collect

  核心词汇  
[kə'lekt]     [kə'lekt]    
  • v.收集;聚集;募捐;运走;使(自己)镇定
collected collected collecting collects
new

collect是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 收集,收藏,搜集,采集,汇集
  2. 聚集,集中,聚拢,集合,召集
  3. 募捐,募集
  4. 领取
  5. 堆积,积累,积聚
  6. 收(欠款),收(账),收账,收款
  7. 使集中,使集合
  8. 征收
  9. 整理(思想)
  10. (使)镇定
  11. 鼓起(勇气)
  12. 把牢(缰绳)
  13. 推测
  14. 接走
  15. 拿走
  16. 赢得
adj.(形容词)
  1. <美>由受话人付费的,由收到者付款的,由接收者付费的
adv.(副词)
  1. 由受话人付费地,由收到者付款地,由接收者付款地
n.(名词)
  1. 【宗】短祷告

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 收集; 搜集 get from a number of persons or places
  2. vi. 聚集; 积聚 bring or gather together
  3. vt. (去)取,接 come to take away
adj.(形容词)
  1. [A]由受话人〔收件人〕付款(的),由对方付费(的) be paid for by the receiver
adv.(副词)
  1. 由受话人〔收件人〕付款(地),由对方付费(地) be paid for by the receiver

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
collect : 收集, 征收 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
collect : 收集, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
collect : 收藏 ...
collect : 收款 ...
在 《外教社商务英语词典》 中查看更多...
collect : 收集, 征收 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
collect : 收集, 聚集 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a short prayer generally preceding the lesson in the Church of Rome or the Church of England

Adjective:
  1. payable by the recipient on delivery;

    "a collect call"
    "the letter came collect"
    "a COD parcel"

Adverb:
  1. make a telephone call or mail a package so that the recipient pays;

    "call collect"
    "send a package collect"

Verb:
  1. get or gather together;

    "I am accumulating evidence for the man's unfaithfulness to his wife"
    "She is amassing a lot of data for her thesis"
    "She rolled up a small fortune"

  2. call for and obtain payment of;

    "we collected over a million dollars in outstanding debts"
    "he collected the rent"

  3. assemble or get together;

    "gather some stones"
    "pull your thoughts together"

  4. get or bring together;

    "accumulate evidence"

  5. gather or collect;

    "You can get the results on Monday"
    "She picked up the children at the day care center"
    "They pick up our trash twice a week"

collect的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. A crowd soon collected at the scene of the accident.
    群众迅速聚集在出事现场。
  2. He's collecting (money) for famine relief.
    他正在为赈济饥民募捐.
  3. The dustmen collect the rubbish once a week.
    垃圾工每周运走一次垃圾.
  4. I tried to collect my thoughts but I was too excited.
    我试图使思想集中起来,但是我太激动了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Clouds are collecting.
    云层越来越厚了。
  2. Leaves collect in heaps on windy days.
    刮风的日子落叶积聚成堆。
  3. Dust collects on the furniture overnight.
    家具上一夜间就积上了灰尘。
  4. Dust soon collects if rooms are not swept.
    假如房子不扫,灰尘很快就积起来。
  5. A crowd soon collects when there's a street accident.
    街上出事时,很快就围上一大堆人。
S+~+to- v
  1. They collected to see a new car.
    他们聚在一起看新汽车。
  2. A crowd soon collected at the crossroad to see what had happened.
    十字路口上很快就聚集了一群人,都想看看出了什么事。
  3. All the students collected on the playground to do morning exercises.
    所有的学生都在操场上集合做早操。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. John collects foreign coins.
    约翰收集外国硬币。
  2. The teacher told the boys to collect all the wastepaper lying about after the picnic and burn it.
    教师告诉男学生,在野餐之后,把四处散置的废纸捡集起来,然后烧掉。
  3. She likes to collect stories and pictures of Dr. Bethune.
    她喜欢搜集白求恩大夫的故事和图片。
  4. He collected sufficient data.
    他收集了足够多的资料。
  5. Then we collected all relevant technical data available in the country.
    于是我们搜集了国内能找到的一切有关技术资料。
  6. They went there many times to collect folk songs.
    他们多次到那里搜集民歌。
  7. Collect the books and put them in a pile on my desk.
    把书收起来放在我的桌子上。
  8. A daughter of a poor family,I collected cinders for 12 years in the old society.
    我是个穷苦人家的女孩子,在旧社会捡煤核过了12年苦日子。
  9. Since early childhood, she collected firewood and half burnt cinders.
    她从小就拾柴捡煤核。
  10. They have already collected enough fertilizer.
    他们已经积了足够的肥料。
  11. They also organized the peasants to collect herbs.
    他们也组织农民采药草。
  12. He collected his belongings and went away .
    他收起自己的东西离去。
  13. The teacher collected all the pupils in the auditorium.
    老师把所有的学生都集合在礼堂里。
  14. The cowboy collected the horses and returned home.
    那牛仔把马拢到一起后回家了。
  15. The parents collect their children.
    家长们接孩子。
  16. I'll come round to collect my child within these days.
    这几天我就来接走我的孩子。
  17. He returned later in the evening to collect his wife.
    他很晚的时候回来接他的妻子。
  18. Here's the man to collect the tickets.
    收票的人来了。
  19. The postman collects the letters twice a day.
    邮递员每天两次来取信。
  20. We can leave it here and collect it when we come back.
    我们可以把它先放在这儿,回来时再取。
  21. They also collect funds of finance the movement.
    他们还为这一运动募集基金。
  22. He was collecting money to help the poor.
    他募款帮助穷人。
  23. Collect yourself!
    别慌!
  24. It was some time before he could collect himself.
    他过了好一会儿才镇静下来。
  25. They were excited and required time to collect themselves.
    他们很激动,需要点儿时间镇静下来。
  26. After a shock a person must collect himself and his thoughts.
    一个人受惊之后,必须使自己和他的思绪安静下来。
  27. While we have classes, we should collect our thoughts and ideas.
    上课时,我们应集中注意力。
  28. Before you begin to make a speech, you should collect your thoughts and ideas.
    在你开始发表演说之前,你应当集中你的思想和意念。
  29. 用于be ~ed结构
  30. These materials were collected through years' efforts.
    这些资料是通过多年的努力才收集到的。
  31. The witness was remarkably collected under cross-examination.
    在连番询问之下,证人仍然镇定自若。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. The two volumes of collected Irish Stories are printed.
    两卷本的《爱尔兰故事集》已经印好了。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Please remember to give me a collect phone call when you get there.
    请记住你到那儿时给我来个电话,我付费。
  2. If you need me, give me a collect phone call.
    如果你需要我,就给我打由我付费的电话。
  3. I think the police have been listening in on my collect phone calls.
    我认为警方一直在窃听由我付费的电话。
  4. They allowed me out in order to make a collect telephone call.
    他们准许我出去打一个由对方付费的电话。
  5. You should follow up your letter with a collect phone call.
    你应该写完信以后再打由对方付费的电话。
  6. A collect phone call brought him hurrying to Leeds.
    一个由他付费的电话使他匆匆赶回里兹。
  7. They forwarded the collect mail to his new address.
    他们把他的邮件转寄到他的新地址,由他付费。
  8. If any collect letters come after you've left,I'll send them on.
    如果你离开后,有由你付费的信来了,我会转寄去的。
  9. The collect letter has been forwarded to him.
    那封由他付费的信已经转交给他了。
  10. We receive collect letters from him every week; he never fails to write.
    我们每星期都收到他的来信,他从未忘记写信来,每次都由我们付邮费。
  11. As soon as he finished reading the collect letter, he flew into a rage and tore it into pieces.
    他一读完那封由他付费的信,顿时大发雷霆,随即便把信撕个粉碎。
  12. I'm sending the collect letter today, the packet will follow.
    我今天发由对方付费的信,包裹随后就寄。
  13. You won't forget to post that collect letter, will you?
    你不会忘记邮那封由对方付费的信,是吗?
  14. I hope you will remit me the collect desks in time.
    我希望你能及时把那批桌子发给我,由我付费。
用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. Mother sent her a big parcel of clothes and food collect.
    妈妈给她寄了一大包衣服和吃的东西,由她自己付邮费。
  2. Why haven't you got my letter ?I sent it collect last week.
    你为什么还没有收到我的信?上周我已经寄出去了,由你付费。
  3. Just before I left Beijing,I sent them a telegram collect.
    在离开北京之前,我给他们发了一个由他们付费的电报。
  4. I sent a letter of apology collect.
    我发了一封由对方付费的道歉信。
  5. These goods are to be forwarded collect.
    这些货物是要发出去的,由对方付费。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
collect for (v.+prep.)
  1. 为…募集钱 raise money for collect for sth

    I'm collecting for the Red Cross, please give generously.我在为红十字协会募捐,请慷慨解囊。

    collect sth for sb

    They collected money for the poor.他们为穷人募捐。

    They collected money for those who lost their jobs.他们为那些失业者募款。

    I collected £800 for homeless people in London.我为伦敦无家可归的人们募集了800英镑。

collect from (v.+prep.)
  1. 从…领取; 接走 get sth; meet sb collect sb/sth from sb/sth

    He collected the children from school.他接孩子们放学。

    Will you collect my dress from the cleaner's?去洗衣店把我的衣服取回来好吗?

    The bus conductor collected money from the passengers.公共汽车售票员向乘客收钱。

    When business is bad, some companies have difficulty in collecting money from debtors.生意不景气时,一些公司很难从债务人那里收回欠款。

    We often sent people there to collect opinions from the towns.我们常常派人到那里搜集乡镇的意见。

collect up (v.+adv.)
  1. 把(某物)归拢在一起 put sth together collect sth ⇔ up

    We collected up our fishing tackle and left for home.我们收拾起渔具动身回家。

    She collected up a few things for the journey.她把一些旅途用的东西集中到一块。

    When it got dark, they collected some sticks up to make a fire.天黑下来,他们弄来一堆树枝生火。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • Collecting materials for my work on Venetian architecture.

    出自:J. Ruskin
  • She arranged for coal to be sent collect.

    出自:M. de la Roche

collect的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. collect属于不及物动词,常用于收“捐款,税或是账”,不过“收账”只在美国常用;
  2. 在美国的商业用语中,collect还可作副词或形容词,表示“货到收款”。

    The goods will be sent collect.
    这个商品将根据货到收款来发送。

    They sent us a collect message.
    他们给我们传了封收到后付款的电报。

  3. collect已经有“聚集,集合”的意思,所以不与together连用,没有collect together的格式。
v.(动词)
  1. collect的基本意思是“收集”“搜集”“精选”,指有计划、有选择地、精心地收集并加以整理,其前提是出于一定的目的或是某种爱好,使收集的东西越聚越多,着重强调逐渐收集的过程及选择的细微性、原则性和选择后安排的有序性,有时也强调其目的性。引申可表示“(去)取,接”,多用于口语中。
  2. collect用于比喻可与thought, idea等抽象名词连用,意思是“集中思想〔注意力〕”等,多指去做某事前先稳定情绪,强调把思绪组织起来。
  3. collect既可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,多接名词、代词作宾语。
adj.(形容词)
  1. collect用作形容词时作“由受话人〔收件人〕付款(的)”“由对方付费(的)”,主要用在美式英语中,在句中多用作定语。
adv.(副词)
  1. collect用作副词时作“由受话人〔收件人〕付款(地)”“由对方付费(地)”解,主要用在美式英语中。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
collect, assemble, congregate, gather
这组词都有“收集”“聚集”“收捡”的意思。其区别在于:
1.collect指为了某一目的,用心地收捡,并加以仔细整理。例如:
He hung up the map on the wall and collected political cadres and teachers to address them.他把那张地图挂在墙上,召集政治干部和政治教员来给他们讲话。
2.gather是收集的最普通用语,指自发地集中在一起或把分散的东西收拢起来,或从不同的方向聚集到一起,胡子眉毛一把抓地堆集,还可指将抽象事物归拢。例如:
He travels about the world gathering facts about the little-known disease.他走遍世界,收集鲜为人知的疾病资料。
The hosts are gathered in the adjoining lounge.许多人聚集在隔壁的休息室里。
More and more water was gathering in the swamp.沼泽地里的水越积越多。
3.assemble更强调收集的目的,把人或物密集地聚在一起。例如:
He called us all together, and told the assembled company that the exams had been cancelled.他把我们召集到一起,告诉大家考试已经取消。
The members assembled in the meeting room.成员们都聚集在会议室。
Assemble your papers and put them in the file.把你的文件归拢好放在这个文件夹内。
4.congregate是自发地、出自本能地或随意地、散乱地聚集在一起,多用于人或动物。例如:
A crowd congregated around the orator.一群人聚集在演说者的周围。
The crowd congregated in the town square to hear the President speak.人群聚集到市镇广场上来听总统讲话。
Cattle congregate during a storm.在暴风雨中,牲口聚集在一起。
collect, choose, elect, pick, select, single
这组词都指从若干事物或人中间“挑选出”适合要求、满足需要的事物或人。其区别在于:
1.pick可用于表示无需特别仔细的挑选、辨别的某种情况。例如:
My wife is going with me to help me pick out a new suit.我妻子和我一起去以帮我挑选一件新西装。
2.collect指有计划、有选择地“精选”。例如:
I like collecting stamps very much, and I've also collected many foreign stamps.我非常喜欢集邮,我还收集了许多外国邮票。
3.choose指判断和进行实际挑选,该词强调做决定过程中所下的决心,侧重于意志或判断。例如:
It is highly important for us to choose and train successors.对我们来说,挑选和培养接班人是十分重要的。
The students chose him as their monitor because they liked him.学生们选他做班长,因为他们喜欢他。
The greedy boy chose the largest apple in the dish.那贪心的孩子从盘中挑了一个最大的苹果。
You may choose from them the one you like best.你可从它们中间选出你最喜欢的一个。
They chose her a secretary.他们选择她做秘书。
He was chosen our team leader.他被选为我们的队长。
4.select强调在进行认真的考虑后,从很多的人或物中精选出最好的、最中意的。这是书面用语,有时具有庄严、正式的感情色彩。例如:
They selected a diamond engagement ring.他们挑选了一枚钻石订婚戒指。
Why didn't you select a nice subject?你为什么没选一个好题目?
Select the book you want.选你需要的书。
We selected her to represent us.我们选她作为我们的代表。
He selected the village as a base of operation.他选择了该村为试验基地。
He selected a pair of socks to match his suit.他为配他的那身衣服选了一双袜子。
5.elect所含的意思主要是指在一定的范围内,在有限的数量中,遵照一定的规章或法则,用投票或举手等表决方式,以多数为标准,选出代表或负责人。例如:
We elected the captain of our football team by a show of hands.我们举手选举我们的足球队长。
Only someone born in the United States can be elected as President.只有在美国出生的人才可以被选为美国总统。
The committee is made up of men and women elected by the people.委员会是由人民选出的人员组成。
6.single强调从若干人或物中慎重地挑出适合要求的人或物。例如:
He was singled out to succeed his uncle.他被选出来继承他叔叔的产业。
accumulate amass collect gather heap pile
这些动词均含“积聚,聚集,积累”之意。
  • accumulate:accumulate几乎可用于指任何事物量的增加,侧重连续不断地,一点一滴地聚积。
  • amass:amass着重大量地积聚,尤指对如金钱、珠宝等有价值东西的大量积聚。
  • collect:collect普通用词,多用于指物,侧重指有区别地作选择或有安排有计划地把零散物集中起来。
  • gather:gather普通用词,指人或物或抽象事物都可用。侧重于围绕一个中心的集合、聚集。
  • heap:heap主要指把沙、石、煤、草等堆高,不强调整齐。
  • pile:pile着重指比较整齐地把东西堆积在一起。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 谁收集了这些贝壳?

    Who collected these shells together?

    Who collected these shells?

    collect表示“收集”时含有“到一起”之义,其后不必再加together。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1573年进入英语,直接源自古法语的collecter;最初源自古典拉丁语的collectus(colligere的过分去词):col (一起) + legere (收集),意为收集到一起。

collect的相关资料:

正版词典

collect : 收集 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
collect : 收集,采集 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • collect:collect v. 收集, 聚集, 集中, 搜集adj. 由收件人付款的adv. 由收件人付款地习惯用语collect on delivery 货到收款(略C、O、D、)(=cash on deli…

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