- vt. & vi. 知道,懂得 have sth in one's mind or memory as a result of experience or learning or information
- vt. & vi. 认识,了解,熟悉 be acquainted with; be familiar with
the fact of being aware of information that is known to few people;
"he is always in the know"
be cognizant or aware of a fact or a specific piece of information; possess knowledge or information about;
"I know that the President lied to the people"
"I want to know who is winning the game!"
"I know it's time"
know how to do or perform something;
"She knows how to knit"
"Does your husband know how to cook?"
be aware of the truth of something; have a belief or faith in something; regard as true beyond any doubt;
"I know that I left the key on the table"
"Galileo knew that the earth moves around the sun"
be familiar or acquainted with a person or an object;
"She doesn't know this composer"
"Do you know my sister?"
"We know this movie"
"I know him under a different name"
"This flower is known as a Peruvian Lily"
have firsthand knowledge of states, situations, emotions, or sensations;
"I know the feeling!"
"have you ever known hunger?"
"I have lived a kind of hell when I was a drug addict"
"The holocaust survivors have lived a nightmare"
"I lived through two divorces"
accept (someone) to be what is claimed or accept his power and authority;
"The Crown Prince was acknowledged as the true heir to the throne"
"We do not recognize your gods"
have fixed in the mind;
"I know Latin"
"This student knows her irregular verbs"
"Do you know the poem well enough to recite it?"
have sexual intercourse with;
"This student sleeps with everyone in her dorm"
"Adam knew Eve"
"Were you ever intimate with this man?"
know the nature or character of;
"we all knew her as a big show-off"
be able to distinguish, recognize as being different;
"The child knows right from wrong"
perceive as familiar;
"I know this voice!"
- What do you know about us?
- I didn't know the truth until she told me what happened.
- I know what happened.
- Excuse me, do you know how to play chess?
- I've known Tom for years.
- Somebody in the know told me he's going to resign.
- A friend who is in the know says she already left the country.
- I honestly don't know.
- How could I know?
- Spring had come before I knew.
- Who knows, perhaps they don't wish to come.
- Don't you know?She has been laid up for the last four days.
- “The meeting has been put off.” “Yes,I know.”
- This, you know, is what I have in mind.
- There's no need to break the news gently,I've known for some weeks.
- She never got to know any of her neighbours though many years she stayed there.
- He knew all the surrounding fishing grounds like the palm of his hands.
- He knows English and French.
- Who knows most says least.
- To know everything is to know nothing.
- He knew poverty and sorrow in his early days.
- They had never known modern medical care.
- “He teaches English at a nice school called The Chen Jinglun.”“I know it.”
- A friend is never known till needed.
- We all don't know how to start the engine.
- Alf doesn't know how to appreciate favours.
- I really don't know which to choose, because they are both very nice.
- The truly free man is he who knows how to decline a dinner invitation without giving any excuse.
- You know where to get in touch with them, don't you?
- They know they are working for themselves.
- They knew they could never have what city folks had.
- You know that I am not a prejudiced man.
- He knows that this is quite true.
- Do you know where the conference is to be held?
- Do you know who was Napoleon?
- Do you know what I mean?
- God knows why they did it.
- I haven't been out anywhere since I don't know how long.
- I don't know whether you like flowers.
- She wants to know if she is right.
- I know him to be an American.
- We know him to be honest.
- I've never known you so cheerful.
- They never knew him so excited before.
- They knew themselves to be in a difficult position.
- You may know this film as Never Give an Inch －its British title.
- The actress likes to be known as May Diamond, although it is not her real name.
- The African lion is known as the king of the forest.
- Mr. White is known in the town as a good family doctor.
- We've never known him to do anything unjust.
- I never knew him to act without thinking.
- He was known to have taken part in the Long March.
- be known to
名字被记录在案 have one's name recorded by officials
- know about (v.+prep.)
知道,了解 be aware of sb/sth
know about sb/sth
I happened to know about him.
We know about magnetism by the way magnets act.
As for your hope of winning the first prize,I don't know about that.
至于说到你在希望获头奖,对此我没有多大把握。know sth about sb/sth
Do you know anything about astronomy?
He knows some damaging facts about the firm's dealings.
David certainly knows a thing or two about car engines.
I'll let you know all about it later on.
- know apart (v.+adv.)
能够区别 be able to recognize the difference between two or more things or people
know sb/sth apart
The two brothers are so much alike that even their own mother hardly knows them apart.
- know backwards (v.+adv.)
熟知; 精通 have learned very thoroughly
know sth backwards
Every actor ought to know his lines backwards before he goes on stage, as nervousness may make him forgetful.
You can't fool me; I know the whole story backwards.
- know best (v.+adv.)
最了解 have the best informed opinion; be the best judge of sb/sth
No, you really ought to stay in bed, remember,Mother knows best!
不,你真应当卧床静养。记住,母亲说得最有道理!know sb best
Doctors should ask nurses their opinion, after all, they know the patients best.
- know better (v.+adv.)
更明白事理,没愚蠢到… be wise enough not to do it
You ought to have known better!
He ran away from school.He ought to have known better.
他从学校逃跑,他本来就应该知道那是不对的。know better than to-v
She is old enough to know better than to spend all her money on clothes.
I thought you knew better than to go to such places as that.
You ought to know better than to go swimming on such a cold day.
You ought to know better than to damage the state property.
He ought to know better than to come into the house without knocking at the door.
She certainly knows better than to tackle such problems by herself.
They knew better than to come to my front door.
- know by (v.+prep.)
根据…认出〔了解〕 recognize sb/sth because of sight or sign; tell sb
know sb/sth by sth
You will know the house by its tall chimneys.
I have never met our new neighbors; I simply know them by sight.
I know that poem by heart.
Shall I let you know by letter or by word of mouth?
Let me know it immediately by telephone.
You must keep repeating the lines until they are known by heart.
- know fine (v.+adv.)
很了解 know well
know fine (that-)clause
I know fine that he's not to be trusted.
We know fine that's a good idea.
- know for (v.+prep.)
认识到(某人)是 recognize sb as being a certain kind of person
know sth for sth
It is known for its handicraft products.
The place is nationally known for its melons and fruit, especially its seedless grapes.
这里的瓜果,尤其是无核葡萄驰名全国。know sb for sb
I know you for a thief and a liar!
- know from (v.+prep.)
辨别,分辨 be able to tell the difference between sb/sth
know sb/sth from sb/sth
You'd better first know a friend from an enemy.
They're twins and it's almost impossible to know one from the other.
He doesn't know a knife from a fork.
Don't listen to him, he doesn't know a hawk from a handsaw.
We must learn to know good from evil.
It's important for one to be able to know right from wrong.
- know of (v.+prep.)
知道,听说 be aware of the existence of; hear of
know of sb/sth
I don't know the writer, but I know of him.
Do you know of any oil-filling station around here?
What do you know of this theatre company?
“Has he gone to Shanghai?”“ Not that I know of.”
He would wish that he had never known of it.
I know of a shop where you can buy things like that.
I know of his books, but I haven't read any of them.
Such a kind of thing has never been known of before.
- know through (v.+adv.)
非常了解 understand sb/sth perfectly
know sb/sth ⇔ through
He thought he knew his wife through, until she deceived him.
- know one's job〔what one is doing〕
懂行,在行 be able to do sth; be well done
- know art 懂艺术
- know delight 体验喜悦
- know English 懂英语
- know grief and happiness 体验欢乐与悲伤
- know hunger 挨过饿
- know one's address 知道某人的地址
- know one's business 精明能干
- know poverty and sorrow 经历过贫苦和忧伤
- know the answer 知道答案
- know the facts 了解事实
- know best 最了解
- know long 结识很久
- know most 最清楚
- know well 相当了解
- know absolutely 绝对知道
- know exactly 确切知道
- know grimly 可怕地经历
- know immediately 马上告知
- know instinctively 了如指掌
- know intimately 过往甚密
- know personally 认识其人
- know positively 确切知道
- know superficially 略知一二
- know thoroughly 完全了解
I knew I had guessed right about those missing hours.出自： Scott Fitzgerald
The Fanners were known as good landlords.出自： J. Mortimer
The art of dressing is to know what you look good in.出自：Sunday Times
- know既可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词作“知道,懂得”解时,可接表示事物的名词、代词、带疑问词的动词不定式、that或疑问词引导的从句作宾语,也可接以“(to be/as+) n./adj./prep. -phrase. ”或动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。作“认识,了解”解时,可接表示人或物的名词作宾语。know可用于被动结构。know接to be作宾语补足语时, to be常可省略,但当to be表示的时间先于know表示的时间时,须用不定式的完成式,且不可省略。
- 在对话回答语中,如know的宾语表示的是整个事实(如that-clause),则宾语可省略; 如know的宾语是一个具体事物,则通常以it代替之。
- know, know about, know of
- 这三者都有“知道,了解”的意思。它们的区别是:know 表示直接地知道,熟知；而know of 是间接得知(听人讲过,从书报上看过等); know about指知道关于某事的情况。例如:
- I know of him, but I don't know him personally.我听说过他,但不认识他。
- It is better to know one thing than to know about ten thousand things.熟知一事要比略知万事要好。
- know by, know to
- 1.know to的意思是“为大家所了解”, know by的意思是“被大家所熟知”。现代英语中be known to较少使用。例如:
- He's known to everybody here.
- He's known by everybody here.
- 2.know by的主动形式往往用于表示认识人〔事物〕的手段或标准。例如:
- We know a judge by the clothes he wears.我们可以根据他穿的衣服认出法官。
- know, learn, understand
- 这组词都有“了解”的意思。它们的区别是:know指对某一事物的直接了解或通过体验、传授获得知识; learn意为“听说”“得知”,强调对某一具体事物从“不知”到“知”的变化; understand指对某事物的性质、规律、意义等都十分了解,而且还指了解它所包含的其他意义和关系,其程度要比know了解得更深、更广。例如:
- How had he learned that secret?他怎么得知这个秘密的?
- They were greatly surprised to learn the news.听到这个消息,他们都很吃惊。
- Do you understand the difficulty of my position?你了解我处境的困难吗?
- know, realize
- realize指全面透彻地了解,语气比know强; know指知道、懂得、会做某事,不如realize了解得透彻、全面。例如:
- So far as I know, he's abroad.据我所知,他在国外。
- know, recognize
- 前者指“认出”,表瞬间动作; 后者指“认识”,表持续动作。
- I don't know, I wonder
误 He is knowing something about physics.
正 He knows something about physics.
误 She knows to make cakes.
误 She knows making cakes.
误 She knows how making cakes.
正 She knows how to make cakes.
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的cnawan，意为知道。
- ignore 忽视