against

  基本词汇  
[ə'ɡenst]     [ə'ɡenst]    
  • prep.反对;逆;违背;倚靠;映衬;防御;相比;相对
new

against是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

prep.(介词)
  1. 反对
  2. 违反
  3. 预防
  4. 对着
  5. 不利于
  6. 以…为背景
  7. 对照
  8. 防备
  9. 对…不利
  10. 违背
  11. 对比
  12. 与…相反
  13. 紧靠
conj.(连词)
  1. 在…之时
  2. 在…之前

双解释义

prep.(介词)
  1. (表示方向)与…方向相反,逆着,迎着,顶着 in an opposite direction to
  2. (表示方位)紧靠着…,倚靠着 … touching especially for support
  3. (表示对象)对…不利,对…有害; 和…碰撞,与…撞击; 预防,以…为抵御对象; 以…为竞争对手; 违反,违背 causing disadvantage to; having an unfavorable effect on; in the direction of and meeting; as a defence or protection from; indicating antagonism; in violation of or contrary to
  4. (表示目的)为…作准备,防备…之用 in preparation for; as a defense or protection from
  5. (表示态度)反对,反抗 opposed to, not in favor of, not defense of, not in support of
  6. (表示依据)以…为标准 according to sth
  7. (表示比率)以…兑换,以…交换 change sth for sth
  8. (表示对比)和…比,和…对照; 以…为背景 having as a background; in contrast to

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
against : 反对, 防备 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
against : ,[ə'ɡeɪns ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

against的用法和样例:

例句

用作介词 (prep.)
  1. There are 26 votes for him and 8 against him.
    有26票赞成他,8票反对他。
  2. We sailed against the wind.
    我们逆风航行。
  3. It's against your promise to go on smoking.
    继续抽烟,这违背了你的诺言。
  4. They forced me to do things against my will.
    他们强迫我做违背我心意的事。
  5. The huge trees were profiled against the night sky.
    在夜空的映衬下显出大树的轮廓。
  6. We have saved some money against our old age.
    我们存了一些钱,以备老年之用。
  7. Our defences must be reinforced against attack.
    我们必须加强防御设施以抵御进攻。
  8. His eloquence did not avail against the facts.
    他的雄辩在事实面前不起什么作用。
  9. You must weigh the benefits against the cost.
    你一定要权衡利益与成本二者的得失。

常见句型

用作介词 (prep.)
  1. You should fly your kite against the wind.
    你应该迎着风放风筝。
  2. She always advances against difficulties.
    她总是迎着困难而上。
  3. The seats have no back against which to lean.
    这些座位都没有靠背可倚。
  4. A picture hangs against the wall.
    墙上挂着一幅图画。
  5. The present economic climate works against the smaller companies.
    当前的经济气候对小公司不利。
  6. I struck my head against the branch of a tree.
    我的头撞在了树枝上。
  7. Warn the lady against pickpockets.
    告诫女士谨防扒手。
  8. The government has already adopted effective measures against piracy.
    政府已采取有效措施惩治盗版行为。
  9. Roosevelt ran against Hoover in 1932. 1932
    年罗斯福和胡佛竞选美国总统。
  10. This explanation is against the natural law.
    这种解释是违背自然规律的。
  11. She is preparing a substantial meal against his return.
    她正在准备一顿丰盛的饭菜为他接风。
  12. He fought against the disease for a long time.
    他同疾病做了长时间的斗争。
  13. I checked my watch against the steeple clock.
    我根据教堂尖塔的大钟对了表。
  14. Please deliver this package against payment of cost.
    请把这件货物送去,把货款带回。
  15. He is elected by a majority of 40 votes against 10.
    他以40票对10票的大多数票当选。
  16. The mountain looked magnificent against the sky.
    在蓝天的衬托下,这座山显得雄伟壮丽。

词汇搭配

用作介词 (prep.)
动词+~ 动词+副词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 副词+~

经典引文

  • His hand will be against euery man.

    出自:Bible (AV): Genesis
  • I rode a race against Bob Dashwood.

    出自:G. J. Whyte
  • Even his good qualities of geniality and impetuosity counted against him, for his parties..got talked about.

    出自:E. Waugh
  • Effie sided with Tom against Frank.

    出自:D. H. Lawrence
  • No Welsh witness would testify against them.

    出自:K. Amis

against的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. against用在fight,strive,struggle等词后面,同with意思相同,不过against更强调一种困难中的反抗。

    We fight for the weak against the strong.

  2. 作为介词,against后接的宾语有时可省略。

    He had intended to come but somehow decided against(it).

prep.(介词)
  1. against作“反对”解时反义词是for。

词义辨析

prep.(介词)
against, for
这两个介词均可表示目的,意思是“为了…作出准备”。其区别是:
against常指为了防备突如其来的或有迹象表明可能会发生的事情而不得不采取防范措施,带有被动的抗拒和自卫的含意; for则常指为了预防一般性的或常规性的情况而作出必要的准备,带有主动的、有组织、有准备的含意。
against, for, on, with
这四个介词均可表示“对…的态度”。其区别是:
against指在观点或主张等方面与某人采取对立的态度,意思是“反对”“与…对抗”; for指在观点或主张等方面与某人采取合作一致的态度,意思是“支持”“赞成”; on常与side连用,表示“站在…一边”; with常指在观点或主张上与某人采取一致的态度,意思是“与…一致”“与…站在一边”,但有时也可指“与…对抗”“站在…的对立面”。

词源解说

  • ☆ 12世纪初期入进英语,直接源自古英语的agenes,意为反方向,反对。

against的相关资料:

正版词典

against : 反对,违背 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【反义词】

互动百科

  • against:against prep. 相反, 反对, 逆着, 靠着, 倚着习惯用语as against 与...比较be against 违反, 无视, 不顾be against sth. 违反, 无视, 不顾…

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