sweep

  基本词汇  
[swiːp]     [swiːp]    
  • v.打扫;掠过;扫视;席卷;全胜;清除
  • n.清扫;连绵一片;席卷;掠过;范围;搜寻;(竞赛中)全胜;赌金
sweeper swept swept sweeping sweeps
new

sweep是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 掠过,扫视,环视
  2. 冲走
  3. 吹去
  4. 刮去,刮走,刮起
  5. 席卷,扫荡
  6. 扫,扫去,扫过,打扫,清扫,清除,扫除,用扫帚扫
  7. 刷,拿刷子刷
  8. 【军】扫射
  9. 急速移动,猛烈移动
  10. 连绵,延伸
  11. 猛拉,猛推
  12. 肃清
  13. 擦过,掸
  14. 飞快地滑过
  15. (完全)消灭
  16. 飞来
  17. 袭来,袭击
  18. 冲去
  19. 眺望
  20. 把...一扫而光
  21. 疏浚(河底)
  22. 衣裙摇曳地走,堂皇地走动
  23. 连绵,延伸
  24. 拂去
n.(名词)
  1. 一挥
  2. 弯曲,曲线,转弯
  3. 打扫,扫除,扫掠
  4. 延伸
  5. 弯路
  6. 流动
  7. 蜂拥推进
  8. 突进
  9. <口>扫烟囱工人
  10. 范围
  11. 全胜
  12. 肃清
  13. 扫荡
  14. 刮,吹
  15. 冲刷

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 扫,打扫,拂去 remove loose dirt, dust, etc. with a brush or broom; clean in this
  2. vt. & vi. 扫视 pass over (as if) to examine or survey
n.(名词)
  1. [C] 打扫,清扫 an act of sweeping
  2. [C] 挥动 a long swinging movement of the arm with a weapon, etc.
  3. [C] 大面积搜索〔攻击〕 an act of moving out over a broad area to search, attack
  4. [S] 连绵弯曲的地带 a long curved line or area of country

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
sweep : 扫射, 扫雷 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
sweep : 扫海 ...
在 《外教社测绘学英语词典》 中查看更多...
sweep : 扫描 ...
在 《外教社航空航天英语词典》 中查看更多...
sweep : 清扫 ...
sweep : 扫除, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
sweep : 扫描 ...
sweep : 扫海 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a wide scope;

    "the sweep of the plains"

  2. someone who cleans soot from chimneys

  3. winning all or all but one of the tricks in bridge

  4. a long oar used in an open boat

  5. (American football) an attempt to advance the ball by running around the end of the line

  6. a movement in an arc;

    "a sweep of his arm"

Verb:
  1. sweep across or over;

    "Her long skirt brushed the floor"
    "A gasp swept cross the audience"

  2. move with sweeping, effortless, gliding motions;

    "The diva swept into the room"
    "Shreds of paper sailed through the air"
    "The searchlights swept across the sky"

  3. sweep with a broom or as if with a broom;

    "Sweep the crumbs off the table"
    "Sweep under the bed"

  4. force into some kind of situation, condition, or course of action;

    "They were swept up by the events"
    "don't drag me into this business"

  5. to cover or extend over an area or time period;

    "Rivers traverse the valley floor"
    "The parking lot spans 3 acres"
    "The novel spans three centuries"

  6. clean by sweeping;

    "Please sweep the floor"

  7. win an overwhelming victory in or on;

    "Her new show dog swept all championships"

  8. cover the entire range of

  9. make a big sweeping gesture or movement

sweep的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. He picked up the broom to help me sweep the floor.
    他拿起扫帚帮我扫地。
  2. They asked the little boy to sweep the room clean.
    他们叫那个小男孩把房间打扫干净。
  3. His fingers swept the keys of the piano.
    他的手指在钢琴键盘上轻快地移动。
  4. The breeze sweeps the crystal mirror of the pool.
    微风掠过清如明鉴的一泓池水。
  5. The soldier swept the forest with a telescope.
    那个士兵用望远镜扫视树林。
  6. A huge wave swept over the deck.
    一股巨浪从甲板上卷了过去。
  7. He helplessly watched the wave sweep his cap away.
    他眼巴巴地看着帽子被海浪卷走了。
  8. He was the only man to sweep the diving gold medals in two consecutive Olympics.
    他是唯一一个在连续两届奥林匹克运动会上摘得跳水金牌的选手。
  9. The boy helped his mother sweep away the dirt on the floor.
    那个男孩帮助母亲清除尘土。
  10. We need to sweep all obstacles on our road to success.
    我们要清除成功道路上的一切障碍。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. This floor needs a good sweep.
    这地板需要好好清扫一下。
  2. The long sweep of the distant hills could just be seen.
    连绵的远山依稀可见。
  3. Her sweep of her audience along with her is really an amazing skill.
    她紧紧抓住听众心理的技巧真是令人赞叹。
  4. He lost his life in the fierce sweep of the huge wave.
    他被一阵疯狂的巨浪卷走,丢掉了性命。
  5. The woman sat down at the river bank, enjoying the the sweep of the wind over the river.
    那个女人坐在河边,享受着轻拂过水面的风儿。
  6. They are eager to get outside the sweep of the present authority.
    他们急于脱离当前政权的控制范围。
  7. She gave a quick sweep of the crwod with her eyes.
    她用目光匆匆在人群中搜寻了一番。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. She is sweeping with a broom.
    她在用扫帚扫地。
  2. His glance swept from right to left.
    他左右扫视了一下。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I sweep the carpets every week.
    我每周打扫一次地毯。
  2. She is sweeping the floor.
    她正在扫地。
  3. The students are sweeping the floor of the classroom.
    学生们正在打扫教室地面。
  4. The captain swept the horizon.
    船长向地平线扫视了一下。
  5. Her eyes swept the room.
    她的眼睛扫视了那个房间。
  6. The searchlights swept the sky.
    探照灯搜索天空。
  7. They swept the seas of pirates.
    他们扫荡了海盗。
  8. They have swept all obstacles.
    他们已扫清了一切障碍。
  9. The branches swept the surface of the water.
    树枝掠过水面。
  10. His fingers swept the keys of the piano.
    他的手指在钢琴键盘上轻快地移动。
  11. Her dress swept the ground.
    她的衣服在地面拖曳。
  12. The storm swept the country.
    暴风雨横扫了全国。
  13. The riots swept the industrial north and midlands.
    骚乱席卷了工业化的北方和中部地区。
  14. 用于be ~ed结构
  15. The house was swept every day.
    房子每天打扫。
  16. The room has been swept.
    房间已经打扫过了。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. She swept him a curtsy.
    她走过时对他行了一个屈膝礼。
  2. He swept the flag a bow.
    他匆匆地向国旗鞠了个躬。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. I'll have her sweep the room clean.
    我会让她把房间打扫干净的。
  2. She swept the floor clean.
    她把地板扫干净了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. This floor needs a good sweep.
    这地板需要好好清扫一下。
  2. Give the room a good sweep.
    把这房间好好打扫一下。
  3. He gave the room a thorough sweep.
    他把这个房间彻底地打扫了一下。
  4. The rescue services did the last sweep to try and find the missing yachtsman.
    救援队展开最后一次大面积搜索,设法找到失踪的快艇驾驶员。
  5. The police made a thorough sweep of the field where the dead child's body was found.
    警方在发现那孩子尸体的现场进行了仔细的搜查。
  6. With a sweep of his sword he cut through the rope.
    他用剑一挥把绳子砍断了。
  7. The long sweep of the distant hills could just be seen.
    延绵的远山依稀可见。
  8. The mountain is beyond the sweep of your eye.
    那座山超出你视线之外。
  9. I was most impressed by the broad sweep of her argument.
    她的论述旁征博引,给我留下了深刻的印象。
  10. If you still use open fires, get a sweep to call regularly.
    你如果仍使用盆火,就叫扫烟囱的人定期来清扫。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
sweep along( v.+adv. )
  1. (使)轻快地前进 (cause to) move forward easily, as driven by the wind sweep along

    With all the sails up, the little boat swept along in the pleasant wind.小舟张起全部风帆在和风中轻快地前进。

    sweep sb/sth ⇔ along

    The wind swept us along towards the shore.风把我们吹向岸边。

    The current swept the logs along.水流冲走了木材。

  2. 打动,感染 persuade (sb, usually a crowd) of the truth of one's speech sweep sb ⇔ along

    The speaker had the ability to sweep his listeners along with him.这个演说者有打动听众的能力。

sweep aside( v.+adv. )
  1. 推到一边 push (sb/sth) to one side with a brush or one's handSweeping all others aside, she pushed her way to the front.她把别人都推开,挤到了前边。

    He swept the curtains aside. 他把窗帘推到一边。

    We will sweep aside all obstacles and continue to advance. 我们将排除一切障碍继续前进。

  2. 不予考虑 refuse to pay attention to (sth)He was so full of his own schemes, that he swept aside reasonable doubts.他很有一套自己的办法,对别人合理的怀疑也不予理会。

    All these restrictions were swept aside. 所有这些限制都不予考虑。

sweep away( v.+adv. )
  1. 扫除,刮走,冲走 remove or carry away with great forceThe floods swept away part of the bank.洪水冲垮了一部分堤岸。

    The river swept the boat away. 河水冲走了那条小船。

    The wind swept the leaves away. 风吹走了树叶。

    He swept the dust away. 他把灰尘扫走了。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The bridge was swept away by the floods. 桥被洪水冲走了。

  2. 清除 remove or abolish by vigorous actionThey say they will sweep away the administration and introduce new methods.他们说要取消那种管理制度而采用新方法。
sweep back( v.+adv. )
  1. (使)向后拐〔掠〕 (cause to) lie at an angle away from sth to which it is attached sweep back

    The other part of the house sweeps back towards the garden.这栋房子的另一部分向后拐向花园。

    sweep sth ⇔ back

    She swept her hair back with her free hand.她用空着的那只手把头发向后掠了掠。

sweep before( v.+prep. )
  1. 接连取得成功 be continuously successful sweep all before one

    Jim won every race that afternoon, sweeping all before him.那天下午吉姆屡战屡胜,在几次赛跑中均名列第一。

sweep in( v.+adv. )
  1. 刮入,冲入 (cause to) enter by the action of wind or water sweep sth ⇔ in

    A sudden wind swept a pile of leaves in.突然吹起一阵风,刮进一堆树叶来。

  2. 昂然走进 enter a place in a grand manner sweep in

    Peter swept in, with his dignity and insolence.彼得神气十足,目空一切地走了进来。

    She swept in like a queen.她昂然走了进来,像女王一般。

  3. 轻而易举地当选 win an election easily sweep in

    Labour swept in on a tide of discontent over rising prices.工党在对物价上涨不满的浪潮声中轻而易举地当选了。

  4. 把(赌赢的钱)敛收起来 collect (one's winnings) sweep sth ⇔ in

    Did you see the amount of money that player swept in after the last game?你看见最后一局结束后那赌徒收走的那一大笔钱了吗?

sweep into( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…扫入… push (sth) with or as with a brush, into (a place or pile) sweep sth into sth

    Sweep the leaves into the corner where they won't be noticed.把落叶扫到墙角去,那儿不会被人注意。

  2. 昂然走进 enter a place in a grand manner sweep into sth

    They swept into the hall, preceded by trumpeters.他们以号手为前导昂首阔步走进大厅。

    Joining Ulysses and his men, they swept into Troy, killing and burning as they went.他们与尤利西斯的人会合在一起,边走边烧杀,冲进了特洛伊城。

sweep off1( v.+adv. )
  1. 扫去,吹掉 remove by brushing, blowing, etc. sweep sth ⇔ off

    We have swept off the rubbish.我们已把垃圾扫走了。

    The wind swept his hat off.风吹掉了他的帽子。

  2. 大量清除 remove in large numbers sweep sb/sth ⇔ off

    The epidemic swept off most of the villagers.那场传染病夺去了大部分村民的生命。

sweep off2( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…从…推掉 push (sth) with or as with a brush or the hand off (sth)She swept the papers off the table.她把文件从桌子上推到了地上。
  2. 把…从…刮走〔冲走〕 drive (sth/sb) off (sth) by the action of wind or waterThe rising flood swept the travellers off their feet as they struggled to hold onto the branches.正当那些行人拼命抓树枝时,上涨的洪水把他们卷走了。

    Three cars were swept off the bridge in the high wind. 大风把三辆汽车从桥上刮下去了。

sweep out( v.+adv. )
  1. 清扫,扫掉 remove dirt from a place with a broom sweep sth ⇔ out

    She swept the dirt out.她扫除了灰尘。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    This room needs to be well swept out.这个房间需要好好清扫一番。

  2. 昂然离开 leave a place in a grand manner〔说明〕 sweep out作此解时常不用于进行体。 sweep out (of sth)

    He swept out in a fury.他愤怒地匆匆离去。

    Without a word, she turned and swept out of the room.她一言不发,转过身高傲地走出了房间。

sweep over( v.+prep. )
  1. 涌上…心头,使…难以抑制 (of a feeling) reach and sometimes conquer (sb) by greater strength sweep over sb

    A deadly fear swept over him.他突然感到一阵极大的恐惧。

    Uncontrollable anger swept over Jim when he learned how Mary had been treated.当吉姆知道了玛丽被如何对待时,一股抑制不住的愤怒涌上心头。

sweep through1( v.+adv. )
  1. 轻易地通过 pass sth, as an examination easily sweep through

    John thought that he would fail his driving test again, but this time, to his own surprise, he swept through.约翰以为他还是通不过驾驶考试,可出乎他意料之外,他没费劲就通过了。

sweep through2( v.+prep. )
  1. 扫过…,掠过… (cause to) pass smoothly through (sth)Can you hear the wind sweeping through the branches?你能听到风掠过树枝的声音吗?
  2. 迅速传遍于… (of a fashion, disease, story, etc.) be passed quickly among (large numbers of people); pass quickly through (a place)〔说明〕 sweep through作此解时,常不用于被动结构。

    The fire swept through the business area of the city. 火在该市商业区很快蔓延开了。

    The news swept through the village like fire. 那消息像火一样在村中蔓延。

sweep under( v.+prep. )
  1. 清扫…的下面 clean (dirt) with a brush beneath (sth) sweep under sth

    Don't forget to sweep under the beds.别忘记打扫床的下面。

    sweep sth under sth

    The servant had a lazy habit of sweeping the dust under the edge of the mat.仆人有个偷懒的习惯,只扫蹭鞋垫边缘底下的尘土。

  2. 试图隐瞒错事 try to hide sth wrong sweep sth under the carpet

    We have made a serious mistake, and have no intention of sweeping it under the carpet.我们犯了一个严重的错误,但无意隐瞒。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I don't think it can be swept under the carpet, everyone should be told.我认为这事隐瞒不了,应该告诉每一个人。

    Unpleasant episodes in his early career were swept under the carpet.他早期生涯中的不光彩之事被掩盖起来了。

sweep up( v.+adv. )
  1. 清扫 clean (a room), as with a brush sweep up

    After all the guests had left,I swept up.客人都走后,我清扫了房间。

    The poor women of the area were employed to sweep up after office hours.该地区的贫苦妇女们被雇来每天下班后打扫卫生。

    sweep sth ⇔ up

    The students stirred up much dust when they swept up the fallen leaves.学生们扫落叶时扬起了许多尘土。

    Who will sweep up the rubbish after the party?晚会后谁来打扫这些垃圾?

    Did you sweep up all the broken glass?你有没有把碎玻璃都扫掉?

用作名词 (n.)
clean sweep
  1. 完全消除,彻底肃清 completely clear awayI want to make a clean sweep of all the old books.我想清除所有的旧书。

    He had to make a clean sweep of all his debts. 他不得不偿清全部债务。

  2. 压倒优势的胜利 completely winHe won the election by a clean sweep.他在选举中大获全胜。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The noiseless sweep by of the large white owl.

    出自:A. Marsh
  • The first sweep of royal fury being past.

    出自:Carlyle
  • The wind had full sweep.

    出自:U. Sinclair
  • Spider-webs..which we have swept away.

    出自:R. Bagot

sweep的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. sweep的基本意思是指用扫帚等在物体的表面扫过,从而使其变得清洁干净起来,即“扫,打扫”。用于比喻可指“横扫”“环视”“掠〔拂〕过”“席卷”等。
  2. sweep可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词或代词作宾语,还可接以形容词充当补足语的复合宾语。sweep还可作“鞠躬”解,接双宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. sweep的宾语多是“房间”“地”等被清扫物,如接被清扫掉的灰尘、泥土,则常在sweep后加副词away、out等。
n.(名词)
  1. sweep用作名词时的基本意思是“打扫,清扫”,指用扫帚等在物体的表面扫过,从而使其变得清洁干净起来的行为过程,引申还可表示“大面积搜索〔攻击〕”,指像打扫卫生那样彻底、全面的搜寻和攻击。
  2. sweep还可表示“挥动”,指像扫地一样的来回摆动,引申还可表示“连绵弯曲的地带”。
  3. sweep还可指“打扫烟囱的人”,有时还可指“下贱的人”。
  4. sweep通常可数,但多用单数形式,复数形式少见。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
sweep, clean, wipe
这三个词都有“清理,清扫”的意思。其区别是:
sweep用在“打扫房间,拖擦地板”的场合,含有“扫在一起后把它清除掉”的意味; clean指“擦洗,去掉污垢”,并不注重采用何种手段; wipe多指“用布轻轻地”擦。
clean clear sweep dust mop wipe scrub
这些动词均有“使干净”之意。
  • clean:clean是这些动词中最常用的词,指将某物或某处的污物等清除掉,弄干净。
  • clear:clear指清除不要的东西。
  • sweep:sweep指用扫帚等进行清扫,也用作比喻。
  • dust:dust指将积落在物体表面的尘土抹去、掸掉或擦去以保干净。
  • mop:mop侧重指用拖把擦洗地板,有时也指擦干净或擦去。
  • wipe:wipe多指用布、纸等物把东西擦净,也指擦掉某物。
  • scrub:scrub指用硬刷、肥皂或水用力地擦洗某物。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右英进入语,直接源自古英语的swapan,意为扫。

sweep的相关资料:

正版词典

sweep : 扫;掸;打 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

派生词

n.(名词)
  • sweeper n. 打扫者;扫除机‖sweeping adj. 包罗万象的,一扫而光的;笼统的,泛泛的‖sweepingly adv. 包罗万象地;范围广大,彻底地

互动百科

  • sweep:sweep v. 扫, 打扫, 清扫, 席卷, 冲光, 扫过, 掠过 英英解释:名词sweep:1. a wide scope同义词:expanse2. someone who cleans soot…

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