sum

  基本词汇  
[sʌm]     [sʌm]    
  • n.金额;总数;要点
  • v.概括;总结;归纳;总计
summed summed summing sums
new

sum是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 金额,总额
  2. 总数,总计,总和
  3. 要点,概要,概略
  4. 运算
  5. 顶点
  6. 算术题
  7. 【数】和
  8. 一笔(款子),款项
  9. 极度
  10. 全部
v.(动词)
  1. 概述,概括 ,总结,总括,归纳
  2. 总计,计算…的总和 ,合计,相加,求和,共计
  3. 估量,判断
  4. 【数】并,并集
  5. 集中
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. =surface-to-underwater missile 舰对水下导弹

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [S] 总数,总和 total
  2. [C] 金额 amount of money
  3. [P] 算术 problem in arithmetic
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 合计 give the total of
  2. vt. & vi. 总结; 归纳 express briefly the chief points of what has been said

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
sum : 和 ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
sum : 总结 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
sum : 苏姆(乌兹 ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
sum : 金额 ...
sum : 总数, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
sum : 和, ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
sum : 总数,和,金 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
sum : 和, ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a quantity of money;

    "he borrowed a large sum"
    "the amount he had in cash was insufficient"

  2. a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers

  3. the final aggregate;

    "the sum of all our troubles did not equal the misery they suffered"

  4. the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;

    "the gist of the prosecutor's argument"
    "the heart and soul of the Republican Party"
    "the nub of the story"

  5. the whole amount

  6. a set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets;

    "let C be the union of the sets A and B"

Verb:
  1. be a summary of;

    "The abstract summarizes the main ideas in the paper"

  2. determine the sum of;

    "Add all the people in this town to those of the neighboring town"

sum的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I had to spend a large sum of money to get it back.
    我得花一大笔钱才把它弄回来。
  2. I save a nice little sum out of my wages each week.
    我从每周的工资中节省一笔可观的金额。
  3. The sum of 5 and 3 is 8.
    五加三的总和是八。
  4. Is that the sum of what you've done in the last two years?
    这就是你最近两年中完成的全部数量吗?
  5. What I just said is the sum of the book.
    我刚才所说的是这本书的要点。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. So, to sum up, we need to concentrate on staff training.
    概括地说,我们需要集中精力进行职工培训。
  2. The last section sums up all the arguments on either side.
    最后一部分总结了双方的全部论点。
  3. Please sum up what you said just now.
    请把你刚才说的总结一下。
  4. Now, I sum them up in 3 main points.
    下面,我将其归纳为三点。
  5. These instances sum up to several dozen.
    这些例子总计达数十个。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The expenses came to an enormous sum.
    开支总数巨大。
  2. The sum will be increased by fifteen percent.
    金额将要增加百分之15。
  3. She is better at sums than I am.
    她的算术比我好。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Contributions summed into several thousand yuan .
    捐款总数达数千元。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The accountant summed the cost of the machine.
    会计师计算了机器的成本。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
sum up (v.+adv.)
  1. 是…的总和〔总数〕; 合计 make a total (of an amount)These ten books sum up this year's production.本年度共出版了十本书。

    They summed up the money they spent last month. 他们合计出了他们上个月所花金额的总数。

  2. 总结,概括 give a short account of (sth)Many members spoke at the meeting, and finally the chairman summed up the discussion.许多成员在会上发了言,最后主席总结了这次讨论。

    They sum up their experience at the end of every year as a rule. 他们通常在年终总结经验。

    You have only 100 words in which to sum up his speech. 你只能用100字来概括他的讲话。

    I can't sum up his whole philosophy in one sentence. 我无法用一句话来概括他的全部人生观。

    We can sum up the main point of the lesson in three sentences. 我们可以用三句话来概括本课要点。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    It can be summed up in two words. 这可以用三言两语概括起来。

  3. 向陪审团概述案情 (of a judge in a court of law) give the main facts of the case to the juryWhen both sides have presented their case, the judge will sum it up.诉讼双方申述后,法官将向陪审团概述其要点。

    The judge has a responsibility to sum up the case as clearly and fairly as possible. 法官负有尽可能清楚、公正地概述案件的责任。

  4. 对…迅速作出判断或鉴定 judge (sb or sth) quicklyShe quickly summed him up.她很快就对他的人品作出评论。

    He was able to sum us up in a very short time. 他能够在短时间内得出对我们的看法。

    I can't sum him up, first he seems one kind of person and then another. 我说不出他是什么样的人,他一会儿像这种人,一会儿又像另一种人。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • They..hope to raise the sum of s500.

    出自:M. Beerbohm
  • He pressed on me a sum far in excess of what I had spent.

    出自:F. King
  • His statues of Lenin..and other great ones brought in large sums of money.

    出自:S. Rosenberg
  • He summed data of six previous studies.

    出自:Nature

sum的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. sum作名词是“算术,总和”的意思,转化为动词作“总结,合计”解,一般指为了对某一事物有个大概的了解而用数字等方式对其进行统计,从而得出结论,强调结果而不强调方法。
  2. sum可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词,常与up连用,表示合并成一新的整体以产生一种单一而有力的效果。
  3. sum的过去式和过去分词均为summed。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
sum, aggregate, amount, number, quantity, total, whole
这组词的共同意思是“总数、总合”。其区别是:
aggregate指把数目的各个部分加在一起;amount指累积的结果;number指数字或东西相加所得的总数;sum指最后的总结果,表示截至现在的总数, 还有增加的可能;total和whole都指合计的结果的全体,total常指大的数量,whole也含有各部分总和的意味。quantity主要表示物质的量。
adj.
[' ɡrIɡət]
v.(动词)
sum up, add, figure, total
这四个词(组)都可表示“相加(数字)”。其区别在于:
1.total强调计算的结果,为非正式用语,多用于口语中。
2.sum up强调计算的总数,常用于抽象意义,意思是“总结”“概括”。例如:
Many members spoke at the meeting, and finally the chairman summed up the discussion.许多成员在会上发了言,最后主席总结了这次讨论。
You have only 100 words in which to sum up his speech.你只能用100字来概括他的讲话。
3.figure常用于计算费用。例如:
I figured in our train tickets but forgot the bus fares.我把火车票算进去却把公共汽车费忘了。
4.add是普通用语,也是科技用语,主要指运用算术中的加法运算,即求出一系列数字或数量之和,广义则指把一物“加入”或“添加”到另一物中以“增加”原物的重量、规模、总量或重要性。例如:
The little girl doesn't know how to add yet.这小女孩还不懂如何做加法。
If the tea is too strong, add some hot water. 要是茶太浓,可加点开水。
sum up, summarize
这组词语的共同意思是“概括”。其区别在于前者强调“压缩”,后者则强调“合计”。
quantity amount number sum
这些名词均有“总数、总量”之意。
  • quantity:quantity书面用词,指事物的总量和总数量,侧重大批计量,含准确测量的意味。
  • amount:amount普通用词,与quantity近义,但强调整体,指把所有数量、重量及度量归并在一起得出的总数。
  • number:number普通用词,指人或物的数目,强调数的概念。
  • sum:sum普通用词,指简单加算的结果。
total sum whole
这些名词均有“总数、全体”之意。
  • total:total指总量之大,强调每一构成部分或成分均被计算在内。
  • sum:sum指两个或更多的数目相加的总和。
  • whole:whole着重其中没有部分或成分被忽略不计。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古法语的umsme,意为总量;最初源自拉丁语的umsma,意为高位。

sum的相关资料:

正版词典

sum : 金额;款项 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】
  • n.(名词) part 

缩略词

sum的相关缩略词,共有28

互动百科

  • sum:sum n. 总数, 和, 金额, 算术题 英英解释:名词sum:1. a quantity of money同义词:sum of money, amount, amount of money2. a…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词