道。
  2. It is reported that an old man was killed in a car accident.
    据说一个老人在车祸中丧生。
  3. It is reported that a cold wave is coming.
    据说寒流即将来临。
  4. It is reported that three important criminals ran away from prison last night.
    据报道,有三名要犯昨夜越狱逃跑。
  5. It was reported that half a million workers were on strike in that country.
    有消息说,在那个国家,有五十万工人举行了罢工。
  6. It was reported that a certain statesman had exercised great political influence over you.
    据传某政治家曾对你施加过巨大的政治影响。
  7. It has been reported that another earth spaceship has been sent to the moon.
    据报道,又一艘宇宙飞船已向月球发射。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. They reported what they had seen.
    他们把看到的情况作了汇报。
引出直接引语
  1. “The situation is still comparatively calm there,”he reported.
    他报告说:“那里的局势还比较平静。”
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to be) n./adj./adv./v -ed
  1. He reported himself to be unfit for work.
    他报告说,他身体不适合工作。
  2. He reported the situation to be normal.
    他报道,那里局势正常。
  3. The team leader reported them to be the most promising players.
    队长汇报说他们是最有培养前途的运动员。
  4. The judge reported the case closed.
    法官宣布结案。
  5. 用于be ~ed结构
  6. He has been reported dead.
    据说他已经死了。
  7. The situation is reported serious.
    据传局势严重。
  8. The interior of the palace was reported to be more gorgeous than the outside.
    据说这座宫殿的内部比其外部更为华丽。
  9. In the clash ten men were reported killed.
    据报道,在这次冲突中,有十人被打死。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. They reported a star to have appeared in the East.
    他们报告说,东方出现了一颗星星。
  2. 用于be ~ed结构
  3. He is reported to have made the request last Thursday.
    据报道,他是上星期四提出这项请求的。
  4. The policeman was reported to be murdered.
    据报道那个警察被谋杀。
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ing
    用于be ~ed结构
  1. The later rice was reported growing better than last year.
    据报道,晚稻长势比去年好。
  2. Insurgent forces were reported advancing in the region.
    据报道,起义军在这个地区正向前推进。
S+~+ n./pron. + prep. -phrase
    用于be ~ed结构
  1. Some of the firms there were reported on the brink of bankruptcy.
    据报道,那里有些公司处于破产边缘。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
report back (v.+adv.)
  1. 报告,汇报 bring back an account of report back to sb/sth

    They will certainly report back to their government.他们当然会向他们的政府汇报。

    Our job is to attend the meeting and report back to the committee.我们的任务是参加会议,然后向委员会汇报。

    report back that-clause

    Columbus reported back that he had discovered India.哥伦布汇报说他已发现了印度。

report for (v.+prep.)
  1. 给…当记者; 为…写报道 be a reporter for newspapers

    He is reporting for The Times . 他任《泰晤士报》记者。

    His brother reports for China Daily . 他的弟弟为《中国日报》写报道。

  2. 报到 declare one's presence and readiness for (duty, work, etc.)

    He reported late for work. 他上班迟到了。

    The children report for class every day whether it rains or not. 无论天晴或下雨,孩子们每天都要到校。

    So many people have flu that hardly any policemen reported for duty. 患流行性感冒的人太多,连去执勤的警察也寥寥无几。

report of (v.+prep.)
  1. 报告…的情况 provide information (about) or give an account of sth report of sth

    The doctor reported of Mr. Smith's good health.医生报告说史密斯先生的健康状况很好。

report on (v.+prep.)
  1. 报道…,就…作报告 give news about or comment on sth report on sb/sth (to sb)

    At the end of every term a schoolmaster reports on each of his pupils.每学期结束时,教员都要报告每位学生的情况。

    They have not yet reported on their experiments.他们尚未就他们的实验提出报告。

    They will report on the experiments with coal tar.他们将汇报煤焦油的试验情况。

    This book also reports on research work for new anti-cancer drugs which is being done in China today.这本书还汇报了中国正在进行的新抗癌药物的研究工作。

    I want to report on certain happenings here.我想汇报此地发生的某些事情。

    He is going to report on his trip to Canada.他准备谈一谈他的加拿大之行。

    Our correspondent reported on the development of the situation from time to time.我们的通讯员对于形势的发展不时进行报道。

    Jim has been sent to Iran to report on the situation there.吉姆已被派往伊朗报道那里的局势。

    I was told to witness the ceremony and report on it later.我受命去观礼,稍后就此写一篇报道。

    He reported on the whole event to the minister.他把整个事件向部长作了汇报。

    report sth on sth

    We went to the meeting and reported our view on the situation.我们参加了会议,谈了我们对局势的看法。

report out (v.+adv.)
  1. 汇报 write or give an account of sth report sth ⇔ out

    The committee reported the proposal out in record time.委员会快速送回该提案并附加审查意见。

    report sth ⇔ out to sb

    The teacher will report out our English study to the headmaster.老师将向校长汇报我们学习英语的情况。

report to (v.+prep.)
  1. 到…报到; 到…去一下(见某人) go somewhere and say to sb that one is there and ready for work or duty report to sb

    Report to Assistant Regimental Commander Hu.到胡副团长处去一趟。

    I shall report to you.我将向你汇报。

    He reported to his teacher.他向老师复命。

    The officer was told to report to the headquarters.那军官被告知前往司令部报到。

  2. 向…汇报〔报告〕 provide information about sth to sb report to sb

    All representatives report to the sales department.所有的代理人都向销售部汇报。

    report sb/oneself/sth to sb

    He reported this to the director at once.他马上就把这件事向厂长报告了。

    Some of them failed to report these errors to the higher levels.他们中间有些人没有把这些错误向上级报告。

    I'll of course report today's proceedings to the leadership.我当然要把今天的工作情况向领导汇报。

    They will report it to the local hospitals.他们将向当地医院报告这事。

    When you have finished the work, report yourself to the director.你完工之后,就向主任汇报一下。

    They decided to report him to the police.他们决定向警察告发他。

    She hesitated over whether she should report them to the authorities.她犹豫不定是否应向当局告发他们。

    Mary reported Jack to the headmaster for making a noise.玛丽向校长告发杰克上课时吵闹。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    This matter was then reported to the Premier by telephone.于是,有人用电话把这件事情报告了总理。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • I do not lightly give faith to report.

    出自:A. Radcliffe
  • The refugee friars were reported to be well supplied with money.

    出自:J. A. Froude
  • Report my words To royal Neptune.

    出自:W. C. Bryant
  • She reported her dreams, and her father replied with..an interpretation.

    出自:E. Young

report的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. report用作名词的基本意思是“报告,报道”,表示通过调查作出的官方或正式的说明,通常含有对情况的分析判断,尤指下级对上级或委托机关的报告,在英式英语里也可指学生的“成绩报告单”或雇员的“工作鉴定书”,是可数名词。
  2. report也可作“传闻,谣言”解,是不可数名词,但其前可用不定冠词a修饰。reports有“流言蜚语,道听途说”的意思。
  3. report还可作“名声,名誉”解,是不可数名词。
  4. report还可用于指“(似枪炮声的)爆炸声”,是可数名词。
v.(动词)
  1. report的基本意思是“报告”,指用口头或书面的形式把事情或意见正式告诉上级或群众。引申可表示“告发”“举报”“公布,宣布,宣告”“当记者”“报道”“据说”“报到”等。
  2. report用作及物动词时其后可接名词、动名词、that/wh-从句作宾语,也可接以动词不定式或“(to be+) n./adj./adv. ”充当补足语的复合宾语。用作不及物动词时,常与for, to, on等介词连用。
  3. be reported其后可接形容词、现在分词、动词不定式、过去分词或as短语、介词短语充当宾语补足语。
  4. “It is/was reported that-clause”的意思是“据报道”“有消息说”。
  5. report可用于引出直接引语。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
a report of, a report on
这两个短语的区别在于:a report of只表示对事实的报告或报道,而a report on除表示对某事的报告或报道之外,还包括看法或建议。例如:
Jolson made a report on the company's activities to the stockholders.乔尔逊向股东们汇报了公司的业务状况。
Reports of victory kept coming in.捷报频传。
report, account
这两个词的共同意思是“报道”。其区别在于:report表示通过调查作出的官方或正式的说明,通常含有对情况的分析判断; account则仅指由目击者、见证人对事情发生的过程所作的陈述或说明。例如:
The reports are restricted to descriptions, and give no opinions about the facts.那些报道只限于记录事实,而不加以任何评论。
According to newspaper accounts the car was coming too fast round the bend.据报纸报道,那辆车拐弯时速度太快。
report, address, lecture, oration, speech, talk
1.在这组词中, address, speech, talk, oration四个词是同义词, lecture和report的词义与其他四个词的词义差异较大。
①lecture指学术性的“专题讲演”,尤指大学教师讲课,引申义为“教训”。例如:
Professor Black will give us a lecture on English literature tomorrow afternoon.布莱克教授明天下午将给我们做关于英国文学的演讲。
His mother gave him a lecture for getting up late.他妈妈因为他睡懒觉而训斥了他一顿。
注意这六个词中只有lecture不可与make连用。
②report指下级对上级或委托机关的“报告”,比汉语中“报告”的外延小得多。例如:
The manager had just given the company's annual report.经理刚做了公司的年度报告。
2.address, speech, talk, oration四个词的共同含义是“当众讲话”。其区别是:
①speech和talk是普通用语, address和oration是正式用语。
②address和oration用于正式隆重的场合,经过充分准备,听众较多,篇幅较长。这两者中, oration比address更正式,更隆重,人更多,篇幅更长。例如:
The minister's address will be broadcast at 8 o'clock.部长的讲话将于8时广播。
Lincoln's Gettysburg Address was an oration.林肯的盖茨堡讲演是一篇雄辩有力的演说辞。
这两个词含义上的区别是:address强调演说人的身份或地位高,而oration则强调演说人口才好,演说有煽动性,雄辩有力,词藻华丽。
③speech和talk的区别是:speech多用于正式场合,也可用于非正式场合; 而talk多用于非正式场合,也可用于正式场合。speech一般是经过准备的也可不经过准备; 而talk一般是不经过准备的。speech的措辞一般是庄重的; 而talk是较为随便的,讲话方式也较自由,甚至也可以是对话。例如:
Please tell us what you think in a few simple words, we don't want a speech.请用简短的话说明你的意思,不要演说。
We enjoy freedom of speech.我们有言论自由。
We had a long talk about it.关于此事,我们作了一次长谈。
He gave us a very interesting talk on Yugoslavia.他给我们作了一场饶有兴趣的关于南斯拉夫的报告。
④speech除作“讲演”解之外,还有“讲稿”“讲演风格”的含义,而另外三个词无此含义。例如:
His speech was sent to the newspaper in advance.他的讲话稿事先就送报社去了。
Her speech is informal and filled with colloquialisms.她的讲话常是非正式的,很口语化。
v.(动词)
report, describe, narrate, recite, recount, rehearse, relate, state
这组词都有“讲述”的意思。其区别是:
relate专指有条理、连贯和完整地叙述故事或自己看到、经历的事情; rehearse指总结性地讲述或重复讲述; recite和recount均指把每一细节都详细讲述或列举出来; narrate专指采用编造情节、悬念和高潮等文学手段生动地讲叙; describe侧重能给听众产生深刻印象的详尽而清楚地描述; state强调原原本本、不加修饰地用口头或书面形式清楚明确地讲述,强调旨在提供事实素材或看法; report指经过调查研究之后,为提供有关事实和情况,对某事的细节作出精确叙述或报告。
下面两个句子意思不同:
  • He came and reported it to the teacher.
  • 他来向老师告发那件事。
  • He reported the teacher for misconduct.
  • 他告发那教师行为不端。
account report
这两个名词的有“报道,叙述”之意。
  • account:account普通用词,不如report正式,侧重对亲身经历或目睹之事所作的书面或口头的报道或叙述。
  • report:report正式用词,多指报刊上的报道,强调对情况经过调查或审核后作出的详尽叙述,具有一定权威性。
address speech lecture oration report talk
这些名词均含“演讲,讲话,报告”之意。
  • address:address正式用词,指在庄严隆重的场合作精心准备的演讲或正式演说。
  • speech:speech普通用词,指一般的发言或讲话,可以是事先准备的,也可以是即席的。
  • lecture:lecture侧重带学术性的演讲。
  • oration:oration常指在特殊场合,辞藻华丽,形式庄重,旨在激发听众感情的正式演说。
  • report:report一般是指下级给上级或负责人给委托机关的书面或口头报告。
  • talk:talk常用词,强调非正式讲话,讲话方式一般较为自由。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 所有主要报纸都报道了中美之间的贸易谈判。

    All the leading newspapers have announced the trade talk between China and the USA.

    All the leading newspapers have reported the trade talk between China and the USA.

    announce意为“宣布”,常用于消息的传播等; 而report常用于报纸、广播、电视的“报道”。

  2. 上星期二,我们的澳大利亚老师给我们作了有关澳大利亚文学的报告。

    Last Tuesday our Australian teacher gave us a report on Australian literature.

    Last Tuesday our Australian teacher gave us a lecture on Australian literature.

    report指下级对上级、政府对人民或负责人给委托机构的报告,如调查报告、研究结果的报告等。学术性的演讲报告则多用lecture。

v.(动词)
  1. 新闻节目报道了这次火灾。

    The news programme reported about the fire.

    The news programme reported the fire.

    report表示“报告,报道”时,是及物动词,后面可以直接跟宾语,不需加介词。

  2. 你应该立即向管理人员汇报。

    You are to report the superintendent immediately.

    You are to report to the superintendent immediately.

  3. 秘书报告老板说文件已打好了。

    The secretary reported the boss that the document had been typed.

    The secretary reported to the boss that the document had been typed.

    report的宾语应该是report的内容,而不是report的对象,所以表示“向某人报告某件事情”,应该说report to sb。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的reropt,意为公告。

report的相关资料:

正版词典

report : 过账;转到 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
report : 报告;报道 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • report:report n. 报告, 传说, 谣言, 声誉, 名声, 爆炸声v. 报导, 汇报, 报到, 告发习惯用语morning report 【军】(连队[指挥部]关于本单位兵力、活动、人事更动等的)日报…

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