picture

  基本词汇  
['pɪktʃə(r)]     ['pɪktʃər]    
  • n.照片;影片;描述;图画
  • vt.想像;画;拍照
pictured pictured picturing pictures
new

picture是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 照片,画像,图像
  2. 美景
  3. 化身,写照,体现
  4. 局面,情景,状况
  5. <英>电影,影片
  6. 相似的形象,酷似的东西
  7. 想像
  8. 描写
  9. 形象
  10. 美丽如画的人
  11. 图画似的叙述
v.(动词)
  1. 想像,设想
  2. 描绘,描述,描写
  3. 画,绘画
  4. 把...(作为电影)拍摄
  5. 拍摄,照相,显示在照片上
  6. 用图表示,用图片表示,用图片显示
  7. 忆起
  8. 使看得见

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]画,图片,照片 a painting or drawing; a photograph
  2. [S](生动的)描述,写照 account or description of sth that enables one to form a mental picture or impression of it
  3. [C]影片,电影,画面 a cinema film; what is seen on a television or cinema screen
  4. [S]美景,景色 beautiful object, scene, person, etc.
  5. [S]情况,事态,局面 a situation
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 绘画; 描绘 draw or paint; make a picture of
  2. vt. 想象 imagine

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
picture : 图片 ...
picture : 图片, 画, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
picture : 图像 ...
在 《外教社测绘学英语词典》 中查看更多...
picture : 图片, 画, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or abstraction) produced on a surface;

    "they showed us the pictures of their wedding"
    "a movie is a series of images projected so rapidly that the eye integrates them"

  2. graphic art consisting of an artistic composition made by applying paints to a surface;

    "a small painting by Picasso"
    "he bought the painting as an investment"
    "his pictures hang in the Louvre"

  3. a clear and telling mental image;

    "he described his mental picture of his assailant"
    "he had no clear picture of himself or his world"
    "the events left a permanent impression in his mind"

  4. a situation treated as an observable object;

    "the political picture is favorable"
    "the religious scene in England has changed in the last century"

  5. illustrations used to decorate or explain a text;

    "the dictionary had many pictures"

  6. a form of entertainment that enacts a story by sound and a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement;

    "they went to a movie every Saturday night"
    "the film was shot on location"

  7. the visible part of a television transmission;

    "they could still receive the sound but the picture was gone"

  8. a graphic or vivid verbal description;

    "too often the narrative was interrupted by long word pictures"
    "the author gives a depressing picture of life in Poland"
    "the pamphlet contained brief characterizations of famous Vermonters"

  9. a typical example of some state or quality;

    "the very picture of a modern general"
    "she was the picture of despair"

  10. a representation of a person or scene in the form of a print or transparent slide; recorded by a camera on light-sensitive material

Verb:
  1. imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind;

    "I can't see him on horseback!"
    "I can see what will happen"
    "I can see a risk in this strategy"

  2. show in, or as in, a picture;

    "This scene depicts country life"
    "the face of the child is rendered with much tenderness in this painting"

picture的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. May I take a picture of you?
    我可以给你照相吗?
  2. The Pianist is the fourth movie nominated for Best Picture.
    《钢琴家》是第4部获得最佳影片提名的电影。
  3. The book gives a good picture of everyday life in ancient rome.
    那部书对古罗马人的日常生活描写得很生动。
  4. This book gives a good picture of life in China 100 hundred years ago.
    这本书形象地描写了一百年前的中国生活。
  5. Draw a picture of the house so we know what it looks like.
    画出房子的图来让我们看看是什麽样子的。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. I can't picture the village without the old church.
    我无法设想村子里没有那座旧教堂像什麽样子
  2. You should picture to yourself the brilliant future ahead of us .
    你该想象一下我们光明灿烂的前途。
  3. The artist used red and orange to picture the sun set.
    那位画家用红色和橙色画落日。
  4. They were pictured against a background of flowers.
    他们在画中背景有很多花。
  5. Could you take a picture for me?
    你能帮我拍照吗?
  6. She's taking a picture of the children.
    她正给孩子们拍照。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The beautiful picture caught her attention.
    这张美丽的画引起了她的注意。
  2. The picture was painted in broad masses of colour.
    那幅画用大幅面的色彩画成。
  3. The pictures gripped my imagination.
    这些绘画吸引着我,使我浮想联翩。
  4. I bid ten dollars for that picture.
    我对那幅画出价10美元。
  5. Mary colored her picture with pencils.
    玛丽用彩色铅笔给她的图画上色。
  6. You may be only an amateur painter, but your pictures can knock mine into a cocked hat.
    虽然你只是个业余画家,可你的画却远胜于我的。
  7. Her letters paint a wonderful picture of her life in Burma.
    她的书信描绘了她在缅甸生活的一幅绝妙图画。
  8. All the pictures should be faced forward.
    所有的图片都应朝前摆。
  9. He cut out the picture from the newspaper.
    他从报上剪下这图片。
  10. She likes to collect stories and pictures of Dr. Bethune.
    她喜欢搜集白求恩大夫的故事和图片。
  11. Do you approve of the pictures in the book?
    你对这本书中的插图满意吗?
  12. The stamp bears the picture of George Washington.
    这张邮票上印有乔治·华盛顿的肖像。
  13. The photographer grouped the family together so that he could get them all in the same picture.
    摄影师把全家人聚拢在一起,以便把他们摄入同一张相片。
  14. Since many people want to get his autographed picture, the famous football player cannot get away.
    很多人想得到这位球星亲笔签字的照片,因此他一时脱不开身。
  15. His picture has been incorporated without his permission into an advertisement.
    未经他本人同意,他的照片就被使用在广告上。
  16. She said good-bye and added that she would send us some pictures.
    她先道了再见,接着又说她会给我们寄些照片来。
  17. We wanted to see some old family pictures so Jenny brought them out and showed them to us.
    我们想看些过去的生活照,所以珍妮把它们都摆了出来给我们看。
  18. May I take a picture of you?
    我给你拍张照片好吗?
  19. Shall we have a few pictures taken?
    我们照几张相好吗?
  20. The author of the book painted a dismal picture of the future.
    本书的作者描述了未来的凄凉景象。
  21. The report gave a detailed picture of what was happening.
    这篇报道详细描述了当时发生的事情。
  22. Can you form a picture in your mind of what I described to you?
    你能想象我给你描述的情景吗?
  23. This picture attracts a large audience.
    这部影片吸引了大量的观众。
  24. Movie pictures are projected onto the screen.
    电影被放映在银幕上。
  25. Have you seen her latest picture?
    你看过她最近演的电影吗?
  26. The movie company spent much money building up its new picture.
    电影公司花了大量的钱给新片子做广告宣传。
  27. The attention of all the audience converged on the screen as soon as the motion picture started.
    电影一开始,所有观众的注意力就都集中在屏幕上。
  28. She looked a picture in her new dress.
    她穿上新衣服看起来很漂亮。
  29. The park is a picture when flowers are in bloom.
    当鲜花盛开时,这个公园的景色美极了。
  30. The lake was a picture as we skirted it at dusk.
    黄昏我们绕湖而行时,湖上景色如画。
  31. After long study there emerged an overall picture of conditions that were extremely disheartening.
    经过长期研究,总的情况明朗了,这些情况叫人丧失信心。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The painter pictured the general sitting on a horse.
    那位画家把骑在马上的将军画了下来。
  2. The soldier pictured the battle.
    那个士兵生动地描述了战役情况。
  3. Picture yourself in that suit.
    想想你穿上那件西装的样子。
  4. Picture yourself in her situation!
    你站在她的位置上想一想吧!
S+~+that-clause
  1. I can picture that he will come.
    我猜他一定会来的。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. Please picture what you have seen at the park for me.
    请为我描述你在公园里看到的景象。
  2. Can't you picture how she must feel?
    你难道想象不出她会有什么样的感受吗?
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +as n./adj.
  1. The artist pictured her as a girl.
    艺术家把她画成一个女孩子。
  2. The artist pictured him as a young man in riding dress.
    画家将他画成身穿骑装的年轻人。
  3. I can't quite picture him as a family man.
    我很难想象他是个有家室的人。
  4. I cannot picture her as an actress.
    我无法想象她竟是一名演员。
  5. He can't quite picture himself as a father.
    他不能想象自己做了爸爸。
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ing
  1. Can you picture them leading a demonstration?
    你能想象他们领导一次示威游行吗?
  2. Can you picture her riding a bicycle?
    你能想象她骑自行车的样子吗?
  3. Can you picture her working as a diplomat?
    你能想象她作为一个外交官的样子吗?

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
get the picture
  1. 了解(形势、情况等) understand a (situation)

    There is quite a lot of rivalry between the people who work here, if you get the picture. 如果你了解一下的话,你就能发现在这儿工作的人中间有着很大的竞争性。

in〔out〕 of the picture
  1. 知道〔不知道〕详情,熟悉〔不熟悉〕一切 in〔not in〕 the position of knowing all the facts

    I haven't heard about the latest developments; perhaps you could put me in the picture. 我没有听到最新的发展情况,也许你能告诉我详情。

    Since you are going there, let me put you in the picture about the situation there. 既然你要到那里去,我就把那里的基本情况给你介绍一下。

    I've been away for a few weeks so I'm rather out of the picture. 我外出了几个星期,所以对这件事情不太清楚。

    He's been away from the country for many years, so he's rather out of the picture. 他离开那个国家许多年了,所以不太了解那里的情况。

  2. 引起〔不引起〕他人注意 receiving〔not receiving〕 sb's share of attention

    She always wants to be in the picture. 她总是希望引人注目。

用作动词 (v.)
picture to oneself
  1. 给自己想象出 imagine (sth) to oneself picture to oneself sth/wh-clause

    You should picture to yourself the brilliant future ahead of us.你该想象一下我们光明灿烂的未来。

    She pictured to herself what it might be like to live in England.她想象生活在英国的情况。

    picture to oneself sb v-ing

    He pictured to himself the family sitting out to the lawn.他想象家里人坐在草坪上。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • That subtler spirit..which picture cannot express.

    出自:Leigh Hunt
  • Madly exuberant herbaceous borders pictured in a seedsman's catalogue.

    出自:Day Lewis

picture的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. picture的基本意思是“画,图画”,可指各种图片及照片,是可数名词。
  2. picture可作“(生动的)描述,写照”解,通常指语言文字的生动描述,常用作单数形式,与不定冠词连用。
  3. picture在口语中可作“影片,电影”解,是可数名词。
  4. picture作“美景,景色”解时,既可指人,也可指物,常用作单数,与冠词连用。
  5. picture还可作“情况,事态,局势”解,常用作单数,与不定冠词连用。
  6. picture有时可作“美人”或“形成的看法”解。例如:She still looked a picture if she made herself up a little bit.只要她稍加打扮,仍然十分漂亮。Do you think you could change his picture of Iran?你以为你可以改变他对伊朗的看法吗?
v.(动词)
  1. picture用作动词的意思为“绘画”“描绘”,引申可表示“想象”。
  2. picture通常只用作及物动词,可接名词、代词、that或疑问词引导的从句作宾语,还可接以as短语或现在分词充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. picture还常用于picture to oneself结构中,表示“给(自己)想象出”,其后可接名词或代词作宾语,也可接以现在分词充当补足语的复合宾语。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
picture, drawing, painting, photo, portrait
这组词的共同意思是“画”。其区别是:
drawing指“素描”或“工程图纸”。例如:
This is a drawing in pencil.这是一幅铅笔素描。
We produced a working drawing.我们绘制了一幅施工图。
painting多指油画。例如:
There are many paintings in the room.这间屋子里有很多油画。
在表示水彩画时,用drawing或painting均可。例如:
This is a water-colour drawing〔painting〕.这是一幅水彩画。
photo指“照片”。例如:
I have some photos taken in my hometown.我有一些在家乡拍的照片。
picture指各种“画,照片或影片”。例如:
He has collected some famous pictures.他收集了一些名画。
May I take your picture?我可以为你拍张照片吗?
Let's go and see a good picture.我们去看一部好电影吧。
portrait指“(人物)肖像”。例如:
This portrait looks real.这幅肖像简直像真的。
下列各组中两个句子意思不同:
  • I like pictures.
  • 我喜欢画片。
  • I like the pictures.
  • 我喜欢电影。
  • This is a picture of the President.
  • 这是总统的画像。
  • This is a picture of the President's.
  • 这是总统收藏的画。
v.(动词)
picture oneself, picture to oneself
这两个短语的区别在于前者中oneself是picture的宾语,而后者中to oneself是picture的状语。另外,前者的意思是“想自己的情况”; 后者的意思是“想自己或别人的情况”。
cinema film movie picture
这些名词均有“电影”之意。
  • cinema:cinema与the连用指(上映的)电影,电影工业;可指电影院;在英国与the连用还可指电影艺术。
  • film:film指电影、影片,普通用词。
  • movie:movie美国英语中的口语用词。
  • picture:picture从原义指银幕或电视屏幕上的图像引申指影片。
describe represent sketch picture
这些动词均有“描写、描述”之意。
  • describe:describe侧重指描述细节,给读者或听众提供清晰的视觉图像。
  • represent:represent指有代表性或象征性地描述或讲述。
  • sketch:sketch指快速地勾勒或概略地叙述。
  • picture:picture着重能够栩栩如生地把事物或场景等描绘出来。
drawing illustration cartoon diagram picture sketch painting portrait
这些名词都表示“画,图”之意。
  • drawing:drawing指用线条或色彩绘成的图画。
  • illustration:illustration指插入书页之间帮助说明的任何插图或图解。
  • cartoon:cartoon指幽默或讽刺性漫画。
  • diagram:diagram多指科技书籍或文献中具有概括解说作用的图表、图样或略图。
  • picture:picture指广义的“图画”,现多用来指相片、画像。
  • sketch:sketch通常只指画出物体主要特征的图画。
  • painting:painting指着色的画。
  • portrait:portrait指肖像,只用于指人。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 画上是什么?

    What is on the picture?

    What is in the picture?

    强调内容时picture前的介词通常用in,不用on。

  2. 那位画家两天就完成了这幅画。

    The artist finished the photograph in two days.

    The artist finished the picture in two days.

    “画”一般用picture来表示,而不用photograph。

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪初进期入英语,直接源自拉丁语的pictura,意为绘画。

picture的相关资料:

正版词典

picture : 画,图画; ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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