dust

  核心词汇  
[dʌst]     [dʌst]    
  • n. 灰尘;尘土;粉尘
  • vt. 去掉 ... 的灰尘;撒粉末于
  • vi. 除尘
dusted dusted dusting dusts
new

dust的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 粉末
  2. 灰尘,尘土,尘埃,土,尘
  3. 遗骸,尸体
  4. 垃圾,废品
  5. 金粉
  6. <英>灰烬
  7. 屈辱
  8. 一文不值的东西
  9. 花粉
  10. 粉剂
  11. 人体,人
  12. 地面
v. (动词)
  1. 使布满灰尘,把...弄得满是灰尘,扬起灰尘
  2. 喷撒农药
  3. 掸掉灰尘,掸(灰),拂去灰尘
  4. 打扫(灰尘) ,扫除灰尘
  5. 变得灰扑扑
  6. 用沙土洗澡,用尘土洗澡,浴于尘土中
  7. 在...上撒粉,把(粉末)撒于
  8. 使成为灰尘
  9. 擦去,刷去,掸去,扫去
  10. 撒(粉),用粉末撒
  11. 弄成粉末
  12. 拂,掸,撢
  13. 杀死某人(黑社会用语)
  14. 离开,起程

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [U]灰尘,尘土,尘埃 fine dry powder consisting of particles of earth, dirt, etc.
  2. [U]遗骸 remains of a dead person
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 拂(一拂),掸(一掸) clear of dust by wiping, clear furniture, etc. of dust
  2. vt. 撒(粉)于 cover with dust or fine powder

英英释义

Noun:
  1. fine powdery material such as dry earth or pollen that can be blown about in the air;

    "the furniture was covered with dust"

  2. the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up

  3. free microscopic particles of solid material;

    "astronomers say that the empty space between planets actually contains measurable amounts of dust"

Verb:
  1. remove the dust from;

    "dust the cabinets"

  2. rub the dust over a surface so as to blur the outlines of a shape;

    "The artist dusted the charcoal drawing down to a faint image"

  3. cover with a light dusting of a substance;

    "dust the bread with flour"

  4. distribute loosely;

    "He scattered gun powder under the wagon"

dust的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The mirror is covered with a film of dust.
    镜子蒙上了一层灰尘。
  2. A thick layer of dust lay on the furniture.
    家具上覆盖着一层厚厚的灰尘。
  3. The truck left clouds of dust in its wake.
    车后扬起了一阵尘土。
  4. She knocks the dust out of her coat.
    她打掉外套上的尘土。
  5. The amount of the industrial dust is rather large.
    工业粉尘排放量很大。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. I used a piece of rag to dust the wooden furniture.
    我用一块抹布擦拭木制家具上的灰尘。
  2. Mum dusted the pan with flour.
    妈妈在平地锅上撒了些面粉。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. It's dusty so we have to dust every day.
    灰尘多,所以我们必须每天掸灰除尘。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. What a dust!
    好大的尘灰啊!
  2. The speeding car on the dirt road raised a great dust.
    土道上飞驰的汽车扬起一大阵尘土。
  3. The air was full of dust after the cars passed.
    汽车过后,空中尘土飞扬。
  4. The best way to lay the dust is to damp the floor down, and then rub it all over with a piece of cloth.
    不使尘土飞扬的最好方法就是把地板润湿一下,随后用布擦一遍。
  5. Her eyes were watering from dust.
    她的双眼进了灰尘正在流泪。
  6. His clothes were covered with dust.
    他的衣服上落满了尘埃。
  7. The girl washed the dust off the table.
    那女孩洗掉了桌上的灰尘。
  8. A great cloud of dust boiled up past the windows.
    一大团尘土旋动着在窗前经过。
  9. Rain turns dust into mud.
    雨水把尘土变成了泥浆。
  10. She married for love and the love turned to dust.
    她是为了爱情结婚的,但爱情却化成了烟尘。
  11. The most wildly romantic adventures all turned into dust and ashes.
    那些最为神奇浪漫的冒险事业都已烟消云散。
  12. Ashes to ashes and dust to dust, if God won't have him the Devil must.
    愿尘埃之身,仍归尘埃,天堂如不接纳,地狱必予以容留。
  13. The ancient empire was crushed and humbled to the dust.
    那老大帝国被打得落花流水,威望扫地。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. She dusts every day.
    她每天都擦拭灰尘。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Dust your hat.
    拂去你帽子上的灰尘。
  2. Please dust all the books on the bottom shelf.
    请把底层的书掸一掸。
  3. He dusted the books as he took them from the shelf.
    他从书架上拿下书时,掸了掸灰尘。
  4. She dusts furniture every day.
    她每天掸拂家具。
  5. He dusted all the furniture and then polished it.
    他给所有的家具掸去灰尘,然后把它们擦亮。
  6. She dusted the TV set carefully.
    她小心翼翼地为电视机拭去灰尘。
  7. She dusted the radio lightly.
    她轻轻地为收音机拭去灰尘。
  8. Dust the crumbs from your lap.
    掸掉你腿上的面包屑。
  9. The airplane dusted an insecticide on the crops.
    飞机给庄稼洒农药。
  10. The cook dusted the cake with sugar.
    厨师在蛋糕上撒上糖。
  11. The nurse dusted powder over the baby.
    保育员把爽身粉撒在婴儿身上。
  12. She put on lipstick and dusted her face with powder.
    她涂上口红,在脸上抹了粉。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
bite the dust
    被打败,被拒绝 be defeated or rejected
kick up〔raise〕 a dust
    引起骚乱 make a dust
like gold dust
    极其罕见 extremely rare
not see sb for dust
    跑得连影子也看不到 be unable to see sb because he〔she〕 has left in a hurry
shake the dust off one's feet
    离开厌恶之处,但愿不再返回 leave a place one does not like, hoping not to return
throw dust in sb's eyes
    迷惑某人,蒙蔽某人 prevent sb from seeing the truth by misleading him
when the dust has settled
    烟消云散,疑云散尽,愁云散尽 when the present uncertainty, unpleasantness, etc. is over
用作动词 (v.)
dust down (v.+adv.)
    把灰尘掸掉(或刷掉) make dust off
    dust oneself/sth ⇔ down

    Dust yourself down.

    把你身上的土掸净。

    She stood up and dusted herself down.

    她站起身来,掸去身上的灰尘。

    They dusted down the whole house before they started decorating.

    在开始装饰之前,他们把整幢房子打扫了一遍。

dust off (v.+adv.)
    迅速离开 leave rapidly
    dust sb/sth ⇔ off

    Dust yourself off.

    把你身上的土掸净。

    dust sth ⇔ off

    Four years after he graduated from school,Tom decided to dust off his algebra books.

    毕业4年后,汤姆决定重温搁置已久的代数书。

    dust off

    She dusted off faster than a wind.

    她飞快地跑开了。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • There wasn't one chip, one scratch, one speck of dust anywhere.

    出自: J. Braine
  • The peppering of red road dust on the old man's hat.

    出自: E. Welty
  • Drought had..dried the soil to a fine grey dust, that now rose up on every wind.

    出自: U. Le Guin
  • We go out..and dust our feet along its thoroughfares.

    出自: J. A. Froude

dust的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. dust的基本意思指粉末状干土,即“尘土”“尘埃”。引申指“烟尘般的虚无”“尘土般的卑贱”“尘垢般的屈辱”。
v. (动词)
  1. dust用作动词意思是“掸去灰尘”。后接粉状物质时,还可表示“把…撒在…上”。
  2. dust用作及物动词时,接名词、代词作宾语。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪进入英语,直接源自古英语的dust,意为灰尘,尘土。

dust的相关资料:

近反义词

【近义词】

临近单词

今日热词
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