- vt. 买得起,花得起,经得起 be able to buy or pay for, be rich enough to buy, have enough to spare
- vt. 提供,供给 provide; give
be able to spare or give up;
"I can't afford to spend two hours with this person"
be the cause or source of;
"He gave me a lot of trouble"
"Our meeting afforded much interesting information"
have the financial means to do something or buy something;
"We can't afford to send our children to college"
"Can you afford this car?"
afford access to;
"the door opens to the patio"
"The French doors give onto a terrace"
- Only the well-to-do can afford these houses.
- I can't afford a holiday this summer.
- We can afford to overlook minor offences.
- We can't afford to pay such a price.
- They could ill afford to lose any more staff.
- We cannot afford to ignore this warning.
- These trees afford a pleasant shade.
- I cannot afford these goods.
- She cannot afford a new dress.
- The parents could hardly afford a private teacher for their child.
- I cannot afford the trip to New York, because the travelling expenses would amount to at least $3000 if I went.
- I'm so poor that I can't afford it.
- Can you afford ￡1500 for a house?
- We can afford the TV set if we save our money.
- She can well afford a new car.
- At last we were able to afford a piano.
- I can't afford the time for the film this evening.
- I can't afford the time for it.
- I can't afford the time and money for a long journey.
- We can't afford a holiday this summer.
- They couldn't afford any more setbacks.
- This stretch of land affords cotton.
- Reading affords pleasure.
- I can't afford to buy this flat.
- I can't afford to buy such an expensive watch.
- I think you can afford to buy a refrigerator.
- The boy cannot afford to pay his school fees.
- We can't afford to pay such a price.
- She can't afford to pay for such expensive books.
- Can you afford to lend me some money?
- We can hardly afford to wait for another hour.
- Having finished the task, he could afford to relax a bit.
- He can't afford to offend his boss.
- I can't afford to meet your demand.
- The family could not afford to send her to college.
- She can't afford to miss another day at school.
- He could hardly afford to support his family, could he?
- I cannot afford to have you idle.
- I can't afford to be out of work long.
- We can ill afford to lose this contract.
- He couldn't afford to lose any more.
- Tomorrow's meeting will afford us the opportunity of discussing some important questions.
- Do the laws of his country afford him a remedy?
- The conference will afford you an opportunity to meet many foreign scholars.
- His son's success afforded him great pleasure.
- Reading this story will afford you much pleasure.
- It will afford us great pleasure to have a business talk with you.
- You will be afforded an opportunity.
- This trip has afforded great satisfaction to me.
- Valuable facilities would be afforded to them.
- afford a fine view 呈现出好风景
- afford a pleasant shade 提供阴凉地方
- afford clothing 买得起衣服
- afford much information 提供许多信息
- afford rice 产米
- afford the time 能抽出时间
- afford sb a good profit 使某人得到厚利
- afford sb a shelter from the rain 使某人有避雨的地方
- afford sb great pleasure 使某人感到很快乐
- afford sb great satisfaction 使某人感到很满意
We cannot afford to go to expensive restaurants every night.出自： O. Manning
I had won the game already, and I could afford to feel a certain pity for my victim.出自： G. Greene
I paid a lot of money I couldn't afford.出自： E. O
She could not..afford a maid..since every penny was of importance to her.出自： F. M. Ford
- afford的基本含义是“充足”,指“有足够的钱买某物”“有足够的财力或时间做某事”,也可以表示“经受得起”; 引申可表示“提供”“给予”。
- afford表示“有足够的钱买某物”时, afford可以接物作宾语,也可以接“to buy sth ”作宾语,前者可看作是省略to buy的句型,前者较后者更常用些。
- afford表示“有足够的财力或时间做某事”。afford的宾语可以是time(一般不省略),也可以是expense,还可以是time and money,但一般不单独用money。
- afford多用于疑问句或否定句,常与can, could, be able to等连用。用于否定句时,意思是“经不起(发生某事或做某事)”,含尽力“避免发生”或“避免做”的意味。
It affords me great satisfaction to be able to help him.
can afford to ...指“负担得起”，“做得到”，“忍得住”。
He can afford to keep a motorcar.
She can hardly afford to wait for another hour.
I did not think I could afford to lose my post.
- afford, give, provide, supply
- 1.afford指为一定的目的而“给”“提供”所需要的东西; give指无需偿还地把金钱、物品、时间、麻烦等有形或无形的东西“送给”“授予”“供给”某人; provide主要指为某人、某物或某事“提供”“供应”某物品,尤指生活必需品; supply指用物“供给”“供应”或“提供”给国家、群众、工厂、城市、市场等,以部队为对象时,往往只供给生活必需品,而不指武器。例如:
- Some trees afford resin. 有些树产树脂。
- I should like to give him a chance.我想给他一个机会。
- Now we supply power to nine-tenths of the city's homes.现在我们向这个城市十分之九的家庭提供电力。
- 2.afford后面可跟不定式或动名词,还常用在can, could, be able to后面表示“担负得起”某事物的费用、损失、后果等,以及“抽得出”时间、人力,其后可接双宾语,意思是“向某人提供某物”; provide后面可接for, with和against等介词; supply后可接介词to。例如:
- Our garden affords us fresh vegetables.我们的园子为我们提供新鲜蔬菜。
- More and more vegetables and fruit are supplied to the army.越来越多的蔬菜和水果供应部队。
- The programme aims to provide self-sufficiency for local needs.这项计划旨在使当地需要得以自足。
- afford, give
- I should like to give him a chance.
- It afforded me an opportunity.
- afford, buy
- afford和buy都有“买”的意思,但afford侧重“有无经济能力买”,而buy则侧重“购买的行为”,表示“我买不起”可以说I can't afford,但不可说I can't buy.因为后者的意思是“即使有钱也不准买”。另外, buy常可用在afford后作宾语。
误 Motor-cars are so expensive that can be afforded only by the very rich.
正 Motor-cars are so expensive that only the very rich can afford to buy them.
误 My father couldn't afford himself to lend me any money.
正 My father couldn't afford to lend me any money.
误 He couldn't afford going away on a holiday.
正 He couldn't afford to go away on a holiday.
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的geforian，意为前进，继续。
- affordable adj. 买得起的，负担得起的