initiative

  常用词汇  
[ɪ'nɪʃətɪv]     [ɪ'nɪʃətɪv]    
  • adj. 自发的
  • n. 首创精神;主动权;第一步;倡议;项目
new

initiative的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 创始的,开始的,起始的
  2. 初步的,发端的
  3. 主动的,自发的
  4. 介绍的
n. (名词)
  1. 倡议
  2. 首创精神,主动精神,进取精神
  3. 主动权,提议权,动议权
  4. 主动性,积极性
  5. 主动的行动
  6. 进取心,事业心
  7. 【律】创制权
  8. 第一步,发端,着手
  9. 创始(力)
  10. 【军】主动性
  11. 商业信函中用到这词一般是指的行动和计划

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [U]主动性,首创精神 the ability to make decisions and take action without asking for the help or advice of others
  2. [C]主动的行动,倡议 the first movement or action which starts sth happening
  3. [S]主动权 the position of being able to take action or influence events

英英释义

Noun:
  1. readiness to embark on bold new ventures

  2. the first of a series of actions

Adjective:
  1. serving to set in motion;

    "the magazine's inaugural issue"
    "the initiative phase in the negotiations"
    "an initiatory step toward a treaty"
    "his first (or maiden) speech in Congress"
    "the liner's maiden voyage"

initiative的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. She took an initiative part in the Wildlife Conservation Society.
    她主动参加野生动物保护协会。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. It is innovation plus initiative that has kept it thriving.
    创新与进取精神使得它蓬勃发展。
  2. In the economic trend of the new era, having the initiative is the key.
    在新时期的经济大潮中,拥有主动权是关键。
  3. Thus the initiative was lost at the very first move, and that is really the worst and most stupid way to fight.
    开脚一步就丧失了主动权,真是最蠢最坏的打法。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. My secretary is perfectly competent, but she doesn't have much initiative.
    我的秘书完全能够胜任她的工作,只是她进取心不强。
  2. Don't keep asking me for advice, use your own initiative.
    不要总是向我征求意见,发挥一下你们自己的决断能力吧。
  3. Because of a stupid mistake, we lost the initiative in the negotiations; the other side has the initiative now.
    由于一个愚蠢的错误,我们失去了谈判中的主动权,现在是对方掌握主动权。
  4. The government is making some fresh initiatives to try to resolve the dispute.
    政府正主动采取一些措施,试图解决这一争端。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
on one's own initiative
    主动地; 自发地 without anyone else ordering one to do sth, or suggesting that one should do it
take the initiative
    带头; 倡导; 发起 take the first step in an undertaking

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Did he contact you or did the initiative come from you?

    出自: W. Soyinka
  • The most important diplomatic initiative..was toward Hanoi.

    出自: H. Kissinger
  • These companies were set up as purely regional initiatives.

    出自:Dance Theatre Journal
  • Bowater..will take the first initiative step..next week.

    出自:Times
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