try

  基本词汇  
[traɪ]     [traɪ]    
  • v.试验;尝试;设法;努力;审判;考验
  • n.尝试;试验;(橄榄球)持球触地得分
tries tried tried trying tries
new

try是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 试验,试用,尝试,试
  2. 努力,争取,尽力
  3. 【律】审判,审问,审理,审讯
  4. 考验
  5. 试行,试着推 ,试穿
  6. 磨练,折磨,使苦恼
  7. 试图,想要,设法,试做
  8. 企图
  9. 榨(油),从(肥肉)炼(油)
  10. 提炼(金属)
n.(名词)
  1. 尝试,试,试验
  2. 努力,试图
  3. 【橄】触球,持球触地得分,在对方球门线上带球触地,向球门踢球的权利
  4. 试摔
  5. 进攻权
  6. 审理,审判
adj.(形容词)
  1. (平面等)平的

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 试图,努力 make an effort or attempt (to do sth); endeavour
  2. vt. & vi. 实验,试用 test; experiment
  3. vt. 考验、磨炼 put a severe test to; stretch almost to limit; cause to suffer, annoy, etc.
  4. vt. 审讯,审理 inquire into (a case) in a court of law
n.(名词)
  1. [C]尝试 an attempt to do sth

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
try : 尝试, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
try : 尝试, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
try : 尝试 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
try : 尝试, 努力 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something;

    "made an effort to cover all the reading material"
    "wished him luck in his endeavor"
    "she gave it a good try"

Verb:
  1. make an effort or attempt;

    "He tried to shake off his fears"
    "The infant had essayed a few wobbly steps"
    "The police attempted to stop the thief"
    "He sought to improve himself"
    "She always seeks to do good in the world"

  2. put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to;

    "This approach has been tried with good results"
    "Test this recipe"

  3. put on trial or hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of;

    "The football star was tried for the murder of his wife"
    "The judge tried both father and son in separate trials"

  4. take a sample of;

    "Try these new crackers"
    "Sample the regional dishes"

  5. examine or hear (evidence or a case) by judicial process;

    "The jury had heard all the evidence"
    "The case will be tried in California"

  6. give pain or trouble to;

    "I've been sorely tried by these students"

  7. test the limits of;

    "You are trying my patience!"

  8. melt (fat or lard) in order to separate out impurities;

    "try the yak butter"
    "render fat in a casserole"

  9. put on a garment in order to see whether it fits and looks nice;

    "Try on this sweater to see how it looks"

try的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I think I'll try my luck at roulette.
    我想玩玩轮盘赌碰碰运气。
  2. He is trying his best to understand his meaning.
    他正在尽力弄明白他的意思。
  3. Don't try to smooth over your faults.
    不要设法掩饰你的过错。
  4. He is trying his best to understand his meaning.
    他正在尽力弄明白他的意思。
  5. A youth was tried in the criminal court for stealing.
    一个青年因偷窃罪而在刑事庭受审。
  6. His courage was severely tried by his ordeal.
    他的勇气在艰难困苦中经受了严峻的考验。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. After a few tries they decided to give up.
    试了几次后,他们决定放弃。
  2. I just don't see why we shouldn't give it a try.
    我不明白怎么就不能试一下。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He didn't even try.
    他连试都没有试过。
  2. You never know what you can do till you try.
    你不试试,就不会知道自己能做什么。
  3. He tried but didn't succeed.
    他试了试,但没有成功。
  4. Why don't you try?
    你何不试一试?
  5. They don't have it. Let's try elsewhere.
    他们没有这个东西,咱们到别处试试。
  6. Try and eat a little.
    想法吃一点吧。
  7. Try and see whether you can get it fixed.
    你试试看,能否请人把它修好。
  8. I think we ought to try and come to some arrangement about it.
    我想,我们应当设法作出某种安排。
  9. Don't worry,I'll try and teach you.
    别着急,我来想法教你。
  10. Let's try and ease their food problem a little.
    我们来想想办法,帮助他们缓和一下食品问题。
  11. I don't think I can do it, but I'll try.
    我认为我做不了这事,但我愿试一试。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I'll try some aspirin.
    我吃点阿司匹林试试。
  2. Try some of this.
    尝点这个。
  3. Do try some Maotai.
    一定要尝尝茅台。
  4. I'll just try a drop, then.
    那么我就尝一点儿吧。
  5. I'd like to try chopsticks.
    我想试着使使筷子。
  6. Thank you. I've never tried a Chinese cigarette.
    谢谢,我还没有抽过中国烟呢。
  7. They tried all the usual methods to reduce the swelling, but nothing worked.
    他们试着用通常的办法消肿,但不成功。
  8. Let's try something else.
    咱们用别的办法试试。
  9. Time tries all things.
    时间考验一切。
  10. He must try his own opinions in the debate.
    他得在这次辩论中考验一下自己的意见。
  11. Rheumatism tries me a great deal.
    风湿病折磨得我够呛。
  12. Small print tries our eyes.
    看小号字体很费眼。
  13. Don't try your eyes by working in a dim light.
    不要在光线暗的地方工作把眼睛损害了。
  14. The child tried his patience to the utmost.
    孩子闹得他都几乎没有耐心了。
  15. Which judge will try the case?
    哪位法官将审理此案?
  16. So they tried him and sentenced him to twenty-five years in prison.
    于是他们对他进行了审讯,判处了他二十五年徒刑。
  17. He tried his hardest (try).
    他尽最大努力试一试。
  18. 用于be ~ed 结构
  19. Both plans have been tried, but without success.
    两个办法都试了试,但没有成功。
  20. Each machine is tried before it leaves the shops.
    每台机器运出车间之前,都要试用一下。
  21. Each instrument is tried before it is packed.
    每一件仪器在包装前都经过试用检验。
  22. The poor man is very ill,he is sorely tried.
    这穷人病得很厉害,他受到了极大的痛苦。
  23. He was going to be tried by court martial.
    他将由军事法庭审判。
  24. The prisoners were tried for murder.
    这些犯人因犯杀人罪受审。
  25. Their case will be tried next week.
    他们的案子将在下周审理。
S+~+to- v
  1. He has been trying to solve the problem.
    他一直在设法解决这一问题。
  2. I'll try to improve.
    我要设法改进。
  3. We'll try to finish the work in a week.
    我们将努力在一周内完成这项工作。
  4. I'll try and come back by four o'clock.
    我争取在4点钟以前返回。
  5. It's difficult enough trying to make the trains run on time without having to contend with bad weather.
    即使不必与恶劣天气作斗争,设法使火车按正点运行也是够困难的。
  6. I'm trying to connect these two pieces of wire.
    我在设法把这两根电线接在一起。
  7. The enemy was trying to throw a fire barrier across our path.
    敌人在企图用火挡住我们的去路。
  8. I tried hard to restrain myself.
    我极力克制自己。
  9. Wait till I send you word. Don't try to connect me.
    等我带信给你。不要来找我。
  10. Doctors are trying to confine the disease within the city.
    医生正试图将此病控制在城内。
  11. Doctors have been trying to combat against this disease for years.
    医生们多年来一直试图战胜这种疾病。
  12. She felt that it was hopeless to try to clean her hand of the blood.
    她感到她双手上的血迹是洗不干净的。
  13. I have been ill for two weeks, and so I must try to catch up with my work.
    我病了两个星期,因此必须想办法把工作补上。
  14. He was captured trying to escape from the country.
    他企图逃出国境时被抓获。
  15. We should try to learn economic theory and apply it.
    我们应努力学习经济理论并能应用。
  16. We should first try and acquaint ourselves with the new job.
    我们先要设法熟悉这新工作。
  17. If you try and intimidate us by threats, you'll get more than you bargained for.
    如果你想用恐吓来威胁我们,其后果将不是你所能料想到的。
  18. I really must try and see Mary this afternoon.
    我今天下午一定要设法见到玛丽。
  19. We must try and carry on as if nothing had happened.
    我们必须继续下去,只当作什么都没有发生过。
  20. Did you try and do it?
    你试图做过这件事吗?
  21. Try not to break it.
    注意别打破了。
  22. Don't try to excuse yourself.
    不要试着为自己开脱。
  23. Don't try to bring pressure to bear on him; let him make the decision himself.
    别给他施加压力,让他自己作出决定。
  24. Don't worry. I'll try and help you.
    别着急,我来想办法帮助你。
  25. Let's try to clear up our difficult and doubtful points.
    让我们设法把难点和疑点解决一下。
  26. Let's try to make the best use of our resources and cut the production costs to the bone.
    我们要充分利用资源,最大限度地降低产品成本。
  27. Let's try and make it clear.
    让我们尽力把它弄清楚。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. He tried speaking English fast.
    他试着把英语说很快。
  2. She tried writing out her views.
    她试着把自己的看法写下来。
  3. Try cleaning it with petrol.
    试用汽油把它擦干净。
  4. We'll try doing the work in other way.
    我们要试试用别的方法做这工作。
  5. He tried cooking lunch.
    他试着做午饭。
  6. The cotton-growing group tried raising cotton seedlings in cold beds and then transplanting them.
    这个植棉组试验棉花冷床育苗移栽。
  7. The enemy tried cutting off their retreat, but didn't succeed.
    敌人试着切断他们的退路,但没有成功。
  8. I wouldn't try chatting her up if I were you.
    我要是你,就不会设法跟她搭讪。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. Try what you can do.
    试试看你能有什么办法。
  2. Let's try which takes most.
    咱们试试哪种办法费时间最多。
  3. Try whether you can lift the box.
    试试看你能否提起这箱子。
  4. He tried whether he could stand up by himself.
    他试着看,是否能自己站起来。
  5. Try whether you can jump over it.
    试试看你能否从上面跳过去。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. She tried herself to describe what she remembered.
    她尽量说出她记得的情况。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He cast off fear and decided to make a try.
    他去掉害怕心理,决定试一试。
  2. Come on, give it a try.
    来,试试看。
  3. They have made a good try.
    他们作了一次好的尝试。
  4. If you can't do it, let me have a try.
    如果你干不了这事,让我来试试看。
  5. I had three tries and failed each time.
    我试了三次,但每次都失败了。
  6. After several tries they finally succeeded.
    经过几次尝试,他们最后成功了。
  7. The first try was not successful.
    第一次试验没有成功。
  8. I don't know whether I can mend the clock, but I'll have a try at it.
    我不知道我能否修好这个钟,但我要试一试。
  9. He had a try at solving the problem.
    他试图解决这个问题。
  10. You may not get the job, but at least you can have a try for it.
    你可能得不到这个工作,但至少可以争取一下。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
try after (v.+prep.)
  1. 谋求; 争取 try for try after sth

    They all tried after the first prize.他们都力争获得头奖。

    He tried after the post of secretary, but was too late to be considered for it.他想谋求秘书职务,可是为时太晚,别人已无法考虑。

try one's best
  1. 竭尽全力; 尽力 do the best one can; do all one can try one's best

    Whatever you do, try your best.无论你做什么,都要尽力而为。

    try one's best to-v

    He tried his best to help us.他尽力帮助我们。

    Now that the decision has been made, we must try our best to carry it out.既然已经作出决定,我们就必须尽自己最大的努力去执行。

    Let's try our best to get the task fulfilled ahead of schedule.让我们尽力提前完成任务。

    He tried his best to verify this theory.他想尽一切办法来验证这个理论。

    She tried her best to be calm.她尽量冷静。

try for (v.+prep.)
  1. 谋求,争取 attempt to win or secure try for sth

    He thought of trying for a position in a research institute.他想设法在一个研究机构找个工作。

    He'll be trying for the 3000 metre title at the coming school track-and-field meet.在即将举行的校田径赛中,他将争取获得三千米赛跑第一名。

    With a school record like yours I'm puzzled why you didn't try for a university scholarship.我不明白你有这样的学习成绩为什么不申请大学奖学金。

  2. 试试大小 test size; try sth to find out whether it fits one try it for size

    This is a sixty. Try it for size.这是60号的,试试它的大小合不合适。

    I'm sure this coat will suit you,Madam, why don't you try it for size?太太,我敢肯定这件外套您正合适,您为什么不试一下呢?

try on (v.+adv.)
  1. 试穿 put on (garments, shoes, etc.) to see whether they fit

    Try this brown skirt on next. 请您再试试这条棕色裙子。

    I'm going to the tailor's to try on my new suit. 我正要去裁缝店试我的新西装。

    Try the shoe on and see if it fits you. 试穿一下这鞋,看看是否合脚。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Several pairs of shoes were tried on, but none of them were satisfactory. 试了好几双鞋了,但没有一双是令人满意的。

  2. 耍花招,哄骗attempt to deceive

    The passenger declared that he had lost his ticket, but the inspector suspected that he was trying it on, and that actually he had not paid his fare. 乘客宣称他的票丢失了,但是查票员怀疑他在哄骗,实际上他并没有买票。

    The boy isn't ill at all; he is just trying it on, so he won't have to go to school. 这男孩根本没有病,只是装病而已,以便不去上学。

    He tried on his little games with us, but failed to win our sympathy. 他跟我们耍了点小花招,但没得到我们的同情。

try out (v.+adv.)
  1. 试用; 试验test sth by use or experience try sb/sth ⇔ out

    The director is trying out some actors for the new play.导演为那个新戏正在让几个演员试演。

    We won't be able to tell what skills the man has until we try him out.要等试用一个时期以后,我们才能知道这人有什么专长。

    The government is trying out various new types of computers.政府正在试用多种新型电脑。

    Before I purchase that car,I'd like to try it out.买那辆汽车前我想试驾驶一下。

    We won't know if the plan is good till we have tried it out.这个计划在试行之前我们很难说是不是可行。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    This new engine must be thoroughly tried out before being put on the market.这种新式发动机在投放市场之前一定要进行全面的试验。

    I should not like to express an opinion on the plan until it has been tried out.在这项计划没有试行以前我不想对它发表意见。

    The idea seems good, but it needs to be tried out.这想法似乎很好,但要经过彻底试验。

  2. 选拔test sb for a place on a team or in a group try out for sth

    They tried out for the football team.他们参加了足球队员的选拔赛。

    Are you going to try out for the volleyball team?你准备参加排球队员的选拔吗?

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Even that was a lot to expect but it was worth a try.

    出自:W. Golding
  • A bad driver failing to back into a parking spacesten tries and no luck.

    出自:S. Bellow
  • A crisis..convinced me to give psychoanalysis a try.

    出自:B. Bettelheim
  • A murder case which was being tried.

    出自:W. March

try的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. try的基本意思是“试用”“努力”,指为完成某工作或验证某事实的目的而付出努力或作出尝试,但不指冒险做某事。
  2. try可作“考验”“磨炼”解,指用令人感到痛苦的人或事对某人的精神和肉体施加压力以测其忍耐力或自我控制力。
  3. try还可作“审讯”“审理”解,指人的罪过与清白的证实过程,而非结论,也可表示“检验”事物的真伪、价值、强度与效力等。
  4. try既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词、动名词、动词不定式、wh-从句作宾语。
  5. try可接同源宾语,其宾语在最高级形容词后常可省略。
  6. try无须用非人称代词代替前面的整个句子。
  7. try偶尔可接由动词不定式充当宾语补足语的复合宾语。
  8. try and to/- v 与try to- v 意思基本相同,但try and to/- v 比try to- v 更带有迫切的意味,常用于口语,而try to- v 多用于书面语。try and to/- v 只能用于现在时、将来时、祈使句、过去时一般疑问句。
n.(名词)
  1. try用作名词时意为“尝试”,是可数名词,后可接由at或for引起的介词短语。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
try to-v, try v-ing
这两个短语含义不同,前者意思是“试图或努力去做某事”,而后者意思是“试验一下某种方法”。例如:
  • try to climb the mountain
  • 设法向山上爬(未成功)
  • try climbing the mountain
  • 努力爬上山去(成功)
try, attempt, endeavour
这组词都有“尝试”或“设法 ”的意思。它们之间的区别是:
1.attempt只用作及物动词,强调“希望成功”,但不一定成功,是正式用语。例如:
We attempted a race.我们试图进行一次比赛。
It would be a waste of time to attempt the impossible.试图做办不到的事是浪费时间。
2.endeavour在作“努力”“尽力”解时,是褒义词,指为了完成某事而作出巨大的努力,尤其在面临困难的时候。例如:
The UN is endeavouring to establish peace.联合国正在为世界和平而努力。
Galieo endeavoured to prove that the earth rotates around the sun.伽利略尽力证明地球是绕着太阳转的。
3.try既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词,强调通过多种努力,力争取得成功,还有“审讯,审理”的意思,常用于日常口语中。例如:
I don't think I can do it, but I'll try.我认为我做不来那个,但我愿试一试。
If you can't do it the first time, try again.要是你第一次做不成,就再试一下。
Who is going to try the case?谁将审理此案件?
try to-v, manage to-v
manage to- v 指设法做成〔完成〕某事,含有成功之义; try to- v 指争取做成某事,但不一定成功。例如:
He managed to get the work done with very little help.在没有多少帮助的情况下,他把工作完成了。
He tried to get the work done with very little help.他争取在没有多少帮助的情况下完成工作。
n.(名词)
try at, try for
这两个短语的意思不同:try at的意思是“尝试”; 而try for的意思是“谋求,争取”。
attempt try endeavour strive
这些动词均含有“试图,努力,力图”之意。
  • attempt:attempt较正式用词,侧重已经开始,且希望完成,但常隐含着不一定有预期的结果。
  • try:try普通用词,可与attempt换用,但强调努力或尝试,后跟不定式表示努力或争取;后跟动名词表示尝试。
  • endeavour:endeavour正式用词,指尽最大努力、认真地克服困难去做某事。
  • strive:strive和endeavour一样,表示付出巨大努力,但strive侧重劳累与紧张,而不强调努力的结果。
trial experiment test try
这些名词均有“试验”之意。
  • trial:trial指为观察、研究某事物以区别其真伪、优劣或效果等而进行较长时间的试验或试用过程。
  • experiment:experiment多指用科学方法在实验室内进行较系统的操作实验以验证、解释或说明某一理论、定理或某一观点等。
  • test:test普通用词,含义广,指用科学方法对某物质进行测试以估价其性质或效能等。
  • try:try普通用词,多用于口语或非正式场合,指试一试。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 竭力强迫人遵从一项非常不得人心的规定是错误的。

    It is a mistake to try and force compliance with a regulation that is so unpopular.

    It is a mistake to try to force compliance with a regulation that is so unpopular.

    try and force常用于口语,听起来比较随便,不够庄重; 而try to force是比较正式的。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右入进英语,直接源自盎格鲁法语的trier;最初源自古法语的trier,意为挑出,选出。

try的相关资料:

正版词典

try : 尝试;试用 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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缩略词

try的相关缩略词,共有13

互动百科

  • try:名次解释 tryAHD:【tr篯D.J.:【trai】K.K.:【tra!】v.tried;AHD:【tr篸】 try.ing; tries;AHD:【tr簔】tryv.tr.To make an e…

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