attempt

  核心词汇  
[ə'tempt]     [ə'tempt]    
  • v.企图;尝试
  • n.企图;试图
attemptable attempter attempted attempted attempting attempts
new

attempt是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 试图做,试图,努力,试,尝试,设法,企图,力图,努力去做
  2. 试图攻占,意欲夺取,试图夺取,袭击,攻击
  3. 窥伺,觊觎
  4. <古>诱惑
  5. 企图杀害
  6. 竭力反对
n.(名词)
  1. 尝试,企图,努力,试图,尽力
  2. 攻击,袭击,进攻,试图夺取
  3. 【律】未遂(罪)
  4. 企图杀害

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 试图; 尝试 make an effort at; try to do sth, especially without succeeding
n.(名词)
  1. [C]尝试,试图,企图 an effort made to do sth

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
attempt : 尝试, 企图 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
attempt : 尝试 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something;

    "made an effort to cover all the reading material"
    "wished him luck in his endeavor"
    "she gave it a good try"

  2. the act of attacking;

    "attacks on women increased last year"
    "they made an attempt on his life"

Verb:
  1. make an effort or attempt;

    "He tried to shake off his fears"
    "The infant had essayed a few wobbly steps"
    "The police attempted to stop the thief"
    "He sought to improve himself"
    "She always seeks to do good in the world"

  2. enter upon an activity or enterprise

attempt的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. He attempted to smother up the scandal about his family.
    他企图掩饰有关他家庭的丑闻。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The enemy failed in their attempt to land on the island.
    敌人在岛上登陆的企图失败了。
  2. He studied hard in an attempt to pass the exam.
    他努力学习试图通过考试。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He attempted the exam but failed.
    他试图通过考试但失败了。
  2. He is attempting a difficult task.
    他正在试图完成一项困难的任务。
  3. If you wish it so much I shall attempt it.
    如果你希望做这件事,那我就试试吧。
  4. He did not attempt the last question in the examination.
    他放弃了考试中的最后一道题。
  5. During these two years they attempted many scientific experiments.
    这两年中他们试图进行许多科学试验。
  6. They attempted the almost impossible thing.
    他们想干的是件几乎不可能干成的事。
  7. We mustn't attempt unrestricted expansion regardless if it is within our capacity.
    我们不能不顾自己的能力企图无限制地发展。
  8. It's better not to attempt too much at one time.
    一次最好不要企图干过多的工作。
  9. 用于be ~ed结构
  10. A large robbery was attempted by the thieves.
    这些窃贼图谋进行一次大规模抢劫。
  11. The judge's life was attempted.
    有人企图杀害法官。
S+~+to- v
  1. We'll attempt to solve the problem.
    我们将努力解决这个问题。
  2. They will attempt to do it.
    他们将试图做这件事。
  3. Don't attempt to do so much in such a short time.
    不要想在这么短的时间内干这么多的事。
  4. They're laudably attempting to carry out the plan.
    他们正试图执行这一计划,精神可嘉。
  5. He attempted to get in touch with them but without success.
    他试图和他们联系,但没有成功。
  6. I have attempted to give an explanation of this fact.
    我对这一事实已经尽力地作了解释。
  7. The old couple will attempt to leave the town as soon as possible.
    这对老夫妇想要尽快离开这个小城。
  8. I attempted to leave without being known, but failed.
    我原打算偷偷走,但是未能走成。
  9. Before they fled the country, the enemy attempted to destroy the factories.
    在逃往国外之前,敌人企图把工厂毁掉。
  10. He attempted to speak but was told to be quiet.
    他试图发言,却被告知要保持沉默。
  11. He attempted to mediate their differences.
    他试图调停他们的分歧。
  12. They attempted to go on with the work but couldn't.
    他们想继续干下去,但不行了。
  13. I'd rather not attempt to guess what the result will be.
    我不愿去猜测会有什么样的结果。
  14. He attempted to find the old woman.
    他试图找到那个老妇人。
  15. The doctor attempted to save the dying man.
    医生试图挽救那个生命垂危的病人。
  16. The enemy charged up the mountain, attempting to knock out our forces.
    敌人向山上冲锋,企图把我们的兵力摧毁掉。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. We'll attempt solving the problem.
    我们将努力解决这个问题。
  2. He attempted doing it.
    他曾试图做这件事。
  3. I attempted walking along the rope.
    我试着走绳索。
  4. The enemy attempted breaking through our lines.
    敌人企图冲破我们的防线。
  5. I attempted walking until I fell over.
    我试着走一走,最后摔倒了。
  6. They're laudably attempting carrying out the plan.
    他们正在精神可嘉地试图执行这一计划。
  7. The enemy vainly attempted destroying the bridge.
    敌人妄图破坏这座桥梁。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. News of the attempted deal soon leaked out.
    企图进行这项交易的消息不久泄漏出来。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Further attempts are being made at solving this problem.
    正在做进一步的尝试以解决这个问题。
  2. It's useless to make a further attempt.
    无须做进一步尝试。
  3. He made the attempt again and again without success.
    他屡次尝试均未成功。
  4. He gave up the attempt.
    他放弃了那个企图。
  5. After repeated attempts they finally succeeded.
    经过反复尝试,他们终于成功了。
  6. I passed my driving test at the third attempt.
    我第三次才通过了汽车驾驶员行驶执照的考试。
  7. The old couple had set aside other feelings in an attempt to hold the family together.
    老两口把别的感情都撇在一边,设法把这个家庭捏在一起。
  8. He failed in the attempt to climb the mountain.
    在试图爬山中他失败了。
  9. She made a last attempt to write a novel.
    她做最后一次写小说的尝试。
  10. The attempt to murder him had failed.
    谋杀他的企图失败了。
  11. He began a new attempt to solve the problem.
    他开始做解决这一问题的新尝试。
  12. He made a brave attempt to save the child's life.
    他奋勇营救那小孩的性命。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
attempt at
  1. 在…方面的试图 an effort made to do sth at sth

    He made an attempt at escaping from jail. 他试图越狱逃跑。

attempt on
  1. 试图做 an effort made to do sth on sth

    They made an attempt on a fortress. 他们试图夺取这一要塞。

attempt on one's life
  1. 试图谋杀某人 the attempt to kill sb

    They made an attempt on his life. 他们要谋害他的性命。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • They have awak'd, And 'tis not done. Th' attempt, and not the deed, Confounds us.

    出自:Macbeth,Shakespeare
  • [He] flung away his life in a gallant attempt to save a servant who had fallen overboard.

    出自:J. M. Barrie
  • I tried to smile, but I made a rather poor attempt at it.

    出自:J. Marquand
  • All attempts to meet her have failed so far.

    出自:L. Durrell
  • If thou attempt it, it will cost thee dear.

    出自:Othello,Shakespeare
  • To embolden her to attempt extorting the right of investitures.

    出自:D. Hume
  • Tiberius answered..that his troops were not yet fit to attempt the task.

    出自:R. Graves
  • He attempted to smile back at him, but found it difficult.

    出自:W. Trevor

attempt的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. attempt后可加不定式,如attempt to do,也可加介词和动名词勾结,如attempt at doing,不过习惯上,不定式的用法更为普遍;
  2. 作为名词时,attempt是指可数的尝试,要注意不能随便省略掉冠词an,如make an attempt。也可以说an attempt to do it和an attempt at doing it,或者是不用冠词,如make little attempt,without attempt
  3. 使用attempt时,要注意双重否定的错误。

    The work was attempted to be done quickly.
    An attempt was made to do the work quickly.
    第一句的说法是错误的,第二句才是正确的,指“尝试将工作做得更快”。

v.(动词)
  1. attempt的基本意思是“尝试”,指某人需要很大的勇气第一次做一次具体的努力或尝试做事的艰难过程,它只强调动作实际开始,其结果可能成功,也可能失败,往往带有“妄图”的意味。
  2. attempt后可接名词、代词、动词不定式或动名词作宾语,动词不定式或动名词作宾语所表达的意思几乎相同,但由于习惯,用不定式时较多些。
  3. attempt比较正式,多用于书面语。
  4. attempt的过去分词attempted在句中可用作定语。
n.(名词)
  1. attempt的基本意思是“尝试”,引申可表示“企图”,是可数名词。
  2. attempt在句中可用作主语或宾语,其后也可接动词不定式作定语。
  3. attempt后面也可以接介词at引起的短语,表示“在…方面的试图”,偶尔也可接介词on或upon,表示“试图做…”。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
attempt, endeavour, try
这组词都有“尝试”或“设法 ”的意思。它们之间的区别是:
1.attempt只用作及物动词,强调“希望成功”,但不一定成功,是正式用语。例如:
We attempted a race.我们试图进行一次比赛。
It would be a waste of time to attempt the impossible.试图做办不到的事是浪费时间。
2.endeavour在作“努力”“尽力”解时,是褒义词,指为了完成某事而作出巨大的努力,尤其在面临困难的时候。例如:
The UN is endeavouring to establish peace.联合国正在为世界和平而努力。
Galieo endeavoured to prove that the earth rotates around the sun.伽利略尽力证明地球是绕着太阳转的。
3.try既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词,强调通过多种努力,力争取得成功,还有“审讯,审理”的意思,常用于日常口语中。例如:
I don't think I can do it, but I'll try.我认为我做不来那个,但我愿试一试。
If you can't do it the first time, try again.要是你第一次做不成,就再试一下。
Who is going to try the case?谁将审理此案件?
attempt try endeavour strive
这些动词均含有“试图,努力,力图”之意。
  • attempt:attempt较正式用词,侧重已经开始,且希望完成,但常隐含着不一定有预期的结果。
  • try:try普通用词,可与attempt换用,但强调努力或尝试,后跟不定式表示努力或争取;后跟动名词表示尝试。
  • endeavour:endeavour正式用词,指尽最大努力、认真地克服困难去做某事。
  • strive:strive和endeavour一样,表示付出巨大努力,但strive侧重劳累与紧张,而不强调努力的结果。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 提前离开的企图是违反规章的。

    Any attempt leaving early is against regulations.

    Any attempt to leave early is against regulations.

    attempt后面的同位语修饰语只能是动词不定式,不能是动名词。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:the main mortgage rate is up only a quarter per cent in an attempt to limit the pain.

    纠正:the rise in the main mortgage rate has been restricted to a quarter per cent in an attempt to limit the pain.

    翻译:企图通过将总抵押率的上升限制在0.25%去减少痛苦。

    分析:句中需要有一个动词去作为in an attempt to的依托,故加rise。

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪初期英入进语,直接源自古法语的attempter,意为试图;最初源自拉丁语的attemptare:ad (去) + temptare (尝试),意为尝试。

attempt的相关资料:

正版词典

attempt : 尝试;努力 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • attempt:attempt n. 努力, 尝试, 企图vt. 尝试, 企图 英英解释:名词attempt:1. earnest and conscientious activity intended to do…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词