cry

  基本词汇  
[kraɪ]     [kraɪ]    
  • v.哭;(大声)叫喊;(强烈)要求
  • n.叫声;哭;喊
cries cried cried crying cries
new

cry是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 叫,喊,(大声)叫喊,呼喊,喊叫,呼喊,大声叫唤,大声地说
  2. 哭泣,号哭,哭出,哭,痛哭,流泪,哭着说
  3. (鸟或动物)啼,鸣,嗥,吠,啼叫,嗥叫
  4. 呼报,呼告,高声传报,大声报告,公开宣告,当众宣布
  5. 叫卖,叫买
  6. 乞求,恳求
  7. 抱怨
  8. 喊着要,哭喊着要,吵着要求(for)
  9. 迫切需要(for)
  10. 叫(修理)
n.(名词)
  1. 叫声,叫喊,呐喊,大叫
  2. 口号
  3. 哭,哭声,号哭,哭诉
  4. 呼吁,呼声
  5. 叫卖声
  6. 吠声
  7. 喝彩
  8. 大声宣扬
  9. 哀求
  10. 谣传
  11. 舆论
  12. 运动
  13. 风尚

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 哭 shed (tears)
  2. vt. & vi. 喊,叫 call out
  3. vt. 叫卖; 大声报道; 哭着说 make known publicly by shouting
n.(名词)
  1. [C]哭,哭声 weeping; a sound of weeping
  2. [C]叫喊,叫声 loud sound
  3. [C]要求; 呼吁 an urgent appeal

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
cry : 喊, 叫, 大 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition;

    "the speaker was interrupted by loud cries from the rear of the audience"

  2. a loud utterance of emotion (especially when inarticulate);

    "a cry of rage"
    "a yell of pain"

  3. a slogan used to rally support for a cause;

    "a cry to arms"
    "our watchword will be `democracy'"

  4. a fit of weeping;

    "had a good cry"

  5. the characteristic utterance of an animal;

    "animal cries filled the night"

Verb:
  1. utter a sudden loud cry;

    "she cried with pain when the doctor inserted the needle"
    "I yelled to her from the window but she couldn't hear me"

  2. shed tears because of sadness, rage, or pain;

    "She cried bitterly when she heard the news of his death"
    "The girl in the wheelchair wept with frustration when she could not get up the stairs"

  3. utter aloud; often with surprise, horror, or joy;

    "`I won!' he exclaimed"
    "`Help!' she cried"
    "`I'm here,' the mother shouted when she saw her child looking lost"

  4. proclaim or announce in public;

    "before we had newspapers, a town crier would cry the news"
    "He cried his merchandise in the market square"

  5. demand immediate action;

    "This situation is crying for attention"

  6. utter a characteristic sound;

    "The cat was crying"

  7. bring into a particular state by crying;

    "The little boy cried himself to sleep"

cry的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. She cried with grief when she heard news of her friend's death.
    听到朋友死亡的消息,她难过地哭了。
  2. She began to cry in the face of failure.
    面对失败,她开始哭了起来。
  3. The girl in the river is crying for help.
    掉进河里的女孩正喊救命呢。
  4. The public raised a great hue and cry about tax hikes.
    公众对税赋增加表示了强烈抗议。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Very soon he heard a raven cry outside.
    很快他就听见了外面乌鸦的叫声。
  2. Her feelings were relieved by a good cry.
    她大哭一场,发泄她的感情。
  3. She has a long cry when her favorite doll is broken.
    她心爱的洋娃娃坏了,为此她哭了好长一阵子。
  4. He heard a cry for help, and he rushed out of the office.
    他听到有人喊救命,就冲出了办公室。
  5. A feeble cry came from the next room.
    从隔壁房间里传来低弱的叫喊声。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He cried.
    他哭了。
  2. A baby can cry as soon as he is born.
    婴儿生下来就会哭。
  3. He cried because he had hurt his leg.
    他因脚受伤而哭泣。
  4. It was a very sad film; it made me cry.
    那是一部很感人的影片,催人泪下。
  5. She was crying because she had lost all the money.
    她在痛哭,因为她失去了所有的钱。
  6. Stop crying and wipe off your tears.
    不要哭,拭去你的眼泪。
  7. When they heard of his death, they couldn't help crying.
    他们听到他牺牲的消息时,都禁不住哭了起来。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She cried hot tears upon the book.
    她哭得热泪都滴到书上了。
  2. She wanted to cry her grief and anger all away.
    她要把悲愤在痛哭中宣泄出来。
  3. She cried herself to sleep.
    她哭着睡着了。
  4. He cried her name in vain.
    他徒劳地叫着她的名字。
  5. She cried the news all over the town.
    她在镇上到处嚷嚷着这个消息。
  6. Peddlers cried their wares in the streets.
    小贩们沿街叫卖货物。
S+~+that-clause
  1. He cried that he had found the key.
    他大声地叫喊找到了钥匙。
引出直接引语
  1. The drowning man cried “help!”
    那落水的人高喊“救命!”。
  2. The sentry cried “Halt” as he saw us.
    哨兵看到我们时,大呼“站住”。
  3. “Run!Run!”cried the girl.
    “跑啊!跑啊!”那女孩子叫道。
  4. “Be careful!”she cried.
    她叫道:“小心点!”
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron.+adj.
  1. She cried herself blind.
    她把眼睛都哭瞎了。
  2. He cried himself hoarse.
    他把嗓子都哭哑了。
  3. The little boy cried himself sick.
    那个小男孩都哭出病来了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I want a good cry.
    我真想痛哭一场。
  2. She had a cry about the sad news.
    听到这个不幸的消息,她大哭了一场。
  3. Birds weave their joyous cries into a kind of song without words.
    鸟儿的啭鸣交织成一首无言的歌。
  4. The tiger in the cage gave a thrill cry.
    关在笼子里的老虎发出了令人毛骨悚然的吼声。
  5. When she found the burglar behind the door she raised a hysterical cry.
    她看见门背后有窃贼,便发出歇斯底里的叫声。
  6. With all the new work that comes up, the general cry is that they are short of hands.
    由于有了新的工作,大家都嚷着人手不够。
  7. I miss the old street cries of London.
    我想念伦敦旧街的叫卖声。
  8. He came rushing at my cry.
    听到我的呼叫声,他立即奔了过去。
  9. The child was alarmed at the cry of the donkey.
    那孩子因听见驴叫而惊恐。
  10. They heard a cry for help.
    他们听到呼救声。
  11. There were angry cries from the mob.
    暴徒在怒喊。
  12. It sounded like the cry of a woman in pain.
    这声音好像一个妇女在痛苦的叫喊。
  13. He uttered a cry of triumph when he found the treasure.
    他找到宝藏时发出胜利的欢呼。
  14. There was a cry of fire.
    有火灾的呼声。
  15. With a cry of dismay, he darted back into the cabin and closed the door.
    他惊惶地叫了一声,赶紧回到舱室里,把门关上。
  16. With a cry she dashed out.
    她大叫一声冲了出去。
  17. Consumers' cries for Sunday opening were very strong.
    顾客要求星期天营业的呼声很高。
  18. At the meeting, the parents were in full cry, demanding further government spending on schools.
    会上家长们大声疾呼,要求政府增拨教育经费。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
cry down (v.+adv.)
  1. 把…轰下去 silence (a speaker) by shouting

    Before the politician was halfway through his speech, the crowd cried him down. 这个政治家讲了还不到一半儿,听众便把他轰了下去。

    The audience cried the speaker down as soon as he started on a third digression. 当发言人第三次扯到题外去时听众发出喊声,使他讲不下去。

  2. 拒绝接受(主张) refuse to accept (an idea)

    I'm afraid the committee has cried your suggestion down. 恐怕委员会已经拒绝了你的建议。

  3. 贬低 speak badly of, disparage

    I wish he wouldn't cry everyone down. 但愿他别贬低大伙儿。

    She cried down everyone except the rich and powerful. 除了有钱有势的人,她谁也瞧不起。

    You could of course have criticized him, but instead, you cried him down rudely. 你批评他当然是可以的,可是你却粗暴地把他一笔抹杀了。

    The critic cried down the book. 那位评论家贬低那本书。

    Don't cry down the very real progress these people have made. 不要贬低这些人取得的切实进步。

cry for (v.+prep.)
  1. 因…而哭 weep because of

    That child is always crying for no good reason. 那个孩子总是无缘无故地哭。

    Don't take any notice of Kehr; she always cries for nothing. 别理睬凯尔,她总是不为什么事就哭。

  2. 哭喊着要 express a desire for sth/sb

    The baby is crying for mother. 婴儿哭着要妈妈。

    Little Imes is crying for his toy. 小艾姆斯哭着要他的玩具。

    The victim cried for help. 受害者呼喊救命。

    Charles cried for his mother to stay with him. 查尔斯哭着要妈妈和自己呆在一起。

  3. 急需; 要求 be in pressing need of; inquire

    The school is crying for good teachers. 这个学校急需好老师。

    The task cries for more personnel. 这个任务急需增加人员。

    The run-down old house cried for a coat of paint. 这幢破旧的房子急需油漆一下。

    The strikers cried for a raise of pay. 罢工者要求提高工资。

    The problem cries for solution. 这个问题有待解决。

cry off (v.+adv.)
  1. 取消前约; 打退堂鼓 decide not to fulfill a promise or agreement cry off

    I had intended to go but I cried off at the last minute.我本打算要去,但在最后一分钟我改变了主意。

    Ade was going to help us, but he cried off.艾德本来要帮助我们,但是他没有履行诺言。

    cry sth ⇔ off

    There seems no justification at all for his crying off the bargain.他要取消这个协议似乎是没有道理的。

    cry off v-ing

    They cried off going to dinner.他们取消了赴宴的打算。

cry out (v.+adv.)
  1. 呼喊,尖叫 call out loudly because of fright, pain, etc. cry out

    She cried out when she was attacked in the dark.当她在黑暗中遭到袭击时,尖叫起来。

    As soon as I went in,Cage cried out with pleasure.我一进屋,凯奇就高兴得叫了起来。

    cry out to sb

    The old man cried out to him angrily.老人朝他愤怒地喊叫。

    He cried out to the taxi driver to stop.他高声叫喊让出租汽车司机停下来。

    cry sth ⇔ out

    She cried out a goodnight.她大声道了声晚安。

    The dying man cried out his mother's name.这个快要死的人呼喊着他母亲的名字。

    The people cried out their complaints until the government took action.人们怨声载道,直到政府采取了措施才平息下来。

    cry out that-clause

    He suddenly cried out that the storehouse was on fire.他突然叫道仓库着火了。

    She cried out that she had lost her purse.她高喊钱包丢了。

    cry out against sth

    Many people are crying out against the new rule.许多人都在强烈反对新规定。

  2. 迫切需要 be in pressing need of cry out for sb/sth

    Many factories are crying out for engineering and technical personnel.许多工厂迫切需要工程技术人员。

    That child is always crying out for something.那孩子总喜欢哭嚷着要东西。

    This room is crying out for a new carpet.这个房间急需一条新地毯。

    cry out to-v

    This floor is crying out to be scrubbed.地板急需擦洗。

cry over (v.+prep.)
  1. 为…哭泣 lament or grieve about cry over sb/sth

    The mother was crying over her son killed in the war.母亲恸哭死在战争中的儿子。

    The boy was crying over his dead dog.这孩子为死去的狗哭泣。

    She cried over her husband's death.她丈夫的去世使她十分伤心。

    The girl is crying over her fault.这姑娘为自己的过失而伤心流泪。

    She was crying over his misfortunes.她哀叹他的不幸。

    It's no use crying over spilt milk.事已至此,后悔也没有用。

cry to (v.+prep.)
  1. 向…请求或抱怨 direct one's request or complaint to sb cry to sb

    He cried to his friend on the opposite side of the street.他朝马路对面的一位朋友大声呼唤。

    cry to sb to-v

    He cried to me to stop.他高声叫我停下来。

    They cried to her to go out quickly and climb up into trees.他们高声喊她快出来爬到树上去。

cry up (v.+adv.)
  1. 吹嘘; 赞扬 brag; praise cry sth ⇔ up

    He has been crying up the new magazine.他一再夸耀这本新杂志。

    He's always crying up the town where he lives.他总是吹嘘他所居住的那个城镇。

    Cry up wine and sell vinegar.挂羊头卖狗肉。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    His abilities are not what they were cried up to be.他的能力并不像他们吹嘘的那样大。

    What was cried up by the wily merchant often turned out to be most unworthy of praise.凡是那位奸商所大声赞扬的,往往是最一钱不值的。

cry with (v.+prep.)
  1. 因…大叫起来 shout because of (sth) cry with sth

    He cried with vexation.他愤怒得大叫起来。

    He cried with pain when the dentist pulled his tooth out.当牙医给他拔牙时,他疼得叫起来。

用作名词 (n.)
all the cry
  1. 流行,时尚 popular

    Curling hair styles are all the cry this year. 今年烫发的发型很流行。

    Warm colors were all the cry last year. 去年很流行暖色。

on the cry
  1. 根据道听途说 according to the hearsay or rumour

    We do not go on the cry in this, but the very fact. 我们这样做并不是根据道听途说,而是依据真正的事实。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • With such weping and with such cry Forth..he goth.

    出自:J. Gower
  • We shall not meet [our doom]..With women's tears and weak complaining cries.

    出自:M. Arnold
  • In one blind cry of passion and of pain.

    出自:Tennyson
  • She saw the Christmas tree..and gave a cry of pleasure.

    出自:D. du Maurier
  • Whan they repente..and crye their god mercy.

    出自:Caxton
  • The Portuguese cry quarter.

    出自:Defoe
  • 'I cry your mercy,' said I, 'for mistaking your age.'

    出自:W. Irving

cry的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. cry的基本意思是“哭”,指流泪哭着公开表示悲哀、痛苦或难过等感情,强调发出声音,有时也表示无声地流泪,是日常用语,多用于口语中。引申可表示“叫喊”,此时强调嗓音响亮。
  2. cry作“哭”解多用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词,其宾语一般为tear或表达思想感情的抽象名词。cry偶尔也可接以形容词充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. cry作不及物动词时,可与介词for连用:介词宾语为事或物时,表示“急着要…”; 介词宾语为喜悦或痛苦之类的词时,表示“因…而流泪”。
  4. cry表示“叫喊”时,可用作不及物动词,须和表示目的的短语连用; 用作及物动词时,可接名词或that从句作宾语。
n.(名词)
  1. cry用作名词的基本意思是“哭”“哭声”,还可指“叫喊”“叫声”。其主体可以是人,也可以是动物。引申可表示“要求”“呼吁”等。
  2. cry是可数名词,常与不定冠词连用,有复数形式。作“哭声”解时,用单数形式。
  3. 短语all the cry的意思是“流行,时尚”; on the cry的意思是“根据道听途说”。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
cry for, cry with
这两个短语的含义不尽相同。cry for的意思是“因…而哭(表示原因)”或“为…而哭(表示目的)”; cry with则表示在哭的同时还伴随着某种情感,如高兴、疼痛、愤怒、悲伤等。试比较:
  • She cried for joy.
  • 她高兴得叫起来。
  • She cried with joy.
  • 她高兴地叫起来。
cry, call, shout
这组词都有“叫”的意思。其区别是:
call 类似汉语中的“呼叫”,指为引起他人的注意而大声说; cry 类似汉语中的“喊叫”,指表达感情(如痛苦、害怕等)和要求而大声叫; shout 类似汉语中的“呼喊”,兼有 call 和 cry的共同含义“大声喊”。试比较以下三个句子:
  • I heard someone calling for help.
  • 我听见有人在呼叫帮忙。
  • I heard someone crying for help.
  • 我听见有人在大叫救命。
  • “Go home!”the crowd shouted.
  • 人群在高喊:“滚回去!”
cry, sniffle, sob, wail, weep
这五个词都可以表示“哭泣”,它们的区别是:cry指由于某种感情而流泪,哭着表示悲哀或痛苦,强调发出声音,有时也表示无声地流泪,多用于口语中; sniffle 多指大哭后的“抽泣”; sob多指尽力抑制感情时的流泪; wail则表示“号啕大哭,痛哭”; weep可指因内心痛苦或喜悦而“哭”,既可指出声的“哭泣”,也可指无声的“流泪”。
cry, exclaim, scream, shout, shriek, yell
这六个动词的共同意思是“叫喊”。其区别在于:
1.scream多指儿童、妇女由于痛苦、恐惧、愤怒或欢乐时突然发出的尖叫声,也可指车辆、汽笛、机器等尖叫。
2.shout指大声说、大声叫或高喊,可表示喜、怒、哀、乐等各种表情; 也可表示提出警告或引起别人注意而大声叫嚷,多指男人的喊叫。例如:
I can hear you all right, there is no need to shout.我听得见你说话,用不着喊。
Why are you shouting?你为什么大喊大叫?
Don't shout at me.不要对我叫喊。
3.cry指大声呼喊,常表示惊讶、兴奋、惊恐,也指痛苦地哭喊,有时只表示一种感情,并不表示任何思想,有时是大声地说话。例如:
He cried with pain when the dentist pulled his tooth out.当牙医给他拔牙时,他疼得叫起来。
They heard someone crying out for help.他们听到有人大声呼救。
He cried the good news all over the village.他大声喊着把好消息告诉全村的人。
He cried that he had found the key.他大声叫喊找到了钥匙。
He cried her name in vain.他徒劳地叫着她的名字。
4.shriek指在极端恐惧、痛苦、愤怒或狂笑时发出的更为刺耳的尖叫。例如:
He shrieked with pain.他痛得尖叫。
I shrieked with terror.我吓得尖叫起来。
She shrieked in alarm when she saw the mouse.她看见老鼠时惊恐地尖声喊叫起来。
5.yell常指求援、鼓励时的呼叫; 也可用来指由于精神错乱、激怒、恐惧、悲痛、高兴等原因而发出的可怕的、发音不清楚的叫声,多指男人的大嚷大叫。例如:
She yelled out for help, but no one came.她高声呼救,但没有人来。
We yelled together for our team.我们一起为我们的球队呐喊鼓劲。
The company commander yelled out orders.连长大声地发出命令。
6.exclaim则指因高兴、痛苦、惊讶而呼喊,比一般说话的音调稍高,但不如cry的音调高,感情色彩较强烈。例如:
He exclaimed how bitter his fate was.他叫喊道他的命运多悲惨啊。
“What!”he exclaimed.“什么!”他喊道。
They exclaimed against such oppression.他们大声疾呼反对这样的压迫。
cry shout exclaim roar scream shriek yell call
这些动词的共同含义是“喊”或“叫”。
  • cry:cry一般指因恐惧、痛苦、惊奇等而喊叫。
  • shout:shout指有意识地高声喊叫,常用于提出警告、发命令或唤起注意等。
  • exclaim:exclaim多指因高兴、愤怒、痛苦、惊讶等突发感情而高声喊叫。
  • roar:roar指发出大而深沉的声音、吼叫或咆哮。
  • scream:scream指因恐具、快乐或痛苦而发出的尖叫声。
  • shriek:shriek指因惊恐、痛苦等或其它感情而发出比scream更为尖锐、刺耳的叫声。
  • yell:yell多指求援、鼓励时的呼叫。也可指因外界因素刺激而发出尖厉声音。
  • call:call指大声说话或喊叫,以引起某人的注意。
cry weep sob
这3个动词均有“哭”之意。
  • cry:cry普通用词。指因痛苦、悲哀或伤感等出声地哭。
  • weep:weep书面用词,指小哭或无声地哭,侧重流泪。
  • sob:sob指抽泣、呜咽。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 她哭着要什么?

    What is she crying about?

    What is she crying for?

    表示“哭着要…”要用介词for,而不用about。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的crier;最初源自拉丁语的quiritrae,意为呼救,叫,哭泣。

cry的相关资料:

正版词典

cry : 叫, ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
cry : 哭出,大声 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

cry的相关缩略词,共有10

互动百科

  • cry:cry vi. 哭, 流泪v. 叫, 喊n. 哭泣, 哭声, 叫喊, 喊声 英英解释:名词cry:1. a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition…

临近单词

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