exact

  核心词汇  
[ɪɡ'zækt]     [ɪɡ'zækt]    
  • adj. 精密严谨的;确切的
exactable exactness exacted exacted exacting exacts
new

exact的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 精确的,准确的,确切的,精确无误的,正确的
  2. 严格的,严密的,严正的 ,严厉的,严谨的
  3. 精密的,科学精密的
  4. 确实的,真确的
adv. (副词)
  1. 精确地,准确地
v. (动词)
  1. 强要,强求,苛求,定要
  2. 急需,需要,要求
  3. 勒索
  4. 强制,逼使,迫使,强迫
  5. 榨取,逼取
  6. 换取, 索取
  7. 逼(债)

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. [A]准确的,确切的,精确的 correct in every detail; completely according to fact
  2. 严谨的,严格的 marked by thorough consideration or careful measurement of small details of fact
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 要求,索取; 苛求,强求 need; require; demand and enforce payment of; require urgently

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. marked by strict and particular and complete accordance with fact;

    "an exact mind"
    "an exact copy"
    "hit the exact center of the target"

  2. (of ideas, images, representations, expressions) characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth ; strictly correct;

    "a precise image"
    "a precise measurement"

Verb:
  1. claim as due or just;

    "The bank demanded payment of the loan"

  2. take as an undesirable consequence of some event or state of affairs;

    "the accident claimed three lives"
    "The hard work took its toll on her"

exact的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. She's a very exact person.
    她是个一丝不苟的人。
  2. We need exact instruments.
    我们需要精密仪器。
  3. What is the exact size of the room?
    这个房间的确切面积是多少?
  4. It was difficult to tell her exact age.
    很难说出她的确切年龄。
  5. What were his exact words?
    他的原话是怎麽说的?

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Your exact height is 1.65 meters.
    你的准确身高是1.65米。
  2. He measured it and found it to be the exact size.
    他量了一下,发现正好是这个尺寸。
  3. I gave the shopkeeper the exact change.
    我给店主正好的零钱。
  4. Please give me your exact age.
    请把你的确切年龄告诉我。
  5. History is not an exact science.
    历史不是一门精确科学。
  6. He collected all exact data relating to the incident.
    他收集了有关这一事件的所有确切情况。
  7. His painting is an exact copy of the original.
    他的画是与原作丝毫不差的临摹作品。
  8. I want an exact translation of this sentence.
    我要这一句子的确切翻译。
  9. I don't know the exact size of the room.
    我不知道这房子到底有多大。
  10. He entered the hall at the exact moment that the concert began.
    他进入大厅时,音乐会正好开始。
  11. He opened out the map and showed me the exact location of the city.
    他打开地图把那座城市的确切位置指给我看。
  12. The insurance adjustor had to ascertain the exact value of the missing jewels.
    这个保险金估算人必须核实这些丢失的珠宝的价值。
  13. Are those his exact words?
    那些是他的原话吗?
  14. Tell me his exact words.
    请告诉我他的原话。
  15. Reading makes a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man.
    读书使人充实; 交谈使人敏捷; 写作使人严谨。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. His memory is very exact; he never makes mistakes.
    他的记忆非常准确,从不出错。
  2. You are not quite exact when you call a computer an “electronic brain”.
    你把计算机叫做“电脑”并不确切。
  3. Accountants have to be very exact.
    会计必须十分严谨。
S+be+~+in n./pron.
  1. He is exact in his use of words.
    他用词确切。
  2. You have to be very exact in this job, because a small mistake can make a big difference.
    你做这项工作必须严谨,因为一个小错就能造成天壤之别。
  3. One should be exact in his statement.
    一个人说话应该严谨。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The job exacts care and attention.
    这项工作需要谨慎和集中精力。
  2. Her work exacts great care and attention to detail.
    她的工作需要极为细心,一丝不苟。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
exact from (v.+prep.)
    向(某人)征收〔索取〕…; 迫使(某人)处于某种状态 demand and obtain (sth) from (sb)
    exact sth from sb

    The government exacts taxes from every wage earner above a certain level of income.

    政府向每个工资收入超过一定水平的人征税。

    We should exact fines from people who drop litter on the streets.

    我们应该强令在街上乱扔废纸杂物的人缴出罚款。

    He exacted obedience from the children.

    他强迫孩子们服从他。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The troops were kept in..exact discipline.

    出自: James Mill
  • He was excluded from the phenomenally exact social rankings which obtained in..Nairobi society.

    出自: W. Boyd
  • Iehoiakim..exacted the siluer and the golde..of euery one according to his taxation.

    出自:Bible (AV): 2 Kings
  • An indefatigable worker himself, he exacted the same standard from his assistants.

    出自: E. Jones
  • William's advisers who exacted an oath of obedience from the clergy.

    出自: H. J. Laski

exact的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj. (形容词)
  1. exact作形容词是“准确的,确切的,精确的”的意思,指数量、品质等不多不少,刚好与事实或标准相符,强调丝毫不差。exact引申还可作“严谨的,严格的”解,一般指的是人做事时严谨的态度。
  2. exact在句中用作定语或表语。与in连用,表示“在…方面准确〔严谨〕”。
  3. exact无比较级和最高级形式。
v. (动词)
  1. exact的基本意思是“要求”“索取”,一般指“硬性要求”“强求”。
  2. exact只用作及物动词,接名词作宾语。常与介词from连用,表示“向(某人)征收〔索取〕…”“迫使(某人)处于某种状态”。

词义辨析

adj. (形容词)
exact, accurate, precise
  • 这三个词都有“准确,精确”的意思。accurate强调“准确性”,即“与事实无出入”; exact指数量上或质量上高度准确,强调各细节均与事实或标准完全符合,“丝毫不差”; precise是正式用词,含意是“明确,精密”,强调定义或界限的鲜明和准确,含有刻板的意味。
  • v. (动词)
    exact, claim, demand, require
  • 这四个词都可表示“要求”。其区别是:
  • demand主要指理直气壮地强烈要求,常常侧重不容拒绝。例如:
  • The opposition have demanded that all the facts be made public.反对派要求把所有的事实都公之于世。
  • claim指认为有权或宣传有权得到某种东西因而公开提出要求。例如:
  • Did you claim on the insurance company after your car accident?你出车祸后有没有向保险公司提出赔偿?
  • require指根据内部需要,或法规义务,或紧急形势等提出要求。例如:
  • The urgency of the situation requires that we should make an immediate decision.局势紧急,需要我们立即作出决定。
  • exact不仅强调提出要求,而且侧重得到所要求的东西。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      由于他是一个追求尽善尽美的人,所以他一定要别人按高标准干活。

      Being a perfectionist, he exacts for work of a high standard from others.

      Being a perfectionist, he exacts work of a high standard from others.

      这些是急需解决的问题,需要我们经常注意。

      These are immediate problems that exact for our constant attention.

      These are immediate problems that exact our constant attention.

      exact作“坚持需求”“迫切需要”解时是及物动词,后直接跟宾语,不加介词。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古典拉丁语的exactus(exigere的过去分词):ex (出去) + agere (开,导向),意为向外导向,完成。
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