condemn

  核心词汇  
[kən'dem]     [kən'dem]    
  • vt. 谴责;判刑
condemnable condemner condemned condemned condemning condemns
new

condemn的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 谴责
  2. 使某人注定要
  3. 定(某人)罪
  4. 判(某人)罪
  5. 宣告
  6. 宣告(患者)无法治疗
  7. 宣告…完全无用
  8. 决定废弃
  9. 报废
  10. 责备
  11. 责难
  12. 宣告…有罪
  13. 判…刑
  14. 迫使…处于(不幸的状态)
  15. 宣告…不适用
  16. 宣告患不治之症
  17. 宣告没收
  18. 充公
  19. 判处
  20. 迫使…接受困境
  21. 宣告使用…不安全
  22. 证明有罪
  23. 指责
  24. 宣判

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 谴责,责备 express strong disapproval
  2. vt. 判罪,处刑 give judgement against
  3. vt. 宣布…不能使用〔不适用〕 declare sth not to be useful or fit for

英英释义

Verb:
  1. express strong disapproval of;

    "We condemn the racism in South Africa"
    "These ideas were reprobated"

  2. declare or judge unfit for use or habitation;

    "The building was condemned by the inspector"

  3. compel or force into a particular state or activity;

    "His devotion to his sick wife condemned him to a lonely existence"

  4. demonstrate the guilt of (someone);

    "Her strange behavior condemned her"

  5. pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law;

    "He was condemned to ten years in prison"

  6. appropriate (property) for public use;

    "the county condemned the land to build a highway"

condemn的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. We must not condemn her on pure supposition.
    我们不能单凭猜测就谴责她。
  2. We condemn all sorts of slanders.
    我们谴责一切诽谤中伤的言论。
  3. Most people are willing to condemn violence.
    大部分的人极力谴责暴力。
  4. The criminal was condemned to death.
    这个罪犯被判死刑。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Everyone condemned his foolish behaviour.
    人人都责备他的愚蠢行为。
  2. Brooks called on world opinion to condemn their policy of aggression.
    布鲁克斯号召世界舆论谴责他们的侵略政策。
  3. The manager strongly condemned empty talk instead of hard work.
    那位经理强烈谴责了不脚踏实地、夸夸其谈的作风。
  4. 1
  5. She was unjustly condemned.
    她受到了不公正的指责。
  6. Murder is condemned by all reasonable people.
    谋杀为一切有理性的人们所谴责。
  7. The house had been condemned because it was no longer safe.
    因为不安全,此房已被宣布不能使用。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(as) adj.
  1. He condemned the report partial and inadequate.
    他指责这报道是偏袒的,不适当的。
  2. They condemned the food as unfit for human consumption.
    他们宣布这种食物不适于人食用。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. The judge condemned him to pay a fine.
    法官对他作了罚款的判决。
  2. The judge condemned the killer to spend all his life in prison.
    法官宣判那位杀手终身监禁。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
condemn for (v.+prep.)
    因…而鄙夷〔指责〕 have a poor opinion of (sb/sth) because of (sth bad)
    condemn sb/sth for sth

    We condemned him for his bad conduct.

    我们谴责他的不良行为。

    The whole town condemned the girl for her wild behaviour.

    全城人都鄙夷那个姑娘的放荡行为。

    I did not condemn him for what he had done.

    我并没有因他的所作所为而指责他。

    The city is condemned for its high crime rate.

    这个城市因它的高犯罪率而受到谴责。

condemn to (v.+prep.)
    迫使(某人)处于(不幸的状态或位置) force (sb) into (an unfortunate state or position)

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The thief condemn'd, in law already dead.

    出自: Pope

condemn的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. condemn的基本意思是责备或非难某人的不良行为,其批评的含义较强。condemn主要指最后的决定性的评价,所以常可用于表示“判罪”“处刑”,有时condemn也可指随意地、令人不快地评价。
  2. condemn作“谴责”“责备”解时接名词或代词作宾语,宾语后常接介词for表示原因,不能接that引导的从句; 作“判罪”解时,宾语后可跟动词不定式,也常跟介词to表示宣判的结果,接介词for表示判罪的原因; 作“宣布…不能使用/不适用”解时,可接名词或代词作宾语,还可接以as短语充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. condemn可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
condemn, accuse, blame, rebuke, scold
  • 这组词都含有“骂”“责怪”的意思。其区别是:
  • 1.前四个词均可指“有理由地骂〔责备〕某人”,而scold则不一定有充分的理由。例如:
  • She is always scolding.她总是骂个不停。
  • 2.blame指因出差错而受责备; condemn指某人有不好的行为而受责备; rebuke指因某人有不好的态度而责备; 而accuse多指因粗心、失信或不负责任而受指责,有时也作“控告”“谴责”解。例如:
  • It's all my fault.I'm to blame.这都是我的错,都怪我。
  • I did not condemn him for what he had done.我并没有因他的所作所为而指责他。
  • She rebuked her lawyer for his authoritarian attitude to his clients.她指责她的律师对待委托人的命令式态度。
  • They accused me of carelessness.他们指责我粗心大意。
  • 3.accuse常用于accuse sb of sth结构;而blame常用于blame sb for sth结构。
  • condemn, sentence
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“判处,宣判”。在表示“判处死刑”时,二者可通用; 在表示“判处…年徒刑”时,两者用法不同,用sentence时,年限在前,刑罚在后,用condemn时刑罚在前,年限在后。试比较:
  • 她被判处8年徒刑。
  • She was sentenced to eight years' imprisonment.
  • She was condemned to imprisonment for eight years.
  • condemn的相关资料:

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