shout

  核心词汇  
[ʃaʊt]     [ʃaʊt]    
  • v. 呼喊;高声呼叫
  • n. 呼喊;大声叫
shouter shouted shouted shouting shouts
new

shout的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 喊叫,叫嚷,叫,嚷
  2. 大声说,大声叫,大声地问,喝叫
  3. 高呼,呼喊,呐喊
  4. 大声说出,嚷着说出
  5. 高声呼喊使...
  6. 喊跑,喊走
  7. 呼喊着鼓励,呼喊着助威
  8. 付请客喝酒的账
  9. 吼叫着把...说出来
  10. 吆喝
n. (名词)
  1. 呼喊,叫喊,呐喊
  2. 喊叫声,叫声,嚷嚷声
  3. 付请客账
  4. 会钞
  5. 轮到某人请客(喝饮料)
  6. 突发的大声喧哗

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 呼,喊,叫 give a loud cry
  2. vt. 大声讲 say sth loudly
n. (名词)
  1. [C] 呼喊,喊叫 loud call or cry
  2. [S] 轮到请客 a particular person's turn to buy alcoholic drinks for others

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition;

    "the speaker was interrupted by loud cries from the rear of the audience"

Verb:
  1. utter in a loud voice; talk in a loud voice (usually denoting characteristic manner of speaking);

    "My grandmother is hard of hearing--you'll have to shout"

  2. utter a sudden loud cry;

    "she cried with pain when the doctor inserted the needle"
    "I yelled to her from the window but she couldn't hear me"

  3. utter aloud; often with surprise, horror, or joy;

    "`I won!' he exclaimed"
    "`Help!' she cried"
    "`I'm here,' the mother shouted when she saw her child looking lost"

  4. use foul or abusive language towards;

    "The actress abused the policeman who gave her a parking ticket"
    "The angry mother shouted at the teacher"

shout的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. He opened his mouth to shout, but no sound came out.
    他张开嘴呼喊,但是没有发出声音。
  2. He didn't shout, he just glared at me silently.
    他没有喊叫,只是默默地怒视着我。
  3. The children on the sand were shouting with excitement.
    沙滩上的孩子们兴奋得大喊大叫。
  4. The crowd shouted the speaker down.
    群众高声喊叫把演讲人的声音压了下去。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Her warning shout came too late.
    她发出的警告呼喊声来得太晚了。
  2. His news was greeted with shouts of joy.
    大家都对他的消息报以欢呼。
  3. They heard him give a loud shout of astonishment.
    他们听见他惊奇地大叫一声。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. I can hear you all right.There is no need to shout.
    我听得见你说话,用不着喊。
  2. You can shout till the cows come home and you still won't be able to attract his attention.
    你可以一直不断地喊下去,可是依然不能引起他的注意。
S+~+to- v
  1. She shouted to attract their attention.
    她大声叫嚷以引起他们的注意。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. They shouted their disapproval.
    他们大喊表示不满。
  2. The company commander shouted his orders.
    连长大声发布命令。
  3. The demonstrators shouted slogans.
    示威者高呼口号。
  4. Glaucus shouted her name; but there was no answer.
    格劳克斯喊她的名字,可是没有应声。
  5. He shouted his loudest shout.
    他用最高的声音喊叫。
S+~+that-clause
  1. He shouted that everything was all right.
    他大声说:一切正常。
  2. He shouted that all were safe.
    他高声喊叫说平安无事。
引出直接引语
  1. The chairman shouted,“Take your seats, fellows!”
    主席喊道:“朋友们,快坐好!”
  2. He shouted:“Fire,Fire.”
    他大声喊着说:“开火了,开火了。”
用作宾补动词 S+~+ pron./n. + adj.
  1. He shouted himself hoarse.
    他嗓子都喊哑了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. A shout of joy broke forth.
    突然发出欢快的叫声。
  2. Again and again the audience broke out into shouts of applause.
    听众中爆发出一阵阵高声的赞许声。
  3. Whose shout is it?
    这回轮到谁请客了?

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
shout about (v.+prep.)
    大声喊,说… raise one's voice loudly when speaking about sth/sb
    shout about sth

    What's that boy shouting about?

    那男孩大声喊叫什么?

shout at (v.+prep.)
    对…大声喊 speak to sb in a loud voice
    shout at sb

    He shouted at her in his anger.

    他在盛怒之下向她大喊大叫。

    When the boys broke his window, he shouted at them.

    那些男孩打破了他的窗户,他对他们大声吆喝。

    He continually cracked his whip and shouted at the mule.

    他不住地挥响着鞭子,吆喝牲口。

    shout sth at sb

    There is no need to shout angry words at me.

    用不着冲我嚷。

shout down (v.+adv.)
    大声呼喊使…不能继续讲下去 silence by shouting
    shout sb ⇔ down

    The angry audience shouted the speaker down.

    愤怒的听众大声喊使讲话者闭口不语。

    A group in the corner attempted to shout the speaker down.

    角落里的一群人试图把发言人哄下台。

shout for (v.+prep.)
    为…而呼喊 cry for sthHe shouted for the servant.他高声叫仆人。
shout out (v.+adv.)
    大声叫喊; 喊着宣布 shout aloud; announce by shouting
    shout out

    When I call your name, shout out so that we know you're here.

    当我叫到你的名字时请大声答应,以便大家知道你来了。

    I just had time to shout out and warn them not to cross the road.

    我只来得及高声喊叫着警告他们不要横穿马路。

    shout sth ⇔ out

    He shouted the news out.

    他喊着宣布那个消息。

    The teacher scolded the child for shouting out the answers in class.

    老师斥责那孩子,因为他在课堂上突然说出答案。

    shout out that-clause

    We began to shout out that we wanted our money back.

    我们开始大喊我们要他们把我们的钱还给我们。

    She shouted out that she was unjustly imprisoned.

    她大喊监禁她是不公平的。

shout to (v.+prep.)
    向…叫喊 speak in a loud voice to sb
    shout to sb

    He shouted to me and warned me of the danger.

    他冲我大喊,警告我说有危险。

    She leaned over the balustrade and shouted to the man downstairs.

    她俯身在阳台栏杆上对楼下的人们喊着。

    shout sth to sb

    On entering the classroom, he shouted the good news to us.

    他一进教室便高声把这个好消息告诉了我们。

    shout to sb to-v

    He shouted to me to come.

    他大声喊我过去。

    He shouted to us to help him.

    他向我们呼救。

    He shouted to me to give him a lift.

    他大声喊我让他搭便车。

    I shouted to her to give me large clothes.

    我喊她给我几件宽大的衣服。

    shout to sb that-clause

    He shouted to me that the boat was sinking.

    他向我喊叫着说船正在下沉。

shout with (v.+prep.)
    因…而叫喊 cry for sth
    shout with sth

    He shouted with pain.

    他疼得大叫。

    The crowd shouted with laughter.

    人群哈哈大笑。

    The children were shouting with joy.

    孩子们高兴得欢呼起来。

    The children on the sand were shouting with excitement.

    沙滩上的孩子们兴奋地喊叫着。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Audrey picked up her empty glass and said, 'My shout'.

    出自: P. Barker

shout的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. shout的基本意思是“高声喊叫”,指声带发出较高的声音,意在传送到较远的距离、引起注意或高过其他与之相冲突的声音。引申可作“大声讲”解。
  2. shout可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词、代词或that从句作宾语,其宾语通常为叫喊的具体内容,也可接同源宾语或直接引语。还可接以形容词充当宾语补足语的复合宾语。用作不及物动词时可接动词不定式作目的状语。
  3. shout后接介词at表示“冲…嚷”; 后接副词down表示“把…哄下台”; 后接副词out表示“突然叫出〔说出〕”,其宾语常是名字、地址、价格、答案等,也可以不带宾语; 后接介词with表示伴随情况。
n. (名词)
  1. shout用作名词的意思是“呼喊,喊叫”,是可数名词,常用于give, raise, set up, shout, utter等动词后作宾语,是可数名词。
  2. 在澳大利亚或新西兰口语里, shout也可表示“轮到某人请客喝饮料”,通常用作单数形式。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
shout at, shout to
  • 两者都可表示“冲…嚷”。其区别在于:shout at表示对某人大喊大叫,方向性及目的性较强,态度不友好,含有气愤的意思; 而shout to表示用喊声呼唤,多因距离远,声小听不见,表示一般的方向意义,不含感情色彩。
  • shout, cry, exclaim, scream, shriek, yell
  • 这六个动词的共同意思是“叫喊”。其区别在于:
  • 1.scream多指儿童、妇女由于痛苦、恐惧、愤怒或欢乐时突然发出的尖叫声,也可指车辆、汽笛、机器等尖叫。
  • 2.shout指大声说、大声叫或高喊,可表示喜、怒、哀、乐等各种表情; 也可表示提出警告或引起别人注意而大声叫嚷,多指男人的喊叫。例如:
  • I can hear you all right, there is no need to shout.我听得见你说话,用不着喊。
  • Why are you shouting?你为什么大喊大叫?
  • Don't shout at me.不要对我叫喊。
  • 3.cry指大声呼喊,常表示惊讶、兴奋、惊恐,也指痛苦地哭喊,有时只表示一种感情,并不表示任何思想,有时是大声地说话。例如:
  • He cried with pain when the dentist pulled his tooth out.当牙医给他拔牙时,他疼得叫起来。
  • They heard someone crying out for help.他们听到有人大声呼救。
  • He cried the good news all over the village.他大声喊着把好消息告诉全村的人。
  • He cried that he had found the key.他大声叫喊找到了钥匙。
  • He cried her name in vain.他徒劳地叫着她的名字。
  • 4.shriek指在极端恐惧、痛苦、愤怒或狂笑时发出的更为刺耳的尖叫。例如:
  • He shrieked with pain.他痛得尖叫。
  • I shrieked with terror.我吓得尖叫起来。
  • She shrieked in alarm when she saw the mouse.她看见老鼠时惊恐地尖声喊叫起来。
  • 5.yell常指求援、鼓励时的呼叫; 也可用来指由于精神错乱、激怒、恐惧、悲痛、高兴等原因而发出的可怕的、发音不清楚的叫声,多指男人的大嚷大叫。例如:
  • She yelled out for help, but no one came.她高声呼救,但没有人来。
  • We yelled together for our team.我们一起为我们的球队呐喊鼓劲。
  • The company commander yelled out orders.连长大声地发出命令。
  • 6.exclaim则指因高兴、痛苦、惊讶而呼喊,比一般说话的音调稍高,但不如cry的音调高,感情色彩较强烈。例如:
  • He exclaimed how bitter his fate was.他叫喊道他的命运多悲惨啊。
  • “What!”he exclaimed.“什么!”他喊道。
  • They exclaimed against such oppression.他们大声疾呼反对这样的压迫。
  • shout, call, cry
  • 这组词都有“叫”的意思。其区别是:
  • call 类似汉语中的“呼叫”,指为引起他人的注意而大声说; cry 类似汉语中的“喊叫”,指表达感情(如痛苦、害怕等)和要求而大声叫; shout 类似汉语中的“呼喊”,兼有 call 和 cry的共同含义“大声喊”。试比较以下三个句子:
  • I heard someone calling for help.
  • 我听见有人在呼叫帮忙。
  • I heard someone crying for help.
  • 我听见有人在大叫救命。
  • “Go home!”the crowd shouted.
  • 人群在高喊:“滚回去!”
  • 下面三句的意思相同:
  • She shouted for help.
  • She shouted to people to help her.
  • She shouted,“Help!” 她大叫救命。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      她大声喊我来。

      She shouted me to come.

      She shouted to me to come.

      She shouted for me to come.

      She shouted out to me to come.

      “叫喊使某人做某事”不可说shout sb to- v ,可说shout to/for sb to- v ,也可说shout out to sb to- v 。

      她受惊吓并疼痛得直叫。

      She shouted at fright and pain.

      She shouted with fright and pain.

      “惊吓”在这里作伴随状语,因此用介词with不用at。

    n. (名词)
      人们高兴地欢呼起来。

      People raised shout of joy.

      People raised a shout of joy.

      People gave shouts of joy.

      shout作“叫声”解时是可数名词,其前可加不定冠词a修饰,也可用其复数形式。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自中古英语的schoute,意为喊叫。
    今日热词
    目录 附录 查词历史