borrow

  核心词汇  
['bɒrəʊ]     ['bɑːroʊ]    
  • v. 借;借鉴;抄袭
borrower borrowed borrowed borrowing borrows
new

borrow的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 借用,借东西,借钱,借入(款项),借贷,借来,借进,借
  2. <婉>擅自取走
  3. 采用,采纳,把…借过来作为自己的
  4. 从其他语言中引入,引用
  5. 【数】借位,由上位借
  6. 模仿,剽窃
  7. 【海】迎风航行
  8. 【高尔夫】斟酌风向打球,视风向击轻球
  9. 活过寿限,大限已近
  10. 做很快就会遭到制止的事
  11. 好景不长
  12. 借用,借(词),采纳(他种语词)
n. (名词)
  1. 借,借用
  2. 担保物,抵押
  3. 【英史】什一税

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 借,借进 receive or obtain sth temporarily from sb/sth with the promise or intention of returning it
  2. vt. & vi. 借鉴,抄袭 take and use sth as one's own; copy sth
  3. vt. & vi. (某语言)借用(另一种语言的词语) (of a language) adopt (a word or phrase) from another language

英英释义

Verb:
  1. get temporarily;

    "May I borrow your lawn mower?"

  2. take up and practice as one's own

borrow的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. He uses his house as security to borrow the money.
    他用房子作借钱的抵押。
  2. May I borrow your roller skates?
    我可以借你的旱冰鞋吗?
  3. You can borrow this dictionary from the library.
    你可以从图书馆借到这本字典。
  4. Handel borrowed music from other composers.
    韩德尔的作品借鉴了其他作曲家的乐曲.
  5. It is not allowed to borrow freely from other writers.
    肆意抄袭其他作者的作品是不允许的。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Some people are good at borrowing but bad at giving back.
    有些人只晓得借,不晓得还。
  2. From 9 years old, he was often sent out to borrow.
    从9岁起,他就经常被打发去借东西。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Do you often go to the library to borrow books?
    你常到图书馆借书吗?
  2. May I borrow your bike?
    我可以借用你的自行车吗?
  3. Sam borrowed a car and drove us there.
    山姆借了一部车子送我们到那儿。
  4. He borrowed money on credit.
    他靠信用借钱。
  5. Somebody seems to have borrowed my watch when I wasn't looking.
    有人趁我不注意时把我的手表拿走了。
  6. Can I borrow your pen for a moment?
    我可以借你的钢笔用一会儿吗?
  7. Aren't you borrowing trouble by worrying about what's going to happen in five years' time?
    你担心五年以后会发生什么事情,这不是自寻烦恼吗?
  8. Don't borrow trouble by worrying about next year.It's too far away.
    别自找苦恼去担心明年的事。这事还远着呢。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. She's been terminally ill for several months and I'm afraid she's only living on borrowed time.
    她连续生病数月,我担心她只能活比预期的时间稍长些。
  2. He wore his brother's evening dress to the function but looked very uncomfortable in his borrowed plumes instead of his usual jeans and T-shirt.
    他穿着他兄弟的晚礼服参加盛大的集会,但是穿着向别人借来装门面的漂亮衣服看上去很不舒服,还不如他平常穿的牛仔裤和T恤衫好。
  3. I shouldn't mind betting he's going about in borrowed plumes.
    我敢断定他是在虚张声势。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
borrow from〔of〕 (v.+prep.)
    从…借入; 借用 get (sth) from (sb) for a certain time, intending to give it back; take and use (sth) as one's own
    borrow from〔of〕 sb

    It would be embarrassing to find myself ten francs short and be obliged to borrow from my guest.

    要是我差十法郎,不得不向客人借的话,那就太丢脸了。

    Japanese has borrowed heavily from English.

    日语借用了很多英语词汇。

    Japanese culture has borrowed heavily from China.

    日本文化借用了中国的许多东西。

    borrow sth from〔of〕 sb

    Can I borrow some money from you?

    我能向你借点钱吗?

    He borrowed the money from her on his furniture.

    他以他的家具作担保找她借钱。

    I borrowed three dollars from him.

    我向他借了三美元。

    I borrowed a water bucket from a villager.

    我向村里的老乡借了一个水桶。

    He borrowed a book from me.

    他从我这儿借了一本书。

    He has borrowed a very interesting book from the school library.

    他从学校图书馆借到一本很有趣的书。

    In his writings, he borrowed passages from his elders.

    他在作品中成段地剽窃他前辈的成果。

    English has borrowed words from many languages.

    英语借用了许多语言的词汇。

    I borrowed some money of him.

    我借了他一些钱。

    He borrowed a car from a friend for a few days.

    他借朋友的车子用了几天。

    Many words are borrowed into English from French.

    许多英文字是由法文借来的。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Let vs borowe money of the kinge vpon vsury.

    出自:Bible (Coverdale): 2 Esdras
  • I will not borrow from my friends.

    出自: G. B. Shaw
  • He had managed once again to borrow Larry's car for the weekend.

    出自: W. Styron

borrow的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. borrow的基本意思是“借”,指向某人或从某处借走某物(借用不能带走的东西一般用use)。引申可表示“将别人的东西当作自己的来使用,抄袭某事物”“某语言借用另一种语言的词语”。
  2. borrow可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。
  3. borrow不用于borrow sb sth结构,被借对象一般用from或of引出,后者更正式; 与on连用时,表示“以…抵押来借款”。
  4. borrow是非延续性动词,表示“借”这一行为时不能与表示一段时间的状语连用,但在表示借来以后使用的时间时却可以和表示一段时间的状语连用。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
borrow from, borrow of
  • 一般讲“从…借”“向…借”,用介词from或of均可,用from多些。其细微差别是from强调“出处”,而of强调“所有权”。例如:
  • I borrowed a dictionary of our English teacher from Tom yesterday.昨天我从汤姆那里借了一本我们英语老师的字典。
  • borrow, lend
  • 1.borrow是“借进”,表示“向某人借”,跟from〔of〕连用。lend是“借出”,表示“借给某人”,跟to连用。例如:
  • I borrowed a pound from〔of〕 my brother.
  • 我从哥哥那儿借了一英镑。
  • My brother lent a pound to me. 〔My brother lent me a pound.〕
  • 我哥哥借给我一英镑。
  • Some people neither borrow nor lend.
  • 有些人不向别人借,也不借给别人。
  • 2.lend后面可以接双宾语,而 borrow 不能。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      我可以借一下电话吗?

      May I borrow your telephone?

      May I use your telephone?

      原句的实际含义是原地“借用”,而非“借走”,故不可用borrow。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的borgian,意为借。
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