buy

  基本词汇  
[baɪ]     [baɪ]    
  • vt.购买;买;获得;收买;<俚>相信
  • vi.
  • n.购买;便宜货
buyable bought bought buying buys
new

buy是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 购买,买卖,交易
  2. 便宜(货),廉价货
  3. 合算的买卖,上算的购买
  4. 买进的东西,购买的东西
  5. 成交的商品
v.(动词)
  1. 相信,认为
  2. 获得,挽得,赢得
  3. 收买,买通,行贿
  4. 买,购(物),(大量)购买,购得,采购
  5. <俚>接受,同意,采纳(他人意见)
  6. 雇用
  7. 接受...的宣传
  8. 以…为代价
  9. 被杀死,阵亡
  10. 在事故中丧生
  11. 拖延时间
  12. 做出牺牲以获得
  13. 够支付
  14. 足以买到或获得

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 购买,购得 obtain sth by giving money
  2. vt. & vi. 作出牺牲以获得 obtain sth by sacrifice
n.(名词)
  1. [C]买卖,交易 sth bought
  2. [C]便宜货 a good buy, is a useful purchase or a bargain

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
buy : 买, 贿赂, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
buy : 买进 ...
buy : 买 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
buy : 买 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an advantageous purchase;

    "she got a bargain at the auction"
    "the stock was a real buy at that price"

Verb:
  1. obtain by purchase; acquire by means of a financial transaction;

    "The family purchased a new car"
    "The conglomerate acquired a new company"
    "She buys for the big department store"

  2. make illegal payments to in exchange for favors or influence;

    "This judge can be bought"

  3. be worth or be capable of buying;

    "This sum will buy you a ride on the train"

  4. acquire by trade or sacrifice or exchange;

    "She wanted to buy his love with her dedication to him and his work"

  5. accept as true;

    "I can't buy this story"

buy的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. I bought him a drink in return for his help.
    我请他喝酒以酬谢他的帮助。
  2. I'd like to buy a strong household bleach.
    我想买强力家用漂白剂。
  3. Don't buy a used car from that rogue.
    别从那无赖手里买旧车。
  4. They bought peace with their freedom.
    他们牺牲自由换取和平。
  5. She tried to buy time by doing a lot of talk.
    她企图以滔滔不绝的谈话来拖延时间。
  6. It's nice to know that some people can't be bought.
    值得高兴的是有些人并不接受贿赂。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. A lot of people just come into the shop without buying.
    有很多人进店但却不购物。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. It's a good buy at that price.
    这是一笔价钱合算的买卖。
  2. That shirt was a really great buy.
    这个衬衫真是便宜货。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. House prices are low; it's a good time to buy.
    现在房价很低,正是买房子的好时候。
  2. A pound today buys much less than it did a year ago.
    今天1英镑远远买不到一年前能买的那么多东西。
  3. I'm just looking; I don't want to buy.
    我只是看一看,不想买。
  4. All governments tend to buy at home.
    各国政府都倾向于在国内购买。
  5. Prices are low— buy now!
    廉价出售,快来买吧!
  6. She never buys freely.
    她从不随意购买。
  7. Unable to find the book in this bookstore, he bought elsewhere.
    因为这家书店找不到此书,他到别处买去了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Who bought that house?
    谁买下了那栋房子?
  2. I'll buy the drinks.
    我来买饮料。
  3. On the way to the station,I bought some cigarettes.
    在去火车站的路上我买了一些香烟。
  4. We mustn't buy things we don't need.
    我们不应当买我们不需要的东西。
  5. They bought as much food as could last the winter.
    他们买进了足够整个冬天吃的食品。
  6. I bought a New English-Chinese Dictionary yesterday.
    昨天我买了一本《新英汉词典》。
  7. I used to buy my suits at Macy's.
    我原来一直在梅西商店买西服。
  8. I bought this car from him.
    我从他那儿买了这部车。
  9. I bought this car at a reasonable price.
    我买的这辆汽车价格不贵。
  10. I will not buy the cloth expensive.
    我不愿买那么贵的衣服。
  11. She bought it very cheap.
    她那东西买得便宜。
  12. Money can't buy time.
    寸金难买寸光阴。
  13. Money cannot buy the best things in life.
    金钱买不到生活中最美好的东西。
  14. I bought the flat in 2003.
    我2003年买了这套房子。
  15. It is three years since I bought the flat.
    这套房子我买了有三年了。
  16. He bought fame at the expense of his health and happiness.
    他牺牲了健康和幸福才换来了这份名气。
  17. In our country, it is considered disgraceful to buy favour with flattery.
    在我们国家,用阿谀拍马赢得人家的欢心好感被认为是可耻的。
  18. He tried to buy time by doing a lot of talking.
    他大谈特谈拖延时间。
  19. I don't buy that nonsense.
    我不相信那样的胡说八道。
  20. No one will buy that excuse.
    谁也不会相信那个借口。
  21. It seemed to me she was buying my story.
    她好像真的相信我的话。
  22. I don't buy the burglary story.
    我可不相信这种夜间遭到撬窃的说法。
  23. The police will never buy that story.
    警方绝不会相信这个说法。
  24. 用于be ~ed结构
  25. Our victory was dearly bought.
    我们的胜利是付出巨大的代价而获得的。
  26. Honest politicians cannot be bought, but they are becoming fewer.
    诚实的政治家不能为金钱所动,但这样的人却日益稀少。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. I bought a pencil-sharpener to save time.
    为了节约时间,我买了一个削笔刀。
  2. I bought permission to stay by telling a lie.
    我撒了谎才获准留下。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Father bought me a new pen.
    父亲给我买了支新钢笔。
  2. We bought her a book.
    我们给她买了一本书。
  3. He bought her a new hat.
    他给她买了一顶新帽子。
  4. I will buy him some new clothes tomorrow morning.
    我明天上午要买些衣服给他。
  5. We've already bought him a train ticket.
    我们已给他买了车票。
  6. My son always asked me to buy him some toys.
    儿子老是要我给他买些玩具。
  7. He bought me a dictionary at a street-stall for £5.
    他花了5英镑在路边小摊上给我买了本字典。
  8. That's the house where you're going to buy me a sandwich.
    这就是你打算为我买块三明治的那所房子。
  9. He had not even bought himself a new suit since coming to Beijing.
    自从来到北京他甚至没给自己买一件新衣服。
  10. She bought herself a hoe and a sickle.
    她给自己买了一把锄头和一把镰刀。
  11. 用于be ~ed结构
  12. Mary was bought a new dictionary by John.
    约翰给玛丽买了本新字典。
S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.
  1. She bought a tie for me.
    她为我买了一条领带。
  2. My father bought a dictionary for me yesterday.
    我爸爸昨天为我买了一本字典。
  3. “Here's a good shop, shall we try to buy a gift for mother?”
    “这家商店不错,在这给妈妈买件礼物好吗?”
  4. 用于be ~ed结构
  5. A new dictionary was bought for Mary by John.
    约翰给玛丽买了一本新词典。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. I bought it ready-made.
    我买的是现成货。
  2. He bought that car new.
    他买那辆车时是新的。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He made a buy of wheat last week.
    上星期他做了一笔小麦的买卖。
  2. This is the world's best buy in motor trucks.
    这是世界上最合算的运货汽车交易。
  3. I think it was a good buy, don't you?
    我认为这个买卖很上算,你说呢?
  4. This watch wasn't a very good buy; it loses three minutes a day.
    这块表买的是有些上当了,一天慢三分钟。
  5. These shoes were an excellent buy.
    这鞋买得极合算。
  6. That was a sensible buy.
    那东西买得合算。
  7. There are some good buys at the sale.
    出售的货物中有些很便宜。
  8. The coat was a real buy at that price.
    以这个价格买这种大衣真合算。
  9. Other good buys include cameras and toys.
    其他价廉物美的货物有照相机和玩具。
  10. Best buys of the week are carrots and cabbages, which are plentiful and cheap.
    本星期买胡萝卜和洋白菜最合算,因为货源充足,价格低廉。
  11. He was an expensive buy and the manager and the trainer are still wondering whether he was worth it.
    经理和教练一直到目前都还认为雇用他的工资太高,划不来。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
buy back (v.+adv.)
  1. 买回(原有之物) buy (sth that has owned) from the person to whom it was sold buy sth ⇔ back

    He will buy back his property.他将把自己的财产买回来。

    I've bought the car back I sold last week.我把上星期卖掉的车又买了回来。

    The company is usually prepared to buy the house back when you leave.当你离开时,公司会把房子从你手上买回来。

    He changed his mind about moving, but was unable to buy the house back.他改变了搬家的主意,但没能把自己的房子买回来。

    She sold her house and bought it back again later.她把房子卖了,后来又买了回来。

    They bought the cottage back at the original price.他们以原价买回了这幢小别墅。

buy in (v.+adv.)
  1. 大宗购进(某物) buy a supply of (sth) buy in

    When prices are low, he buys in.当价格便宜时他买进。

    buy sth ⇔ in

    Many farmers buy in ewes in autumn.许多牧场主在秋天大批买进母羊。

    We have bought in an extra supply of coal for the cold winter.我们多购进了些煤以渡寒冬。

    They bought in as much food as would last the winter.他们买进足够一个冬天吃的食品。

    Have you bought in enough bread for the weekend?你买了足够的面包过周末了吗?

    We have bought in large stocks of this material.我们购进了一大批这种材料。

    We bought in plenty of coal before the strike started.我们在罢工开始前买进了大量的煤。

    We must make sure to buy sugar in before the price rises again.我们必须在糖再次涨价之前多买些备用。

  2. 出价买回自己送出拍卖的东西 pay a price for (one's own goods) at an auction buy sth ⇔ in 用于 be ~ed 结构

    An auctioneer, at the moment of non-sale, should be required to state plainly to his audience that an item has been bought in.遇到无销路时,拍卖人必须向观众明确表示他已经买回自己送去的拍卖品。

    The painting failed to reach its agreed price, and was bought in at $68000.拍卖时,那张画没有达到议定的价格,结果它以68000美元的价格被物主自己买回。

  3. (使)(通过投资、购买股票等)加入、入伙 pay for (one's entry) to sth buy in

    The company seems to be doing so well that I would like to buy in.这家公司看起来生意兴隆,我愿意入股。

    He will buy in as a partner.他将入股成为股东。

    buy oneself/sth in

    Buying yourself in is the only way to get a vote in the company's future.花钱买个股东资格是将来在公司里取得选票的唯一途径。

    If you want to become a partner in the firm, you will have to buy your way in.你要想做该公司的合伙人,你必须出钱。

buy off (v.+adv.)
  1. 贿买,收买(某人) pay (sb) money to persuade him to do or say sth, or not to do sth buy sb ⇔ off

    He bought off those who might expose him.他把可能检举他的人收买了。

    The gangster's friends bought off the police witness.那坏蛋的朋友买通了警察方面的证人。

    The gambler bought off the police and thus was able to operate freely.赌徒贿赂了警察,于是可以毫无顾忌地赌博。

    I don't like the way they are trying to buy me off— there must be something suspicious going on.我不喜欢他们用钱那样疏通我——一定会引起人们怀疑。

    It would be cheaper to buy the competitors off, rather than run the risk of losing all our business.出钱疏通竞争对手,比拼着把我们的生意全部输光更合算。

    The thief tried to buy the policeman off, but he did not succeed.小偷试图收买警察,但没有成功。

    His sister threatened to tell the police, so he had to buy her off.他姐姐威胁要报警,于是,他只好花钱收买她。

    He was quite mistaken if he thought he could buy me off.如果他以为他可以收买我,那他就大错特错了。

    There was only one opponent to their plan and they bought him off.只有一个人反对他们的计划,于是他们就把他收买了。

    Unless he drops the charge, we'll have to buy him off.他若不撤销指控,我们就得收买他。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The blackmailer will have to be bought off, or he'll ruin your good name.得花些钱疏通那个敲诈者,否则他会毁坏你的声誉。

    They all refused to be bought off to do anything they ought not to do.他们都拒绝被收买去做任何自己不该做的事。

    The only person who they thought would contest the legality of the will was bought off by the beneficiaries.他们认为唯一会反对遗嘱的合法性的人已被受益人所收买。

buy on credit
  1. 赊购pay for goods at a later date buy sth on credit

    You can buy the furniture on credit.你可以赊购这些家具。

    We bought the dishwasher on credit.那台洗碗机是我们赊购的。

buy out (v.+adv.)
  1. 买下…的全部产权 gain control of (sth) by buying the whole of it

    New members can join by buying out an existing member. 新会员可以出钱顶替旧会员。

    Mr. Sharp has enough money to buy out the town. 夏普先生有足够的钱来买下整个镇子的产权。

    Large companies can easily buy out the shareholders of small companies. 大公司可以很轻易地买下小公司股东们的全部股权。

    The large company expanded by buying out several smaller ones. 那个大公司买下几个小公司的全部产权后得以扩大。

    We bought out the owners. 我们买下了全部产权。

    When Jones decided to retire from business, his partner bought him out. 琼斯决定退职时,他的合伙人把他的产权全部买下了。

    How much did it take to buy your partner out? 你买下合伙人的产权花了多少钱?

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Eventually they were all bought out. 他们的股权最终都被买走了。

    When he had established a flourishing business, he was bought out by a larger concern. 正当生意兴隆时,他的全部股权被一家较大的商行买下了。

  2. 出钱赎回(某人) gain the freedom of (sb) (usually from the armed forces) by paying money

    The boy had enlisted, but his parents were able to buy him out. 这青年已入伍,但他父母花钱为他免去了兵役。

    Bill's parents paid a lot of money to buy him out of the army. 比尔的父母花了一大笔钱使他免服兵役。

    He bought himself out of the army. 他出钱使自己免服兵役。

buy up (v.+adv.)
  1. 买下…的全部产权; 买光,全部买下(某物) gain control of (sth) by buying the whole of it; buy all the supplies of (sth) buy sth ⇔ up

    They've bought up all available land.他们已将现有的土地全部买下。

    A finance house made a bid to buy up the entire company.一家信贷公司出价全部买下了这家公司。

    He bought up a bankrupt textile company.他买下一家破了产的纺织公司。

    The company bought up all the other cinemas and so became free of competition.那家公司买下了其他各家电影院,清除了竞争者。

    Housewives, afraid of running short, have bought up all the sugar in the shops.由于害怕糖供应紧张,家庭妇女把商店里的糖抢购一空。

    The food monopolies bought up the small farmers' products at pressed prices.食品垄断商以低价格大量收购小农场主的农产品。

    The government bought up the whole domestic rubber crop.政府买进国产的全部橡胶。

    The state bought up all the cotton from the farmers.国家从农民手中买下了全部棉花。

    He bought up all the spare building land in the district and can now charge what he wants for it.他把这个地区的所有的闲置建筑地全部买下了,现在他可以随心所欲地要价了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    All the new rice transplanters were quickly bought up the day they were offered for sale.所有的新水稻插秧机在上市当天就很快被买光了。

    All supplies of this material have been bought up by the chemical industry— there's none available to private householders.这种原料的存货全部被化学工业部门收购了,无货供应私家独户。

    The price of coal is advancing, for all the coal in market has been bought up by speculators.煤价正在上涨,因为市场上所有的煤已被投机商人所囤积。

    All the apples in the shop have been bought up by that woman.店里所有的苹果都被那位妇女买去了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~

经典引文

  • He's gone into Smithfield to buy your worship a horse.

    出自:2 Henry IV,Shakespeare
  • Water grew scarce, water was to be bought, five cents, ten cents, fifteen cents a gallon.

    出自:J. Steinbeck

buy的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. buy的基本意思是用金钱换取等价物,即“购买”,是普通用词,可接具体物品如书籍、衣物等作宾语。buy也可表示“付出…以换取…”,这时可接健康、幸福、名声、忠诚等抽象名词作宾语。buy引申还可指“收买,贿赂”“相信(即买…的账)”。
  2. buy在句中主要用作及物动词,偶尔用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词或代词作宾语,有时还可接双宾语,其间接宾语可转化为介词for的宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. buy的主语一般是人,也可以是无生命的事物。
  4. 表示“在某商店买”可接介词at; 表示“从某处买”可接介词from, of, off; 表示“花多少钱买”可接介词for, at;表示“给某人买”可说buy sb sth,也可说buy sth for sb,不能说buy sth to sb。
  5. buy是非延续性动词,不可与表示时间段的状语连用,但可与表示时间点的状语连用。
  6. buy偶尔可用于进行时,此时常具有特殊意义,如“抢购”“以分期付款的方式购买”等。例如:Everybody's buying the Trumpet .人们在抢购《号角》报。I was hard up last year because I was buying a colour TV set.去年我的手头比较紧,因为我在偿还买一台彩电的分期付款。
  7. buy在作“把…信以为真”解时,可以表示真信,也可以表示权宜之举。例如:Yet it seemed she was buying my story.然而,她好像真的相信我的话。You tell me the committee wants me to be its secretary next year. All right,I'll buy it.你说委员会要我明年当它的秘书。那好,我暂且相信它吧。
  8. buy的宾语后可接cheap, expensive, new等形容词,表示宾语的性质或状态。对于这种结构,有人认为是宾语补足语,也有人认为是状语,还有人认为是后置定语。
n.(名词)
  1. buy作名词时的意思有二:一是“买卖”,指用于商品交换间的交易; 二是“便宜货”,指价格上略低的货物。
  2. buy是可数名词,其复数为buys。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
buy sb sth, buy sth for sb
buy接双宾语时可采用上面这两种语序,但并非任何情况下都可以互换。当直接宾语是名词时,这两种语序均可使用,但直接宾语是代词时,只能用buy sth for sb。例如:
  • 他给我买了它。
  • [误] He bought me it.
  • [正] He bought it for me.
buy, afford
afford和buy都有“买”的意思,但afford侧重“有无经济能力买”,而buy则侧重“购买的行为”,表示“我买不起”可以说I can't afford,但不可说I can't buy.因为后者的意思是“即使有钱也不准买”。另外, buy常可用在afford后作宾语。
buy, purchase
这两个词的共同意思是“买”。其区别是:
buy是普通用词,通常用于买菜、买肉、买房子、买珠宝等; purchase是正式用语,表示经过周密计划以后才买,或是由于业务上的需要大规模地购买,所以在许多用purchase的场合都可以用buy,但许多用buy的场合却不一定能用purchase。例如:
You can buy anything in that store for less than ten dollars.在这家商店里,花上不到10美元你就可以买上任何东西。
They purchased〔bought〕 a new house.他们买了一栋新房子。
下面三个句子意思相同:
  • He bought me a book from one of his colleagues for £5.
He bought me a book of one of his colleagues for £5.
He bought me a book off one of his colleagues for £5.
他花了5英镑从他一个大学同学那里 给我买了一本书。〖JB)〗
buy purchase
这两个动词均含“购买”之意。
  • buy:buy普通日常用词,既可指日常随意购物也可指大的购买。
  • purchase:purchase正式用词,指大宗购货或购买重要东西。无感情色彩,强调物品的购得。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 这辆自行车我买了好几年了。

    I have bought the bike for years.

    I bought the bike years ago.

    I've had the bike for years.

    buy是非延续性动词,在肯定句中不能与表示一段时间的状语连用。

  2. 我要买这个。

    I'll buy this one.

    I'll take this one.

    在商店里说“买这件”时,习惯用take而不用buy。

  3. 他们过去常常在星期天出去买东西。

    They used to go out to buy things on Sunday.

    They used to go out shopping on Sunday.

    “去买东西”习惯说go shopping,不说go to buy things。

  4. 他花了30元钱买这些书。

    He bought these books at 30 yuan .

    He bought these books for 30 yuan .

    表示“购买…一共花掉多少钱”时应该用介词for,而用介词at则表示“所购货物中每件的单价”。

  5. 那个男孩被绑架了,但他的富爸爸能出钱把他赎出来。

    The boy was kidnapped, but his rich father was able to buy him out.

    The boy was kidnapped, but his rich father was able to buy him off.

    buy out只表示“用钱使某人免去…”,而要表示“出钱疏通或行贿”,则应用buy off。

  6. 他给我买了辆自行车。

    He bought a bicycle to me.

    He bought a bicycle for me.

    buy接双宾语时,其间接宾语只能转化成介词for的宾语,而不能转化为介词to的宾语。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的yebn,意为买。

buy的相关资料:

正版词典

buy : 购买,获得 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】
  • v.(动词) sell 

缩略词

buy的相关缩略词,共有1

互动百科

  • buy:buy v. 买n. 购买, 买卖习惯用语a bad buy 吃亏货, 吃亏的买卖a best buy 最合算的货; 最上算的买卖a good buy 便宜货, 上算的买卖dearly bought…

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