rail

  核心词汇  
[reɪl]     [reɪl]    
  • n.栏杆;扶手;铁轨
  • v.抱怨;责骂;以横木围栏;铺铁轨
railer railed railed railing rails
new

rail是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 栏杆,围栏,栏边
  2. 铁路,铁轨,轨道,铁道
  3. 扶手
  4. 横木,横档,横条,横杆
  5. 铁路股票
  6. 铁道网
  7. 【动】秧鸡
  8. 钢轨
  9. 铁条
  10. 举止怪异
v.(动词)
  1. 用栏杆围,用围栏围, 围以栅栏,以横木围栏
  2. 用栏杆隔开,用围栏隔开,隔开
  3. 乘火车旅行
  4. 抱怨
  5. 挑剔
  6. 咒骂,责备,责骂,怒斥,辱骂
  7. 装栏杆于
  8. (在...)铺铁轨
  9. 用铁路运输
  10. 将…围起来

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 围起来,隔开 put rails round; shut separate by means of rails
  2. vi. 责备; 辱骂; 抱怨 complain bitterly; reproach; abuse

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
rail : 栏杆, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
rail : 栏杆, 钢轨 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
rail : 钢轨;横杆 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
rail : 栏杆 ...
在 《外教社房地产英语词典》 中查看更多...
rail : 铁路 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
rail : 轨;横梁; ...
在 《外教社纺织英语词典》 中查看更多...
rail : 栏杆 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
rail : 轨道,铁路 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
rail : 扶手,栏杆 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a barrier consisting of a horizontal bar and supports

  2. short for railway;

    "he traveled by rail"
    "he was concerned with rail safety"

  3. a bar or pair of parallel bars of rolled steel making the railway along which railroad cars or other vehicles can roll

  4. a horizontal bar (usually of wood or metal)

  5. any of numerous widely distributed small wading birds of the family Rallidae having short wings and very long toes for running on soft mud

Verb:
  1. complain bitterly

  2. enclose with rails;

    "rail in the old graves"

  3. provide with rails;

    "The yard was railed"

  4. separate with a railing;

    "rail off the crowds from the Presidential palace"

  5. convey (goods etc.) by rails;

    "fresh fruit are railed from Italy to Belgium"

  6. travel by rail or train;

    "They railed from Rome to Venice"
    "She trained to Hamburg"

  7. lay with rails;

    "hundreds of miles were railed out here"

  8. fish with a handline over the rails of a boat;

    "They are railing for fresh fish"

  9. spread negative information about;

    "The Nazi propaganda vilified the Jews"

  10. criticize severely;

    "He fulminated against the Republicans' plan to cut Medicare"
    "She railed against the bad social policies"

rail的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. A towel hung from the rail.
    栏杆上搭著条毛巾。
  2. We installed a stainless steel towel rail on the wall.
    我们在墙上装了一个不锈钢的挂毛巾的横杆。
  3. Nobody believes that he can jump over that rail.
    没人相信他能越过那个栏杆。
  4. The man was holding on the rail as he walked down the stairs.
    下楼梯时,这名男子一直紧抓着扶手。
  5. Passengers mustn't cross the rails.
    乘客不得横过铁路。
  6. It's cheaper to ship goods by road than by rail.
    公路运输比铁路运输便宜。
  7. The goods have been consigned (to you) by rail.
    货物已交由铁路发运(给贵方).
用作动词 (v.)
  1. It is better to fight for good than to rail at the ill
    与其抱怨,不如积善
  2. He used to rail at the volume of paper - work he had to do.
    他以前老是因为不得不做大量的文牍工作而发牢骚。
  3. He is always railing at his bad luck.
    他老是抱怨自己运气不好。
  4. She did not rail at her husband.
    她没有责备丈夫。
  5. Please help me to rail the garden.
    请帮我用栅栏把花园围起来。
  6. Hundreds of miles were railed out here.
    这里铺设了数百英里的铁路。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
    用于be ~ed结构
  1. The cliff edge is dangerous and should be railed.
    崖边危险,应该用栏杆围起来。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
rail against〔at〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 反对(某事); 严厉责骂(某人) express opposition to (sth), usually in bitter words; scold (sb) bitterly rail against〔at〕 sb/sth

    He's always railing against his wife about her extravagance.他总是责怪妻子奢侈浪费。

    It's no good railing against fate, better learn to live with what you have.抱怨命运是无济于事的,你最好学会随遇而安。

    He rails at his hard luck.他抱怨他的运气不太好。

    A man of character does not rail at his fate.一个有志气的人是不会抱怨命运的。

    He used to rail at the volume of paper-work he had to do.他以前老是因为不得不做大量的文职工作而大发牢骚。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He had been railed against by them as a prig and a poseur.他们责骂他是一个沾沾自喜、装腔作势的人。

rail in (v.+adv.)
  1. 用栏杆围住… enclose (an area or animal) with a wooden fence rail sth ⇔ in

    They railed the area in.他们把那块空地用栏杆围了起来。

    The farmer railed in his orchard.农民用栏杆把自己的果园围了起来。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The children's playground has been railed in so that the children do not wander on to the main road.孩子们的操场已用栏杆围在里面,这样孩子们就跑不到主干道上去。

rail off (v.+adv.)
  1. 用栏杆把…隔开 separate (part of sth such as land) with a wooden fence rail sth ⇔ off

    They've railed off the garden.他们已经给花园围上了栏杆。

    They have railed the meadows off from the new railway cutting.他们已用栏杆把草地和新铁道的路堑隔离开来。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    So many people had fallen into the pond that it had to be railed off.有这么多人掉进这水塘,所以只好把它用栏杆隔开。

    This part of the field has been railed off to keep the cattle out.这部分地已用栏杆隔开,以防止牲口跑出去。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • A gull alighted on the rail of the boat.

    出自:L. Grant
  • The child..rattled the cot rails.

    出自:T. Parks
  • Mother and son went into the small railed garden.

    出自:D. H. Lawrence
  • She railed at me like a woman possessed.

    出自:P. D. James

rail的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. rail用作名词时,是“横杆,横栏”的意思,转化为动词作“给…装横档,用栏杆围…”解,用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。
  2. rail用作不及物动词时,意思是“责备,辱骂,抱怨”。常与介词against, in连用。
  3. rail也可用作名词,意思是“栏杆,横杆”“铁轨,轨道”“铁路”。例如:There is a towel rail near the door.门附近有一个挂毛巾用的横杆。The accident was caused by some of the rails becoming bent in the heat.这起事故是由一些因热变弯的铁轨引起的。Please send these goods by rail.请通过铁路运送这些货。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古法语的reille,意为横木;最初源自拉丁语的regula,意为笔的直木棍。

rail的相关资料:

正版词典

rail : 铁轨,钢轨 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
rail : 横杆,横栏 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】

缩略词

rail的相关缩略词,共有7

互动百科

  • rail:rail n. 横杆, 围栏, 扶手, 铁轨vt. 以横木围栏, 铺铁轨vi. 责骂, 抱怨 英英解释:名词rail:1. a barrier consisting of a horizontal b…

临近单词

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