chance

  基本词汇  
[tʃɑːns]     [tʃæns]    
  • n. 可能性;机会;偶然性
  • v. 偶然发生;碰巧;冒 ... (的险)
chanced chanced chancing chances
new

chance的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 冒险
  2. 偶然,意外
  3. 运气,命运
  4. 侥幸,幸运
  5. 可能性,或然性,希望
  6. 机会,良机,际遇
  7. 赌博
  8. 偶然事件,意外事件
  9. 机缘,概率,几率
v. (动词)
  1. 偶然被发现,偶然发现
  2. 偶然发生,碰巧,偶然,无意
  3. 冒…的险,拿...冒风险,冒险一试
  4. 赌(钱)
  5. 料不到会
  6. 偶然得到
  7. 试试看,碰碰看,碰碰运气(试一试)
  8. 抓住(机会)
  9. 有运气
  10. 对(某事)听任命运
adj. (形容词)
  1. 偶然的,碰巧的
  2. 意想不到的,意外的,出其不意的
  3. 随便的,不定时的
adv. (副词)
  1. 偶然,碰巧

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]机会; 时机 a time when you can do sth
  2. [C]某事物发生的可能性 a possibility that sth may happen
  3. [U]碰运气的事; 运气 sth that happens that you cannot control; luck
v. (动词)
  1. vi. 偶然发生 happen by accident or unexpectedly
  2. vt. 冒险 take a risk

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances;

    "the holiday gave us the opportunity to visit Washington"
    "now is your chance"

  2. an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another;

    "bad luck caused his downfall"
    "we ran into each other by pure chance"

  3. a risk involving danger;

    "you take a chance when you let her drive"

  4. a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible;

    "the probability that an unbiased coin will fall with the head up is 0.5"

  5. the possibility of future success;

    "his prospects as a writer are excellent"

Adjective:
  1. occurring or appearing or singled out by chance;

    "seek help from casual passers-by"
    "a casual meeting"
    "a chance occurrence"

Verb:
  1. be the case by chance;

    "I chanced to meet my old friend in the street"

  2. take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome;

    "When you buy these stocks you are gambling"

  3. come upon, as if by accident; meet with;

    "We find this idea in Plato"
    "I happened upon the most wonderful bakery not very far from here"
    "She chanced upon an interesting book in the bookstore the other day"

chance的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. That would be a daunting task with little chance of success.
    那样做的话任务过于艰巨,且成功的可能性微乎其微。
  2. Is there any chance of getting tickets for tonight's performance?
    有可能得到今晚演出的票吗?
  3. Please give me a chance to explain.
    请给我个机会让我解释一下。
  4. I never miss a chance of playing football.
    我从不错过踢足球的机会。
  5. We may lose a lot of support, but that's a chance we'll have to take.
    我们或许会失去很多支持,但这个风险我们必须冒一冒。
  6. I met her quite by chance.
    我遇见她完全是偶然的。
  7. A chance meeting brought the two old friends together again.
    偶然的相遇使两位老朋友重新聚首。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. If it should chance to rain we'll take a taxi home.
    万一要下雨的话,我们就乘出租车回家。
  2. Perhaps you might chance on the dictionary at some old bookstall.
    或许你会碰巧在旧书摊上买到这本辞典。
  3. We were very lucky to chance on him in the reading room.
    我们非常幸运地在阅览室里遇到了他。
  4. It may be risky but we will chance it anyhow.
    这可能有危险, 但我们无论如何要冒一冒险。
  5. We'll have to chance meeting an enemy patrol.
    我们不得不冒著可能遇上敌人巡逻兵的危险。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I think you have a splendid chance.
    我相信你的机会挺好。
  2. A wise man turns chance into good fortune.
    一个聪明人能把机会变成好运。
  3. We planned we'd take the chance and visit a bit of your factory.
    我们打算顺便到你们厂去参观一下。
  4. A good knowledge of English will improve their chances of employment.
    英语好将有助于增加他们的就业机会。
  5. I have not any chance of telling him the inner story.
    我没有机会跟他讲其中的内幕。
  6. I think I've got a good chance of winning.
    我认为我很有可能取胜。
  7. I had the chance of visiting Sydney.
    我曾有机会访问悉尼。
  8. The team's victory consolidated its chance for the championship.
    该队的获胜增加了夺取冠军的机会。
  9. Here is an excellent chance for you.
    你有个极好的机会。
  10. His chances for recovery are favorable.
    他病愈的可能性很大。
  11. Give me time; I haven't had a chance to think about it.
    给我时间,我一直没有时间去思考这件事。
  12. Their chance to go abroad was lost.
    他们出国的机会已失去。
  13. He gave me no chance to reply.
    他没有给我回答的机会。
  14. He got a chance to go to college for further studies.
    他获得上大学深造的机会。
  15. This is a good chance for me to practise speaking English.
    这是我练习讲英语的好机会。
  16. The machine has had no proper chance to do its work.
    那部机器一直没有发挥作用的适当机会。
  17. The man runs the chance of being killed.
    那男子冒着被杀的危险。
  18. He had the chance of being presented to the chairman in the office.
    他有幸在办公室被主席召见。
  19. It offers little chance of success.
    成功的机会很小。
  20. It's wise to widen your chance of appointment.
    增加你被信任的可能性是明智的。
  21. They rate the president's chances of living through his crisis are fifty-fifty.
    他们认为,总统渡过危机的可能性是一半对一半。
  22. They would have little chance to survive against our might.
    在我们的强大力量面前,他们几乎无法继续生存下去。
  23. He has only one chance in fifty to make it a success.
    他办成这件事的希望只有50%。
  24. There's little chance that the situation will improve.
    形势好转的可能性很小。
  25. There's a chance that I will see her.
    我有可能见到她。
  26. The chances are against snow in May.
    五月不可能下雪。
  27. The chances are two to one against us.
    可能是二比一,形势对我们不利。
  28. Let's take the chance and buy these goods.
    让我们碰碰运气,买下这些货物。
  29. The boy had been climbing on the rocks with a couple of chance acquaintance.
    那个男孩和几个偶然相识的伙伴爬上了那些岩石。
  30. He was a chance acquaintance, someone I'd met on a train journey.
    他只是我在一次乘火车时萍水相逢的旅伴。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~+to- v
  1. He chanced to save the man.
    他曾偶然救过这个人。
  2. I chanced to hear the mumbled conversation in the subway.
    那段含糊不清的话是我恰巧在地铁里听见的。
  3. If it should chance to rain, we'll take a taxi home.
    万一碰上天下雨,我们就坐出租汽车回家。
  4. She chanced to be in.
    她碰巧在家。
  5. I chanced to be out when he called me.
    当他打电话给我的时候,我碰巧出去了。
  6. Should there chance to be a fire tonight, let's use the fire extinguisher.
    今晚如发生火灾,我们该用灭火器。
用作系动词 It ~ed that...
  1. It chanced that someone found the lost ring.
    可能有人拾到了丢失的戒指。
  2. It chanced that the winter of that year was severe one.
    碰巧那年冬天特别冷。
  3. It chanced that I was out when he called.
    他来访时碰巧我不在家。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I wonder if you can get it, but let's chance our arm.
    我不知道能不能成功,不过让我们碰碰运气吧。
  2. You shouldn't chance all your money at once.
    你不应该一下子把所有的钱都拿来冒险。
  3. It may be risky but we will chance it anyhow.
    这可能有危险,但我们无论如何要冒一冒险。
  4. Though it's dangerous I'll chance it.
    虽然很危险,但我要碰一碰运气。
  5. I'll do it and chance the luck.
    不管三七二十一我都会做的。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. Should we chance getting home before it snows?
    我们是否碰碰运气在下雪前赶到家?
  2. Father will not chance driving on the icy roads.
    父亲不愿意冒险在结冰的道路上开车。
  3. We'll have to chance meeting an enemy patrol.
    我们不得不冒着可能遇上敌人巡逻兵的危险。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
a fifty-fifty chance
    一半的可能性 half possibility
a game of chance
    碰运气的游戏 game dependent on luck
a smart chance of
    大量的,很多的 a great deal; a lot
an off chance
    微小的希望 almost no hope
as chance would have it
    凑巧; 碰巧 by coincidence; as it happens
by any chance
    或许; 可能 perhaps; possibly
by chance
    偶然地,意外地 by accident; accidentally; unintentionally
by some chance
    不知为啥 having no idea for what
cat's〔snowball's〕 chance in hell
    毫无机会,机会渺茫 even the remotest chance of all
chance in a million
    希望渺茫 very remote chance, virtual impossibility
chance meeting〔encounter〕
    偶尔相遇 meeting by chance
chance of a lifetime
    一生难得的机会,千载难逢的机会 an exceptional opportunity
chances are (that...)
    很可能发生的情况 the probability is
chances are even〔against it〕
    胜败各半的机会〔不可能〕 it is equally possible〔unlikely〕
fancy one's chances
    过分自信会成功 be overconfident that one will succeed
fighting〔sporting〕 chance
    成败均有可能的公平机会 fair〔reasonable〕 chance
give a chance
    给(某人)一次机会; 讲点道理吧 let sb have another chance
    give sb a chance

    I made a mistake but you should give me a chance.

    我犯了一次错误,但你应该给我一次机会。

have as much chance as a snowflake in hell
    毫无希望 no hope at all
leave nothing to chance
    把事情做得四平八稳,不留漏洞 make things well organized
leave things to chance
    顺其自然; 听天由命 trust to luck
long chance
    冒相当大的险; 没有多大把握的事情 take a great risk; be unsure
(no) earthly chance/fat chance
    可能性很小 (not even) the remotest chance
on the chance of
    怀有…的希望; 期望 in the hope; in view of the possibility
on the off chance
    万一,对…抱着微小的希望 in case; in the hope
run a chance of
    冒险 risk
stand a good/fair chance of
    有…的希望 be fairly likely to
take a chance〔chances〕
    冒险 behave riskily
take no chances〔not take chances〕
    不冒险,对…提防一手 not take a risk
take one's chance
    碰运气,听凭命运 take whatever happens to come
the main chance
    发财的机会; 得意的机会 opportunity of making money
用作动词 (v.)
chance on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
    偶然找到,遇到 happen to meet sb or find sth
    chance on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    They chanced on a dying wolf.

    他们偶然遇到一只奄奄一息的狼。

    You might chance on the thing you need in the store.

    在这个店里你也许能碰到你所需要的东西。

    He chanced on the solution to his problem.

    他偶然找到了解决问题的办法。

    On our vacation we chanced upon an interesting antique store.

    我们度假时无意中发现一家有趣的古玩店。

    I was looking for the book I wanted, and chanced upon another with the same title.

    我正在找我所要的那本书,却碰到同样的一本书。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The chance of war Is equal, and the slayer oft is slain.

    出自: W. C. Bryant
  • It was pure chance that was now to bring us together.

    出自: W. Plomer
  • Him chaunst to meete..A faithlesse Sarazin.

    出自: Spenser
  • If it so chance that we be separated, let each make for London Bridge.

    出自: M. Twain
  • An occasion chanced to present itself.

    出自: H. James
  • They fell silent, wondering what would chance.

    出自: Tolkien
  • My mother chanced to be passing.

    出自: D. Murphy

chance的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. chance作“机会”解时,用以指能做某事的一种侥幸的或偶然的机会或可能性,它的修饰语可以是of或for短语,也可以是动词不定式或that从句。
  2. chance可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词,表示“可能性”时,多用复数。
  3. chance还可作“机遇”“运气”“偶然性”解,是不可数名词。
v. (动词)
  1. chance的基本意思是无原因、无计划地发生或出现,常译为“偶然〔碰巧〕发生”。引申可表示“冒险”。
  2. chance作“偶然发生”解时是不及物动词,可接动词不定式,不过这个不定式并不表示目的、原因或结果,而是与chance构成一个短语动词,在句中作谓语。
  3. It chanced that...结构中的chance可视为系动词。
  4. chance作“冒险”解时是及物动词,可接名词或动名词作宾语。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
chance, occasion, opportunity
  • 这组词都有“机会”“机遇”“运气”的意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.chance常与opportunity互换使用,但occasion常指一般性的机会,而opportunity则多指特殊的机会。
  • 2.chance含有侥幸的意味,而opportunity则含有期待的意味。chance常表示可能性,而opportunity则无此义。例如:
  • I had no chance〔opportunity〕 to see him.我没有机会见到他。
  • They had no chance〔opportunity〕 to escape.他们没有逃跑的机会。
  • He has few occasions to speak English.他很少有机会讲英语。
  • I never miss a chance〔an opportunity〕 of playing football.我从不放弃踢足球的机会。
  • Chance plays an important part in many card games.在很多纸牌游戏中,运气起着重要的作用。
  • The chances are ten to one that we will win.我们获胜的可能性是10比1。
  • chance, fortune, luck
  • 这三个词的共同意思是“运气”。其区别是:
  • luck是口语用词,可指好的或坏的运气,没有修饰语时,多指好运,往往含有成功或愉快之义;chance侧重偶然的、无法推测的因素;fortune指决定或影响未来的机遇,常含有变幻无常和人力无法改变的意味。例如:
  • We had the luck to get the best seats.我们真幸运,得到了最好的座位。
  • Chance plays an important part in many card games.在许多纸牌游戏中运气起很大作用。
  • What wonderful fortune she was enjoying!她多走运啊!
  • v. (动词)
    chance, come off, take place
  • 这组词(组)的共同意思是“发生”。其区别在于:
  • 1.chance含有“偶然”发生的意味; take place和come off常指按计划“发生”。例如:
  • On our vacation we chanced upon an interesting antique store.我们度假时无意中发现一家有趣的古玩店。
  • The sports meet came off in spite of the rain.尽管下雨运动会仍如期举行了。
  • The talk is scheduled to take place tomorrow morning at eight o'clock.预定明早8时举行会谈。
  • 2.take place的主语只能是事物; come off强调出现的结果。例如:
  • What may take place with telephones in the future?将来电话会发生什么变化呢?
  • The wedding came off in spite of Jim and Mary's last minute quarrel.尽管吉姆和玛丽结婚前最后一刻还在争吵,婚礼还是正常举行了。
  • 3.chance是一个较庄重并带有几分古风的用语。例如:
  • It chanced that the winter of that year was a severe one.碰巧,那年冬天特别寒冷。
  • chance, endanger, hazard, imperil, risk, venture
  • 这组词都可表示“有失败或受伤害的可能”。其区别是:
  • venture强调冒险的勇气和获得成功的可能,而不太侧重结果; chance不顾及行动或过程中的冒险成分,而寄希望于幸运; endanger强调面临危险,但本身不侧重冒险; imperil也强调面临危险,但更侧重不可肯定和危险的紧迫性; hazard侧重有失掉的危险,强调不确定,获得好结果的希望不大; risk更强调面对真正的危险。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的cheance,意为偶然事件,色子掷下;最初源自古典拉丁语的cadentem,意为下落。
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