sacrifice

  常用词汇  
['sækrɪfaɪs]     ['sækrɪfaɪs]    
  • n. 牺牲;祭品;供奉
  • vt. 牺牲;亏本出售;供奉
  • vi. 献祭;(棒球)作牺牲一击
sacrificer sacrificed sacrificed sacrificing sacrifices
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sacrifice的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 祭品,献祭,祭牲,供奉,供品
  2. 牺牲,舍身,献身,牺牲的行为
  3. 亏本出售的商品; 亏本出售,大贱卖
  4. <美>【棒】牺牲打
  5. 损失
  6. 【宗】基督的献身;圣餐
  7. 【桥牌】牺牲叫牌
v. (动词)
  1. 牺牲;让...做出牺牲
  2. 献祭,作祭品,祭祀,以作祭献
  3. 献出,把...奉献给...
  4. 亏本出售,廉价卖出,贱卖
  5. <美>【棒】作牺牲打
  6. 【桥牌】做牺牲叫

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [U] [C] 牺牲,舍身 loss or giving up of sth of value, especially for what is believed to be a good purpose
  2. [C] 献祭,供奉 offering of sth valuable, often a slaughtered animal, to a god
  3. [C] 祭品 such an offering; thing offered in this way
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 以…作为祭品 give or offer (sth) as a sacrifice to a god
  2. vt. 牺牲 give up as a sacrifice
  3. vt. 贱卖 sell at a loss

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the act of losing or surrendering something as a penalty for a mistake or fault or failure to perform etc.

  2. personnel that are sacrificed (e.g., surrendered or lost in order to gain an objective)

  3. a loss entailed by giving up or selling something at less than its value;

    "he had to sell his car at a considerable sacrifice"

  4. the act of killing (an animal or person) in order to propitiate a deity

  5. (baseball) an out that advances the base runners

Verb:
  1. endure the loss of;

    "He gave his life for his children"
    "I gave two sons to the war"

  2. kill or destroy;

    "The animals were sacrificed after the experiment"
    "The general had to sacrifice several soldiers to save the regiment"

  3. sell at a loss

  4. make a sacrifice of; in religious rituals

sacrifice的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He gave his life as a sacrifice for his country.
    他为国牺牲了。
  2. She made a big sacrifice for her position today.
    她为今天的职位付出了很大的代价。
  3. They offered a sacrifice to propitiate the god.
    他们供奉祭品以慰诸神。
  4. A calf was offered up as a sacrifice to the goddess.
    向女神祭献了一头牺牲小牛。
  5. They offered a sacrifice to propitiate the god.
    他们供奉祭品以慰诸神。
  6. In the first scene, I sacrifice a sheep, taking its heart.
    第一幕场景中,我供奉了一只羊,取出了它的心脏。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. You must not sacrifice studies for pleasure.
    你不能为享乐而牺牲学业。
  2. It's the company's policy to sacrifice short-term profits for the sake of long-term growth.
    为长期发展而牺牲短期利润是公司的方针。
  3. He sacrificed his car when he go abroad to work.
    他到海外去工作的时候亏本出售了他的汽车。
  4. The high priest sacrificed the goat on the altar.
    大祭司把山羊供奉在祭坛上。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. Sacrifice is the ultimate act of self-giving love.
    献祭却是最舍己的爱的行动。
  2. I have come to sacrifice to Jehovah.
    我来是要向耶和华献祭。
  3. As an additional cost to play Shard Volley, sacrifice a land.
    作为碎片齐发的额外费用,牺牲一快地。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. There were complaints that it was demanding too much sacrifice on the part of ordinary people.
    人们报怨要老百姓作出的牺牲太多了。
  2. His parents made a lot of sacrifices to make sure he got a good education.
    他的父母为确保他得到良好的教育而做了很多牺牲。
  3. Before the battle, the commanders ordered the sacrifice of two bullocks to the god of war.
    打仗之前,指挥官下令给战神供奉两只小公牛。
  4. They killed a sheep as a sacrifice.
    他们宰了一只羊作为祭品。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Abraham was about to sacrifice Issac.
    亚伯拉罕正要用艾瑟克作祭品。
  2. They sacrificed cattle, sheep and pigs.
    他们以三牲为祭品。
  3. The ancient Greeks sacrificed lambs or calves before engaging in battle.
    古希腊人在打仗前用羔羊或小牛作祭品。
  4. She must sacrifice herself; there was no other way.
    她必须牺牲自己,除此之外别无他法。
  5. They'll not readily sacrifice their freedom of the press.
    他们不会轻易放弃自己的新闻自由。
  6. I need the money and I'm having to sacrifice my car.
    我需要钱,因此我准备廉价出售我的汽车。
  7. As he was in need of money, he was forced to sacrifice the furniture.
    因为需要钱,他只好将家具折本出售。
  8. The owner sacrificed her horses.
    马主把她的马匹廉价卖出去了。
  9. Jacelin sacrificed his life to save the child from the fire.
    杰斯林牺牲自己的生命把孩子从火中救了出来。
  10. Cage sacrificed her pleasure and pastime to look after the old man.
    凯奇牺牲自己的娱乐和消遣时间去照料这位老人。
  11. He sacrificed his holiday to help his brother's business.
    为了帮助兄弟经商,他放弃休假。
  12. 1
  13. The old houses had to be sacrificed to make room for modern buildings.
    为了腾出地皮来盖现代化的楼房,这些旧房只好拆除。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
sacrifice for (v.+prep.)
    为…而牺牲〔放弃〕 lose (sth) or give up for (sb/sth)
    sacrifice sth for sb/sth

    A mother will sacrifice her life for her children.

    为了孩子,一个母亲可以献出她自己的生命。

    He decided to sacrifice a trip for a new house.

    他为了购买新房,决定放弃旅行。

    He sacrificed a promising career for a momentary fancy.

    他因一时心血来潮而失去了一个颇有发展前途的职业。

    They sacrificed their lives for the sake of freedom.

    他们为争取自由而献出了生命。

sacrifice to (v.+prep.)
    为…牺牲〔奉献…〕; 舍弃…以得到… give up; yield (sth or oneself) in favour of (sth/sb else); lose (sth) in order to get (sth else)He has sacrificed himself to the nation's interest.他为了国家的利益而牺牲了自己。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The river could be persuaded not to flood by the sacrifice of a black goat.

    出自: J. G. Farrell
  • The Spartans..sacrificed horses to him.

    出自: J. G. Frazer

sacrifice的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. sacrifice用作名词时基本意思是“祭品”,转化为动词意为“以…作为祭品”,引申可表示某人为了更重要、更珍贵的人或理想而“奉献”或“牺牲”自己的利益、事业等,含有自我克制的意味,有时还可表示“贱卖”。
  2. sacrifice只用作及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语。表示“为…牺牲”时,常与介词for或to连用。可用于被动结构。
  3. sacrifice还常接动词不定式作目的状语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
sacrifice, forgo
  • 这组词都可表示“放弃”。它们之间的区别是:前者指为某种目的而舍弃自己的生命或权利; 后者指根据某种原则自动放弃,或因某种原因而失去。试比较以下两个句子的含义:
  • The soldiers were willing to sacrifice their lives for their country.
  • 士兵们甘愿为国捐躯。
  • The actors forwent their pay for the benefit performance.
  • 演员们不要报酬参加义演。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 13世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的sacrifise,意为祭祀品;最初源自拉丁语的sacrificium,意为祭祀。

    sacrifice的相关资料:

    近反义词

    【近义词】

    派生词

    v.(动词)
    • sacrificial adj. 献祭的;献身的

    临近单词

    今日热词
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