guide

  基本词汇  
[ɡaɪd]     [ɡaɪd]    
  • n.向导;导游;指南;指导者
  • vt.指导;引导;为 ... 领路
  • vi.作导游
guidable guider guided guided guiding guides
new

guide是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 指导者
  2. 指导,引导
  3. 指南,旅行指南
  4. 向导,导游,领路人
  5. <英>女童子军
  6. 【军事】基准兵;基准车;基准舰
  7. 入门书,简介
  8. 指挥者
  9. 规准
  10. 指针
  11. 有指导意义的事物
  12. 【电子学】导(波)
  13. 【医】导子,标
  14. 向导(美国制造的扫雷舰)
v.(动词)
  1. 指导,引导,指引,指示,教导,辅导
  2. 操纵,指挥,带领
  3. 管理
  4. 担任向导,为...领路,引路
  5. 给予极大的影响
  6. 支配,左右(人的行为)
  7. 制导
  8. 驱使
  9. 掌舵,把着
  10. 有助于
  11. 阐明,解释
  12. 搀扶(某人朝…方向)走
  13. 驾驶

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 引路; 指导 lead, direct or show the way to a person, etc.
  2. vt. 操纵,驾驶 drive
  3. vt. 影响,支配 influence; direct
n.(名词)
  1. [C]向导,导游 person who shows others the way especially a person employed to point out interesting sights on a journey or visit
  2. [C]有指导意义的事物 thing that helps one form an opinion, make a calculation, etc.
  3. [C]指导者 adviser, person or thing that directs or influences sb's behaviour

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
guide : 指导 ...
guide : 导游 ...
在 《外教社旅游英语词典》 中查看更多...
guide : 引导, 导航 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
guide : 导纱器,导 ...
在 《外教社纺织英语词典》 中查看更多...
guide : 引导, 指导 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
guide : 导板 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
guide : 导向 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. someone employed to conduct others

  2. someone who shows the way by leading or advising

  3. something that offers basic information or instruction

  4. a model or standard for making comparisons

  5. someone who can find paths through unexplored territory

  6. a structure or marking that serves to direct the motion or positioning of something

Verb:
  1. direct the course; determine the direction of travelling

  2. take somebody somewhere;

    "We lead him to our chief"
    "can you take me to the main entrance?"
    "He conducted us to the palace"

  3. be a guiding or motivating force or drive;

    "The teacher steered the gifted students towards the more challenging courses"

  4. use as a guide;

    "They had the lights to guide on"

  5. pass over, across, or through;

    "He ran his eyes over her body"
    "She ran her fingers along the carved figurine"
    "He drew her hair through his fingers"

guide的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I know the place well, so let me be your guide.
    我熟悉那地方
  2. As a university graduate, I am seeking a job as a tourist guide.
    作为一名大学毕业生,我正在谋求一份当导游的工作。
  3. These philosophical views serve as a guide in life.
    这些哲学观点可以作为处世指南。
  4. His elder sister had been his guide, counsellor and friend.
    他姐姐过去一直指导他,给他出主意,是他的朋友。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. His entire life was guided by his religious beliefs.
    他的宗教信仰指导了他的整个人生。
  2. He guided the man through the streets to the railway station.
    他带这个人走过街道到火车站。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He flashed a torch to guide me.
    他打手电给我引路。
  2. He guided her across the roads.
    他领着她穿过马路。
  3. He guided them round the Art Show.
    他带领他们参观美术展览。
  4. The Party is guiding the country forward from victory to victory.
    党在领导我国从胜利走向胜利。
  5. The government will guide the country through the difficulties ahead.
    政府将领导国家战胜面临的困难。
  6. The Prime Minister guides the state.
    首相掌管国事。
  7. We guided a ship through a storm.
    我们驾驶轮船穿过了暴风雨。
  8. The pilot guided the plane onto the runway.
    飞行员把飞机开上跑道。
  9. 用于be ~ed结构
  10. A blind man is sometimes guided by a dog.
    盲人有时靠狗引路。
  11. You must not be guided by your feelings.
    你绝不应让感情来支配你。
  12. He was always guided by his principle of honesty.
    他总是以诚实这一原则律己。
  13. They will be guided by what you say.
    他们将以你说的话作为指导方针。
  14. Politicians will in the end always be guided by changes in public opinion.
    政客最终总将受舆论变化的影响。
  15. Be guided by your feelings, and tell her the truth before it's too late.
    要相信自己的感情,及早把真相告诉她,否则就太迟了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The guide showed us around the city.
    导游带我们游览了这座城市。
  2. I know the place well, so let me be your guide.
    我熟悉那地方,我来当你们的向导。
  3. We engaged a guide to show us the way across the mountains.
    我们雇了个向导带领我们翻山越岭。
  4. A Guide to English Grammar is to be published next month.《
    英语语法指南》下个月就要出版了。
  5. The essay needn't be too long, as a rough guide, you should write about three pages.
    论文不必过长,大致应写三页左右。
  6. In English, the spelling of a word is not always a guide to the pronunciation.
    英语里,一个词的拼法不总是发音的依据。
  7. His elder sister had been his guide, counsellor and friend.
    他姐姐过去一直指导他,给他出主意,是他的朋友。
  8. One's feelings and instincts are not always a guide to behaviour.
    一个人的感情和本能并不总是言行的良好向导。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
guide back to (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 引导(某人)回到(某地) act as a guide back to guide sb back to sth

    The light guided them back to the harbour.灯光引导他们返回港口。

guide in1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 引导(某人)进入 act as a guide in guide sb in

    Mother guided him in.母亲引导他走进来。

guide in2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 引导(某人)进入(某处) act as a guide in somewhere

    He guided her in the park. 他领着她进入公园。

  2. 在…方面引导 direct or show the way to a person in (sth)

    I guide him in his studies. 我辅导他学习。

guide into (v.+prep.)
  1. 引导(某人)进入 act as a guide into guide sb/sth into sth

    I guided the car carefully into the garage.我小心地把汽车开进车库。

guide out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 引导(某人)从(某处)出来 act as a guide out somewhere guide sb out of sth

    He guided me out of the room.他领着我走出这个房间。

guide to〔toward〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 引到… direct to guide sb to sth

    I guided him to his chair.我把他引到他的座位上。

    Teachers should guide students toward a better mastery of the art of writing.老师应当指导学生们更好地掌握写作技巧。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • He was an agreeable guide, ever keen to point out the beauties of his royal master's domain.

    出自:R. Kipling
  • A pretty, uniformed guide..told him the tours didn't begin until ten o'clock.

    出自:E. Baker
  • She dropped her things, and, guided by George's voice, found the bedroom.

    出自:R. H. Mottram
  • He took her arm to guide her through the Saturday evening crowds.

    出自:N. Shute

guide的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. guide的基本意思是“指路,引路”“引导,指导”,指熟悉道路的向导或懂得如何避开险阻的人指引另一人如何到达某地或如何做好某件事情,也可指借助于某物(如信号、灯光等)来防止走弯路或误入歧途,引申可表示“教导”“辅导”。
  2. guide还可作“操纵”“驾驶”解,引申可表示“影响”“支配”,常用于被动结构。
  3. guide是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。
  4. 说“引导某人做某事”时guide后不接动词不定式,而接“in+ v -ing”。
n.(名词)
  1. guide是可数名词,基本意思是“向导”“导游”,引申可作“有指导意义的事物”解,指有助于形成意见、作出估计的事物,如“旅行指南”“指导手册”。
  2. guide还可作“指导者”解,指指导或影响个人行为的人或事。作此解时,常与介词to搭配使用,而不用介词of。
  3. girl guide在英国意思是“女童子军(成员)”,而在美国通常用girl scout。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
guide, conduct, direct, lead
这组动词的共同意思是“引导”“指引”。它们之间的区别是:
1.conduct有时表示既做向导又当助手; guide表示带路者熟悉沿途情况,并在领路时加以指点; lead强调走在前面领路,也可指带领他人共同去达到某个目标; direct表示为某人指方向,指出某种途径,但自己并不亲自引路,也表示“指导”别人的事务或活动。例如:
  • He guided them round the Art Show.
  • 他带领他们参观美术展览。
  • I'll lead, you must follow me.
  • 我带路,你一定得跟着我。
  • He conducted a party of tourists to Europe.
  • 他带领着一批游客去欧洲。
  • Tom directed him to the bus stop.
  • 汤姆指点他如何去汽车站。
2.在引申表示“领导”时, guide和lead可互换。
guide, pilot, steer
guide指由熟悉道路的向导或懂得如何避开险阻的人指引,也可指受到信号、仪表、原则等指示; steer指操纵车船或飞机向某方向运行; pilot仅指给船只领航穿过不熟悉或有危险的水域。例如:
He guided the child across the street.他领着孩子穿过大街。
He steered the boat carefully between the rocks.他小心地驾驶着船穿行于礁石之间。
Duff piloted a ship through a canal.达夫引领船只通过运河。
n.(名词)
guide, guidebook
这两个词都可指“旅行指南”。其区别是:
1.作“旅行指南”解时, guidebook用得比guide更普遍。
2.如果说一般的“指导书”“入门书”,则通常用guide,较少用guidebook。
3.guide还可作“向导”“导游”解,而guidebook无此义。
direct conduct guide lead pilot
这些动词都含“引导”之意。
  • direct:direct指为某人指方向,但自己不一定亲自引路,也可表示指导一群人的事或活动。
  • conduct:conduct正式用词,指引导某人去某处,强调亲自带领;也强调监督管理一群有共同目的或目标的人。
  • guide:guide普通用词,可与conduct换用,指引导者与被引导者双方彼此合作,共同努力的关系。
  • lead:lead指走在前面给某人引路或带路,共同去达到某一目标。用于抽象意义时,指在某项活动或运动中起主导和组织作用。
  • pilot:pilot从原义“为飞机、轮船导航”借喻为指亲自带领某人去某处。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他带领我们到教室。

    He guided us to go to the classroom.

    He guided us to the classroom.

    guide本身含有go的意思,再用to go就多余了。

  2. 这本书指导我们如何使用英语单词和习语。

    This book guides us to use English words and idiom.

    This book guides us in using English words and idiom.

    表示“指导某人做某事”,通常不说guide sb to- v ,一般要说guide sb in v -ing。

n.(名词)
  1. 约翰买了一本中世纪文学的入门书。

    John bought a guide of medieval literature.

    John bought a guide for medieval literature.

    John bought a guide to medieval literature.

    表示“…的指南”时,要用介词to,不可改为of或for。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪中期进英入语,直接源自中古英语的giden,意为引导,指引。

guide的相关资料:

正版词典

guide : 带路人;响 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
guide : 导[ ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
guide : 向导,导游 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

guide的相关缩略词,共有12

互动百科

  • guide:guide guide,中文叫导游.导游工作是导游人员作为旅行社的代表,接待或陪同旅游者旅行,游览,按照组团合同或约定的内容和标准向其提供的旅游接待服务. 相关条目 导游服务质量Quality of…

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