dust

  核心词汇  
[dʌst]     [dʌst]    
  • n.灰尘;尘土;粉尘
  • vt.去掉 ... 的灰尘;撒粉末于
  • vi.除尘
dusted dusted dusting dusts
new

dust是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 粉末
  2. 灰尘,尘土,尘埃,土,尘
  3. 遗骸,尸体
  4. 垃圾,废品
  5. 金粉
  6. <英>灰烬
  7. 屈辱
  8. 一文不值的东西
  9. 花粉
  10. 粉剂
  11. 人体,人
  12. 地面
v.(动词)
  1. 使布满灰尘,把...弄得满是灰尘,扬起灰尘
  2. 喷撒农药
  3. 掸掉灰尘,掸(灰),拂去灰尘
  4. 打扫(灰尘) ,扫除灰尘
  5. 变得灰扑扑
  6. 用沙土洗澡,用尘土洗澡,浴于尘土中
  7. 在...上撒粉,把(粉末)撒于
  8. 使成为灰尘
  9. 擦去,刷去,掸去,扫去
  10. 撒(粉),用粉末撒
  11. 弄成粉末
  12. 拂,掸,撢
  13. 杀死某人(黑社会用语)
  14. 离开,起程

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U]灰尘,尘土,尘埃 fine dry powder consisting of particles of earth, dirt, etc.
  2. [U]遗骸 remains of a dead person
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 拂(一拂),掸(一掸) clear of dust by wiping, clear furniture, etc. of dust
  2. vt. 撒(粉)于 cover with dust or fine powder

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
dust : 灰尘, 粉末 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
dust : 粉剂 ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
dust : 粉尘 ...
在 《外教社市政工程英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. fine powdery material such as dry earth or pollen that can be blown about in the air;

    "the furniture was covered with dust"

  2. the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up

  3. free microscopic particles of solid material;

    "astronomers say that the empty space between planets actually contains measurable amounts of dust"

Verb:
  1. remove the dust from;

    "dust the cabinets"

  2. rub the dust over a surface so as to blur the outlines of a shape;

    "The artist dusted the charcoal drawing down to a faint image"

  3. cover with a light dusting of a substance;

    "dust the bread with flour"

  4. distribute loosely;

    "He scattered gun powder under the wagon"

dust的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The mirror is covered with a film of dust.
    镜子蒙上了一层灰尘。
  2. A thick layer of dust lay on the furniture.
    家具上覆盖着一层厚厚的灰尘。
  3. The truck left clouds of dust in its wake.
    车后扬起了一阵尘土。
  4. She knocks the dust out of her coat.
    她打掉外套上的尘土。
  5. The amount of the industrial dust is rather large.
    工业粉尘排放量很大。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Mum dusted the pan with flour.
    妈妈在平地锅上撒了些面粉。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. It's dusty so we have to dust every day.
    灰尘多,所以我们必须每天掸灰除尘。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. What a dust!
    好大的尘灰啊!
  2. The speeding car on the dirt road raised a great dust.
    土道上飞驰的汽车扬起一大阵尘土。
  3. The air was full of dust after the cars passed.
    汽车过后,空中尘土飞扬。
  4. The best way to lay the dust is to damp the floor down, and then rub it all over with a piece of cloth.
    不使尘土飞扬的最好方法就是把地板润湿一下,随后用布擦一遍。
  5. Her eyes were watering from dust.
    她的双眼进了灰尘正在流泪。
  6. His clothes were covered with dust.
    他的衣服上落满了尘埃。
  7. The girl washed the dust off the table.
    那女孩洗掉了桌上的灰尘。
  8. A great cloud of dust boiled up past the windows.
    一大团尘土旋动着在窗前经过。
  9. Rain turns dust into mud.
    雨水把尘土变成了泥浆。
  10. She married for love and the love turned to dust.
    她是为了爱情结婚的,但爱情却化成了烟尘。
  11. The most wildly romantic adventures all turned into dust and ashes.
    那些最为神奇浪漫的冒险事业都已烟消云散。
  12. Ashes to ashes and dust to dust, if God won't have him the Devil must.
    愿尘埃之身,仍归尘埃,天堂如不接纳,地狱必予以容留。
  13. The ancient empire was crushed and humbled to the dust.
    那老大帝国被打得落花流水,威望扫地。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. She dusts every day.
    她每天都擦拭灰尘。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Dust your hat.
    拂去你帽子上的灰尘。
  2. Please dust all the books on the bottom shelf.
    请把底层的书掸一掸。
  3. He dusted the books as he took them from the shelf.
    他从书架上拿下书时,掸了掸灰尘。
  4. She dusts furniture every day.
    她每天掸拂家具。
  5. He dusted all the furniture and then polished it.
    他给所有的家具掸去灰尘,然后把它们擦亮。
  6. She dusted the TV set carefully.
    她小心翼翼地为电视机拭去灰尘。
  7. She dusted the radio lightly.
    她轻轻地为收音机拭去灰尘。
  8. Dust the crumbs from your lap.
    掸掉你腿上的面包屑。
  9. The airplane dusted an insecticide on the crops.
    飞机给庄稼洒农药。
  10. The cook dusted the cake with sugar.
    厨师在蛋糕上撒上糖。
  11. The nurse dusted powder over the baby.
    保育员把爽身粉撒在婴儿身上。
  12. She put on lipstick and dusted her face with powder.
    她涂上口红,在脸上抹了粉。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
bite the dust
  1. 倒地而死 fall down dead

    Another gangster bit the dust. 又一名匪徒被打死。

  2. 被打败,被拒绝 be defeated or rejected

    Another good idea bites the dust. 又一个好主意被拒绝了。

    Most of my family had to stop working because of illness that winter—I was not the only one to bite the dust. 那年冬天我们家大多数人都病倒了,只得停止工作——我并不是家里唯一病倒的人。

kick up〔raise〕 a dust
  1. 引起骚乱 make a dust

    Everyone was kicking up a dust because the trains were running late. 由于火车晚点,大家七嘴八舌,议论纷纷。

like gold dust
  1. 极其罕见 extremely rare

    I'm looking for a first edition of the book but they're like gold dust—I can't find one anywhere. 我正在寻找这本书的第一版本,但它们极少见——我什么地方也找不到。

not see sb for dust
  1. 跑得连影子也看不到 be unable to see sb because he〔she〕 has left in a hurry

    When I told the spectators the beer tent was open you couldn't see them for dust. 我告诉那些观众啤酒店仍然开着时,他们已经跑得无影无踪。

shake the dust off one's feet
  1. 离开厌恶之处,但愿不再返回 leave a place one does not like, hoping not to return

    After a year of misery here,I'm finally shaking the dust of this town off my feet. 我在这个市镇受了一年的罪,总算离开这里了。

    I had lived in the town for four years and made no friends, so I decided to shake the dust off my feet and look for a job somewhere else. 在这个镇上住了四年也没交到朋友,于是我只好愤然离去到别处去另谋职业。

throw dust in sb's eyes
  1. 迷惑某人,蒙蔽某人 prevent sb from seeing the truth by misleading him

    The accused had thrown dust in the eyes of the police by giving them a false alibi. 被告向警方提供伪证,以此转移了他们的视线。

when the dust has settled
  1. 烟消云散,疑云散尽,愁云散尽 when the present uncertainty, unpleasantness, etc. is over

    Now that the strike is over, we must form a management-staff committee when the dust has settled. 罢工已结束,我们必须在骚乱平息后建立职员管理委员会。

用作动词 (v.)
dust down (v.+adv.)
  1. 把灰尘掸掉(或刷掉) make dust off dust oneself/sth ⇔ down

    Dust yourself down.把你身上的土掸净。

    She stood up and dusted herself down.她站起身来,掸去身上的灰尘。

    They dusted down the whole house before they started decorating.在开始装饰之前,他们把整幢房子打扫了一遍。

dust off (v.+adv.)
  1. 掸(或拭去)灰尘 make sth clean dust sb/sth ⇔ off

    Dust yourself off.把你身上的土掸净。

  2. (长期搁置后)重新使用(或温习) use again after a stop a long time dust sth ⇔ off

    Four years after he graduated from school,Tom decided to dust off his algebra books.毕业4年后,汤姆决定重温搁置已久的代数书。

  3. 迅速离开 leave rapidly dust off

    She dusted off faster than a wind.她飞快地跑开了。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • There wasn't one chip, one scratch, one speck of dust anywhere.

    出自:J. Braine
  • The peppering of red road dust on the old man's hat.

    出自:E. Welty
  • Drought had..dried the soil to a fine grey dust, that now rose up on every wind.

    出自:U. Le Guin
  • We go out..and dust our feet along its thoroughfares.

    出自:J. A. Froude

dust的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. dust的基本意思指粉末状干土,即“尘土”“尘埃”。引申指“烟尘般的虚无”“尘土般的卑贱”“尘垢般的屈辱”。
v.(动词)
  1. dust用作动词意思是“掸去灰尘”。后接粉状物质时,还可表示“把…撒在…上”。
  2. dust用作及物动词时,接名词、代词作宾语。

词义辨析

clean clear sweep dust mop wipe scrub
这些动词均有“使干净”之意。
  • clean:clean是这些动词中最常用的词,指将某物或某处的污物等清除掉,弄干净。
  • clear:clear指清除不要的东西。
  • sweep:sweep指用扫帚等进行清扫,也用作比喻。
  • dust:dust指将积落在物体表面的尘土抹去、掸掉或擦去以保干净。
  • mop:mop侧重指用拖把擦洗地板,有时也指擦干净或擦去。
  • wipe:wipe多指用布、纸等物把东西擦净,也指擦掉某物。
  • scrub:scrub指用硬刷、肥皂或水用力地擦洗某物。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪进入英语,直接源自古英语的usdt,意为灰尘,尘土。

dust的相关资料:

正版词典

dust : 灰尘, 尘 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
dust : 灰尘,尘埃, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】

缩略词

dust的相关缩略词,共有7

互动百科

  • dust:dust n. 灰尘, 尘土, 尘埃vt. 掸掉...上的灰尘, 撒糖于糕上 英英解释:名词dust:1. fine powdery material such as dry earth or pol…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词