surrendered

  常用词汇  
[sə'rendə(r)]     [sə'rendər]    
  • v. 投降;屈服;放弃
  • n. 投降;屈服;放弃
surrendered surrendered surrendering surrenders
new

surrender的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 放弃,抛弃
  2. (使)投降
  3. 听任,使...听摆布
  4. (使)自首
  5. 使沉溺于,放纵
  6. 屈服(于),对…让步
  7. 陷落,陷入
  8. 引渡,让渡
  9. 辞(职)
  10. 撤消(保险契约),退保,退还
  11. 按官价供应(产品)
  12. 断送
  13. 忘怀
  14. 交出,交给,献出,让与,让出
n. (名词)
  1. 交出,让与
  2. 放弃
  3. 投降,缴械
  4. 屈服,屈从,委身入怀
  5. 引渡,让渡
  6. 自首
  7. 解约
  8. 额定供应物品
  9. 无能无力

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 投降 give up sth to the possession or power of another; yield to
  2. vt. 放弃; 抛弃 yield up under pressure or from necessity; abandon possession of

英英释义

Noun:
  1. acceptance of despair

  2. a verbal act of admitting defeat

  3. the delivery of a principal into lawful custody

  4. the act of surrendering (usually under agreed conditions);

    "they were protected until the capitulation of the fort"

Verb:
  1. give up or agree to forgo to the power or possession of another;

    "The last Taleban fighters finally surrendered"

  2. relinquish possession or control over;

    "The squatters had to surrender the building after the police moved in"

surrender的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. It was shameful of them to surrender.
    他们投降是可耻的。
  2. We would rather die than surrender.
    我们宁死而不投降。
  3. They surrendered to the enemy.
    他们向敌人投降了。
  4. We can never surrender to him.
    而我们绝对不能够屈服。
  5. He agreed to surrender all claims to the property.
    他同意放弃对那笔财产的一切权利要求。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The garrison was starved into surrender.
    卫戍部队因遭到断粮而投降。
  2. A white flag is used as a token of surrender.
    白旗是用作投降的信号。
  3. He was lured into surrender by the enemy.
    他被敌人诱降了。
  4. Her father's surrender was her great triumph.
    她父亲的屈服是她的一大胜利。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. We shall never surrender.
    我们决不投降。
  2. They both refuse to surrender.
    他们俩都拒绝投降。
  3. In the end they were forced to surrender.
    最后他们被迫投降了。
  4. They surrendered, and accepted the situation.
    他们屈服且接受了这一局面。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. They surrendered the city.
    他们放弃了这座城市。
  2. Surrender your guns before going in.
    先把枪交出来才能进去。
  3. Surrender your ticket before going in.
    进去前交出入场券。
  4. We shall never surrender our liberty.
    我们永不舍弃自由。
  5. Reluctantly he surrendered some of his privileges.
    他勉强放弃了部分特权。
  6. The ruling class will not easily surrender wealth and power.
    统治阶级是不会轻易交出财富和权力的。
  7. He surrendered his insurance policy.
    他退出保险。
  8. She gradually surrendered her dream of becoming an actress.
    她渐渐放弃了当演员的梦想。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Each of them surrendered us his gun.
    他们每人都向我们交了枪。
  2. They surrendered me their tickets.
    他们把他们的票交给了我。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. They surrendered the town to the enemy.
    他们拱手把这个城镇交给了敌人。
  2. You must surrender your guns to the police.
    你必须向警方缴枪。
  3. The boy surrendered the catapult to the teacher.
    那孩子把弹弓交给了老师。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
surrender to (v.+prep.)
    使(自己)听任…的摆布,使(自己)陷入… yield (oneself) to (a feeling, usually unfortunate)
    surrender to sb/sth

    We shall never surrender to a conqueror.

    我们决不向征服者投降。

    He voluntarily surrendered to the police.

    他主动向警方自首。

    The government has surrendered to the pressure of big business and lowered interest rates.

    政府已经屈从大企业的压力,降低了利率。

    surrender to sth

    It's better to surrender to your grief for a time, then you will be able to deal with your feeling.

    最好的办法是暂且痛苦一阵子,过后你就会冷静下来了。

    surrender oneself to sth

    The bandit chief surrendered himself to despair and took his own life.

    匪首在绝望中自杀了。

    Don't surrender yourself to pleasure, or to a bad habit.

    勿耽逸乐; 勿染恶习。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Her voice was filled with surrender to his..assertiveness.

    出自: H. Robbins
  • As a result of the war, Finland was surrendered to Russia.

    出自:Social History of Medicine
  • Having surrendered all our local currency..we had no money to buy food.

    出自: G. Boycott
  • She..surrendered all property rights in the settlement.

    出自: S. Bellow

surrender的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. surrender的基本意思是“投降”,指因在战争中失利而被迫向对方屈服或让步或处于他人的统治之下,多指无条件地投降。还可指“放弃,抛弃”,即把属于自己的东西呈送给他人。本词既强调外部压力,又强调抗争之后的屈服。
  2. surrender可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词或代词作宾语,作“交出,放弃”解时,还可接双宾语,其间接宾语可转化为介词to的宾语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
surrender, capitulate
  • 这组词的共同含义是“投降”。其区别在于:surrender指胜利者已控制了战局,暗示战败一方立即停止抵抗,无条件地投降; 而capitulate指有条件地投降。
  • surrender, submit, yield
  • 这组词的共同含义是“顺从,服从”。其区别是:
  • submit指顺从别人的意志,服从权威的力量; 而yield指被迫停止对抗,向对方屈服; surrender指因战败,或被迫“交出”或“放弃”某些事物。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的surrendre,意为放弃。

    surrender的相关资料:

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