spare

  基本词汇  
[speə(r)]     [sper]    
  • adj.备用的;多余的;闲置的
  • v.抽出;饶恕;赦免;节约
  • n.备用品;剩余
sparely sparer sparest spareness spared spared sparing spares
new

spare是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 剩下的,多余的,空闲的
  2. 备用的,额外的
  3. 瘦的
  4. 少量的,不足的,贫乏的
  5. 节约的,俭省的,俭朴的
  6. (风格)不加渲染的,不加掩饰的,简朴的
  7. 他人不需要的
v.(动词)
  1. 拔出,抽出
  2. 出让,让给
  3. 节约,俭省,吝啬
  4. 用不着,略去,省掉
  5. 使免遭,免去,解除
  6. 剩下
  7. 摒绝,放弃
  8. 宽容,饶恕,赦免,不伤害
n.(名词)
  1. 备用轮胎
  2. 备用品
  3. <英>备用零件
  4. 备用房间
  5. <俚>姘妇
  6. (地滚球戏的)二击全倒,二击全倒得分
  7. 由此的得分

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 节省,节约,舍不得,吝惜 keep from using, spending, etc.
  2. vt. 抽出,让给,分出,匀出,腾出 give up (sb/sth that is not being used or is not needed); afford to give
  3. vt. 省去,免除 save (sb) (need or trouble)
  4. vt. 饶恕,赦免,不伤害 keep from punishing, harming, attacking, or killing
adj.(形容词)
  1. 多余的,备用的 not in use but kept for use if needed, not needed for use, free
  2. 薄弱的,瘦的 rather thin
n.(名词)
  1. [C] 备件 spare part (for a machine, car, etc.), especially an extra wheel for a car

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
spare : 腾出 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
spare : 腾出 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
spare : 替身 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an extra component of a machine or other apparatus

  2. an extra car wheel and tire for a four-wheel vehicle

  3. a score in tenpins; knocking down all ten after rolling two balls

Adjective:
  1. thin and fit;

    "the spare figure of a marathon runner"
    "a body kept trim by exercise"

  2. more than is needed, desired, or required;

    "trying to lose excess weight"
    "found some extra change lying on the dresser"
    "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"
    "skills made redundant by technological advance"
    "sleeping in the spare room"
    "supernumerary ornamentation"
    "it was supererogatory of her to gloat"
    "delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"
    "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"
    "surplus cheese distributed to the needy"

  3. not taken up by scheduled activities;

    "a free hour between classes"
    "spare time on my hands"

  4. kept in reserve especially for emergency use;

    "a reserve supply of food"
    "a spare tire"
    "spare parts"

  5. lacking in amplitude or quantity;

    "a bare livelihood"
    "a scanty harvest"
    "a spare diet"

  6. lacking embellishment or ornamentation;

    "a plain hair style"
    "unembellished white walls"
    "functional architecture featuring stark unornamented concrete"

Verb:
  1. refrain from harming

  2. save or relieve from an experience or action;

    "I'll spare you from having to apologize formally"

  3. give up what is not strictly needed;

    "he asked if they could spare one of their horses to speed his journey"

  4. use frugally or carefully

spare的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Do you have a spare tire?
    你有备用轮胎吗?
  2. Please stay with us. We have a spare room for you.
    请住下吧,我们有给你的备用房间。
  3. What do you like doing in your spare time?
    你在闲暇时喜欢做什么?
  4. Can you bear me a hand tomorrow?I want to rearrange some things in our spare room.
    明天你能帮个忙吗?我想把我家闲置着的那个房间里的一些东西新整理安排一下。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Can you spare me five minutes?
    你能抽出五分钟和我谈谈吗?
  2. Please spare my life, and the lives of my people.
    请饶了我的命,也饶了我的同胞们吧。
  3. In his mercy, Allah had seen fit to spare Juffure once again.
    仁慈的真主已答应可以再赦免米富雷村一次了。
  4. No trouble was spared to ensure our comfort.
    为了我们舒适
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I've lost my key and I haven't got a spare.
    我把钥匙丢了,还没有备用的。
  2. That spare can of gas in the trunk was our ace in the hole.
    后备箱里那罐剩余的汽油是我们最后的王牌。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Are you sure you can spare these tapes?
    你能肯定这些磁带你们暂时不用吗?
  2. She spared neither pain nor trouble.
    她不辞辛劳。
  3. More pancakes, please, and don't spare the syrup.
    请再来些薄烤饼,多放些糖浆。
  4. She never spares the butter when baking.
    她烤点心时从不吝惜黄油。
  5. He can't spare any time today.
    他今天抽不出身。
  6. I'm afraid we have little time to spare these few days.
    恐怕这几天我们抽不出时间来。
  7. Thank you all very, very much for sparing your valuable time.
    十分感谢你们能抽出宝贵的时间。
  8. Dr. Smith is too busy with his work to spare any time except on Sunday.
    史密斯医生忙得除了星期天外都没空。
  9. This medicine can spare you from pain.
    这种药能够止痛。
  10. He decided to spare the prisoner's life.
    他决定饶这囚犯一命。
  11. His tongue spares nobody.
    他那张嘴不饶人。
  12. Point out our faults.Don't spare us.
    请指出我们的错误,别讲情面。
  13. Spare me,I'll own up.
    饶了我这条命吧,我坦白。
  14. He spares neither himself nor his employees.
    他对自己和雇员都很严格。
  15. 用于be ~ed结构
  16. No time can be spared.
    一点时间都抽不出来。
  17. The prisoner was spared.
    囚犯被赦免一死。
  18. We may meet again if we are spared.
    如果我们不死,还会见面的。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. Let's spare no efforts to carry out the plan.
    让我们不遗余力地实现这个计划吧。
  2. Could you spare some time to come to our art exhibition?
    你能抽出时间来看看我们的画展吗?
  3. They spared nothing to help us.
    他们尽全力帮我们。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Can you spare me a ticket?
    你是否有多余的票让给我一张?
  2. I wish I could spare you the trouble of going there.
    但愿我不必麻烦你去那里。
  3. Please spare me your opinion, just tell me the facts.
    请不要讲你的看法,只讲事实好了。
  4. I answered the letter myself in order to spare you the trouble.
    为了你省事,我自己回了信。
  5. They wanted to spare her the suffering.
    他们想要分担她的痛苦。
  6. I would give everything if I could spare them unhappiness.
    如果能让他们不受痛苦,我愿意付出任何代价。
  7. You may spare yourself the trouble.
    你不必费神。
  8. He might have spared himself the trouble.
    他本来可以不必自找麻烦。
  9. 用于be ~ed结构
  10. You might be spared a great deal of trouble.
    你可以免去许多麻烦。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. I have no spare money.
    我没有余钱。
  2. He was reading hard and had less spare time
    他正在苦读,几乎没有空余时间。
  3. In the spare time, he put me in the picture.
    在休息的时候他把情况告诉了我。
  4. When you have spare time, you'll make a phone call.
    你有时间就给我打电话。
  5. He doesn't know how to dispose of his spare time.
    他不知如何打发业余时间。
  6. “Have you a spare one?”“No, it's my only copy.”
    “你有多余的吗?”“不,我只有一本。”
  7. Do you carry a spare wheel in the back of your car?
    你在车后带了一个备用的轮胎吗?
  8. You always ought to carry some spare money.
    你应该经常带些钱。
  9. Further to our letter of February 7th, we can now confirm that all the spare parts you requested are available.
    为了对我们2月7日那封信作进一步的说明,我们现在可以保证你们所要的零件都有现货。
  10. I am accustomed to a spare diet.
    我习惯于简单的饮食。
  11. Fat people should live on a spare diet.
    肥胖的人要节制饮食。
  12. She allowed herself only these spare meals a day.
    她每天只吃点粗茶淡饭。
  13. The workers cursed the spare machines.
    工人们咒骂那些粗制滥造的机器。
  14. Lincoln was a tall, spare man.
    林肯是个又高又瘦的人。
  15. His tall and spare frame cut an impressive figure.
    他那修长的身材给人以深刻印象。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. These pieces of bread are spare,I don't need them.
    这些面包是多余的,我不需要。
  2. Is this seat spare?
    这个座位没有人坐吗?
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. The study is very spare of furniture.
    这间书房内家具极少。
  2. He is spare of speech.
    他少言寡语。
  3. He is spare of shoulders.
    他的肩不宽。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I've got a puncture and my spare is flat too!
    我的轮胎扎破了,备用的也瘪了!
  2. I'll show you where the spares are kept.
    我来指给你看放备件的地方。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
spare for (v.+prep.)
  1. 为…拨出〔抽出,省出〕be willing to give up (money, time or thought) to (sb/sth) spare sb/sth for sb/sth/v-ing

    Can you spare one of them for me?你能匀出一个给我吗?

    Can you spare one of your sandwiches for this hungry boy?能把你的三明治让给这饥饿的孩子一个吗?

    I can't spare the time for a holiday at present.目前我抽不出时间来度假。

    Spare your energy for some other work.你节省点精力做其他工作。

    We could barely manage to spare a few men for ploughing.我们只能勉强匀出几个人来耕地。

用作形容词 (adj.)
go spare
  1. 烦恼,难过 become very annoyed or upset

    Your mum will go spare if she finds out what you've done! 要是你妈妈知道你干的事,她会气坏的。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • Poor or tardy supply of spares from the makers.

    出自:Which?
  • A car may carry only 2 spares.

    出自:Rally Car
  • Patriots..Enjoy'dsspare feast!sa radish and an egg!

    出自:W. Cowper
  • To order the whole establishment on the sparest footing possible.

    出自:George Eliot
  • Spare my grey beard, you wagtail?

    出自:King Lear,Shakespeare
  • He and Friday, none but they having been spared when their ship went down.

    出自:J. M. Coetzee
  • Successive owners had spared the..Victorian fireplace.

    出自:B. W. Aldiss

spare的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. spare表示相同意思时,常有不同表达方式。

    Can you spare me a few yuan?
    Could you spare a few yuan to me?
    第一句的使用比较普遍。

  2. spare在一个句子中可表示不同那意思。

    He said he could spare me only ten minutes.
    他说他只能够抽出十分钟给我。
    他说他抽出给我的只有十分钟”。

v.(动词)
  1. spare的基本意思是“节省,节约,舍不得,吝惜”,引申还可表示“珍惜”。
  2. spare还可作“抽出,让给,分出,匀出,腾出”解,指因为有多余,将某物让给别人以后,对自己仍不造成困难,或表示“留出时间做某事,抽出时间”。
  3. spare还可表示“省去,免除”,指免除或使不受痛苦。引申还可表示“饶恕,赦免,不伤害”。
  4. spare用作及物动词时,可用名词或代词作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可转化为介词for的宾语。
  5. spare oneself的意思是“偷懒,不努力”,指吝惜花出的力量,对自己不严格要求,常用于否定形式。
adj.(形容词)
  1. spare的基本意思是“多余的,备用的”,指剩下的、空闲的或暂时不用的东西,放置起来以便以后拿来使用。
  2. spare还可作“薄弱的,瘦的”解,指物时表示少量的,粗糙的,指人时表示给人以美感的瘦。
  3. spare没有比较级和最高级。
n.(名词)
  1. spare用作名词时的意思是“备件”,指机器或汽车的备用零件,尤指汽车的备用轮胎。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
spare, save
这两个词都含有“节省”的意思。其区别是:
spare表示节省、节约,强调舍不得和爱惜的意味; save指省下不花,用于储蓄或积攒。例如:
If there is any food left over, save it for later.要是有食物剩下来,就留着以后吃吧。
spare, forgive
这两个词都可表示“赦免,饶命,宽恕”。其区别是:
spare往往指放过不杀,保全性命; forgive则指“宽恕”,饶过某人的过失,不涉及丧命与否。例如:
We forgave our friends' faults.我们宽恕朋友们的过失。
下面两句意思相同:
  • Can you spare me a few minutes today?
  • Can you spare a few minutes for me today?
  • 我能占用你几分钟时间吗?
adj.(形容词)
spare, emaciated, haggard, lean, thin
这组词都可表示“瘦”。其区别是:
spare指人的身材给人以美感的瘦; thin既可指人的身材,也可指人的身体某部位瘦,大多数指因疾病或疲劳而消瘦; emaciated表示的“瘦”主要是由疾病和营养不良造成的; haggard指人的面孔憔悴的,枯槁的,主要是由于忧虑和少眠所致; lean指人天生瘦,是缺少脂肪的意思。例如:
She was a tall, spare girl.她是个瘦高个儿的姑娘。
His face was thin.他的脸瘦。
He was emaciated by long illness.他由于长期生病而瘦弱了。
The haggard faces of the rescued miners showed what they had suffered.被救出的矿工枯槁的面容表明他们遭受了什么样的苦难。
He had the lean fit look of a trained athlete.他具有一个受过训练的运动员的清瘦而健康的面容。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 占用了你这么多时间,我很抱歉。

    I am very sorry I have spare so much of your time.

    I am very sorry I have taken so much of your time.

    spare表示本人“花了时间做某事”,一般不可表示“占用别人”。

  2. It was a horrible accident.—I'll spare you the details.

    这是一起可怕的事故——我将告诉你细节。

    这是一起可怕的事故——我不会告诉你细节。

  3. Can you spare a few pennies for a cup of coffee?

    你能省下几便士买杯咖啡吗?

    你能付几便士买杯咖啡吗?

    spare可以有两种相反的意义,一种是“给”,另一种是“不给”,应根据上下文的语境来判断。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的sparian,意为免伤受害。

spare的相关资料:

正版词典

spare : 剩下的,多 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

spare的相关缩略词,共有1

互动百科

  • spare:spare adj. 多余的, 剩下的, 高而瘦的人的, 少量的, 贫乏的, 备用的v. 节约, 节省, 不伤害, 宽恕, 分让, 提供给某人 英英解释:名词spare:1. an extra com…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词