forbid

  核心词汇  
[fə'bɪd]     [fər'bɪd]    
  • vt. 禁止;阻止;不许
forbiddance forbade/forbad forbidden/forbid forbidding forbids
new

forbid的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 禁止
  2. 妨碍
  3. 妨害
  4. 办不到
  5. 力阻
  6. 阻止
  7. 不许
  8. 不准
  9. 阻碍
  10. 命令从…离开
  11. 拒绝接纳
  12. 把…排除在外
  13. 使不可能

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 禁止 say that sb mustn't do sth; not allow sb to use

英英释义

Verb:
  1. command against;

    "I forbid you to call me late at night"
    "Mother vetoed the trip to the chocolate store"
    "Dad nixed our plans"

  2. keep from happening or arising; make impossible;

    "My sense of tact forbids an honest answer"
    "Your role in the projects precludes your involvement in the competitive project"

forbid的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Smoking is forbidden in this office.
    这间办公室禁止吸烟。
  2. I forbid you to call me late at night.
    我禁止你在深夜给我打电话。
  3. Lack of time forbids any further discussion at the point.
    由于时间不够,现在不能深入讨论这个问题。
  4. Lack of space forbids listing the names of all those who contributed.
    篇幅所限,不能一一列出所有贡献者的名字。
  5. I forbid you to tell anyone.
    我不许你告诉任何人。
  6. My parents forbid me to stay out at night.
    我的父母不许我在外面过夜。
  7. He is forbidden from leaving the country.
    他不许离开国家。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I forbid you!
    我不准你这样做!
  2. I suppose you can forbid her as long as she is under age.
    我认为只要她不到成年,你就可以阻止她。
  3. Forbid their departure.
    不准他们走。
  4. The doctor forbade the use of drugs.
    那个医生不让使用麻醉剂。
  5. If his father had known about it, he would have forbidden the marriage.
    如果他父亲事先知道,他会禁止这桩婚事的。
  6. The government decided to forbid the meeting.
    政府决定禁止这次集会。
  7. The bad weather forbade all idea of a picnic.
    糟糕的天气使整个野炊的想法无法进行。
  8. The snowstorm forbids air travel.
    暴风雪使飞机无法起飞。
  9. 1
  10. Duels are strictly forbidden.
    严禁决斗。
  11. It's strictly forbidden by law.
    这是法律所严格禁止的。
  12. You're not to do it; it's forbidden.
    你不要去干这件事,那是被禁止的。
S+~+( n./pron. ) v -ing
  1. The regulations forbid smoking in the theatre.
    戏院内不许吸烟。
  2. He forbids smoking during office hours.
    在办公时间他禁止吸烟。
  3. He forbids talking loudly in the classroom.
    他不许在教室大声喧哗。
  4. I forbid your going to such a place.
    我不准你到这种地方去。
  5. I forbid your entering the room.
    我不准你进入那个房间。
  6. My father forbids my using his car.
    我父亲不准我使用他的车。
  7. The school forbids students' smoking.
    学校不许学生抽烟。
  8. I can't forbid you seeing that man again.
    我无法阻止你不再见那个男人。
  9. The doctor forbids him smoking and drinking.
    医生禁止他吸烟喝酒。
  10. Her mother forbids her staying out late.
    母亲不准她在外面呆得很晚。
  11. 1
  12. Smoking is forbidden in classroom.
    禁止在教室吸烟。
  13. Parking is forbidden.
    禁止停车!
S+~+that-clause
  1. I forbid that you (should) leave the room.
    我不准你离开这个房间。
  2. My father forbids that I should drink.
    我父亲禁止我喝酒。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. He did not like his daughter's boyfriend, and forbade him the house.
    他不喜欢女儿的男朋友,而且不许他到家里来。
  2. My parents forbid me wine and cigarettes.
    我父母不许我抽烟喝酒。
  3. I forbid you the use of my dictionary.
    我不许你用我的字典。
  4. The editor forbids him the use of this English word.
    编辑不许他使用这个英文字。
  5. 1
  6. I am forbidden tobacco.
    我被禁止吸烟。
  7. The patients are forbidden wine.
    病人不准喝酒。
  8. Wine is forbidden her.
    她绝不能喝酒。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. The doctor has forbidden coffee to her.
    医生禁止她喝咖啡。
  2. The law forbids liquor to children.
    法律禁止儿童饮用烈性酒。
  3. 1
  4. Entrance to the place was then forbidden to all foreigners.
    那时禁止任何外国人进入该地。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. They forbade me to leave.
    他们不让我离开。
  2. The teacher forbade us to leave our seats.
    老师不准我们离开座位。
  3. The King forbade him to leave England.
    国王不准他离开英格兰。
  4. My mother forbids me to marry a foreign businessman.
    我母亲不允许我嫁给一个外国商人。
  5. Mother forbade us to drink wine.
    母亲不准我们喝酒。
  6. She has forbidden him to smoke in her presence.
    她不许他在她面前吸烟。
  7. The heavy rain forbade us to go out.
    大雨阻止我们外出。
  8. Her mother forbids her to stay out after midnight.
    她母亲不准她午夜不归。
  9. My mother forbade me to speak to men like you.
    我母亲不许我跟像你这样的男人讲话。
  10. She says her mother forbids her to go out with me.
    她说她母亲不允许她跟我外出。
  11. The guard forbade us to look out of the window when the train was moving.
    火车开动时,乘警不许我们将头伸出窗外看。
  12. The storm forbids us to proceed.
    暴风雨阻止我们前进。
  13. The law forbids shops to sell alcohol to minors.
    法律禁止商店向未成年者出售含酒精饮料。
  14. 1
  15. I am forbidden to go out today.
    今天不准我外出。
  16. I am forbidden to eat meat.
    我被禁止吃肉。
  17. She was strictly forbidden to drink.
    她被严厉禁止喝酒。
  18. They are forbidden to walk on the lawn.
    不准他们在草坪上行走。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
God forbid (n.+v.)
    但愿不发生这样的事 I hope not
    God forbid

    God forbid!

    苍天不容!

    It might pour with rain on Cup Final day,God forbid.

    锦标赛决赛那天,天可能会下倾盆大雨,但愿上帝不让这样的事情发生。

    God forbid (that-)clause

    God forbid that I should never say nasty things about you.

    但愿我没说过你的坏话。

    God forbid he should injure you.

    他绝对不能伤害你。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • When strength and courage are forbid me.

    出自: Lytton
  • He forbade both men and women from entering them.

    出自: E. W. Lane
  • Will you forbid him the house where I know he is safe?

    出自: Dickens
  • A law that requires you to pull your blinds down after sundown, and forbids you to pull them down before.

    出自: J. Steinbeck
  • The law that forbade the evidence in divorce cases being published.

    出自: G. Greene
  • Cromwell's first action on reaching Ireland was to forbid any plunder or pillage.

    出自: C. Hill

forbid的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. forbid的基本意思是禁止某人进入某地、用某物或做某事。可用于权威人士(如家长、主人、医生)发布的命令,也可用于所处的情况要求绝对禁止。
  2. forbid是及物动词,接名词、代词、动名词或that从句作宾语。that从句中谓语动词须用虚拟式。forbid后面作宾语的动名词可带物主代词或代〔名〕词宾格,表示动名词的逻辑主语。
  3. forbid在表示“禁止进入某地”或“禁止用某物”时可接双宾语,以表示某地的名词或use作直接宾语,其间接宾语可转化为介词to的宾语。
  4. forbid在表示“禁止某人做某事”时可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。
  5. forbid的过去式是forbade或forbad,过去分词是forbidden。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
forbid, ban
  • 这组词都有“禁止”的意思。其区别在于:forbid是普通用语,指父母、教师等直接下命令,或以规则来禁止某事; ban指禁止不合宗教、道德等标准的事情。
  • forbid, prohibit
  • 这组词都有“禁止”“阻止”的意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.forbid既可指个人作出的约束,也指有关方面如国家、政府、机关等作出的规定或准则; prohibit只指以法律或官方行政手段,尤指以正式规章制度的形式加以禁止。
  • 2.forbid强调期望顺从,而prohibit则趋向于保护当事人利益或维护正常秩序。
  • 3.forbid用于禁止较小的事物; prohibit用于禁止影响比较大的事物。
  • 4.forbid较直接,较随便; prohibit则较正式。
  • 5.forbid后可接不定式或从句作直接宾语,还可接双宾语; 而prohibit通常与from搭配。
  • forbid的相关资料:

    近反义词

    【近义词】
    【反义词】

    临近单词

    今日热词
    目录 附录 查词历史