duty

  基本词汇  
['djuːti]     ['duːti]    
  • n. 义务;职责;责任;税;关税
duties
new

duty的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 义务
  2. 职责
  3. 责任
  4. 本分
  5. 关税
  6. 职务
  7. 敬意
  8. 能率
  9. 负荷
  10. 勤务
  11. 工作状态
  12. 生产量
  13. 上班
  14. 值班
  15. 任务
  16. 护士、警官等
  17. 职能
  18. 忠节

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C][U]责任; 义务; 本分; 道德上的义务 what one must do either because of one's job or because one thinks it right; moral obligation
  2. [C]税收 tax

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force;

    "we must instill a sense of duty in our children"
    "every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty"

  2. work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons;

    "the duties of the job"

  3. a government tax on imports or exports;

    "they signed a treaty to lower duties on trade between their countries"

duty的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I feel it my duty to speak frankly to you.
    我觉得我有义务要坦白地对你说。
  2. She was ashamed to admit that she hadn't done her duty.
    她羞愧地承认她没有尽到自己的义务。
  3. He is on night duty three days a week.
    他一个星期要上三天夜班。
  4. He was dismissed for his neglect of duty.
    他因玩忽职守而被开除了。
  5. I think it my duty to serve the people.
    我认为为人民服务是我的责任。
  6. His heroic action came from a strong sense of duty.
    他的英勇行为来源于强烈的责任感。
  7. You pay the duty at the desk and get the receipt.
    你可以在出纳台交税,然后拿到收据。
  8. The government imposes a special duty on oil.
    政府征特殊石油税。
  9. The duty on imported vodka has been raised.
    进口伏特加的关税已经提高了。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The committee carried out the duties entrusted to it.
    委员会履行了赋予它的职责。
  2. You have performed your duty.
    你已经履行了自己的职责。
  3. I rely on your doing your duty.
    我相信你会尽职的。
  4. If I do not report it,I shall fail in my duty.
    如果我不把这事报告,我就失职了。
  5. Don't neglect your duties.
    不要玩忽职守!
  6. I'll take over your duty.
    我将接替你的工作。
  7. He was discharged from his duties last year.
    他去年被解除了职务。
  8. The newly appointed official has assumed the duties of office.
    新任命的官员已经就职。
  9. I'll enter upon my new duties tomorrow.
    我明天将就任新职。
  10. The captain of the ship bears a heavy load of duty and anxiety at all times.
    船长肩负着重任,总是忧心忡忡的。
  11. She'll perform important duties.
    她将执行重要任务。
  12. As a mother she has various distracting duties at home.
    作为母亲,她在家中有各种分心劳神的事要做。
  13. After graduation, he began his duty.
    他毕业后开始服兵役。
  14. He is a man who maintains duty to his parents.
    他是一个孝顺父母的人。
  15. We must perform our duty to our parents.
    我们必须尽对父母的义务。
  16. A duty has been imposed on me.
    有某种义务强加在我身上。
  17. I regard it as a glorious duty.
    我把它看成光荣的义务。
  18. This is an inalienable duty.
    这是一种责无旁贷的义务。
  19. It is a legal, moral duty.
    这是法律上、道德上的义务。
  20. It is my duty to help you.
    帮助你是我的义务。
  21. New duties will be imposed on wines and spirits.
    酒类要征收新税。
  22. This article is free of duties.
    这货物免税。
  23. The article is subject to customs duties.
    这商品需纳关税。
  24. Our nation levied duties at certain fixed rates upon wine.
    国家根据固定税率对酒征了税。
~+to- v
  1. It is the primary duty of medicine to save life.
    医学的首要任务是治病救人。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
do duty for
    充作; 当…用 serve in place of; act as substitute for
do one's duty
    尽职,尽本分,尽义务 do things which one must do, because one thinks it right
duty bound
    责无旁贷,义不容辞 moral〔personal〕 obligation
on〔off〕 duty
    值〔不值〕班 engaged〔not engaged〕 in one's regular work

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+后置定语 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Take that which is thy duty.

    出自:Bible (Tyndale): Matthew
  • If A. be accountable to B. and B. releaseth him all his duties.

    出自: E. Coke

duty的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. duty表示“职责”时,是可数名词; 表示“义务”时,是不可数名词。作“税”解时,是可数名词,且常用于复数形式。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
duty, obligation
  • 这两个词都指“义务”, duty多指“永远的义务”,如duty to one's country; obligation指临时性或一次性的义务,如obligation to wipe the car。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自盎格鲁法语的duete;最初源自古典拉丁语的debitus(debere的过去分词),意为欠,负债。
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