complain

  核心词汇  
[kəm'pleɪn]     [kəm'pleɪn]    
  • vi.抱怨;控诉;诉说
complainer complained complained complaining complains
new

complain是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 抱怨,诉苦
v.(动词)
  1. 抱怨,发牢骚,埋怨
  2. 诉说,诉苦
  3. 控制
  4. 叫屈
  5. 自诉有...病痛
  6. 向某人申诉,控诉,投诉
  7. 呜咽,哀号,呻吟,哀悼
  8. 不满,抗议
  9. 挑剔,找岔子
  10. 控告,指控
  11. 吱嘎作响
  12. 为…而发牢骚
  13. 为…而悲恸,悲叹

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 抱怨; 诉苦 say that sth is wrong; find fault

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
complain : 控诉, 申诉 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. express complaints, discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness;

    "My mother complains all day"
    "She has a lot to kick about"

  2. make a formal accusation; bring a formal charge;

    "The plaintiff's lawyer complained that he defendant had physically abused his client"

complain的用法和样例:

例句

用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. The tourist complained that the room was too dirty.
    游客抱怨说房间太脏了。
  2. She complained to me about his rudeness.
    他向我抱怨他的卤莽。
  3. He will complain to the police that I struck him.
    这人要到警察局去控告我打他。
  4. The patient is complaining of acute earache.
    病人说耳部剧痛。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He is always complaining.
    他总是抱怨。
  2. You have no reason to complain.
    你没有理由抱怨。
  3. Their hands blistered, but no one complained.
    他们手起了泡,可是没有一个人有怨言。
用作及物动词 S+~+that-clause
  1. George complained that he was hungry.
    乔治说他饿了。
  2. She often complains that he is dishonest.
    她常埋怨说他不诚实。
  3. She complained that the room is cold.
    她抱怨屋子冷。
  4. He complained that he had been badly treated.
    他抱怨说他们待他不好。
  5. She complained that the exam was too hard.
    她抱怨考试太难了。
  6. He complained that he couldn't find a job anywhere.
    他抱怨他哪里也找不到工作。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
complain about (v.+prep.)
  1. 抱怨,投诉 express an unfavourable opinion about complain about sth/v-ing

    I wish to complain about the washing machine that I bought last month; it stopped working again.我上个月买的那台洗衣机不能用了,我可要投诉它质量不佳了。

    He never complained about working overtime.他从来不因加班而抱怨。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The food was complained about to the nurse.(人们)向护士投诉了伙食不好。

complain against (v.+prep.)
  1. (向…)申诉 say (sth) is wrong to (sb) complain against sb/sth

    I have to complain against him because of his rudeness.我不得不申诉他的无礼。

    She have to complain against the slight injuries.她不得不诉说这小伤害。

complain of (v.+prep.)
  1. 抱怨,诉苦 say that (sth) is wrong; find fault complain of sth/v-ing

    He complained of being underpaid.他抱怨工资太低。

    She complained to me of his rudeness.她向我抱怨了他的粗鲁。

    Go to the teacher and complain of needing more time to do the work.去找老师诉诉苦,就说做作业的时间不够。

    He often complains of his memory.他常抱怨自己的记性不好。

    I've got nothing to complain of really.我真的没有什么可抱怨的。

    Mother is always complaining of not having enough time.母亲总是抱怨没有足够的时间。

complain to (v.+prep.)
  1. 向…抱怨 say that sth is wrong to sb complain to sb

    You'll have to complain to Head Office if the washing machine stops working again.要是洗衣机再出毛病的话,你只好向总公司诉说了。

    Complain to the boy's mother, not to me.找孩子他妈说去,别找我。

    complain to sb that-clause

    Mrs. Jones complained to the doctor that her back always hurts her.琼斯太太向医生诉说她背部老是痛。

    She complained to me that he had been rude to her.她向我诉说他曾对她有粗鲁的行为。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

complain的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. complain的基本意思是“抱怨”“诉苦”。指心中对人或事物不满或身体感到不适或痛苦而对别人诉说或抱怨,有时也可表示说话者引起别人对此事的注意。
  2. 用作不及物动词时,其后可接of或about引起的短语, of后常是诉苦的内容,可为名词或动名词,而about后则是对抱怨事物概括的陈述。当表示“向…抱怨…”时,要用complain to sb of〔about〕 sth 结构。
  3. complain用作及物动词时,可接that从句,但不能接动词不定式。
  4. complain还有“申诉”“投诉”的意思,其后可接about, of或against。
  5. complain可用于进行时,这时除表示“正在抱怨”外,多表示一种感情色彩或个人情绪。
  6. complain表示病人诉说时,不可说complain about〔against, at〕,应说complain of。例如:She is always complaining of her toothache to the doctor.她老是跟大夫说她牙痛。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
complain, grumble, murmur
这组词的共同意思是“抱怨”或“埋怨”。其区别是:
1.complain是向别人诉苦; murmur是背着别人自言自语地“抱怨”; grumble通常带有感情色彩和个人情绪,指一边发脾气,一边自己对自己叽叽咕咕。
2.complain还有“投诉”的意思。
3.grumble多用于指男性。
complain grumble murmur
这些动词均含“抱怨、埋怨”之意。
  • complain:complain侧重因对处境不满、待遇不公或自己有痛苦等而向别人诉说、埋怨。
  • grumble:grumble指因对处境、待遇不满或其他个人因素而愤愤不平地向他人诉苦或自言自语。
  • murmur:murmur多指因不满某人或某事而背着人自言自语地发怨言。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1370年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的complaindre,意为为……哀悼;最初源自古典拉丁语的complangere:com (更强地) + plangere (打,拍打胸脯),意为猛烈拍地打胸脯。

complain的相关资料:

正版词典

complain : 陈诉, 主 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
complain : 抱怨,因… ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • complain:complain v. 抱怨, 悲叹, 控诉…

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