wake

  基本词汇  
[weɪk]     [weɪk]    
  • v.醒来;唤醒;意识到
  • n.航迹;守夜
waker woke / waked waked / woken waking wakes
new

wake是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 醒,醒来
  2. 醒着
  3. 觉醒,醒悟
  4. (使)认识(到),(使)意识(到),(使)变得警觉
  5. 苏醒,活跃起来
  6. 弄醒,叫醒,唤醒
  7. 激起,引起,唤起
  8. 使苏醒,使复活
  9. 打破...的宁静,使骚动
  10. <方>(过去式和过去分词waked)守夜,守灵
  11. <古>活动着,不休眠
n.(名词)
  1. 守候(状态)
  2. <主方>(葬礼前的)守夜,守灵
  3. 伴流,船迹,尾流
  4. 路线,行踪,痕迹
  5. 【空】尾流
  6. 【史】一年一度的守护神节,守护神节日的庆祝活动
  7. 韦克(音译名)
adj.(形容词)
  1. 醒着的

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 醒,唤醒 stop sleeping; cause sb to stop sleeping
n.(名词)
  1. [C] 航迹,痕迹 a track left by a ship in water

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
wake : 醒来 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
wake : 尾流, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
wake : 尾流 ...
在 《外教社航空航天英语词典》 中查看更多...
wake : 醒来 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
wake : 航迹 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the consequences of an event (especially a catastrophic event);

    "the aftermath of war"
    "in the wake of the accident no one knew how many had been injured"

  2. an island in the western Pacific between Guam and Hawaii

  3. the wave that spreads behind a boat as it moves forward;

    "the motorboat's wake capsized the canoe"

  4. a vigil held over a corpse the night before burial;

    "there's no weeping at an Irish wake"

Verb:
  1. be awake, be alert, be there

  2. stop sleeping;

    "She woke up to the sound of the alarm clock"

  3. arouse or excite feelings and passions;

    "The ostentatious way of living of the rich ignites the hatred of the poor"
    "The refugees' fate stirred up compassion around the world"
    "Wake old feelings of hatred"

  4. make aware of;

    "His words woke us to terrible facts of the situation"

  5. cause to become awake or conscious;

    "He was roused by the drunken men in the street"
    "Please wake me at 6 AM."

wake的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I usually wake up early.
    我通常醒得很早。
  2. She spends all her waking hours worrying about her job.
    她只要醒著就一直为工作发愁。
  3. The incident woke memories of his past sufferings.
    这件事唤起了他对过去苦难经历的回忆。
  4. The bad news finally woke the country to the danger of war.
    坏消息传来,终于使国人认识到了发生战争的危险。
  5. We must wake up to the possibility of a war between the two nations.
    我们必须意识到两国之间可能爆发战争。
  6. I wish I could wake her up to the danger she is in.
    我希望能唤醒她认识到处境的危险。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. We just saw the foaming white wake of the liner.
    w我们只看到班轮驶过留下的白沫翻腾的航迹。
  2. They discovered a new pulsar wake.
    他们发现了一个新的脉冲星尾迹。
  3. There's no weeping at an irish wake.
    爱尔兰式的守灵仪式上没有哭泣。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Once in the night I woke and heard the wind blowing.
    有一天晚上,我醒了,听到在刮风。
  2. I'll wake until your return.
    我要等你回来再睡。
  3. When I woke the sun was shining into the room.
    我醒来时,太阳已照进了房间。
  4. I woke early.
    我醒得很早。
  5. He was too exhausted to wake easily.
    他太累了,不容易醒过来。
  6. Has the patient waked yet?
    病人醒了吗?
  7. I woke at dawn.
    我黎明醒来。
  8. I usually wake at six.
    我通常在6点钟醒来。
  9. The flowers wake in spring.
    花朵在春天苏醒。
  10. I woke suddenly with a start.
    我突然惊醒了。
  11. At the sight of the enemy, the citizens' anger woke.
    看见敌人,市民们被激怒了。
  12. The scene suddenly woke into life.
    场面突然活跃起来。
S+~+ n -A
  1. The child woke three times during the night.
    这孩子夜间醒了三次。
S+~+to- v
  1. He woke to find himself in the hospital.
    他醒来发现自己在医院里。
  2. He woke to find that it was snowing.
    他醒来发现天正在下雪。
  3. I woke to find the house on fire.
    我醒来时发现房子着火了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Please wake me at seven.
    请在7点钟叫醒我。
  2. Don't make a noise or else you'll wake the baby.
    不要出声,否则就把孩子吵醒了。
  3. At daybreak, the mother came and woke both children.
    天亮了,母亲进来把两个孩子叫醒。
  4. The lonely child woke our pity.
    那个孤独的小孩唤起了我们的同情。
  5. The incident woke memories of the war years.
    这个事件引起了人们对战争年代的回忆。
  6. The music waked sad memories.
    这音乐引起了对悲惨往事的回忆。
  7. Spring wakes all nature.
    春天使大自然苏醒。
  8. His echoing cry woke the mountain valley.
    他叫喊的回声震荡着山谷。
  9. The insult waked his dull spirit.
    这侮辱激起了他的阴郁精神。
  10. 用于be ~ed结构
  11. I was waked by the sound.
    我被那声音弄醒了。
  12. What time do you want to be waked?
    你要我在什么时候叫醒你呢?
其他 v -ing as Adverb.
  1. Waking or sleeping,I think of you.
    无论醒着或睡着,我都想你。
v -ing o-Compl.
  1. The noise kept me waking all night.
    喧闹声使我彻夜难眠。
  2. This kept me waking.
    这使我睡不着觉。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. When the ship sailed, the foaming white wake of the liner was left.
    轮船驶过,留下了白沫翻腾的航迹。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
wake from (v.+prep.)
  1. (使)醒来 (cause to) become conscious again after sleep wake from sth

    It takes me a long time to wake from my night's sleep.我通常需要很长时间才能从一夜的酣睡中醒来。

    In spring nature wakes from her long winter sleep.在春天,大自然从长长的冬眠中苏醒过来。

    wake sb from sth

    Why did you wake me from such a beautiful dream?你为什么把我从如此美妙的梦中唤醒?

wake to (v.+prep.)
  1. 醒后听到或看到(某物) hear or see sth after awaking wake to sth

    Do you like waking to the sound of a radio?你愿意醒来就听到收音机的声响吗?

    On the morning of New Year's Day, people woke to the sound of firecrackers.元旦早上,人们醒来便可以听到鞭炮声。

    I woke to bright sunlight filling my room, it was already midday.我醒来时发现明亮的阳光已充满了房间,已经是中午了。

  2. (使)开始认识到 (cause to) begin to realize wake to sth

    He did not wake to the danger until he discovered that he was surrounded on all sides by the enemy.直到发现被敌人四面包围,他才意识到自己处境十分危险。

    wake sb to sth

    We must wake the people to the dangers facing our country.我们必须使人民群众认识到我们国家所面临的危险。

wake up (v.+adv.)
  1. 醒来; 唤醒,弄醒 (cause to) stop sleeping wake up

    What time did you wake up this morning?今天早晨你几点醒来的?

    I wake up at the same time every morning without having to use an alarm clock.我不用闹钟,每天早晨都能在同一时间醒来。

    She had to wake up several times a night when their baby was ill.他们的孩子生病时,她一夜就醒好几次。

    He drowsed off, but then woke up abruptly, as though someone had called his name.他打了个盹,但突然又醒了,好像是有人在喊他的名字。

    When he woke up, the sea had become calm again.当他醒来时,大海早已恢复了平静。

    Bears wake up in the spring after a winter of hibernation.熊经过一个冬天的冬眠后在春季苏醒。

    More and more oppressed people are waking up.越来越多的被压迫的人民正在觉醒。

    We must give the men who have committed errors ample opportunity to wake up.我们必须给犯错误的人充分的机会,让他们醒悟。

    It's time for you to wake up and attend to your business.该是你奋发立业的时候了。

    wake sb ⇔ up

    On Sundays she usually wakes up her children a little later than usual.星期天,通常她会迟一点叫醒孩子们。

    Why don't you try to sleep?I'll wake you up for the medicine.你为什么不试着睡一会儿?我会叫醒你吃药的。

    Wake the children up,Betty. It's time for them to go to school.贝蒂,把孩子们叫醒,该上学了。

    Be quiet, your father's asleep, don't wake him up.安静些,你父亲在睡觉,不要吵醒他。

    A clap of thunder last night woke everybody up, and then rain poured down.昨晚一个炸雷惊醒了所有的人,然后下起了倾盆大雨。

    The noise woke the guests up.吵闹声把客人们吵醒了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I was suddenly woken up by the alarm clock at 3 a.m.,I knew it was my little brother's practical joke again.凌晨三点钟,我忽然被闹钟惊醒,我知道这又是我的小弟弟的恶作剧。

  2. 引起注意 give rise to sb attention wake sb ⇔ up

    The author used three exclamatory marks at the end of the last sentence to wake up the readers.作者在文章的最后一句连用了三个惊叹号,以引起读者的注意。

  3. (使)认识到; (使)觉悟 (cause to) realize; (cause to) become conscious of or realize the truth of〔说明〕 wake up通常不用于进行体。 wake up

    I wish she'd wake up! She's so naive!她实在太幼稚了,我希望她能醒悟过来。

    These rich kids should wake up and see the problems they have on their hands.这些富家子弟该清醒过来了,也该意识到他们自己面临的问题。

    wake sb ⇔ up

    The incident woke the leaders up.这次事件使得领导人醒悟。

    wake up that-clause

    More and more people are waking up that knowledge is important.越来越多的人认识到了知识的重要性。

  4. 活跃起来; 激起,引起 become stirred from an inactive state; stir; excite wake up

    On holidays the little town wakes up.每逢假日,这个小城镇就活跃起来了。

    You'll have to wake up if you wish to succeed.如果你想获得成功,你就必须振作起来。

    wake sb ⇔ up

    The art course stimulated me, woke me up.艺术课激起了我的兴趣,使我变得活跃起来。

    He needs someone to wake him up.他需要有人来使他振作起来。

    She needs some interest to wake her up.她需要某种兴趣使她振作起来。

wake up to (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. (使)认识到 (cause sb to) aware of a problem, situation, etc. wake sb ⇔ up to sth

    I wish I could wake her up to the danger she is in.我希望能唤醒她认识到处境危险。

    If only we could wake them up to the dangers of the situation.我们要是能使他们认识到形势的危险就好了。

    wake up to oneself/sth

    It is time I woke up to myself.I've wasted too much time fooling around, and I almost ruined my career.我该清醒认识自己了。我浪费了太多无所事事的时间,差点毁了我的事业。

    They should wake up to the problems they've got on their hands.他们应该认识到他们面临的种种问题。

    We must wake up to the gravity of the situation.我们必须认识到事态的严重性。

    They should wake up to the danger they are in.他们应该意识到自己处境的危险。

    Only then did the other men wake up to his presence.直到那时,其他的人才发觉他已经来到。

    The whole society should wake up to the fact that the emerging global network of computers is going to shape the future of the world.整个社会要意识到这样一个事实:全球电脑联网将塑造世界的未来。

用作名词 (n.)
in the/one's wake (of)
  1. 在…后留下 leaving sth on the back

    The car left clouds of dust in its wake. 汽车驶过后尘土飞扬。

    They sacked and burned as they went, leaving scarcely a cabin in their wake. 他们一路烧一路抢,几乎连一间小屋也没留下。

    I saw the whale following in the wake of the ship. 我看到了那只鲸鱼正跟在船后面。

    Our tiny boat was caught in the wake of the huge ship. 我们的小船卷入了那条巨轮的尾波中。

  2. 尾随 following

    Seagulls followed in the wake of the huge ship. 海鸥尾随于大船之后。

  3. 由于,作为…的结果 owning to; thanks to; as the result of

    Disease often follows in the wake of famine. 饥荒之后,往往是疾病流行。

    Hunger and disease followed in the wake of war. 随着战争而来的是饥饿与疾病。

    Many troubles follow in the wake of war. 很多的不幸跟随战争而来。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+副词+介词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The long white wake that the ship made in the dark water.

    出自:A. Geras
  • I must have waked at six o'clock, that morning.

    出自:J. Barth
  • I feel like I'm dreaming and I never want to wake up.

    出自:C. Brayfield

wake的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. wake的基本意思是“唤醒”,可表示由于外界因素把处于睡眠状态的人“唤醒”或“某事〔物〕唤起了某人的回忆”,引申可指“使醒悟”“激发”“引起”。
  2. wake既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词或代词作宾语; 用作不及物动词时,可表示自发醒来或处于醒的某种状态,接不定式作状语时,表示“醒来(发现、看出、听到)…”。
  3. wake用作不及物动词时,其主动形式常可表示被动意义。
  4. wake作谓语时其主语既可以是人,也可以是物。主语是物时多用于比喻、拟人等。
n.(名词)
  1. wake用作名词时的意思是“航迹,痕迹”,指船、汽车等运输工具在固定的航线上留下的印迹,有时可引申指“跟随”“带来某种不幸的事”。
  2. wake常与介词in连用。
  3. wake是不可数名词,没有复数形式。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
wake, awake, awaken, waken
这组词都有“唤醒”“醒来”的意思,它们的区别是:
1.wake是最常用词,也是最不正式的用语, awake则比wake正式些。如指“醒来”“使醒”,最好用wake。
2.waken和awaken常用作及物动词,多用于书面和被动语态中,表示“被唤醒”。awaken和awake多用于比喻说法,表示“觉醒; 提醒”“开始意识到”等意思。
3.从语音上说,以a-开头的两个词发音更浑厚,给人印象更深,故多用于诗歌。
4.以-en结尾的两个词只用作动词, awake除用作动词外还可用作形容词, wake还可用作名词。
wake up, waken up
这组短语的共同意思是“弄醒”。waken up一般用于比较正式的文体中; 而wake up一般用在普通文件和日常用语中。
rouse arouse awake wake waken
这些动词均有“唤醒、醒来”之意。
  • rouse:rouse较正式用词,用主动语态时,强调弄醒别人的努力,用被动语态时,指轻而易举地醒过来。可用于引申意义。
  • arouse:arouse除表示一般的唤醒外,多作引申用。
  • awake:awake正式用词,常指觉醒、警惕的状态,也多用于比喻。
  • wake:wake普通常用词,指真正的醒来。即可作及物动词也可作不及物动词。
  • waken:waken书面用词,常用于被动态和引申意义。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我妈妈经常很早就把我叫醒。

    My mother often wakes up me in the early morning.

    My mother often wakes me up in the early morning.

    wake up作“把某人叫醒”解时up是副词,用作其宾语的代词通常需放在动词与小品词之间。

  2. 去看看孩子,他已经醒了很长时间了。

    Go and see the baby.He has waken up for some time.

    Go and see the baby.He has been awake for some time.

    wake up作“醒来”解时表示瞬间动作,不能和表示“一段时间”的时间状语连用。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英的语wacian,意为醒来。

wake的相关资料:

正版词典

wake : 睡醒,醒来 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

wake的相关缩略词,共有4

互动百科

  • wake:解释 wake【weik】vt.叫醒, 激发vi.醒来, 醒着, 警觉, 振奋n.醒, 守夜, 尾迹, (人, 车等经过的)痕迹, 守丧 举例,造句 Wake【weik】(=Wake Island…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词