- 减少，减小， 减退，减弱
- 落下，降落， 骤降
- vi. 降落,落下; 摔下,倒下 come down from a higher place, e.g. by losing balance or as a result of gravity
- vi. 跌倒 come down from a standing position to a lying position
- vi. 降低,减退 come or go to a lower level or point
- vi. 倒坍; 沦陷,失守; 被打败,被征服 come to the ground; (of a city etc.) be captured; be defeated
- vi. 失势,垮台 lose power or a high position
- vi. & link-v. 成为,变为; 进入…状态 become; pass into
- vi. (脸色)突然阴沉下来 (of the face) take on a look of sadness, disappointment, shame, etc., especially suddenly
- vi. 犯罪,堕落; 怀孕 give way to wrong-doing; be pregnant
- vi. 来临; 降临; 下垂; 说出; 属于…的活动范围 come or happen, as if by descending; hang loosely; be spoken; belong to a particular area of activity, responsibility, etc.
- [C]跌落,下落,下跌 an act of falling
- [C]降落物,降落量 sth that has fallen
- [C]下降,降低,减少 a decrease in quantity, price, demand, degree, etc.
- [S]掉落的距离,落差 the distance through which anything falls
- [S]陷落; 垮台; 灭亡; 没落 the defeat or loss of power of a city, state, government, etc.
- [S]堕落,沦落 a change from a life of goodness, honesty, etc. to one of immorality
- [P]瀑布 a place where a river makes a sudden deep over; waterfall
- [S]〈美〉秋天 autumn
- the season when the leaves fall from the trees;
"in the fall of 1973"
- a sudden drop from an upright position;
"he had a nasty spill on the ice"
- the lapse of mankind into sinfulness because of the sin of Adam and Eve;
"women have been blamed ever since the Fall"
- a downward slope or bend
- a lapse into sin; a loss of innocence or of chastity;
"a fall from virtue"
- a sudden decline in strength or number or importance;
"the fall of the House of Hapsburg"
- a movement downward;
"the rise and fall of the tides"
- the act of surrendering (usually under agreed conditions);
"they were protected until the capitulation of the fort"
- the time of day immediately following sunset;
"he loved the twilight"
"they finished before the fall of night"
- when a wrestler's shoulders are forced to the mat
- a free and rapid descent by the force of gravity;
"it was a miracle that he survived the drop from that height"
- a sudden sharp decrease in some quantity;
"a drop of 57 points on the Dow Jones index"
"there was a drop in pressure in the pulmonary artery"
"a dip in prices"
"when that became known the price of their stock went into free fall"
- descend in free fall under the influence of gravity;
"The branch fell from the tree"
"The unfortunate hiker fell into a crevasse"
- move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way;
"The temperature is going down"
"The barometer is falling"
"The curtain fell on the diva"
"Her hand went up and then fell again"
- pass suddenly and passively into a state of body or mind;
"fall into a trap"
"She fell ill"
"They fell out of favor"
"Fall in love"
"fall prey to an imposter"
"fall into a strange way of thinking"
"she fell to pieces after she lost her work"
- come under, be classified or included;
"fall into a category"
"This comes under a new heading"
- fall from clouds;
"rain, snow and sleet were falling"
"Vesuvius precipitated its fiery, destructive rage on Herculaneum"
- suffer defeat, failure, or ruin;
"We must stand or fall"
"fall by the wayside"
- die, as in battle or in a hunt;
"Many soldiers fell at Verdun"
"Several deer have fallen to the same gun"
"The shooting victim fell dead"
- touch or seem as if touching visually or audibly;
"Light fell on her face"
"The sun shone on the fields"
"The light struck the golden necklace"
"A strange sound struck my ears"
- be captured;
"The cities fell to the enemy"
- occur at a specified time or place;
"Christmas falls on a Monday this year"
"The accent falls on the first syllable"
- decrease in size, extent, or range;
"The amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester"
"The cabin pressure fell dramatically"
"her weight fell to under a hundred pounds"
"his voice fell to a whisper"
- yield to temptation or sin;
"Adam and Eve fell"
- lose office or power;
"The government fell overnight"
"The Qing Dynasty fell with Sun Yat-sen"
- to be given by assignment or distribution;
"The most difficult task fell on the youngest member of the team"
"The onus fell on us"
"The pressure to succeed fell on the youngest student"
- move in a specified direction;
"The line of men fall forward"
- be due;
"payments fall on the 1st of the month"
- lose one's chastity;
"a fallen woman"
- to be given by right or inheritance;
"The estate fell to the oldest daughter"
- come into the possession of;
"The house accrued to the oldest son"
- fall to somebody by assignment or lot;
"The task fell to me"
"It fell to me to notify the parents of the victims"
- be inherited by;
"The estate fell to my sister"
"The land returned to the family"
"The estate devolved to an heir that everybody had assumed to be dead"
- slope downward;
"The hills around here fall towards the ocean"
- lose an upright position suddenly;
"The vase fell over and the water spilled onto the table"
"Her hair fell across her forehead"
- drop oneself to a lower or less erect position;
"She fell back in her chair"
"He fell to his knees"
- fall or flow in a certain way;
"This dress hangs well"
"Her long black hair flowed down her back"
- assume a disappointed or sad expression;
"Her face fell when she heard that she would be laid off"
"his crest fell"
- be cast down;
"his eyes fell"
- come out; issue;
"silly phrases fell from her mouth"
- be born, used chiefly of lambs;
"The lambs fell in the afternoon"
- begin vigorously;
"The prisoners fell to work right away"
- go as if by falling;
"Grief fell from our hearts"
- come as if by falling;
- The knife fell from his nerveless hand.
- Apples fall from the tree.
- The tree fell with a thunderous crash.
- Food prices lowered during the fall.
- I had a fall (from a horse) and broke my arm.
- The falls upstream are full of salmon.
The leaves begin to fall when autumn comes.
Then the curtain fell and the audience dispersed slowly.
The rain kept falling for a few days.
It is probable that rain will fall tomorrow.
A fine drizzle is falling.
Snow is falling fast.
He staggered and fell headlong.
When a cold wave came, the temperature fell 10℃ yesterday.
Prices continued to fall.
The steel output of these countries fell drastically in July.7
A prayer was said in memory of those who fell in the war.
The city fell.
But the days dragged into spring, hopes fell.
Darkness falls quickly in the tropics.
Sudden silence fell.
Her eyes fell before his steady gaze.
Her face fell when I told her the news.
Her face fell when I told her that she was defeated in the game.
Eve tempted Adam and he fell.
We had been married eight months before I fell.
I guessed what was happening by the few remarks she let fall.
When does the rent fall due?
One after another, all of them fell asleep.
His horse fell lame.
A bullet struck his head and he fell dead on the spot.
His voice choked at the painful memory and he fell silent.
The poor performance fell flat.
His joke fell flat because nobody understood it.
The director fell ill in the middle of the meeting, and had to be taken to hospital.
After she came back home, she fell ill.
The fallen soldiers were eulogized as heroes.
The road was blocked by a fallen tree.
The falling wall showered dust on us.
He suffered a fall from his horse.
He asked her if she had had a fall.
He survived a fall of 40 feet.
I had a bad fall and hurt my arm.
He had a nasty fall on the way out of the market.
He was rushed to hospital after a 20-foot fall.
The girl was injured by a fall.
He was stunned by the fall.
The fall from his horse broke his arm.
I've had so many falls that I'm black and blue all over.
Owing to the war, the rent was on the fall.
These small businesses have benefited greatly from the fall in interest rates.
A fall into the pit, a gain in your wit.
Pride goes before a fall.
The fall of the city followed heavy bombardment.
Even the fall of France in May 1940 failed to awaken us.
After the fall of France,Britain was really up against it.
That debate led to the government's fall.
He took his first serious fall at 14 for auto theft.
The world was blessed place before the Fall.
The falls are thirty feet high.
These falls are used to provide electric power.
They went fishing below the falls and caught half a dozen trout.
Her hair looks a brown falls.
We visited the Niagara Falls in the fall of 1990.
Have you ever heard of the Falls of Niagara?
As fall turns into winter, other changes take place.
Aunt put up a dozen cans of tomato sauce last fall.
Winter comes after fall.
Life starts all over again when it gets crisp in the fall.
It happened in the fall of 1966.
If you expect to enter college in the fall, you should apply now.
- fall about (v.+adv.)
〈非正〉笑得无法自制 not control oneself to laugh fall about
We fell about at grandpa's funny story.听了爷爷讲的滑稽故事,我们忍不住大笑。
Few people knew that the popular clown who had been making people fall about with laughter was lonely in heart.几乎没有人知道,那位总让人们开怀大笑的小丑内心很孤独。
They fell about when Sir. Harold slipped on the banana skin.当哈罗德爵士踏到香蕉皮而滑了一跤时,他们大笑不止。fall about v-ing
They fell about laughing when they heard his funny voice.听到他那滑稽的声音,他们都无法自制地大笑起来。
Just the sight of the clown is enough to make you fall about laughing.对那个小丑瞅上一眼,就足以使你大笑不止。
- 〈非正〉笑得无法自制 not control oneself to laugh fall about
- fall across (v.+prep.)
遇到 meet fall across sb
I fell across your aunt in the street the other day.前几天在街上我遇到过你姨母。
I happened to fall across her the next day in the park.第二天我在公园里偶然遇到她。
- 遇到 meet fall across sb
- fall against (v.+prep.)
绊倒 cause to stumble down fall against sth
The old man fell against the bucket.那老人被水桶绊倒了。
- 绊倒 cause to stumble down fall against sth
- fall among (v.+prep.)
偶然遇到(坏人等); 偶然陷入…之中 get into the midst of; get into the hands of fall among sb
He fell among thieves and was stripped.他遇到窃贼,所有东西都被抢走。
Because of a renegade's betrayal, she fell among enemies.由于叛徒的出卖,她落到了敌人的手中。
- 偶然遇到(坏人等); 偶然陷入…之中 get into the midst of; get into the hands of fall among sb
- fall apart (v.+adv.)
散开,崩溃,破碎 break into pieces fall apart
Anna did what she could to keep the marriage from falling apart.安娜尽一切可能避免婚姻破裂。
Feudalism was falling apart.封建制度正在土崩瓦解。
- 散开,崩溃,破碎 break into pieces fall apart
- fall at (v.+prep.)
在…时变成某种状态 become sth; pass into sth fall at sth
I don't think her spirits will fall at the bad news.我想她听到这坏消息时不会情绪低落的。
- 在…时变成某种状态 become sth; pass into sth fall at sth
- fall away (v.+adv.)
离开 leave; desert
In a crisis, old prejudices fall away and everyone works together. 在危急关头,大家就能捐弃前嫌,同心协力。
All his old friends fell away from him. 他的老朋友全都离开了他。
When the rain stopped, the floods began to fall away. 雨停的时候,洪水开始退去。
消瘦 lose flesh
You'd scarcely believe anybody could fall away so rapidly. 你简直难以相信一个人会消瘦得这么快。
- 离开 leave; desert
- fall back (v.+adv.)
后退,(对方因被击败而)退却 move back fall back
The crowd fell back to let the doctor through.人群退后让医生走过去。
The crowd surrounding the hurt boy fell back when the ambulance came.救护车一到,围在受伤孩子周围的人们向后退开。
Badly beaten, the intruders fell back in disorder.遭到惨败之后,入侵者溃退了。fall back to sth
Our attack was so vigorous that the enemy had to fall back to the river bank.我方的进攻很猛烈,敌人只好退至河岸。
- 后退,(对方因被击败而)退却 move back fall back
- fall back on (v.+adv.+prep.)
求助于,依赖,转而依靠 turn to for help (when other things fail) fall back on sb/sth
Don't fall back on others but do the job yourself.别依赖别人,你自己干。
If Mr. Jones can't find a job as a teacher, he can fall back on his skill as a printer.如果琼斯先生找不到当老师的工作,他可以凭他的技术搞印刷。
Doctors sometimes fall back on old cures.有时医生们求助于老的疗法。
At least we can fall back on candles if the electricity fails.停电时我们至少可以使用蜡烛。
The enemy fell back on the second line of defence.敌人退守第二道防线。
- 求助于,依赖,转而依靠 turn to for help (when other things fail) fall back on sb/sth
- fall behind1 (v.+adv.)
落后; 下降; 退后 drop behind fall behind
John has fallen behind.约翰落后了。
Little Tom was always falling behind when we went up the hill.我们上山的时候,小汤姆总是落后。
Production has fallen behind in the last few months.前几个月产量下降了。fall behind in sth
Several of the runners fell behind in the race.有几个赛跑者在比赛中落在后面了。
The horse fell behind in the race.那匹马在比赛中落后了。
He didn't want to fall behind in his studies.他不想在学习上落后。
Andrew fell behind in his studies and failed the course.安德鲁学习赶不上去,所修课程不及格。
John fell behind in his studies and finally had to leave school.约翰在学习上跟不上别人,最后只得离开学校。
If you don't come to class regularly, you will fall behind in your studies.如果你经常不来上课,学习成绩就会落在别人后面。
逾期(付款等) fail to pay (money, etc.) on time fall behind
If your payments of rent fall behind, you will be asked to leave.如果你不如期交房租,你就会被撵走。
If you fell behind in your payments, the finance company may seize your car.假如你不能按时付款,信贷公司就可能扣你的车。fall behind with sth
She's very worried about falling behind with the rent.她为拖欠租金而不安。
处于较低水平 drop a low level fall behind
The work of this class has been falling behind recently.近来这个班的成绩一直处于较低水平。
- 落后; 下降; 退后 drop behind fall behind
- fall behind2 (v.+prep.)
掉到…的后面 drop behind
As the sun fell behind the mountains, the air grew colder. 当太阳落山时,空气变得凉爽起来。
落后于(他人、他物) be overtaken by others; lag in pace or progress; fail to keep level with; be outstripped or left behind by
Your work has fallen behind that of the other students. 你的功课落在其他同学后面了。
The horse that we were hoping would win gradually fell behind the other runners. 我们希望能取胜的那匹马逐渐落在其他马后面了。
That country has fallen behind its competitors in the manufacture of cheap cotton goods. 在生产廉价棉织品方面,那个国家已经落在它的竞争者后面。
Their receipts are falling behind those of last year. 他们的收入少于去年。
If you don't work hard at your English studies, you'll rest of your class. 如果你不努力学习英语你就会落后于班里其他学生。
Tom's lessons were too difficult for him and before long he fell behind the rest of the class. 汤姆的课程对他来说太难,不久他就落后于班上的其他同学。
- 掉到…的后面 drop behind
- fall below (v.+prep.)
降至…下 drop below sth fall below sth
Water freezes when the temperature falls below 0℃。温度降至摄氏零度以下时水就结冰。
- 降至…下 drop below sth fall below sth
- fall down (v.+adv.)
倒塌; 跌倒 become a ruin; fall accidentally
Many buildings fell down during the earthquake. 在地震中许多楼房倒塌。
Babies often fall down when they learn to walk. 婴儿在学走路时经常摔倒。
失败 become unsuccessful
The plan fell down because it proved to be too expensive. 这项计划因费用过高而告吹。
You are likely to fall down on your research project if you don't go to the experts for advice. 如果你不去向专家们请教,你的研究项目很可能夭折。
You've been falling down on the job recently; is there anything troubling you? 你近来工作没做好,是不是遇到了什么麻烦?
- 倒塌; 跌倒 become a ruin; fall accidentally
- fall for (v.+prep.)
上当,听信 be taken in by
If you tell him that it'll make him a lot of money, he's bound to fall for the idea. 如果你告诉他这可以赚很多钱,他定会信以为真。
爱上 like; fall in love with
They met on a trip, fell for each other, and were married six months later. 他们在一次旅行中相遇,彼此相爱,六个月后结婚了。
He falls for every pretty girl at first sight. 他对每一位漂亮的姑娘都一见钟情。
- 上当,听信 be taken in by
- fall from (v.+prep.)
落下,跌落,降落 drop from; come down by force of gravity
Leaves fell from the trees. 叶子从树上掉下。
He fell from his horse and hurt. 他从马上摔下受了伤。
说出 be spoken
A few muttered curses fell from his lips. 他嘴里咕哝出几声低微的咒骂。
- 落下,跌落,降落 drop from; come down by force of gravity
- fall in (v.+adv.)
往里倒塌,塌陷 drop to the inside direction; cave in fall in
The roof of the tunnel fell in.隧道顶部塌了下来。
The roof of the new tunnel hasn't been properly supported, it shows signs of falling in.新隧道的顶部支撑得不好,已显出坍塌的迹象。
The tree fell in a crash.那树哗啦一声倒了下来。
The roof of the burning house fell in with a crash.着火房子的屋顶哗啦一声塌下来。
集合 gather; assemble fall in
Fall in, men!全体集合!
As the bugle sounded we ran to the sports ground and fell in.号一响,我们就跑到运动场集合站队。fall sb ⇔ in
Platoon sergeants fell their men in on the barrack square.排长们在营房广场整理队伍。
同意 agree fall in
He made a new suggestion and I fell in immediately.他提出一个新的建议,我立即同意了。
- 往里倒塌,塌陷 drop to the inside direction; cave in fall in
- fall in with (v.+adv.+prep.)
符合,与…一致 be in accord with
He won't listen to any suggestion that doesn't fall in with his scheme. 任何与他计划不符的建议他都不会采纳。
交友; 碰到 make a friend; encounter
He fell in with bad company. 他交上了狐朋狗友。
I fell in with him at a bookstore in Shanghai. 我在上海的一家书店里碰到了他。
Mary fell in with some of her friends downtown. 玛丽在市区偶然碰到了她的几个朋友。
While staying in Paris we fell in with a party of Swiss tourists. 在巴黎逗留期间,我们遇到了一个来自瑞士的旅游团。
同意 agree to
He fell in with my idea at once. 他立即同意了我的意见。
He doesn't fall in with the suggestion. 他不赞同这个建议。
I hope you will fall in with my plan. 我希望你能同意我的计划。
Make what arrangements you like, and I'll fall in with them. 随你怎么安排,我都同意。
I am quite willing to fall in with anything you suggest. 不管你建议什么,我都愿意支持。
- 符合,与…一致 be in accord with
- fall into (v.+prep.)
分成 have a particular number of divisions
The story falls into five parts. 这个故事分五集。
The islands fall into three large groups. 这些岛屿可分为三大群。
掉进,陷入 get into
Alone in a strange city, without friends and money, he fell into despair. 他孤身一人在陌生城市,没有朋友,没有钱,陷入了绝望。
They fell into a lively discussion of the question. 他们热烈地讨论起这个问题。
He was so tired that he soon fell into a doze. 他疲倦得很快打起盹来。
He fell into debt. 他欠债了。
He has fallen into the habit of drinking. 他养成了喝酒的习惯。
He has fallen into the habit of calling at his brother's flat on Thursday evenings. 他养成每星期四晚上拜访他兄弟的习惯。
Words which fall into disuse may sometimes be received with a new meaning. 已经废弃不用的词有时会以新的意义再次出现。
Don't fall into their trap! 不要上他们的圈套!
- 分成 have a particular number of divisions
- fall off1 (v.+adv.)
跌落,滚落下 move down into sth by falling or being dropped
When you are learning to ride a bicycle, you often fall off. 初学骑自行车时,常会从车上掉下来。
My top button has fallen off. 我衣服最上面的那颗扣子掉了。
Hold tight to the handle bars and be careful you don't fall off. 握紧把手,当心摔下来。
One of her shoes fell off while she was making her way through the crowd. 她从人群中挤过时,一只鞋掉了。
Flowers fell off. 花谢了。
突然降低; 向下斜 become suddenly lower
The land falls off here towards the river. 这儿的地势朝河的方向低了下去。
减少 become fewer or less
The number of students has been falling off recently. 近来学生数目越来越少了。
Interest in the game has fallen off. 人们对这游戏已经不那么感兴趣了。
The number of passengers by this line fell off slightly in January. 一月份这条航线的乘客数量略有减少。
Attendance at Professor Smith's lecture fell off sharply that evening. 那晚去听史密斯教授讲演的人显著减少了。
Members of the club has fallen off this year. 今年该俱乐部的成员减少了。
The yield from the old strains fell off, while that from the new ones went up. 老品种的产量减低了,而新品种的产量增加了。
Our sales have been falling off seriously during the past six months. 过去六个月我们的销售量大为减少。
Visitors had fallen off to nothing last week. 上周游客减少了,几乎没有一个人来。
变坏; 恶化 become worse
The cooking fell off remarkably. 烹饪质量大大降低。
The quality of performance has fallen off since last year. 自去年以来,演出水平一直在下降。
Ideological and political work should never be allowed to fall off. 思想政治工作决不允许削弱。
He has grown rude and fallen off from what he used to be. 他变得粗鲁起来,不像从前那样有礼貌了。
The play seems to fall off towards the end. 剧本近结尾处似乎较以前逊色。
The cooking in our factory fell off last month, so I had to go out to have lunch. 我们工厂上月的伙食不如以前了,所以我只得到外面吃午饭。
逐渐消失,消亡 die away; perish
This old custom has fallen off here. 这一旧风俗在此地已经废弃了。
不再支持; 叛离 take away one's support
Some of our most loyal members now have fallen off. 我们以前的一些最忠实的会员都背弃了我们。
变瘦; (健康、精力等)衰退 become wasted; (health, vigour, etc.) decline
He took care to keep the cattle from falling off. 他精心照料着牛群,不使它们瘦下来。
That old woman's health began to fall off. 那老妇人的健康开始衰退了。
- 跌落,滚落下 move down into sth by falling or being dropped
- fall off2 (v.+prep.)
从…(滚)落下或脱落 come off sth by falling
A button has fallen off my coat. 我的外衣掉了一颗扣子。
I laughed so hard I nearly fell off my chair. 我笑得差点儿从椅子上掉下来。
吃惊be surprised; be amused
I could have fallen off my chair when Kent walked in after all those years! 多年不见后,肯特突然走进来使我大吃一惊。
(动物)失去对…的食欲 (an animal) lose appetite for
Give the cow a dose when she falls off her food. 这头母牛食欲不振时就给它一剂药吃。
- 从…(滚)落下或脱落 come off sth by falling
- fall on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
They fell on the enemy vigorously. 他们勇敢地向敌人攻击。
The police fell upon the rioters and routed them in a matter of minutes. 警察对暴乱分子发起进攻,几分钟就把他们驱散了。
Our army fell furiously on the city. 我军猛攻这座城市。
落到,轮到 turn to
His eyes fell on a curious object. 他的目光落在一个奇怪的物体上。
In the word family the accent falls on the first syllable. 在family这个词中,重音落在第一个音节上。
When anything goes wrong, the blame usually falls on his younger brother. 只要出了差错,一般都归咎于他的弟弟。
Our commander is away, everything now falls on my shoulders. 指挥官不在,现在一切由我负责。
Christmas Day falls on December 25. 圣诞节是在12月25号。
偶然发现 come across
I fell upon the idea while skipping through a magazine. 我在浏览一本杂志时偶然想到了这个主意。
- 袭击 attack
- fall out (v.+adv.)
争吵 quarrel fall out
Those boys sometimes fall out when they are at play.那些男孩子玩的时候有时会争吵起来。fall out with sb
The young couple next door seem to have fallen out with each other.隔壁那对小夫妻好像吵过架了。
结果 result fall out
Everything fell out as we had hoped.结果正如我们所希望的那样。
It fell out that Group One won the 400-meter relay race.结果第一组得了400米接力赛第一名。
解散,掉队 dismiss fall out
Fall out, men!全体解散!
After we had gone a few miles, one of us fell out as a result of a sprained ankle.我们走了几英里以后,有人因扭伤了脚踝而掉队了。
- 争吵 quarrel fall out
- fall out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
从…掉了下来 drop from fall out of sth
In his sleep he let the book fall out of his hand.他睡着时书从手中掉了下来。
As a language grows, new words are introduced and many words fall out of use.随着语言的发展,新词出现了,同时也有许多词被废弃不用了。
- 从…掉了下来 drop from fall out of sth
- fall over1 (v.+adv.)
意外地落下,倒下或被绊倒 tumble; become overturned
I saw the little girl fall over and hit her head. 我看到这小女孩绊倒了,碰了头。
The child tried to build a house of cards but it soon fell over. 这孩子试着用牌搭一所房子,可是它一会儿就倒坍了。
Don't walk too near the edge of the cliff, you might fall over. 别太靠近悬崖边缘,你会掉下去的。
The hunter fired and the deer fell over dead. 猎人开了枪,那只鹿倒地毙命。
Take care!Don't let the child fall over. 当心!不要让孩子跌倒。
The moment the tiger got shot, it fell over on its side. 老虎一中弹,就侧身翻倒在地。
睡着 go to sleep
He awakened me when I had just fallen over . 我刚睡着,他就把我叫醒了。
- 意外地落下,倒下或被绊倒 tumble; become overturned
- fall over2 (v.+prep.)
意外地从(陡峭物)上跌落,掉下来 drop off or upon fall over sth
The car fell over a cliff and the driver was drowned.轿车从悬崖上翻下来,司机溺水而亡。
A hush fell over the onlookers.旁观者们突然静了下来。
被…绊倒 tumble over fall over sth
He fell over a rock in his path.他在小路上被一块石头绊倒了。
When a man is drunk, he often falls over his own feet.一个人喝醉了酒,常会绊倒自己。
迫不及待做某事 do sth impatiently fall over sb/oneself to-v
Mother fell over herself to get the party ready.母亲急切地为聚会做准备。
The children fell over each other to take the parcel from the postman.孩子们争先恐后地从邮递员那儿把包裹拿过来。
落在…之外 drop beyond fall over sth
The ball fell over the line.球落在线外。
- 意外地从(陡峭物)上跌落,掉下来 drop off or upon fall over sth
- fall over backwards (v.+adv.+adv.)
迫不及待(做某事) do sth too impatient fall over backwards to-v
The students fell over backwards to finish their work on time.学生们都渴望能按时完成作业。
All the girls fell over backwards to get the party ready.姑娘们迫不及待地为聚会做准备。
- 迫不及待(做某事) do sth too impatient fall over backwards to-v
- fall through (v.+adv.)
失败 come to nothing; fail to be completed fall through
Owing to a heavy fall of rain, all our plans fell through.由于下了一场大雨,我们的所有计划都泡汤了。
The deal fell through at the last minute.这笔交易到最后一刻落空了。
Our holiday plans fell through because of transport strikes.由于交通部门职工罢工,我们的假期计划落空了。
- 失败 come to nothing; fail to be completed fall through
- fall to1 (v.+adv.)
开始吃 begin to eat fall to
The food was put on the table and they fell to eagerly.食品放到桌子上,他们便吃了起来。
The hungry boy fell to before everyone sat down.大家还没坐下来,那个饥肠辘辘的男孩就开始吃了起来。
When the meal was served, we fell to with a good appetite.饭菜一端上来,我们便津津有味地吃了起来。
After grace had been said they all fell to, and made a hearty meal.做了感恩祷告后,他们都开始吃起来,饱餐了一顿。
- 开始吃 begin to eat fall to
- fall to2 (v.+prep.)
降低到 drop so as to close fall to sth
Their voices fell to a whisper.他们讲话的声音降至耳语。
Finally the Second International fell to pieces.最后第二国际解散了。fall sth to sth
The baby is sleeping, so they fall their voice to a whisper.那婴儿在睡觉,所以他们把声音降成了耳语。
倒在 be defeated or killed by sb/sth fall to sth
The tiger fell to the hunter's gun.那只老虎倒在了猎人的枪口下。fall sb to sth
The little girl fell victim to a bomb in a fascist air raid.那个小女孩在一次法西斯空袭中成了一枚炸弹的牺牲者。
落到… have the duty to do sth fall to sb/sth
Her look fell to the clock.她的目光落在时钟上。
The force of Gravity makes things fall to earth.地球引力使物体落到地面上。
The property will fall to the eldest son.财产将传给长子。
It falls to me to finish the work.完成这项工作的任务落在我头上。
At last, it fell to me to break the bad news to her.最后,只能由我把这个不幸的消息委婉地告诉她。
开始; 被击败 begin; be defeated fall to sth/v-ing
All through the competition, good players were falling to the new young tennis star.在比赛的全过程中,许多优秀的网球手都败在这位年轻的新星手里。
He fell to thinking about the early days and his lost friends.他开始思念起他早年的时光和失去的朋友。
- 降低到 drop so as to close fall to sth
- fall under (v.+prep.)
倒在…下 drop under sth
The old lady fell under the bus and was killed. 老夫人跌倒在公共汽车下面被轧死了。
归入…类 be classified as sth
The advertisement fell under the heading of For Sale . 这则广告登在“出售”栏下。
- 倒在…下 drop under sth
- fall within (v.+prep.)
应列入…范围内 be placed in a list or class with a heading fall within sth
Articles of this kind fall within the scope of our business activities.此类商品在我方经营范围之内。
- 应列入…范围内 be placed in a list or class with a heading fall within sth
- ride for a fall
鲁莽行事,自找麻烦 take a course that is likely to lead to disaster
In my opinion, anyone who invests money in that new company is riding for a fall. 依我之见,在那家新公司投资的任何人都是在自讨苦吃。
The young man has annoyed almost all his fellow workers—I'm sure he's riding for a fall. 这位青年已惹恼了几乎所有的同事——我敢肯定他是在自讨苦吃。
The student who does not study for exams is riding for a fall. 不努力准备考试的学生是自取其咎。
- 鲁莽行事,自找麻烦 take a course that is likely to lead to disaster
- curtain falls 落幕
- night falls 夜幕降临
- one's eyes fall 垂下眼睛
- one's face fall 脸色阴沉
- prices fall 物价下跌
- some animals fall 幼崽出生
- some buildings fall 建筑物倒塌
- some occasion falls 时日来临
- some place falls 某地沦陷
- spirit falls 精神萎靡
- the land falls 土地倾斜
- fall abruptly 突然减少
- fall accidentally 偶尔地下降
- fall aptly 恰当地减少
- fall comprehensively 全面地减少
- fall considerably 大大地下降
- fall constantly 不断地落入
- fall deeply 大幅度地减少
- fall deftly 熟练地减少
- fall dramatically 戏剧性地减少
- fall easily 不费力气地减少
- fall effectively 有效地减少
- fall essentially 必需地减少
- fall fast 下得很急
- fall fearfully 可怕地下降
- fall finally 最终地减少
- fall fitly 适度地减少
- fall fully 全面地减少
- fall gently 轻轻地飘落
- fall greatly 较大地下降
- fall heavily 猛跌
- fall impatiently 急不可耐地减少
- fall incessantly 持续不断地下降
- fall irresistibly 不可抗拒地减少
- fall logically 合理地减少
- fall markedly 明显地下降
- fall naturally 自然地减少
- fall necessarily 必要地减少
- fall obviously 明显地下降
- fall occasionally 偶尔地减少
- fall principally 主要地减少
- fall probably 可能要垮台
- fall promptly 迅速地减少
- fall quickly 降临得很快
- fall radically 根本性地减少
- fall reluctantly 不情愿地减少
- fall seriously 大为减少
- fall sharply 显著地减少
- fall slightly 略有减少
- fall slowly 慢慢地下落
- fall softly 轻轻地飘落
- fall spontaneously 自发地减少
- fall steeply 急速地落下
- fall suddenly 忽然地落下
- fall unnecessarily 不必要地下降
- fall widely 广泛地减少
- fall away 背离,离开,消失,消瘦,倾斜
- fall back 后退,后撤,撤退,退让,食言
- fall behind 落后,拖欠
- fall down 跌倒,掉下,倒坍,失败
- fall in 倒塌,下沉,集合,到期
- fall off 减退,减少
- fall out 争吵,发生,解散,掉出,掉队,结果是
- fall over 摔倒,倒在地上,被…绊倒
- fall over oneself 热衷,渴望
- fall through 落空,破产,失败,行不通
- fall across sb 偶然遇到某人
- fall among sb 与某人结交,遇见某人,落入某人之手
- fall away from duty 擅离职守
- fall away from faith 背弃信仰
- fall back into the power of 重新落入…的操纵下
- fall back on 撤退到,投靠,轻易依靠,求助于,重提
- fall behind in one's study 在学习上落后
- fall behind with one's rent 交不上房租
- fall below 降到…以下,低于
- fall beyond 属于…外,在…外
- fall down on 在…方面失败,未做到
- fall down on the examination 考试不及格
- fall down on the ground 跌到地上
- fall down the river 顺河漂下
- fall for 被…迷住,被…倾倒,受…的诱惑,受骗,接受,赞同
- fall from 由…落下,(由…口里)说出
- fall from a tree 从树上跌下
- fall from power 垮台
- fall from sb's lips 从某人口中说出来
- fall in battle 阵亡
- fall in for 得到,受到
- fall in love with 爱上,喜爱
- fall in upon 意外地遇到,访问
- fall in with 碰见,同意,和…一致,符合
- fall in with sb's desire 符合某人的愿望
- fall in with sb's proposal 赞成某人的提案
- fall inside the limits of 在…范围内
- fall into 陷入,变成,分成,开始,产生,养成,注入…中,排(队)
- fall into a problem 开始讨论问题
- fall into sb's hands 落入某人之手
- fall into the habit 养成习惯
- fall off 从…上摔(掉)下,退出
- fall off from sb 背弃某人
- fall off the chair 从椅子上摔下来
- fall on〔upon〕 落在…上,照射到…上,开始,进攻,适逢
- fall on a Sunday 适逢星期天
- fall on one's face 完全失败
- fall on the enemy 袭击敌人
- fall on the government 抨击政府
- fall out of 从…掉下来,(逐渐) 停止,不再,离(队)
- fall out of use 废弃不用
- fall out with sb 与某人闹翻
- fall to pieces 垮台,解体,(墙)垮掉,摔碎
- fall to the ground 坠落,失败,落空
- fall to thinking of 开始想起
- fall under 跌(落)在…下面,归入,属于…(一类),受到…(影响)
- fall under class A 列为甲级
- fall under sb's management 归某人管理
- fall under sb's notice 受到某人注意
- fall within 属于…(之列),适合
- anticipate fall 预料到跌倒
- break a fall 减弱下降的力量
- gain a fall 赢一局
- get a fall 摔了一跤
- have a fall 跌下来
- suffer a fall 摔下来
- survive a fall 跌下来没有丧命
- take a fall 被打倒
- try a fall 较量
- win a fall 赢一局
- wrestle a fall 举行摔跤决赛
- bad fall 重重的一跤
- big fall 大跌价
- deadliest fall 最严重的跌跤
- disastrous fall 灾难性的下跌
- dying fall 垂暮之年
- graceful fall 美丽的秋天
- heavy fall 大雪
- light fall 小雪
- sharp fall 急剧下降
- short fall 不大的差距
- steady fall 稳定地下落
- tremendous fall 很大的落差
- virtuous fall 道德的堕落
- weary fall 消沉的堕落
- fall fashion 秋天最时髦的式样
One of them, by a fall from the Parapet.., was killed.出自：F. Smith
I unhooked my gold dress and let it fall..round my feet.出自：M. Keane
The curtain fell for the interval.出自：S. Brett
- fall的基本意思有二:一是向更低的位置纵向移动,意为“降落,落下; 摔下,倒下”“(突然)跌倒”“下降,降低”。二是表示状态的变化,常指陷入不够理想的境地,意为“战斗中受伤倒下,阵亡”“进入…状态”“失去权力,失势,垮台”“被打败,被攻克”“(脸色)突然阴沉下来”。fall引申可表示“降临”“下垂”“往下倾斜”“说出”“堕落,完全为邪念所控制”等。
- fall to意为“开始”时, to是介词,后面只能接名词或动名词。
- fall还有“陷落; 垮台; 灭亡; 没落”的意思,是单数名词,并常与定冠词the连用,可引申作“堕落,沦落”解,是单数名词,有时首字母大写。
- fall作“秋天”解是由短语the fall of the leaf缩略而来。早年英美均用fall表示“秋天”,后来英国人用autumn取代了fall,而美国人则沿袭使用至今。
- 在俚语中, fall也可作“逮捕”解。例如:Another fall meant a life sentence.再被抓获的话就意味着要判无期徒刑了。
- fall asleep, be asleep
be asleep指睡着的状态,可以接表示延续性时间的状语; 而fall asleep指的是一时的动作。试比较下面两句：
- He has been asleep for three hours.
- One after another, all of them fell asleep.
- fall, descend, drop, sink
这四个词都可表示物体向下降落。它们之间的区别是:1.sink指在空气或水中垂直下降、下沉; descend则通常指沿斜线或斜坡下降; 而drop与fall均可指急速地向下坠落,可直可斜。例如:The walk descends sharply.小路下倾得很厉害。The ship struck against the rocks and sank.那船触礁沉没了。We saw an apple falling〔dropping〕 down from the tree yesterday.昨天我们看见一个苹果从树上掉下来。2.drop指物体由于重力从高处往下落; fall指物体由于不明原因或物体本身失去平衡而向下降落,有自然下落的意思。例如:She dropped the cup.她把杯子弄掉了。Leaves fall in autumn.秋天树叶下落。3.drop通常是有意识、有目的地下落; 而fall则往往是无意识地下落。例如:The enemy planes dropped bombs.敌机投下了炸弹。Rain is falling fast.雨下得很大。4.drop引申可表示物价的降落; sink还可指精力或意识逐渐丧失。例如:The price of oil has dropped sharply.石油价格暴跌。His heart sank.他感到沮丧。5.drop一般用作及物动词,偶尔也用作不及物动词; fall则通常用作不及物动词。
- fall short of, lack
这两者意思并不相同：lack的意思是“缺乏”;而fall short of的意思是“没有达到”。例如:He has the ability to work well, but he lacks confidence.他有能力把工作做好,但他缺乏信心。The movie fell short of expectation. 影片没有人们想象中的好。The salary increases fell short of what they expected. 工资增加没有他们期待的那样多。
- fall asleep, sleep
这两个词(组)的共同意思是“睡着,入睡”。其区别是：前者含有“持续”的意义,而后者则是表示一时的动作。例如:I have slept for seven hours.我已睡了7个小时了。Bob was so tired that he fell asleep the moment his head touched the pillow.鲍勃累极了,一碰到枕头就睡着了。
- He fell from the roof.
- He fell off the roof.
- fall, autumn
这两个词都可表示“秋天”,其区别是：1.一般说, autumn是英语, fall是美语,但这并不绝对。由于秋天是落叶的季节,故美语一般将秋天讲作fall,但在书面语中也用autumn，而在作形容词用时,更是多用autumn而很少用fall。2.autumn之前可不用冠词,而fall前则一般要用冠词。
误 He lost his balance and falled to the ground.
正 He lost his balance and fell to the ground.
析 fall的过去式、过去分词分别是fell, fallen,而不是falled。
误 She fell unconsciously on the floor.
正 She fell unconscious on the floor.
误 How long have you fallen ill?
正 How long have you been ill?
析 fall是瞬间动词,不能与表示一段时间的状语连用。本句可改用表示延续性的动词be,也可改为it is...since...句型。
误 The setting sun was falling into the great river.
正 The setting sun was sinking into the great river.
析 fall into的意思是“落入”“掉进”,指突然或瞬间的动作,不用于进行时态。
误 You'll fall down on the stairs if you're not careful!
正 You'll fall down the stairs if you're not careful!
析 fall down the stairs就是“跌下楼梯”的意思, down是介词,其后不用on。
误 The baby fell off from its high-chair.
正 The baby fell from its high-chair.
正 The baby fell off its high-chair.
析 表示“从…跌落”时可以用fall from或fall off,在这里不能将from和off并列使用。
误 Suddenly the soldier fell with his knees to surrender.
正 Suddenly the soldier fell on his knees to surrender.
析 “跪下”可译为fall on one's knees; “侧身倒下”可译为fall down on one's side。
误 Leaves turn yellow in fall.
正 Leaves turn yellow in the fall.
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的fealaln；最初源自古日耳曼语的falalnan，意为从高处跳下来。
- v.(动词) descend drop dip dive plunge sink tumble belong to devolve pass
- n.(名词) collapse cut decline decrease ruin sin
- fall:名称 fall 相关解释 落下;跌倒【C】【(+from)】The fall from his horse broke his arm.他从马上跌落摔坏了胳膊。2. 降落;降落量【C】During…