lend

  基本词汇  
[lend]     [lend]    
  • v.借给;贷款;借(出)
lender lent lent lending lends
new

lend是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 增添,添加,给...增加,增加(特色)
  2. 借(给),把...借给,出借,借出
  3. 提供
  4. 贷款,贷(与),贷款给,放贷,放债
  5. 借助,帮助,援助,搭把手
  6. 使(自己)适合
  7. 给予,给与
  8. 聆听,倾听
  9. 公开表示支持
  10. 以…的名字命名
  11. 出租
n.(名词)
  1. 贷款

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 把…借给 let another have or use for a time
  2. vt. 增加,增添 give as an additional quality

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
lend : 出借, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
lend : 贷款 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
lend : 贷出 ...
lend : 出借, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
lend : 借给, 贷( ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. bestow a quality on;

    "Her presence lends a certain cachet to the company"
    "The music added a lot to the play"
    "She brings a special atmosphere to our meetings"
    "This adds a light note to the program"

  2. give temporarily; let have for a limited time;

    "I will lend you my car"
    "loan me some money"

  3. have certain characteristics of qualities for something; be open or vulnerable to;

    "This story would lend itself well to serialization on television"
    "The current system lends itself to great abuse"

lend的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Would you please lend me your pencil?
    请把铅笔借给我用用好吗?
  2. I can't possibly lend you so much money.
    我没有可能借给你这麽多钱。
  3. Lend me your typewriter, please.
    请把你的打字机借我用一下。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He neither lends nor borrows.
    他既不借给人也不向人借。
  2. The bank currently lent at 10 per cent interest.
    目前银行以10%的利息向外贷款。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I never lend money.
    我从不借钱给别人。
  2. Banks lend money and charge interest.
    银行借出钱,但要收利息。
  3. They are quick to lend aid in time of disaster.
    在人们遭受灾害时,他们会迅速给予援助。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Lend me ten yuan , please.
    请借给我10元钱。
  2. He offered to lend me some books.
    他主动提出给我借些书。
  3. I lent her some bread, she'll bring me some more tomorrow.
    我借给她一些面包,明天她会给我更多一些。
  4. We worked for other teams so that they would lend us their oxen.
    我们给别的队干活,这样,他们就可以把牛借给我们使用。
  5. The captain has kindly lent us excellent binoculars to see the sight more clearly.
    为了能更清楚地观看景色,船长好心借给我们最好的望远镜。
  6. We should at least lend them moral support.
    我们至少应该给予他们道义上的支持。
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. This umbrella was lent me by Jack.
    这把伞是杰克借给我的。
  9. I was lent this ruler.
    别人借给我这把尺子。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. Just when I needed the ladder,I found that you had lent it to our neighbour.
    我正需要用梯子的时候,发现你已经借给了邻居。
  2. They lent all-out support to our factory.
    他们给了我们工厂大力支援。
  3. The presence of the new students lent a vigorous atmosphere to the campus.
    新同学的到来给校园增添了朝气蓬勃的气息。
  4. Her presence lent an air of respectability to the occasion.
    她的到场使那种场合增添了崇高的气氛。
  5. This colour lends warmth to the room, as it gets no natural sunlight.
    这种颜色给房间增添了暖和的感觉,因为这房间得不到自然阳光的照射。
  6. These people were lending aid to the enemy, whether they realized it or not.
    这些人有意无意地帮助了敌人。
  7. We were lucky to persuade a famous judge to lend his name to the movement for improving prison conditions.
    我们运气好,说服了一个著名的法官,以他的名义支持改善监狱条件的运动。
  8. 用于be ~ed结构
  9. Colonel Higgins was lent by the army to the Institute of Inter American Affairs as a specialist in the military fields.
    希金斯上校被作为军事专家借调到了美洲事务研究所。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
lend out (v.+adv.)
  1. 借出 give out temporarily lend sth ⇔ out

    They have lent out the car to some friends.他们已把车借给了几个朋友。

    Banks will only lend out money at a high rate of interest.银行只有在能获得高利息的情况下才把钱借出去。

    Libraries lend out books without charge unless they are returned too late.图书馆借出的书是不收费的,但逾期不还则另当别论。

lend to (v.+prep.)
  1. (指物)适合于 (of things) be suitable for

    This poem lends itself to our program very well. 这首诗非常适合我们的节目。

    The book really lends itself to film treatment. 这本书确实适合于改编成电影。

    This music doesn't lend itself to dancing. 这音乐不适合跳舞。

    This peaceful garden lends itself to meditation. 这个恬静的花园适于冥想。

    I like this black jacket, it lends itself to almost any occasion. 我喜欢这件黑色的上装,它几乎适宜于任何场合。

    Many textbook exercises lend themselves to a number of uses. 许多课本里的练习适合多种用途。

    The rural environment lends itself to the restoration of your health. 农村环境有助于你恢复健康。

  2. 参与 let oneself agree to be part of (an unworthy action)

    Don't lend yourself to such dishonest schemes. 别参与这种欺诈性的勾当。

    He would not lend himself to anything dishonourable. 他不会参与任何不光彩的事。

    I am surprised that a person of your principles should lend himself to it. 我真想不到,像你这样有节操的人竟然乐于合谋。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • I thought you wanted a lend of one of me blouses or something.

    出自:Roddy Doyle
  • 20,000 books of reference (which are not, of course, to be lent out).

    出自:Spectator
  • Manny..had a policy of never lending tools.

    出自:A. Miller
  • Pater would get into trouble later for lending Flaubert's books to undergraduates.

    出自:R. Ellmann

lend的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. lend的基本意思是“借出”,引申也可表示“提供”“帮助”“增添”等。可用作及物动词或不及物动词,用作及物动词时,可接名词或代词作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可转化为介词to的宾语。
  2. lend后可接反身代词,再接介词to,反身代词指人时,表示“欣然同意做某事或参与、合谋做某事”;反身代词指物时,表示“适合某种用途、活动等”。
  3. lend可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
lend, borrow
1.borrow是“借进”,表示“向某人借”,跟from〔of〕连用。lend是“借出”,表示“借给某人”,跟to连用。例如:
  • I borrowed a pound from〔of〕 my brother.
  • 我从哥哥那儿借了一英镑。
  • My brother lent a pound to me. 〔My brother lent me a pound.〕
  • 我哥哥借给我一英镑。
  • Some people neither borrow nor lend.
  • 有些人不向别人借,也不借给别人。
2.lend后面可以接双宾语,而 borrow 不能。
lend, lease, loan
这组词都有“借出”的意思。其区别是:
lend 是最普通的用语, loan 指“贷与”“借与”,是财会上的正式用语,一般不用于私人关系的借贷,但在美式英语中, loan 和lend两个词通用;lease一般指出租房屋、土地等不动产。
lend borrow loan
这些动词均含“借”之意。
  • lend:lend指将自己的东西借出给别人,也可用于借喻意义。
  • borrow:borrow指从某人或某处借来某物,也可用作比喻。
  • loan:loan指通过正式的手续,借数目较大的贷款。在美国也可指借出东西。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他借给我这本书已经一星期了。

    He lent me the book for a week.

    It's a week since he lent me the book.

    lend是瞬间动词,不与表示一段时间的状语连用。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自中古英语的laann,意为贷款,借出。

lend的相关资料:

正版词典

lend : 借出,借给 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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  • lend:lend v. 借给, 贷(款) 英英解释:动词lend:1. bestow a quality on同义词:impart, bestow, contribute, add, bring2. give…

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