earnest

  核心词汇  
['ɜːnɪst]     ['ɜːrnɪst]    
  • adj. 认真的;真诚的
  • n. 定金;预示;保证
  • n. 认真;诚挚
new

earnest的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 诚挚的,真诚的,诚恳的
  2. 认真的,严肃的,不开玩笑的
  3. 热心的
  4. 重要的,重大的
  5. 诚实的
n. (名词)
  1. 认真,诚挚
  2. 保证金,定金,定钱
  3. 预兆,前兆,预示
  4. 热心
  5. 保证
  6. 欧内斯特(男子名)
adv. (副词)
  1. 真挚地,真诚地

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 郑重其事的,非常认真的 determined and serious, especially too serious

英英释义

Noun:
  1. something of value given by one person to another to bind a contract

Adjective:
  1. characterized by a firm and humorless belief in the validity of your opinions;

    "both sides were deeply in earnest, even passionate"
    "an entirely sincere and cruel tyrant"
    "a film with a solemn social message"

  2. earnest;

    "one's dearest wish"
    "devout wishes for their success"
    "heartfelt condolences"

  3. not distracted by anything unrelated to the goal

earnest的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. I'm sure he was earnest when he said he would come.
    我相信他说他会来是认真的。
  2. He is a good, earnest, diligent student.
    他是一个认真勤奋的好学生。
  3. I strive to live each day with earnest gratitude.
    我努力使生活的每一天都充满真诚的感激。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Earnest was legally unnecessary.
    法律上并不要求必须有定金。
  2. The money was given in earnest to finalize the contract.
    这笔钱是作为敲定合同的定金。
  3. The current economic slump is an earnest of the major recession to come.
    当前的经济滑坡预示着一次大的衰退即将来临。
  4. You will have to pay"earnest money" to guarantee your participation till the end of the tender.
    为保证您自始至终参加投标,您应该缴纳保证金。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. She spoke half in sport, half in earnest.
    她半开玩笑半认真地说。
  2. At last he has settled to his work in earnest.
    最后他安心认真地干起他的工作来。
  3. I could tell she spoke in earnest.
    我看得出她是郑重其事地说的。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. We made an earnest endeavor to persuade her.
    我们郑重其事地努力说服她。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Life is real and earnest.
    人生是真实的、认真的。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. He is earnest about his studies.
    他热心于他的研究。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
in earnest
    认真的,诚挚的serious

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • I am in great Earnest when I declare..that I have a deep conviction.

    出自: J. Wesley
  • The snow..began again in earnest.

    出自: L. Garfield
  • Destruction, savagery; an earnest..of the universal doom.

    出自: R. Macaulay
  • What earnest can you give me that you will perform what you promised?

    出自: J. Rathbone
  • There was a good deal of earnest impetuosity in his temper.

    出自: I. D
  • The thought of going to college took root in my heart and became an earnest desire.

    出自: H. Keller
  • The chapel was..filled with an earnest congregation.

    出自: E. M. Forster

earnest的详细讲解:

词义辨析

adj. (形容词)
earnest, ardent, eager, enthusiastic, zealous
  • 这组词的共同意思是“渴望的”“热切的”。其区别在于:
  • 1.eager指对成功的期望或进取的热情; earnest表示认真执著地对待一项工作; ardent指有如火一般炽热的感情; enthusiastic指根据爱好、兴趣而产生的热情洋溢的情感; zealous多指奉献的热情,也可指强烈的宗教信仰。例如:
  • She is enthusiastic about the new teaching method.她对新的教学方法很热心。
  • He was an ardent supporter of the reform.他是改革的热情支持者。
  • It is my earnest wish that you use this money to further your research.我真诚希望你用这笔钱继续你的研究工作。
  • The youths like to be zealous for liberty and freedom.青年人喜欢热情地追求自由。
  • 2.eager含有难以等待或难以抑制的意味; earnest带有充满热情、专心、无私的含义; enthusiastic含有对某事极端酷爱、仰慕或赞许的含义; zealous则暗示热情来自信仰或态度以及为此而采取行动的可能性。例如:
  • He made an earnest attempt to persuade her.他热心努力地去说服她。
  • I am enthusiastic over a project for building a new bridge.我热衷于修建一座新桥的规划。
  • They were zealous in the pursuit of the truth.他们热切追求真理。
  • 3.earnest比eager更慎重、认真、持久; enthusiastic比earnest更生动。例如:
  • Mary is an earnest student.玛丽是个认真的学生。
  • When we put the suggestion to him he was enthusiastic for its immediate application.当我们把这项建议提交给他时,他热衷于马上把它付诸实施。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的eornost,意为热切的。

    earnest的相关资料:

    近反义词

    【近义词】
    【反义词】

    临近单词

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