number

  基本词汇  
['nʌmbə(r)]     ['nʌmbə(r)]    
  • n.号码;数量;数字
  • v.总计;编号;编号;把 ... 算作
numberer numbered numbered numbering numbers
new

number是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 号码,编号
  2. 数目,数字,数额,【语、数】数
  3. (复)大数目,大批,多数,数量上的优势
  4. (节目等的)一项,一支歌曲
  5. 数量上的优势
  6. <旧>算术
  7. (期刊、书籍等的)一期,一册
  8. <口>群体中突出的人,女子
  9. <口>群体中突出的一件,货品,行当,业余爱好
  10. <俚>引人注目的事情(尤指男女关系)
  11. <口>策略,计谋,花招,把戏
  12. (诗歌、音乐等的)节奏,韵律,节拍,调子
  13. 韵文,诗
  14. 彩票赌博
  15. <俚>大麻烟卷
v.(动词)
  1. 编号,给…标号码
  2. 包括有,计有,拥有
  3. 把...包括进,把...归入
  4. 使位数有限
  5. 活了(若干年岁)
  6. 数...的数目,数说,计数,读数字
  7. <古>分摊,分派
  8. <废>征集(兵员等)

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]号码; 数字 symbol or word indicating a quantity of units; numeral
  2. [C]数目; 数量 quantity or amount
  3. [C]数 of nouns and verbs, depending on whether one or more than one thing is talked about
  4. [S]一群人,一帮人 a group of people
  5. [C]一期,册 a (copy of a) magazine printed at a regular time
  6. [C]一首乐曲 a piece of music
  7. [S]喜爱的物品 item that is admired
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 数,算 find the number of; count
  2. vt. 给…编号 give a number to
  3. vi. 总共 add up to

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
number : 数 ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
number : 数字, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
number : 数字 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
number : 数字, 若干 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
number : 数字, 数量 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the property possessed by a sum or total or indefinite quantity of units or individuals;

    "he had a number of chores to do"
    "the number of parameters is small"
    "the figure was about a thousand"

  2. a concept of quantity involving zero and units;

    "every number has a unique position in the sequence"

  3. a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program;

    "he did his act three times every evening"
    "she had a catchy little routine"
    "it was one of the best numbers he ever did"

  4. the number is used in calling a particular telephone;

    "he has an unlisted number"

  5. a symbol used to represent a number;

    "he learned to write the numerals before he went to school"

  6. one of a series published periodically;

    "she found an old issue of the magazine in her dentist's waiting room"

  7. a select company of people;

    "I hope to become one of their number before I die"

  8. a numeral or string of numerals that is used for identification;

    "she refused to give them her Social Security number"

  9. a clothing measurement;

    "a number 13 shoe"

  10. the grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural);

    "in English the subject and the verb must agree in number"

  11. an item of merchandise offered for sale;

    "she preferred the black nylon number"
    "this sweater is an all-wool number"

Verb:
  1. add up in number or quantity;

    "The bills amounted to $2,000"
    "The bill came to $2,000"

  2. give numbers to;

    "You should number the pages of the thesis"

  3. enumerate;

    "We must number the names of the great mathematicians"

  4. put into a group;

    "The academy counts several Nobel Prize winners among its members"

  5. determine the number or amount of;

    "Can you count the books on your shelf?"
    "Count your change"

  6. place a limit on the number of

number的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He picked a winning number on the first draw.
    他第一次便抽到一个中奖号码。
  2. I slipped up and gave you the wrong phone number.
    我粗心大意给错了你电话号码。
  3. The number of fish in coastal waters has decreased.
    沿海鱼的数量已减少了。
  4. The number of your finger is ten.
    你双手手指的总数是10。
  5. He painted the number out on the door.
    她用漆涂掉了门上的数字。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The students of our department numbered in the hundreds.
    我们系的学生总共有几百人。
  2. That record numbers among the top ten.
    那张唱片列入前十名之中。
  3. That record numbers among the top ten.
    那张唱片列入前十名之中。
  4. I am proud to number him among my friends.
    把他算作我的朋友,我感到自豪。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Three and thirteen are also numbers.3
    和13也是数字。
  2. The separate numbers add up to 472.
    这一个个的数字加起来,总计为472。
  3. We live at no. 107 Church Street.
    我们住在教堂街107号。
  4. He lives in Room No. 405.
    他住在405号房。
  5. Take any number from one to ten.
    在1到10之间任选一个号码。
  6. She dialed the number and asked for the ward.
    她拨电话号码要病房。
  7. You'd better take down my address and telephone number.
    你最好把我的地址和电话号码记下来。
  8. There is nothing over the number we need.
    在我们需要的数目外没有富余。
  9. We had to restrict the number of students on this course.
    我们必须限制这一门课程的选修人数。
  10. Public opinion must be seen against the continuing low number of votes in local elections .
    在历次地方选举中,选票数一直很低,必须据此考虑舆论问题。
  11. The flight to suburbia lessened the number of middle-class families living within the city.
    随着迁往郊外的风行,住在城内的中产家庭减少了。
  12. Judging from the number of cars, there were not many people at the club yet.
    根据汽车的数量来判断,俱乐部里没有多少人。
  13. The noun“oxen”is plural in number.oxen
    这个名词是复数。
  14. There must exist agreement of a verb and a subject in person and number.
    动词与主语必须在人称和数上一致。
  15. He is not of our number.
    他不是我们这样的人。
  16. The whole school went on a trip to France, but only three of our number could speak French.
    全校的人都去法国旅行,但我们一帮人当中只有3个人会讲法语。
  17. A year's subscription brings you 12 numbers.
    预订一年可以拿到12期。
  18. She sang several numbers from her latest album.
    她唱了她最近灌的唱片集中的几首歌曲。
  19. The visiting singer ran through her numbers with the orchestra just before the program.
    特邀歌手在节目上演前与管弦乐队一起,把她要演唱的曲目排练一遍。
  20. She was wearing a snappy little red number.
    她身着一款时髦的红色连衣裙。
  21. That new Fiat is a fast little number.
    那辆新的菲亚特是速度很快的汽车。
  22. She's not good at numbers.
    她的算术不怎么样。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The students number over 2000.
    学生人数超过2000。
  2. The students of our department numbered in the hundreds.
    我们系的学生总共有几百人。
用作系动词 S+~+ n.
  1. The club now numbers more than 6000 members.
    该俱乐部现有6000多名成员。
  2. The newspapers' readers numbered millions.
    这些报纸读者有数百万。
  3. The army numbered four to five thousand at the start.
    这支军队开始才有四五千人。
  4. The states of Union number 50.
    联邦共有50个州。
  5. The factories in the town number more than 200.
    这个城市的工厂共有200多个。
  6. She gave her life to her cause and had not yet numbered more than eighteen summers.
    她把生命献给了她的事业,而她当时未满18岁。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Who can number the stars?
    谁能数星星?
  2. Let's number them from 1 to 20 row by row.
    让我们每行从1数到20。
  3. Number them in sequence.
    按顺序给他们编号。
  4. He numbered the pages in the bottom corner.
    他把页码写在底角。
  5. 用于be ~ed结构
  6. These tickets are not numbered.
    这些票没有编号。
  7. Take care that pages are clearly numbered.
    注意页码要写清楚。
  8. His days are numbered.
    他活不了多久了。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
a (great〔large〕) number of
  1. 许多的 a great deal of; many

    He was attended on by a number of servants. 有好多佣人侍候他。

    A number of distinguished academics and teachers sit on the committee which recommends the expansion of higher education. 一些杰出的教师担任推荐扩大高等教育的委员会成员。

    A great number of problems have arisen. 出现了许多问题。

    A great number of people came to the meeting from all over the country. 来自全国各地的许多人参加了会议。

    They chose us among a large number of students. 他们从大量学生中挑选了我们。

number one
  1. 自己 oneself

    He's too much concern with number one to have much concern for other people. 他太关心自己,所以对别人就很少放在心上了。

  2. 重要的,头号的 the most important

    This company is number one in the oil business. 这家公司在石油企业中首屈一指。

    Lack of money is our number one difficulty. 缺钱是我们最大的困难。

one's number is up
  1. 遭难的日子 one is going to be in grave trouble

    I knew my number was up when the boss caught me coming in late for the third day running. 当老板抓着我接连三天迟到时,我自感要遇到很大的麻烦了。

sb's number comes up
  1. 发大财 sb has good fortune

    Karl wants to buy a sports car when his number comes up. 卡尔想发大财时买一辆赛车。

    When my number comes up, dear,I'll take you for a wonderful holiday. 在我交了好运时,亲爱的,我一定带你去痛痛快快地度一个假期。

there's safety in numbers
  1. 集体活动比个人活动安全 a large group of people is less likely to come to harm than is an individual person

    Steve lets his daughter go on a school trip even though he won't let her spend a night away with a friend on the principle that there's safety in numbers. 即使史蒂夫原则上不让其女儿与朋友在外过夜,但他还是让她参加学校组织的旅行,他认为参加集体活动比个人活动安全。

without number
  1. 无数的 countless

    We could see birds without number all in the woods. 在这林子里我们可以看到无数只飞鸟。

    I have told you times without number but you still do not remember it. 我已经告诉你不知多少次了,但你还是记不住它。

用作动词 (v.)
number among (v.+prep.)
  1. 把…包括进 count (sb/sth) as included in (a group) number sb among sb/sth

    You can number him among the subscribers.你可把他包括在捐献者之中。

    The group numbers him among its members.这个团体把他算作成员。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was numbered among the best writers in China.他被视为中国最优秀的作家之一。

number off (v.+adv.)
  1. 〈主军〉(使)报数 (cause to) call out one's number in a row; declare one's presence number off from sth

    The company numbered off one by one from the left to the right.该连士兵由左向右报数。

    number sb ⇔ off

    The officer numbered the men off.军官叫士兵报数。

number with (v.+prep.)
  1. 把…包括进 include sb/sth among (a group) number sb with sb/sth

    I'm glad to number him with my friends and not my enemy.我很高兴把他算作我的朋友,而不是我的敌人。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    You should be numbered with the great.你将被列入伟人之列。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The number of cars swelled to about three hundred.

    出自:M. L. King
  • Changed both the type and the numbers of animals living in the Arctic.

    出自:B. Lopez
  • Greylag numbers were very low during March.

    出自:Bird Watching
  • Glumly I numbered the things I..had not done.

    出自:W. Golding

number的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. number的基本意思是“数字”,引申可作“编号,电话号码,房间号码”解,是可数名词。常缩写为No.或no.。
  2. number也可作“数目,数量”解,其后常与介词of连用,引申可表示语法上名词或动词的“数”或“数词”。
  3. number的单数形式也可指“一群人,一帮人”。
  4. number还可指杂志的“一期”或通俗音乐、爵士音乐等的“一首乐曲”,是可数名词。
  5. 在俚语中, number还有“喜爱的物品”的意思。
  6. number的复数形式numbers有“算术,计算”的意思。
v.(动词)
  1. number用作动词意思是“数,算”,引申可作“编号”“加号码于…”“总共,共计”等解。
  2. number可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. number作数数的“数”解,其宾语只能是复数名词。number作“算作”解时可接as〔among,with〕引起的介词短语作宾语补足语。
  4. number作“总共”解时可用作系动词,接表示数量的名词作表语。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
a number of, the number of
两者意思不同:a number of的意思是“许多”,相当于many; the number of的意思是“数目”,不能作修饰语。
a number of, an amount of
这两个词都表示“数量”。其区别在于:前者表示“数”,与复数名词或代词连用; 而后者表示“量”,与不可数名词连用。例如:
A small number of people believe in ghosts.只有少数人相信有鬼。
A large amount of money was spent on books.一大笔钱花在了购买图书上。
a number of, a great deal of, a lot of, lots of, many, many a, much
这组词(组)都表示“许多”的意思。其区别在于:many是普通用语,其后只能接可数名词复数; many a是书面用语,后接单数可数名词,当修饰主语时谓语动词要用单数形式; much是普通用语,是对量和程度而言的,只能修饰不可数名词; a number of可用来修可数名词复数; a lot of和lots of既可接可数名词,也可接不可数名词,多用于肯定句。a great deal of后接不可数名词,谓语动词用单数,且常用于肯定句中。例如:
Man and the ape have many things in common.人和猿有许多共同之处。
Many a man comes or goes.一个又一个的人来来去去。
A number of people came to the meeting from all over the world.来自世界各地的许多人参加了这次会议。
A lot of friends are thinking of emigrating.许多朋友正在考虑移民国外。
There are lots of antiques shops in Australia now.现在澳大利亚有许许多多的古玩店。
She's earned a great deal of money in the last few weeks.在最近几个星期内,她挣了大量的钱。
a number of, a part of
这两个短语的用法不同:前者可跟可数名词或不可数名词,而后者只可跟复数可数名词。例如:
A part of the students in our class are from the countryside.我们班有一部分学生来自农村。
A part of the milk in the bottle has been drunk.瓶中的牛奶有一部分已经喝了。
A large number of workers are out of work.大量的工人都失业了。
number, aggregate, amount, quantity, sum, total, whole
这组词的共同意思是“总数、总合”。其区别是:
aggregate指把数目的各个部分加在一起;amount指累积的结果;number指数字或东西相加所得的总数;sum指最后的总结果,表示截至现在的总数, 还有增加的可能;total和whole都指合计的结果的全体,total常指大的数量,whole也含有各部分总和的意味。quantity主要表示物质的量。
adj.
[' ɡrIɡət]
下面三个短语意思不同:
  • by number
  • 以数字
  • by numbers
  • 以数量众多
  • by the numbers
  • 合拍地
v.(动词)
number, calculate, count, reckon
这组词都有“数”“计算”的意思,尤其是count和reckon在很多情况下可互换,它们之间的区别是:
1.count的含义是“数数目”; reckon则侧重“计算”。例如:
  • I counted the broken windows and found there were eight.
  • 我数了数破损的窗户,共有八个。
  • We'll have to reckon the cost of it.
  • 我们得计算它的成本。
2.count和reckon都有“认为”之义,但reckon则更侧重于“推定”“公认”,指对事件全面权衡。例如:
Because our family is happy and healthy, we reckon ourselves fortunate.我们很幸运,因为我们的家庭是一个健康、幸福的家庭。
3.calculate作“计算,核算”解时,指通过较复杂的过程,如:算术上的加减乘除或精密计算等。例如:
Can you calculate how much a trip to the Great Wall will cost?你能计算去长城旅游一次要多少钱吗?
4.count和reckon多用于口语或日常生活; calculate多用于自然科学、生产部门或需要专门计算的场合。例如:
Astronomers can calculate when there will be eclipses of the sun and the moon.天文学家能算出什么时候有日食、月食。
5.count既可用作动词,也可用作名词;而calculate和reckon只能用作动词。
6.number侧重“编号”。
quantity amount number sum
这些名词均有“总数、总量”之意。
  • quantity:quantity书面用词,指事物的总量和总数量,侧重大批计量,含准确测量的意味。
  • amount:amount普通用词,与quantity近义,但强调整体,指把所有数量、重量及度量归并在一起得出的总数。
  • number:number普通用词,指人或物的数目,强调数的概念。
  • sum:sum普通用词,指简单加算的结果。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 学生的总体数量在增加。

    Students are increasing in their number.

    Students are increasing in number.

    in number表示在“总体上”, in与number之间不需加任何限定词。

  2. 阿拉伯数字与罗马数字在书写上有区别。

    The Arabic numbers are different from the Roman numbers in writing.

    The Arabic numerals are different from the Roman numerals in writing.

    number表示数字,如1,2,3等; 而numeral表示某种数字的符号,如罗马数字的Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ等。

  3. 车站上有许多人。

    There is a large number of people at the station.

    There are a large number of people at the station.

    “the number of+复数名词”意为“…的数目”,当这一结构作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。“a number of+复数名词”相当于“many〔some〕+复数名词”,当这一结构作主语时,谓语动词通常用复数形式。

  4. 所需货币的数量与日俱增。

    The number of money needed became larger everyday.

    The amount of money needed became larger everyday.

    the amount of与不可数名词连用, the number of与可数名词连用。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古法语的nomrbe;最初源自拉丁语的numerus,意为数字。

number的相关资料:

正版词典

number : 数, ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
number : 数,数字, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • number:number n. 数, 数字, 数量, 号码, 算术, 诗, 韵律v. 遍号码, 共计..., 计入, 计算, 算入 英英解释:名词number:1. the property possessed…

临近单词

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