fall

  基本词汇  
[fɔːl]     [fɔːl]    
  • v. 落下;倒下;来临
  • n. 秋天;落下;瀑布
fell fallen falling falls
new

fall的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 减少,减小, 减退,减弱
  2. 掉落,落下,脱落
  3. 破裂
  4. 落在…身上
  5. 下落,跌落
  6. 下降
  7. 降落
  8. 垮台
  9. 降临
  10. 倾斜
  11. 突然倒下
  12. 跌倒
  13. 倒塌
  14. 下垂,低垂
  15. 向下倾斜
  16. 被打败,沦陷,失守
  17. <书>战死,阵亡
  18. 突然来到,突然出现
  19. 落(在某位置上)
n. (名词)
  1. 瀑布
  2. 落下,降落, 骤降
  3. 落差
  4. 堕落
  5. 减少,降低,下降,减小
  6. 跌落,掉落
  7. 陷落
  8. 跌倒
  9. 垮台,灭亡,没落
  10. 降落量
adj. (形容词)
  1. <美>秋天的,秋季的
  2. 秋天播种的
  3. 秋天成熟的
  4. 秋天用的

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vi. 降落,落下; 摔下,倒下 come down from a higher place, e.g. by losing balance or as a result of gravity
  2. vi. 跌倒 come down from a standing position to a lying position
  3. vi. 降低,减退 come or go to a lower level or point
  4. vi. 倒坍; 沦陷,失守; 被打败,被征服 come to the ground; (of a city etc.) be captured; be defeated
  5. vi. 失势,垮台 lose power or a high position
  6. vi. & link-v. 成为,变为; 进入…状态 become; pass into
  7. vi. (脸色)突然阴沉下来 (of the face) take on a look of sadness, disappointment, shame, etc., especially suddenly
  8. vi. 犯罪,堕落; 怀孕 give way to wrong-doing; be pregnant
  9. vi. 来临; 降临; 下垂; 说出; 属于…的活动范围 come or happen, as if by descending; hang loosely; be spoken; belong to a particular area of activity, responsibility, etc.
n. (名词)
  1. [C]跌落,下落,下跌 an act of falling
  2. [C]降落物,降落量 sth that has fallen
  3. [C]下降,降低,减少 a decrease in quantity, price, demand, degree, etc.
  4. [S]掉落的距离,落差 the distance through which anything falls
  5. [S]陷落; 垮台; 灭亡; 没落 the defeat or loss of power of a city, state, government, etc.
  6. [S]堕落,沦落 a change from a life of goodness, honesty, etc. to one of immorality
  7. [P]瀑布 a place where a river makes a sudden deep over; waterfall
  8. [S]〈美〉秋天 autumn

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the season when the leaves fall from the trees;

    "in the fall of 1973"

  2. a sudden drop from an upright position;

    "he had a nasty spill on the ice"

  3. the lapse of mankind into sinfulness because of the sin of Adam and Eve;

    "women have been blamed ever since the Fall"

  4. a downward slope or bend

  5. a lapse into sin; a loss of innocence or of chastity;

    "a fall from virtue"

  6. a sudden decline in strength or number or importance;

    "the fall of the House of Hapsburg"

  7. a movement downward;

    "the rise and fall of the tides"

  8. the act of surrendering (usually under agreed conditions);

    "they were protected until the capitulation of the fort"

  9. the time of day immediately following sunset;

    "he loved the twilight"
    "they finished before the fall of night"

  10. when a wrestler's shoulders are forced to the mat

  11. a free and rapid descent by the force of gravity;

    "it was a miracle that he survived the drop from that height"

  12. a sudden sharp decrease in some quantity;

    "a drop of 57 points on the Dow Jones index"
    "there was a drop in pressure in the pulmonary artery"
    "a dip in prices"
    "when that became known the price of their stock went into free fall"

Verb:
  1. descend in free fall under the influence of gravity;

    "The branch fell from the tree"
    "The unfortunate hiker fell into a crevasse"

  2. move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way;

    "The temperature is going down"
    "The barometer is falling"
    "The curtain fell on the diva"
    "Her hand went up and then fell again"

  3. pass suddenly and passively into a state of body or mind;

    "fall into a trap"
    "She fell ill"
    "They fell out of favor"
    "Fall in love"
    "fall asleep"
    "fall prey to an imposter"
    "fall into a strange way of thinking"
    "she fell to pieces after she lost her work"

  4. come under, be classified or included;

    "fall into a category"
    "This comes under a new heading"

  5. fall from clouds;

    "rain, snow and sleet were falling"
    "Vesuvius precipitated its fiery, destructive rage on Herculaneum"

  6. suffer defeat, failure, or ruin;

    "We must stand or fall"
    "fall by the wayside"

  7. die, as in battle or in a hunt;

    "Many soldiers fell at Verdun"
    "Several deer have fallen to the same gun"
    "The shooting victim fell dead"

  8. touch or seem as if touching visually or audibly;

    "Light fell on her face"
    "The sun shone on the fields"
    "The light struck the golden necklace"
    "A strange sound struck my ears"

  9. be captured;

    "The cities fell to the enemy"

  10. occur at a specified time or place;

    "Christmas falls on a Monday this year"
    "The accent falls on the first syllable"

  11. decrease in size, extent, or range;

    "The amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester"
    "The cabin pressure fell dramatically"
    "her weight fell to under a hundred pounds"
    "his voice fell to a whisper"

  12. yield to temptation or sin;

    "Adam and Eve fell"

  13. lose office or power;

    "The government fell overnight"
    "The Qing Dynasty fell with Sun Yat-sen"

  14. to be given by assignment or distribution;

    "The most difficult task fell on the youngest member of the team"
    "The onus fell on us"
    "The pressure to succeed fell on the youngest student"

  15. move in a specified direction;

    "The line of men fall forward"

  16. be due;

    "payments fall on the 1st of the month"

  17. lose one's chastity;

    "a fallen woman"

  18. to be given by right or inheritance;

    "The estate fell to the oldest daughter"

  19. come into the possession of;

    "The house accrued to the oldest son"

  20. fall to somebody by assignment or lot;

    "The task fell to me"
    "It fell to me to notify the parents of the victims"

  21. be inherited by;

    "The estate fell to my sister"
    "The land returned to the family"
    "The estate devolved to an heir that everybody had assumed to be dead"

  22. slope downward;

    "The hills around here fall towards the ocean"

  23. lose an upright position suddenly;

    "The vase fell over and the water spilled onto the table"
    "Her hair fell across her forehead"

  24. drop oneself to a lower or less erect position;

    "She fell back in her chair"
    "He fell to his knees"

  25. fall or flow in a certain way;

    "This dress hangs well"
    "Her long black hair flowed down her back"

  26. assume a disappointed or sad expression;

    "Her face fell when she heard that she would be laid off"
    "his crest fell"

  27. be cast down;

    "his eyes fell"

  28. come out; issue;

    "silly phrases fell from her mouth"

  29. be born, used chiefly of lambs;

    "The lambs fell in the afternoon"

  30. begin vigorously;

    "The prisoners fell to work right away"

  31. go as if by falling;

    "Grief fell from our hearts"

  32. come as if by falling;

    "Night fell"
    "Silence fell"

fall的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. The knife fell from his nerveless hand.
    那把刀从他无力的手中落下。
  2. Apples fall from the tree.
    苹果从树上落下。
  3. The tree fell with a thunderous crash.
    那棵树轰隆一声倒下了。
  4. Jobs used to disappear when the snow fell.
    当雪天来临时,就业机会就会消失。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Food prices lowered during the fall.
    秋天食品价格下降了。
  2. I had a fall (from a horse) and broke my arm.
    我(从马上)跌下来把胳膊摔断了。
  3. The falls upstream are full of salmon.
    该瀑布上流有许多大麻哈鱼。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The leaves begin to fall when autumn comes.
    秋天来临时树叶开始落下。
  2. Then the curtain fell and the audience dispersed slowly.
    接着幕落,观众慢慢散掉。
  3. The rain kept falling for a few days.
    雨不停地下了几天。
  4. It is probable that rain will fall tomorrow.
    明天大概会下雨。
  5. A fine drizzle is falling.
    蒙蒙细雨下个不停。
  6. Snow is falling fast.
    雪正下得急。
  7. He staggered and fell headlong.
    他一个不小心跌倒,摔了个倒栽葱。
  8. When a cold wave came, the temperature fell 10℃ yesterday.
    昨天寒潮袭来,气温下降了10摄氏度。
  9. Prices continued to fall.
    物价持续下跌。
  10. The steel output of these countries fell drastically in July.7
    月份这些国家的钢产量急剧下降。
  11. A prayer was said in memory of those who fell in the war.
    举行祷告是为了纪念战争中阵亡的将士。
  12. The city fell.
    这个城市沦陷了。
  13. But the days dragged into spring, hopes fell.
    冬去春来,希望降临。
  14. Darkness falls quickly in the tropics.
    热带地区天黑得很快。
  15. Sudden silence fell.
    突然静了下来。
  16. Her eyes fell before his steady gaze.
    在他的逼视下,她双目低垂。
  17. Her face fell when I told her the news.
    当我告诉她这个消息时,她突然沉下脸来。
  18. Her face fell when I told her that she was defeated in the game.
    当我告诉她她在比赛中被击败了,她脸上露出沮丧的表情。
  19. Eve tempted Adam and he fell.
    夏娃诱惑亚当,于是他堕落了。
  20. We had been married eight months before I fell.
    我俩结婚八个月后我怀了孕。
  21. I guessed what was happening by the few remarks she let fall.
    从她说的几句话里,我猜到正在发生什么事。
用作系动词 S+~+ adj.
  1. When does the rent fall due?
    租金何时到期?
  2. One after another, all of them fell asleep.
    那些人一个接一个地睡着了。
  3. His horse fell lame.
    他的马跛了。
  4. A bullet struck his head and he fell dead on the spot.
    他的头部中弹,当场死亡。
  5. His voice choked at the painful memory and he fell silent.
    这些痛苦的回忆使他声音哽咽,他沉默下来。
  6. The poor performance fell flat.
    蹩脚的表演彻底失败了。
  7. His joke fell flat because nobody understood it.
    他的笑话没有奏效,因为大家理解不了。
  8. The director fell ill in the middle of the meeting, and had to be taken to hospital.
    该董事长在会议中途病了,只得被送进医院。
  9. After she came back home, she fell ill.
    她到家里后就生病了。
其他 v -en as Attrib.
  1. The fallen soldiers were eulogized as heroes.
    阵亡的士兵被颂扬为英雄。
  2. The road was blocked by a fallen tree.
    路被一棵倒伏的树阻塞了。
v -ing as Attrib.
  1. The falling wall showered dust on us.
    倒塌的墙壁弄了我们一身土。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He suffered a fall from his horse.
    他从马上摔下来。
  2. He asked her if she had had a fall.
    他问她是否摔了一跤。
  3. He survived a fall of 40 feet.
    他从40英尺高的地方跌下来没有丧命。
  4. I had a bad fall and hurt my arm.
    我重重地摔了一跤摔坏了胳膊。
  5. He had a nasty fall on the way out of the market.
    在从市场出来的路上,他重重地摔了一跤。
  6. He was rushed to hospital after a 20-foot fall.
    他从20英尺高的地方摔下来之后立即被送往医院。
  7. The girl was injured by a fall.
    那个女孩跌伤了。
  8. He was stunned by the fall.
    他摔得昏了过去。
  9. The fall from his horse broke his arm.
    他从马背上跌下来摔伤了手臂。
  10. I've had so many falls that I'm black and blue all over.
    我跌了这么多跤,以致全身都是青一块紫一块的。
  11. Owing to the war, the rent was on the fall.
    由于战争房租在不断下跌。
  12. These small businesses have benefited greatly from the fall in interest rates.
    小企业因利率下降而得到了很大的好处。
  13. A fall into the pit, a gain in your wit.
    吃一堑,长一智。
  14. Pride goes before a fall.
    骄兵必败。
  15. The fall of the city followed heavy bombardment.
    城市受到猛烈轰炸后沦陷。
  16. Even the fall of France in May 1940 failed to awaken us.
    甚至1940年5月法国的沦陷也未能使我们警醒。
  17. After the fall of France,Britain was really up against it.
    法国沦陷后,英国处境的确困难。
  18. That debate led to the government's fall.
    那场辩论导致政府垮台。
  19. He took his first serious fall at 14 for auto theft.
    他14岁时盗窃汽车是他的第一次失足。
  20. The world was blessed place before the Fall.
    世界在人类堕落之前本是一块福地。
  21. The falls are thirty feet high.
    那瀑布有30英尺高。
  22. These falls are used to provide electric power.
    这些瀑布被利用来发电。
  23. They went fishing below the falls and caught half a dozen trout.
    他们去瀑布下面钓鱼,钓到了六七条鲑鱼。
  24. Her hair looks a brown falls.
    她的头发看上去就像褐色的瀑布。
  25. We visited the Niagara Falls in the fall of 1990.
    我们在1990年秋天参观了尼亚加拉大瀑布。
  26. Have you ever heard of the Falls of Niagara?
    你听说过尼亚加拉瀑布吗?
  27. As fall turns into winter, other changes take place.
    秋去冬来还会发生其他变化。
  28. Aunt put up a dozen cans of tomato sauce last fall.
    去年秋天姑妈做了12瓶番茄酱。
  29. Winter comes after fall.
    秋去冬来。
  30. Life starts all over again when it gets crisp in the fall.
    秋天一到,天高气爽,生活就又重新开始了。
  31. It happened in the fall of 1966.
    那件事发生在1966年秋。
  32. If you expect to enter college in the fall, you should apply now.
    如果你希望秋季上大学,现在就应该申请了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
fall about (v.+adv.)
    〈非正〉笑得无法自制 not control oneself to laugh
    fall about

    We fell about at grandpa's funny story.

    听了爷爷讲的滑稽故事,我们忍不住大笑。

    Few people knew that the popular clown who had been making people fall about with laughter was lonely in heart.

    几乎没有人知道,那位总让人们开怀大笑的小丑内心很孤独。

    They fell about when Sir. Harold slipped on the banana skin.

    当哈罗德爵士踏到香蕉皮而滑了一跤时,他们大笑不止。

    fall about v-ing

    They fell about laughing when they heard his funny voice.

    听到他那滑稽的声音,他们都无法自制地大笑起来。

    Just the sight of the clown is enough to make you fall about laughing.

    对那个小丑瞅上一眼,就足以使你大笑不止。

fall across (v.+prep.)
    遇到 meet
    fall across sb

    I fell across your aunt in the street the other day.

    前几天在街上我遇到过你姨母。

    I happened to fall across her the next day in the park.

    第二天我在公园里偶然遇到她。

fall against (v.+prep.)
    绊倒 cause to stumble down
    fall against sth

    The old man fell against the bucket.

    那老人被水桶绊倒了。

fall among (v.+prep.)
    偶然遇到(坏人等); 偶然陷入…之中 get into the midst of; get into the hands of
    fall among sb

    He fell among thieves and was stripped.

    他遇到窃贼,所有东西都被抢走。

    Because of a renegade's betrayal, she fell among enemies.

    由于叛徒的出卖,她落到了敌人的手中。

fall apart (v.+adv.)
    散开,崩溃,破碎 break into pieces
    fall apart

    Anna did what she could to keep the marriage from falling apart.

    安娜尽一切可能避免婚姻破裂。

    Feudalism was falling apart.

    封建制度正在土崩瓦解。

fall at (v.+prep.)
    在…时变成某种状态 become sth; pass into sth
    fall at sth

    I don't think her spirits will fall at the bad news.

    我想她听到这坏消息时不会情绪低落的。

fall away (v.+adv.)
    消瘦 lose flesh
fall back (v.+adv.)
    后退,(对方因被击败而)退却 move back
    fall back

    The crowd fell back to let the doctor through.

    人群退后让医生走过去。

    The crowd surrounding the hurt boy fell back when the ambulance came.

    救护车一到,围在受伤孩子周围的人们向后退开。

    Badly beaten, the intruders fell back in disorder.

    遭到惨败之后,入侵者溃退了。

    fall back to sth

    Our attack was so vigorous that the enemy had to fall back to the river bank.

    我方的进攻很猛烈,敌人只好退至河岸。

fall back on (v.+adv.+prep.)
    求助于,依赖,转而依靠 turn to for help (when other things fail)
    fall back on sb/sth

    Don't fall back on others but do the job yourself.

    别依赖别人,你自己干。

    If Mr. Jones can't find a job as a teacher, he can fall back on his skill as a printer.

    如果琼斯先生找不到当老师的工作,他可以凭他的技术搞印刷。

    Doctors sometimes fall back on old cures.

    有时医生们求助于老的疗法。

    At least we can fall back on candles if the electricity fails.

    停电时我们至少可以使用蜡烛。

    The enemy fell back on the second line of defence.

    敌人退守第二道防线。

fall behind1 (v.+adv.)
    处于较低水平 drop a low level
    fall behind

    John has fallen behind.

    约翰落后了。

    Little Tom was always falling behind when we went up the hill.

    我们上山的时候,小汤姆总是落后。

    Production has fallen behind in the last few months.

    前几个月产量下降了。

    fall behind in sth

    Several of the runners fell behind in the race.

    有几个赛跑者在比赛中落在后面了。

    The horse fell behind in the race.

    那匹马在比赛中落后了。

    He didn't want to fall behind in his studies.

    他不想在学习上落后。

    Andrew fell behind in his studies and failed the course.

    安德鲁学习赶不上去,所修课程不及格。

    John fell behind in his studies and finally had to leave school.

    约翰在学习上跟不上别人,最后只得离开学校。

    If you don't come to class regularly, you will fall behind in your studies.

    如果你经常不来上课,学习成绩就会落在别人后面。

    fall behind

    If your payments of rent fall behind, you will be asked to leave.

    如果你不如期交房租,你就会被撵走。

    If you fell behind in your payments, the finance company may seize your car.

    假如你不能按时付款,信贷公司就可能扣你的车。

    fall behind with sth

    She's very worried about falling behind with the rent.

    她为拖欠租金而不安。

    fall behind

    The work of this class has been falling behind recently.

    近来这个班的成绩一直处于较低水平。

fall behind2 (v.+prep.)
    落后于(他人、他物) be overtaken by others; lag in pace or progress; fail to keep level with; be outstripped or left behind by
fall below (v.+prep.)
    降至…下 drop below sth
    fall below sth

    Water freezes when the temperature falls below 0℃。

    温度降至摄氏零度以下时水就结冰。

fall down (v.+adv.)
    失败 become unsuccessful
fall for (v.+prep.)
    爱上 like; fall in love with
fall from (v.+prep.)
    说出 be spoken
fall in (v.+adv.)
    同意 agree
    fall in

    The roof of the tunnel fell in.

    隧道顶部塌了下来。

    The roof of the new tunnel hasn't been properly supported, it shows signs of falling in.

    新隧道的顶部支撑得不好,已显出坍塌的迹象。

    The tree fell in a crash.

    那树哗啦一声倒了下来。

    The roof of the burning house fell in with a crash.

    着火房子的屋顶哗啦一声塌下来。

    fall in

    Fall in, men!

    全体集合!

    As the bugle sounded we ran to the sports ground and fell in.

    号一响,我们就跑到运动场集合站队。

    fall sb ⇔ in

    Platoon sergeants fell their men in on the barrack square.

    排长们在营房广场整理队伍。

    fall in

    He made a new suggestion and I fell in immediately.

    他提出一个新的建议,我立即同意了。

fall in with (v.+adv.+prep.)
    同意 agree to
fall into (v.+prep.)
    掉进,陷入 get into
fall off1 (v.+adv.)
    变瘦; (健康、精力等)衰退 become wasted; (health, vigour, etc.) decline
fall off2 (v.+prep.)
    (动物)失去对…的食欲 (an animal) lose appetite for
fall on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
    偶然发现 come across
fall out (v.+adv.)
    解散,掉队 dismiss
    fall out

    Those boys sometimes fall out when they are at play.

    那些男孩子玩的时候有时会争吵起来。

    fall out with sb

    The young couple next door seem to have fallen out with each other.

    隔壁那对小夫妻好像吵过架了。

    fall out

    Everything fell out as we had hoped.

    结果正如我们所希望的那样。

    It fell out that Group One won the 400-meter relay race.

    结果第一组得了400米接力赛第一名。

    fall out

    Fall out, men!

    全体解散!

    After we had gone a few miles, one of us fell out as a result of a sprained ankle.

    我们走了几英里以后,有人因扭伤了脚踝而掉队了。

fall out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
    从…掉了下来 drop from
    fall out of sth

    In his sleep he let the book fall out of his hand.

    他睡着时书从手中掉了下来。

    As a language grows, new words are introduced and many words fall out of use.

    随着语言的发展,新词出现了,同时也有许多词被废弃不用了。

fall over1 (v.+adv.)
    睡着 go to sleep
fall over2 (v.+prep.)
    落在…之外 drop beyond
    fall over sth

    The car fell over a cliff and the driver was drowned.

    轿车从悬崖上翻下来,司机溺水而亡。

    A hush fell over the onlookers.

    旁观者们突然静了下来。

    fall over sth

    He fell over a rock in his path.

    他在小路上被一块石头绊倒了。

    When a man is drunk, he often falls over his own feet.

    一个人喝醉了酒,常会绊倒自己。

    fall over sb/oneself to-v

    Mother fell over herself to get the party ready.

    母亲急切地为聚会做准备。

    The children fell over each other to take the parcel from the postman.

    孩子们争先恐后地从邮递员那儿把包裹拿过来。

    fall over sth

    The ball fell over the line.

    球落在线外。

fall over backwards (v.+adv.+adv.)
    迫不及待(做某事) do sth too impatient
    fall over backwards to-v

    The students fell over backwards to finish their work on time.

    学生们都渴望能按时完成作业。

    All the girls fell over backwards to get the party ready.

    姑娘们迫不及待地为聚会做准备。

fall through (v.+adv.)
    失败 come to nothing; fail to be completed
    fall through

    Owing to a heavy fall of rain, all our plans fell through.

    由于下了一场大雨,我们的所有计划都泡汤了。

    The deal fell through at the last minute.

    这笔交易到最后一刻落空了。

    Our holiday plans fell through because of transport strikes.

    由于交通部门职工罢工,我们的假期计划落空了。

fall to1 (v.+adv.)
    开始吃 begin to eat
    fall to

    The food was put on the table and they fell to eagerly.

    食品放到桌子上,他们便吃了起来。

    The hungry boy fell to before everyone sat down.

    大家还没坐下来,那个饥肠辘辘的男孩就开始吃了起来。

    When the meal was served, we fell to with a good appetite.

    饭菜一端上来,我们便津津有味地吃了起来。

    After grace had been said they all fell to, and made a hearty meal.

    做了感恩祷告后,他们都开始吃起来,饱餐了一顿。

fall to2 (v.+prep.)
    开始; 被击败 begin; be defeated
    fall to sth

    Their voices fell to a whisper.

    他们讲话的声音降至耳语。

    Finally the Second International fell to pieces.

    最后第二国际解散了。

    fall sth to sth

    The baby is sleeping, so they fall their voice to a whisper.

    那婴儿在睡觉,所以他们把声音降成了耳语。

    fall to sth

    The tiger fell to the hunter's gun.

    那只老虎倒在了猎人的枪口下。

    fall sb to sth

    The little girl fell victim to a bomb in a fascist air raid.

    那个小女孩在一次法西斯空袭中成了一枚炸弹的牺牲者。

    fall to sb/sth

    Her look fell to the clock.

    她的目光落在时钟上。

    The force of Gravity makes things fall to earth.

    地球引力使物体落到地面上。

    The property will fall to the eldest son.

    财产将传给长子。

    It falls to me to finish the work.

    完成这项工作的任务落在我头上。

    At last, it fell to me to break the bad news to her.

    最后,只能由我把这个不幸的消息委婉地告诉她。

    fall to sth/v-ing

    All through the competition, good players were falling to the new young tennis star.

    在比赛的全过程中,许多优秀的网球手都败在这位年轻的新星手里。

    He fell to thinking about the early days and his lost friends.

    他开始思念起他早年的时光和失去的朋友。

fall under (v.+prep.)
    归入…类 be classified as sth
fall within (v.+prep.)
    应列入…范围内 be placed in a list or class with a heading
    fall within sth

    Articles of this kind fall within the scope of our business activities.

    此类商品在我方经营范围之内。

用作名词 (n.)
ride for a fall
    鲁莽行事,自找麻烦 take a course that is likely to lead to disaster

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
名词+~ ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • One of them, by a fall from the Parapet.., was killed.

    出自: F. Smith
  • I unhooked my gold dress and let it fall..round my feet.

    出自: M. Keane
  • The curtain fell for the interval.

    出自: S. Brett

fall的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. fall的基本意思有二:一是向更低的位置纵向移动,意为“降落,落下; 摔下,倒下”“(突然)跌倒”“下降,降低”。二是表示状态的变化,常指陷入不够理想的境地,意为“战斗中受伤倒下,阵亡”“进入…状态”“失去权力,失势,垮台”“被打败,被攻克”“(脸色)突然阴沉下来”。fall引申可表示“降临”“下垂”“往下倾斜”“说出”“堕落,完全为邪念所控制”等。
  2. fall主要用作不及物动词,也可以用作系动词,后接形容词(不接比较级)作表语表示“进入某种状态”,有时后面也可接名词,意思是“变成,成为”。
  3. fall偶尔也用作及物动词,仅用于美式英语和英国方言中,意思是“击倒,砍倒(树木)”。
  4. fall to意为“开始”时, to是介词,后面只能接名词或动名词。
  5. fall的现在分词falling和过去分词fallen可用作形容词,在句中作定语。
n. (名词)
  1. fall用作名词的基本意思是“跌落,跌倒”,也可指“降落物,降落量”,引申可表示数量、价格、需要、程度等的“下降、降低或减少”,是可数名词。
  2. fall也可表示“掉落的距离,落差”,是单数名词,后常接介词of。
  3. fall还有“陷落; 垮台; 灭亡; 没落”的意思,是单数名词,并常与定冠词the连用,可引申作“堕落,沦落”解,是单数名词,有时首字母大写。
  4. fall还可作“瀑布”解,常用复数,谓语动词用单复数形式均可。
  5. fall在美式英语中还可作“秋天”解。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
fall asleep, be asleep
  • be asleep指睡着的状态,可以接表示延续性时间的状语; 而fall asleep指的是一时的动作。试比较下面两句:
  • He has been asleep for three hours.
  • 他睡了三个小时。
  • One after another, all of them fell asleep.
  • 那些人一个接一个地睡着了。
  • fall, descend, drop, sink
  • 这四个词都可表示物体向下降落。它们之间的区别是:
  • 1.sink指在空气或水中垂直下降、下沉; descend则通常指沿斜线或斜坡下降; 而drop与fall均可指急速地向下坠落,可直可斜。例如:
  • The walk descends sharply.小路下倾得很厉害。
  • The ship struck against the rocks and sank.那船触礁沉没了。
  • We saw an apple falling〔dropping〕 down from the tree yesterday.昨天我们看见一个苹果从树上掉下来。
  • 2.drop指物体由于重力从高处往下落; fall指物体由于不明原因或物体本身失去平衡而向下降落,有自然下落的意思。例如:
  • She dropped the cup.她把杯子弄掉了。
  • Leaves fall in autumn.秋天树叶下落。
  • 3.drop通常是有意识、有目的地下落; 而fall则往往是无意识地下落。例如:
  • The enemy planes dropped bombs.敌机投下了炸弹。
  • Rain is falling fast.雨下得很大。
  • 4.drop引申可表示物价的降落; sink还可指精力或意识逐渐丧失。例如:
  • The price of oil has dropped sharply.石油价格暴跌。
  • His heart sank.他感到沮丧。
  • 5.drop一般用作及物动词,偶尔也用作不及物动词; fall则通常用作不及物动词。
  • fall short of, lack
  • 这两者意思并不相同:lack的意思是“缺乏”;而fall short of的意思是“没有达到”。例如:
  • He has the ability to work well, but he lacks confidence.他有能力把工作做好,但他缺乏信心。
  • The movie fell short of expectation. 影片没有人们想象中的好。
  • The salary increases fell short of what they expected. 工资增加没有他们期待的那样多。
  • fall asleep, sleep
  • 这两个词(组)的共同意思是“睡着,入睡”。其区别是:
  • 前者含有“持续”的意义,而后者则是表示一时的动作。例如:
  • I have slept for seven hours.我已睡了7个小时了。
  • Bob was so tired that he fell asleep the moment his head touched the pillow.鲍勃累极了,一碰到枕头就睡着了。
  • 下面两个句子意思不同:
  • He fell from the roof.
  • 他从屋顶掉下来。
  • He fell off the roof.
  • 他从屋顶滚落下来。
  • n. (名词)
    fall, autumn
  • 这两个词都可表示“秋天”,其区别是:
  • 1.一般说, autumn是英语, fall是美语,但这并不绝对。由于秋天是落叶的季节,故美语一般将秋天讲作fall,但在书面语中也用autumn,而在作形容词用时,更是多用autumn而很少用fall。
  • 2.autumn之前可不用冠词,而fall前则一般要用冠词。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      他失去平衡,跌倒在地上。

      He lost his balance and falled to the ground.

      He lost his balance and fell to the ground.

      fall的过去式、过去分词分别是fell, fallen,而不是falled。

      她摔倒在地板上,昏了过去。

      She fell unconsciously on the floor.

      She fell unconscious on the floor.

      fall作“变为…”“进入…状态”解时为系动词,后面通常跟形容词作表语,行为方式副词不可与系动词连用。

      你病了多久了?

      How long have you fallen ill?

      How long have you been ill?

      fall是瞬间动词,不能与表示一段时间的状语连用。本句可改用表示延续性的动词be,也可改为it is...since...句型。

      夕阳西下入大河。

      The setting sun was falling into the great river.

      The setting sun was sinking into the great river.

      fall into的意思是“落入”“掉进”,指突然或瞬间的动作,不用于进行时态。

      你如果不当心,会跌下楼梯的。

      You'll fall down on the stairs if you're not careful!

      You'll fall down the stairs if you're not careful!

      fall down the stairs就是“跌下楼梯”的意思, down是介词,其后不用on。

      那婴孩从高脚椅上跌落下来。

      The baby fell off from its high-chair.

      The baby fell from its high-chair.

      The baby fell off its high-chair.

      表示“从…跌落”时可以用fall from或fall off,在这里不能将from和off并列使用。

      这个士兵突然跪下投降了。

      Suddenly the soldier fell with his knees to surrender.

      Suddenly the soldier fell on his knees to surrender.

      “跪下”可译为fall on one's knees; “侧身倒下”可译为fall down on one's side。

    n. (名词)
      秋天树叶会变黄。

      Leaves turn yellow in fall.

      Leaves turn yellow in the fall.

      fall作“秋天”解时其前一般要加定冠词the。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的feallan;最初源自古日耳曼语的fallanan,意为从高处跳下来。
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