attack

  核心词汇  
[ə'tæk]     [ə'tæk]    
  • n.攻击;抨击
  • v.攻击;抨击;发动攻击;(疾病)侵袭
attacker attacked attacked attacking attacks
new

attack是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 攻击,袭击,进攻
  2. 抨击,非难,打击
  3. 发作,发病
  4. 着手,开始
  5. 【音】起奏, 起奏法
  6. 【空】迎角,冲角,攻角
  7. 侵袭
  8. 抑制
  9. 损害,伤害
  10. 【球类】进攻(位置);进攻得分
  11. 攻击是澳大利亚制造的巡罗艇
v.(动词)
  1. 攻击,进攻,袭击,打击,突击
  2. 抨击,非难,指责,斥责,苛评
  3. 着手干,着手,动手;开始吃
  4. 侵袭,侵害,损害
  5. 投入
  6. 【化】腐蚀
  7. 奋力处理,全力对付

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 攻击,进攻 use violence on, especially with weapons
  2. vt. & vi. 抨击 speak or write strongly against
  3. vt. 着手; 从事 begin with eagerness
  4. vt. 侵袭; 伤害 harm, spoil, trouble, damage, especially by a continuing action
n.(名词)
  1. [C][U]攻击,袭击 violent attempt to defeat
  2. [C]抨击,辱骂 writing, word, or action directed forcefully against a person, plan, etc.
  3. [C](疾病)侵袭,发作 a sudden bout of illness
  4. [U]开始的方式 way of beginning

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
attack : 攻击, 进攻 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
attack : 攻击, 进攻 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
attack : 攻击 ...
在 《外教社计算机英语词典》 中查看更多...
attack : 发作 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. (military) an offensive against an enemy (using weapons);

    "the attack began at dawn"

  2. an offensive move in a sport or game;

    "they won the game with a 10-hit attack in the 9th inning"

  3. intense adverse criticism;

    "Clinton directed his fire at the Republican Party"
    "the government has come under attack"
    "don't give me any flak"

  4. ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation;

    "his approach to every problem is to draw up a list of pros and cons"
    "an attack on inflation"
    "his plan of attack was misguided"

  5. the act of attacking;

    "attacks on women increased last year"
    "they made an attempt on his life"

  6. a decisive manner of beginning a musical tone or phrase

  7. a sudden occurrence of an uncontrollable condition;

    "an attack of diarrhea"

  8. the onset of a corrosive or destructive process (as by a chemical agent);

    "the film was sensitive to attack by acids"
    "open to attack by the elements"

  9. strong criticism;

    "he published an unexpected attack on my work"

Verb:
  1. launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with;

    "Hitler attacked Poland on September 1, 1939 and started World War II"
    "Serbian forces assailed Bosnian towns all week"

  2. attack in speech or writing;

    "The editors of the left-leaning paper attacked the new House Speaker"

  3. take the initiative and go on the offensive;

    "The Serbs attacked the village at night"
    "The visiting team started to attack"

  4. attack someone physically or emotionally;

    "The mugger assaulted the woman"
    "Nightmares assailed him regularly"

  5. set to work upon; turn one's energies vigorously to a task;

    "I attacked the problem as soon as I got out of bed"

  6. begin to injure;

    "The cancer cells are attacking his liver"
    "Rust is attacking the metal"

attack的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The police are launching a major attack on drug dealers.
    警方对毒品贩子发动了大规模的攻击。
  2. His attack on the government was pure vitriol.
    他纯粹出于恶意抨击政府。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The enemy attacked us at night.
    敌人在夜里向我们进攻。
  2. There is a newspaper article attacking the Prime Minister.
    报纸上有一篇抨击首相的文章.
  3. Once you show any sign of fear, he will attack you.
    你一旦露出任何恐惧的迹象,他就会攻击你。
  4. It is reported that this disease attacks the central nervous system.
    据报道说这种疾病破坏中枢神经系统。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. They knew when to attack and when to retreat.
    他们知道什么时候进攻和什么时候撤退。
  2. They were attacking just as hard as before.
    他们进攻得还是像以前那样猛烈。
  3. Make a feint to the east but attack in the west.
    声东击西。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The enemy attacked us at night.
    敌人在夜间袭击了我们。
  2. The cat attacked the mouse.
    猫扑向老鼠。
  3. The birds often attack other birds.
    这种鸟经常攻击其他的鸟。
  4. The enemy planes attacked our city.
    敌机袭击了我们的城市。
  5. The demonstrators attacked the Presidential Palace.
    示威群众袭击了总统府。
  6. The enemy attacked our foremost positions all night.
    整整一夜敌人攻打了我们的前沿阵地。
  7. He attacked me with a knife.
    他用刀向我刺来。
  8. We attacked the enemy in the rear.
    我们从敌人的背后袭击。
  9. Germany attacked Belgium in 1914.
    德国于1914年进攻比利时。
  10. The newspapers attacked the Prime Minister because of the new law.
    由于这项新法令的颁布,各报纸纷纷对首相进行抨击。
  11. Most of Members of Parliament made powerful speeches to attack the Prime Minister's proposals.
    大部分国会议员发表强烈演说来抨击首相的提议。
  12. They fiercely attacked the policies of the Labour Government.
    他们猛烈攻击工党政府的政策。
  13. The senator attacked the press for misleading the public.
    这位参议员抨击新闻界对公众的错误导向。
  14. The disease attacked his bones.
    疾病侵袭他的骨骼。
  15. What attacks the body attacks the heart.
    大凡病害侵犯人体,必然侵犯到心脏。
  16. The disease attacked the crops.
    病害侵袭了农作物。
  17. We have to attack the budget deficit and other economic problems.
    我们要着手解决预算赤字及其他经济问题。
  18. He attacked the difficulties at once.
    他立刻着手解决问题。
  19. He attacked the problem realistically.
    他从实际出发解决问题。
  20. Our surgeons attacked the problems boldly.
    我们的外科医生大胆地探索着解决这些问题。
  21. 用于be ~ed结构
  22. If we are attacked, we will defend ourselves.
    要是我们受到进攻,我们就实行自卫。
  23. He was personally attacked by an ignorant mob.
    他受到一无名暴徒的人身攻击。
  24. He was harshly attacked by critics.
    他受到批评家们的严厉批评。
  25. Such problems were best attacked by using graphs.
    这样一些问题最好用图表来解答。
  26. 860,000 mu of rice were attacked by locusts.860,000
    亩稻田遭到了蝗灾。
  27. He was attacked with disease.
    他患病了。
  28. He has been attacked with dysentery for three days.
    他患痢疾已经三天了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Attack is said to be the best form of defence.
    据说进攻是防御的最好方式。
  2. Their attack came at dawn.
    他们在拂晓时开始进攻。
  3. The attack fizzled out.
    这次进攻失败了。
  4. As we had expected, the attack succeeded.
    正如我们所预料的那样,进攻成功了。
  5. The enemy attack took us by surprise.
    敌人的进攻使我们感到意外。
  6. After the bombing attack, the city was in a state of chaos.
    轰炸过后,城市陷入一片混乱。
  7. Our troops are now on the attack.
    我们部队现在正在进攻敌人。
  8. They made a surprise attack and seized the port.
    他们发动突然袭击,夺取了港口。
  9. She had her first heart attack the other day.
    不久前她第一次心脏病发作。
  10. At the piano, his attack was full of life.
    他开始弹钢琴时那股气势充满活力。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
attack against〔on〕
  1. (向…)攻击,袭击; 抨击 an act of violence intended to harm

    They delivered an attack against〔on〕 the enemy. 他们向敌人发动攻击。

    Our forces launched an all-out attack against the enemy. 我们部队向敌军发起全面进攻。

    We started an attack against〔on〕 the fort. 我们对要塞发动进攻。

    The police are launching a major attack against 〔on〕 drug dealers. 警方正对毒品贩子发起一场大清扫。

    Security will be increased after yesterday's attack against〔on〕 the president's life. 昨天有人袭击总统,以后的安全保卫工作将要加强。

    His speech was a powerful and trenchant attack against〔on〕 apartheid. 他的演说是对种族隔离政策强有力的尖锐的抨击。

    They started an attack against each other with sharp words. 他们开始用激烈的语言相互抨击。

    He made a bitter attack on you in his speech. 他在讲话中痛骂了你。

    He made a sharp attack on the scheme. 他猛烈抨击这项计划。

    He made a scathing attack on the statement. 他对那声明进行了严厉的抨击。

attack of
  1. (被…)侵袭 a sudden and usually severe period of illness

    He was seized with a slight attack of fever. 他有点发烧。

    He had frequent attacks of malaria. 他常患疟疾。

    He was overcome by a sudden attack of shyness. 他突然变得害羞起来。

    He's recovering from an attack of flu. 他正从一次流行性感冒中康复过来。

    An attack of paralysis seized him. 他突然瘫痪了。

under attack
  1. 遭到袭击; 遭到抨击 an act to be assail

    His works came under vigorous attack in 2000. 他的作品在2000年遭到猛烈的抨击。

    The city came under attack during the night. 城市在夜间遭到袭击。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The dire attack Of fighting Seraphim.

    出自:Milton
  • A night attack might be attended with success.

    出自:Ld Macaulay
  • Not a single day had gone by without news of a raid or shooting or terrorist attack somewhere in Ireland.

    出自:J. G. Farrell
  • 673 horsemen, led by Lord Cardigan, rode up the valley under heavy fire..to attack the Russian batteries.

    出自:W. S. Churchill
  • Killers [whales] prefer to attack aquatic mammals such as dolphins, porpoises, seals, [etc.].

    出自:D. Morris
  • Several teen-age girls and young women had been attacked by a nighttime prowler.

    出自:E. Caldwell
  • I was attacked by a strange succession of emotions.

    出自:fig.

attack的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 常用的搭配有attack on someone或是attack against someone,指“攻击某人”。
v.(动词)
  1. attack原意指猛兽扑食般地扑向某物,在现代英语中则用来表示各种形式的进攻,这种进攻常具有主动性,多是事前毫无警告,一方向另一方发动突然的、猛烈的(军事、武力)攻击,攻击的原因可以是出于仇恨或敌意,也可以是出于狭隘的意识,且进攻一般会遇到对方各种形式的抵抗。有时可用于对抗性较强的表演或比赛。引申可表示为在言论上对某人的论点、意见或声誉进行抨击,使其在精神上受伤或身败名裂,其目的就是将对方击溃或征服。
  2. attack有时可指疾病对人体的袭击,还可指对某一事情〔问题〕进行的公关,此时译作“着手做”。
  3. attack主要用作及物动词,较少用作不及物动词。其主语多为人,动物或疾病等,宾语为被攻击的对象,既可以为人,也可以为具体或抽象的物或事物(如目标、方针政策、文章、言论、工作、难题等)。
  4. attack是中性词,可用于正面的、积极的意义,也可用于负面的、消极的场合。
  5. attack用作及物动词时其后接被攻击的人或物作直接宾语,其后一般不再用 against ,即不说attack against a town。诚然有attack against的说法,但并非指被攻击的人或物,而是指在不利的情况下进行攻击。例如:They were attacking against overwhelming odds.他们是在强弱悬殊的情况下进行攻击的。
  6. 现代英语中attack可作rape的委婉语,特别是自述时。例如:“What happened, child?”“A — a man —attacked me,”Sally said stammeringly.“发生了什么事,孩子?”“一个——一个男人——强暴了我。”萨丽结结巴巴地说道。
n.(名词)
  1. attack是表示抽象概念的名词,多指具有主动性的、事前毫无警告的、一方向另一方发动各种形式的“攻击”或是指一项具体的行动或活动,引申可表示为在言论上的对某人论点、意见或声誉进行的“抨击”,或是疾病对人体的“侵袭”,也可指对某一事情进行时“开始的方式”。
  2. attack在句中既可用作主语,也可用作宾语。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
attack, assault, beset, charge
这组词都有“攻击”的意思。其区别是:
1.attack是表示“攻击”的普通用语,通常用于事前无警告甚至是无理由的攻击。例如:
The army attacked at night when the enemy was asleep.在夜间敌人熟睡时军队发起了攻击。
Hong Kong had been attacked by Japan at nearly the same moment as Pearl Harbour.香港是差不多和珍珠港同时受到日本袭击的。
2.assault指在愤怒中以暴力突然袭击对方,攻打者和被攻打者彼此能接触到。例如:
The minister was assaulted by a barrage of abuse from the angry strikers.这位部长遭到愤怒的罢工者的一阵辱骂。
She was too shaken after being assaulted to report the incident to the police.她遭到强暴后失魂落魄,竟没有向警方报案。
3.charge主要指对一个固定目标进行的突然而猛烈地攻击,尤指骑兵的突击,常用于战斗或运动竞赛中。例如:
The wounded lion suddenly charged at me.受伤的狮子突然向我冲了过来。
Our soldiers charged the enemy.我们的士兵向敌人冲击。
Our football players charged again and again .我们的足球队员一次又一次地向对方球门进攻。
4.beset多指在思想上受到合围的攻击。例如:
I was beset by doubts.我疑虑重重。
aggression invasion assault attack offensive
这些名词均有“进攻、侵略”之意。
  • aggression:aggression词义宽泛,既可指武装入侵别国领土,又可指文化、经济等方面的侵略。侧重敌意行动和征服的企图。
  • invasion:invasion多指具体的侵入或侵犯别国领土,也可用于指抽象事件。
  • assault:assault主要指突然而猛烈的进攻。
  • attack:attack普通用词,含义广,指事先不发警告,主动地向对方发起武力进攻或对言论等进行抨击。
  • offensive:offensive多指进攻的态势,常指大规模的协同军事行动。
attack assail assault charge beset
都含有"攻击"的意思。
  • attack:attack常用词, 指"攻击敌人"或"用言论攻击他人"。
  • 德国在1941年开始进攻苏联。
  • Germany began to attack the Soviet Union in 1941.
  • assail:assail指"猛烈连续地攻击"。
  • 敌机不断猛烈地攻击我们的阵地。
  • The enemy plane assailed our defence position.
  • assault:assault语气比 assail强, 指"突然猛烈地进攻", 暗示"武力的直接接触" (如肉搏等), 也有"暴力"的意思。
  • 敌人在黎明时向我进攻。
  • The enemy assaulted us at dawn.
  • charge:charge指"冲击"或"骑兵的突然攻击"。
  • 骑兵猛烈向前线冲击。
  • The cavalry charged to the front.
  • beset:beset指"围攻", 即从各个方向攻击。
  • 在沼泽地里, 我们受到蚊子的围攻。
  • In the swamp we were beset by mosquitoes.

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:the shootings are the latest in a series of sectarian attacks between the shi a and suny communities.

    纠正:the shootings are the latest in a series of sectarian clashes between the shi a and suny communities.

    翻译:最近的枪击事件是一连串的什叶派和逊尼派两派之间的冲突。

    分析:没有attacks between people的结构。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1600年左右入英进语,直接源自法语的attaquer;最初源自意大利语的attaccare,意为加入。

attack的相关资料:

正版词典

attack : 发作 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
attack : 攻击;进攻 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

派生词

n.(名词)
  • attacker n. 攻击者

互动百科

  • attack:attack n. 进攻, 攻击, (用语言)抨击, 批评, 疾病发作, 侵袭vt. 攻击, 抨击, 动手处理(某事)vi. 攻击 英英解释:名词attack:1. (military) an off…

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