case

  基本词汇  
[keɪs]     [keɪs]    
  • n.例子;情况;案例;(辩论或诉讼)论据;箱
  • v.装箱;踩点;仔细检查
cased cased casing cases
new

case是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 事实,情况,实情,真相
  2. 事例,实例
  3. 容器,箱,盒,袋
  4. 罩,套子
  5. 病例
  6. 患者
  7. 理由
  8. 案件,个案
  9. 状况
  10. 诉讼
v.(动词)
  1. 把...装入箱内,装箱,塞
  2. 把...插入鞘内
  3. 给...加框
  4. 包,围,包围
  5. 查看(地点),观察,探查,窥探,窥测,作一番探索
  6. <俚>(盗窃前)事先察看
  7. 探路,踩道,踩点
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. =Council of Administrations of Special Education 专业教育管理人员委员会
  2. =Committee on Academic Science and Engineering 理论科学及工程学委员会
  3. =Council for the Advancement of Secondary Education 中等教育促进委员会
  4. =Computer Aided Software Engineering【计】电脑辅助软体工程

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]事例,实例 instance or example of the occurrence of sth
  2. [C]实情,情况 actual state of affairs; situation
  3. [C]病例,病症,患者 instance of a disease or an injury; person suffering from this
  4. [C]被警方调查的案件,诉讼案 matter that is being officially investigated, especially by the police; question to be decided in a court of law; lawsuit
  5. [C]容器,包装 any of various types of container or protective covering
  6. [C]手提箱 suitcase

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
case : case (关 ...
case : 案件, 情况 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
case : 弹壳, 盒子 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
case : 套 ...
case : 书壳 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
case : 壳体 ...
在 《外教社航空航天英语词典》 中查看更多...
case : 壳(体); ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
case : 用例 ...
在 《外教社计算机英语词典》 中查看更多...
case : 装箱 ...
case : 病例 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an occurrence of something;

    "it was a case of bad judgment"
    "another instance occurred yesterday"
    "but there is always the famous example of the Smiths"

  2. a special set of circumstances;

    "in that event, the first possibility is excluded"
    "it may rain in which case the picnic will be canceled"

  3. a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy;

    "the family brought suit against the landlord"

  4. the actual state of things;

    "that was not the case"

  5. a portable container for carrying several objects;

    "the musicians left their instrument cases backstage"

  6. a person requiring professional services;

    "a typical case was the suburban housewife described by a marriage counselor"

  7. a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation;

    "the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly"
    "the cases that we studied were drawn from two different communities"

  8. a problem requiring investigation;

    "Perry Mason solved the case of the missing heir"

  9. a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument;

    "he stated his case clearly"

  10. the quantity contained in a case

  11. nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence

  12. a specific state of mind that is temporary;

    "a case of the jitters"

  13. a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities);

    "a real character"
    "a strange character"
    "a friendly eccentric"
    "the capable type"
    "a mental case"

  14. a specific size and style of type within a type family

  15. an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part

  16. the housing or outer covering of something;

    "the clock has a walnut case"

  17. the enclosing frame around a door or window opening;

    "the casings had rotted away and had to be replaced"

  18. (printing) the receptacle in which a compositor has his type, which is divided into compartments for the different letters, spaces, or numbers;

    "for English, a compositor will ordinarily have two such cases, the upper case containing the capitals and the lower case containing the small letters"

  19. bed linen consisting of a cover for a pillow;

    "the burglar carried his loot in a pillowcase"

  20. a glass container used to store and display items in a shop or museum or home

Verb:
  1. look over, usually with the intention to rob;

    "They men cased the housed"

  2. enclose in, or as if in, a case;

    "my feet were encased in mud"

case的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Talk of wasting money, my buying this car is a case in point.
    谈到浪费钱财,我买这台车就是个恰当的例子。
  2. In your case, we are prepared to be lenient.
    根据你的情况,我们拟予从宽处理
  3. The case involved charges of police corruption.
    这个案子涉及对警方腐败的控诉。
  4. The judge quotes various cases in support of his opinion.
    法官引证了各种案例来支持他的判决理由。
  5. I think you can win because you have a very strong case.
    我认为你能赢,因为你的论据很有力。
  6. We ordered 3 cases of beer for the party.
    我们为晚会定购了三箱啤酒。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The goods have been cased up for transport.
    货物已装箱待运。
  2. The thieves cased Wilson's house before the robbery.
    那些盗贼在抢劫前窥探了威尔逊的住宅。
  3. He felt he had the situation cased well enough.
    他感觉到他已经对局面作了相当详尽的估计。
  4. Case it around before you leave.
    离开这里之前,转转察看一下。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Can you cite another case?
    你能否重新举个例子?
  2. It is not an isolated or even a rare case.
    它不是一个孤立的,甚至也不是一个罕见的例子。
  3. The company is losing some of its best people because of the low salaries— the resignation of the sales manager is a case in point.
    由于薪金低,公司正失去一些最优秀的人才——销售经理的辞职便是个明显的例子。
  4. These tribes are a classic case of people living in harmony with their environment.
    这些部落是人与环境和睦相处的典型例子。
  5. His accident is a case of reckless driving.
    他这次事故是莽撞开车的一个例子。
  6. This is a case of poor judgment.
    这是一个判断不当的例子。
  7. All cases of bullying will be severely dealt with.
    所有以大欺小的情况都将受到严肃处理。
  8. Woolen sweaters can be hand knitted, producing in most cases a finer and less expensive garment.
    毛线衣可用手工编织,在多数情况下,这种手工制作的服装较为细巧,也便宜一些。
  9. That is often the case with the past and present.
    现在和过去的情况往往是这样。
  10. As the case stands, there should be no more changes.
    照现在的情形看,不应再有变动了。
  11. The rules cover all cases.
    这些原则普遍适用。
  12. The new materials, in many cases, surpass traditional materials.
    这些新材料在许多情况下超过传统材料。
  13. In such case, it doesn't turn bad.
    在这种情况下,它不会坏。
  14. Yours is a special case.
    你的情况很特殊。
  15. If that is the case, then you'll have to confess that you are wrong.
    如果是那样,你得承认自己错了。
  16. If that's the case, you'll have to work harder.
    如果真是那样,你得更加努力工作才行。
  17. I cannot make an exception in your case.
    我不能对你的情况破例。
  18. Both children were criticized; in the first case for incompetence, in the second case for sheer laziness.
    两个孩子都受到批评,一个是因为无能,另一个完全是因为懒惰。
  19. That's always the case with us.
    我们的情况总是那样。
  20. That's often the case with him.
    他这人往往就是那样的。
  21. William's successful treatment of many cases gradually won over the peasants.
    威廉成功地医治了很多疾病,这样他逐渐把农民争取过来了。
  22. They discussed her case fully.
    他们对她的病情进行了充分讨论。
  23. A case of measles kept him in bed.
    他患麻疹而卧病在床。
  24. They'll operate on the more serious cases right away.
    他们马上要给那些病情较重的病人动手术。
  25. He will take over the pneumonia case.
    他将负责医治这个肺病病人。
  26. The physicians abandoned the case.
    医生们认为无法治愈这病人。
  27. She is clearly a case for treatment.
    显然她是一个需要治疗的病人。
  28. The detective broke the case.
    侦探破了这一起案件。
  29. Is there evidence to support his case?
    有证据作为他诉讼的依据吗?
  30. Such cases are seldom brought before court.
    此类案件很少提交法院处理。
  31. The police have a clear case against the prisoner.
    警方对在押犯掌握了确凿的罪证。
  32. That's the way it seemed until a recent case came up in court.
    在法庭上最近提出的一个案子以前这似乎是一贯的处理方法。
  33. The case will go to trial.
    该案即将受法院审理。
  34. The defense lawyer rested his case.
    辩护律师停止对案件进行辩论。
  35. They settled the case out of court.
    他们在法庭外解决此案。
  36. The lawyer argued the case skillfully.
    律师为这个案子辩护得很巧妙。
  37. The judge decided the case.
    法官判决此案。
  38. This is our case for nuclear disarmament.
    这是我方对核裁军所持的观点。
  39. Case is an important part of the grammar of many languages.
    格在很多语言的语法里都很重要。
  40. “Mine” is the possessive case of “I”.Mine
    是I的所有格。
  41. She bought a nice jewel case yesterday.
    她昨天买了一只漂亮的珠宝盒。
  42. The sword was mounted in a mahogany case.
    这把剑装在一个红木盒里。
  43. They were busy packing a case with books.
    他们正忙着把书籍装箱。
  44. The waiter will carry your cases up to your room.
    服务生会把您的箱子送到您的房间里去的。
  45. Could you carry my case for me?
    你给我提着手提箱可以吗?
  46. I bought several cases of wine.
    我买了几箱葡萄酒。
  47. Put the knife back in its case.
    把小刀放回鞘中去。
  48. You shouldn't annoy him. He is a real hard case.
    你不该去惹他生气,他真是个难以对付的家伙。
  49. You're really a case.
    你真是个怪人。
  50. This family is a hardship case.
    这是一家困难户。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
fight the case out
  1. 把官司打到底,把问题搞得水落石出 go on a case and make it clear

    Come what may,I'm going to fight the case out. 不管怎样,我要把问题搞得水落石出。

    We will fight the case out. 我们要把官司打到底。

get down to cases
  1. 开始谈到要点 begin to talk about sth important

    Let's get down to cases. 咱们谈实质问题吧。

    The men talked about little things and then got down to cases. 那些人先谈了些琐碎小事,然后开始谈论重要的事情。

in any case
  1. 无论如何,不管怎样 whatever happens or may have happened

    In any case, you should prepare for the worst. 无论如何,你要做好最坏的准备。

    In any case, finish this work today. 无论如何,今天要把这项工作完成。

    In any case, the future of the world is bright. 总之,世界的前途是光明的。

  2. 还有 have the other

    I'm afraid I'm just too busy to come and see you this Friday. In any case, my wife is borrowing the car that day. 我想,这个星期五我太忙了,不能来看你,而且那天我妻子还要借车。

in case
  1. 假使 if sth happens

    What would you do in case fire broke out at home? 如果家中失火你怎么办?

    In case he arrives before I get back, please ask him to wait. 如果我回来之前他来到,请让他等我一下。

    In case you cannot finish the task in time, be sure to let me know. 假如你不能按时完成任务,请务必告诉我一声。

  2. 免得,以防 because of the possibility of sth happening

    Be quiet in case you wake the baby. 轻点儿,别弄醒婴儿。

    It may rain; you'd better take an umbrella in case. 可能要下雨,你最好带把伞以防万一。

    The dog was chained, but I carried a stick in case. 狗是用链条拴住的,但我带着一根拐杖以防万一。

    Linda copied down Eddie's name and address. Just in case. 琳达抄下埃迪的姓名和地址,以备万一。

    I'll cook plenty of potatoes just in case. 我打算多煮些马铃薯,以防万一。

    Take an umbrella with you just in case. 带把伞去,以防万一下雨。

  3. 也许,说不定 maybe

    Wait outside in case you can be useful. 在外面等着,也许你可以帮点忙。

    Take your skates in case you decide to go skating. 把冰鞋带去,说不定你们要滑冰呢。

in case of
  1. 万一,如果 if sth happens

    In case of fire, ring the alarm bell. 如遇火灾,即按警铃。

  2. 防备 because of the possibility of sth happening

    The wall was built along the river in case of floods. 沿河筑了防护墙以防洪水。

    Take a spare tyre along in case of need. 带只备用轮胎去,以备不时之需。

in no case
  1. 无论如何不 in no circumstances

    In no case must force be resorted to. 决不准许诉诸武力。

    Anybody should in no case be allowed to stay here. 决不许任何人在这里停留。

    The conference agenda can in no case be confined to examining the question of energy resources. 会议议程决不能只限于审查能源问题。

in the case of
  1. 至于…,就…来说 about sth

    We can't make an exception in the case of Mary. 我们不能将玛丽的情况视为例外。

    Climate is especially important in the case of articles that are readily affected by moisture. 对于容易受潮的物品来说,气候因素特别重要。

    In the case of a highly intelligent animal like the seal, elementary training is easy. 就海豹之类高度灵敏的动物而言,进行初级训练是不困难的。

    In the case of a physical change no new substance is formed. 就物理变化来说,不会产生新的物质。

in this case
  1. 既然这样 if this happens or has happened; if this is the state of affairs

    They may not offer me much money. In this case I won't take the job. 他们给我的工资可能不会多,要是这样的话,我就不接受这份工作。

    In this case, no action is necessary. 既然如此,就没有必要采取行动。

    You have finished, haven't you?In this case, you may go. 你已经完工了是不是?既然如此,你可以走了。

    Probably each pill only contains the equivalent to half an ounce of liver. In this case you could take six. 每粒药丸的重量仅相当于半盎司鲜肝,这样你可以服6粒。

make a case for
  1. 坚持下去 hold on sth

    I'll make a strong case for your complaint. 我坚持要过问你提出的控告。

    They wouldn't make a case for our policy as opposed to theirs. 他们不会为了维护我们的政策而去反对他们自己的政策。

make out a case
  1. 证明…有理由,提出对某事有利的证据 give arguments in favour of sth

    An advocate for John could make out a case for him on this score also. 约翰的一位律师在这方面也能提出有利于他的理由。

    She made out a good case for lowering our prices. 她摆出了充分的理由,说明我们必须降低价格。

    The report makes out a strong case for increased spending on hospitals. 这份报告提出了对增加医疗开支的有力论据。

on a case
  1. 在处理案件 dealing with a case

    I cannot,I'm on a case. 我不行,我有案子在手。

such being the case
  1. 事实既然如此 if this has happened

    Such being the case, there is no doubt that he will be removed from office. 照此看来,他要免职是毫无疑问的了。

    Such being the case, you cannot go away. 既然情况如此,你不能离开。

    Such being the case,Jane should have been happy. Why was she miserable? 既然如此,简就应该高兴才是,她为什么还感到苦恼呢?

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • By caase of fortune.

    出自:Caxton
  • I you recount a ruefull cace.

    出自:Spenser
  • They seem'd almost, with staring on one another, to tear the cases of their eyes.

    出自:Winter's Tale,Shakespeare
  • Cloth cases..for binding the volume will be issued with the December number.

    出自:Oxford English Dictionary
  • They case their limbs in brass; to arms they run.

    出自:Pope
  • Bones of seals, walrus, and whalessall now cased in ice.

    出自:E. K. Kane
  • A brick wall..cased with stone.

    出自:J. Gwilt

case的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. in case of指“假如……发生,以防……”。

    Take an umbrella with you in case of rain.
    带把伞吧,以防下雨。

  2. in the case of指“关于……”,偶尔与in case of同义。

    In the case of his father, we must make an exception.
    关于他的父亲,我需要做个例外。

  3. in the case of,in ...case和in many cases等表达方式都要避免使用过多,有时还可省略。

    In the case of Russian grammar, it has six cases.
    可以直接说Russian grammar has six cases,省略in the case of。

  4. in case后加that从句指“假如……”或“希望”,从句中不用将来时态。

    In case he comes, let me know.
    You had better be ready in case they arrive before you expect them.

  5. in case可独立使用,表示“万一”。

    They may not arrive before you expect them, but you had better be ready in case.
    他们可能不会在你预期的时间前到,但为避免万一,你最好做好准备。

n.(名词)
  1. case的基本意思是“事例,实例”,指作为一个参照来让人知道或了解的某物或某事,或指一个客观存在的事实,即“实情,情况”。case还可指“病例,病症”,可指一种具体的疾病,也可指一种疾病所表现出的症状。case也可指“案件,诉讼案”。case引申还可表示“格”,多用于语法中,还可指具体的“人”。
  2. case还有“容器,包装”的意思,指包裹在物品外面的一层外包装,这样的包装可以是不同形式的,可以是箱或袋,也可以是盒或包。case还可指“手提箱”。
  3. case主要用作可数名词,偶尔也可用作不可数名词。其复数形式为cases。
  4. in case引导从句一般情况下用直接陈述式,但在书面语中则多用虚拟式。例如:The meeting will be put off in case it (should) rain.若遇下雨,会议延期举行。(should在这里含有不一定会下雨的意思)。另外,in case后面接的that从句中可以用一般现在时表示将来。例如:Take warm clothes in case the weather is cold.穿上暖和的衣服,以防天冷。有时从句中可用should〔might〕表示“推定”。例如:Here's a stick in case you should need it.给你根木棍,也许你用得着它。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
in case, if
这两个词(组)的共同意思是“以防万一”。二者均可引导条件从句,其区别是:
if可用于任何时间,而in case只指将来时间。例如:
  • I am taking an umbrella in case it rains later on.
  • 我带着一把伞,以防一会儿下雨。
  • I'll take an umbrella if it rains later on.
  • 要是一会儿下雨,我就拿把伞。
case, invalid, patient
这组词的共同意思是“病人”。其区别在于:
1.patient的含义是“病人”,跟医生相对而言,可指医生受理的各种病人,包括正在接受或已接受治疗的、住院的或去医院就诊的以及不去医院但接受治疗的所有病员。
2.case在作“患病的人”解时含义是“病例”。例如:
Worst cases are sent to hospital.病情最坏的人被送到医院。
3.invalid主要指因伤病而身体虚弱的人。例如:
At that time, life for families with invalids was even harder.那个时候,家中有病人的生活更苦。
case, box, casket, chest
这组词都有“箱子”“盒子”的意思。其区别在于:
1.box泛指各种箱子、盒子、匣子,其体积不分大小,形状为方形。
2.case不分形状大小,其用途较广,有时也可指套子、罩子、壳、鞘等。例如:
He put the knife back in its case.他把小刀放回刀鞘中去。
3.chest指箱子,还可以指柜子、橱子、五斗橱等,较大,常用来放置贵重物品或作运输包装用。例如:
Mother put the shirts in my clothes chest.母亲把那几件衬衫放进我的衣柜里。
4.casket体积较小,也用来装贵重物品。例如:
  • jewel casket 珠宝箱
  • letter casket 信件收藏盒

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 我的很多朋友都失业了,在这方面我还是比较幸运的。

    Most of my friends lost their jobs, but I was lucky in this case.

    Most of my friends lost their jobs, but I was lucky in this respect.

    in this case的意思是“既然这样”,而不是“在这方面”。

  2. 至于出发时间,你可以自己来决定。

    In case of the time for departure, you can decide on it yourself.

    In the case of the time for departure, you can decide on it yourself.

  3. 如果发生火灾,就先砸碎玻璃取出灭火器。

    In the case of fire, break the glass to remove the extinguisher.

    In case of fire, break the glass to remove the extinguisher.

    in case of与in the case of的意思完全不同:in case of的意思是“万一”,而in the case of则是“就…来说,至于…”的意思。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:in case of physicial change, no new substance is formed.

    纠正:in the case of physicial change, no new substance is formed.

    翻译:至于物理变化,没有产生新物质。

    分析:in case of“以防……”,而in the case of指“至于”。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪初期进英入语,直接源自古法语的cas,意为事件,争吵;最初源自拉丁语的casus,意为机会,场合。

case的相关资料:

正版词典

case : 茅屋,陋屋 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
case : 事实;情况 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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