wipe

  核心词汇  
[waɪp]     [waɪp]    
  • v. 擦;揩;抹;拭去;消除;用力打
  • n. 擦拭;抹布
wiped wiped wiping wipes
new

wipe的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 擦,揩,拭
  2. 涂上,抹上
  3. 揩干,擦净
  4. 去除,消灭,消除
  5. <俚>打,揍
  6. 用…揩,用…擦
  7. 【机】拭接(铅管的接头)以皮垫涂敷焊料做(铅管的接头)
  8. 擦去,抹掉,抹去
  9. 擦(卡),把在电脑终端上一擦
  10. 雪(耻)
  11. 杀死,暗杀
  12. 一笔勾销
  13. 把…打得一败涂地
n. (名词)
  1. 擦,拭,揩
  2. 揩擦的人
  3. 揩擦的东西,抹布
  4. <俚>打,猛击
  5. 拒绝
  6. 手巾,手绢儿,纸巾
  7. 铅管接头试接
  8. 辊式挤锌装置
  9. 嘲笑

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 擦,拭,抹; 擦去,拭去,抹去 rub sth with cloth, paper, hands, etc. to clean or dry it
n. (名词)
  1. [C] 擦,拭,揩,抹,搽 act of wiping

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the act of rubbing or wiping;

    "he gave the hood a quick rub"

Verb:
  1. rub with a circular motion;

    "wipe the blackboard"
    "He passed his hands over the soft cloth"

wipe的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. She wiped her tears away.
    她擦掉了眼泪。
  2. I wiped my shoes on the mat before I came in.
    我在进门前把鞋在垫子上擦了擦。
  3. When you have washed the car , wipe it down well .
    你把汽车冲洗过后,要好好用布揩拭一下。
  4. He tried to wipe out the memory of his former girlfriend.
    他试图抹去对前任女友的回忆。
  5. How could I trace your hair to wipe your tears?My hands reached out, catching nothing but a raindrop, on a leaf that had withered.
    多想摩娑你的发,温柔地拭去你的眼泪,我伸出手,却只碰到枯叶上的一滴落雨!
  6. Only in this way can we wipe out the enemy troops.
    只有用这样的方法我们才能消灭敌军。
  7. He wiped me with his fist.
    他用拳头打我。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Please give the table mats a quick wipe.
    请把桌上的盘碗垫擦一下。
  2. Please wipe the table with a dry cloth.
    请用乾抹布擦桌子。
  3. Life is like a mop, using today to mop up yesterday and wipe out tomorrow.
    生命就像抹布用今天擦去昨天擦亮明天。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. She wiped vigorously but the stain remained.
    她擦得很使劲,可污渍还是擦不掉。
  2. He went on talking, occasionally wiping at his face with a towel.
    他继续说着,偶尔用毛巾擦一下脸。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Please wipe the top of the table, it is wet.
    请擦一下桌面,上面湿。
  2. She wipes the furniture and the floor every day.
    她每天擦家具和地板。
  3. The waitress was wiping the dishes when the phone rang.
    那女服务员正在擦盘子,电话铃响了。
  4. The teacher wiped the misspelling from the blackboard.
    老师把黑板上拼错的字擦了。
  5. Take this handkerchief and wipe your nose,Mary.
    玛丽,拿这块手帕揩揩你的鼻子。
  6. She wiped sweat from her forehead.
    她擦去了额上的汗珠。
  7. Time had wiped her image from my memory.
    时间把她的形象从我的记忆中抹去了。
  8. She wiped a cloth over the dusty table.
    她用布擦拭布满灰尘的桌子。
  9. He wiped his hand across his forehead.
    他用手揩额。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. It takes time to wipe the windowpanes dry and clean.
    要把窗户玻璃擦干净需要时间。
  2. Wipe your face clean.
    把脸擦干净。
  3. After a long argument they decided to wipe the state clean and be friends again.
    他们经过长期争论,最后决定不计旧怨,言归于好。
  4. 1
  5. The blackboard has been wiped clean.
    黑板擦干净了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Give your nose a good wipe.
    把鼻子好好地擦一擦。
  2. Give this plate a good wipe.
    好好擦擦这个盘子。
  3. Give your hands a wipe on this towel.
    用这条毛巾把你的手擦一擦。
  4. Please give the table mats a quick wipe.
    请把桌上的盘碗垫擦一下。
  5. The cook gave every bowl a wipe before landing food into it.
    厨师先把每一只碗都擦了一遍,才盛装食物。
  6. He fetched me a wipe.
    他重重打了我一下。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
wipe away (v.+adv.)
    擦掉,清除 remove by or as if by rubbing, clean away by wiping
    wipe sth ⇔ away

    He wiped away the grease from the wind screen of the car.

    他擦去了汽车挡风玻璃上的油渍。

    The rain then falling wiped away all the footprints.

    那时下着雨,把所有的脚印都冲掉了。

    We tried to wipe away all signs of our presence.

    我们试图消除我们到场的痕迹。

    And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.

    上帝将把他们的眼泪擦得干干净净。

    She wiped the sweat away from her brow with the back of hand.

    她用手背擦掉额上的汗。

wipe off1 (v.+adv.)
    〈口〉了结(债务) put an end to sth such as a debt〔说明〕 wipe off作此解时一般不用于进行体。
    wipe off

    Paint won't wipe off.

    油漆擦不掉。

    wipe sth ⇔ off

    Would you please wipe off the table?

    请你擦擦桌子好吗?

    Here's a brush to wipe off the mud on your clothes.

    用这把刷子刷掉你身上的泥迹。

    The teacher told us not to wipe off what he had written on the blackboard.

    老师叫我们别把他写在黑板上的东西擦掉。

    He wiped off the words from the blackboard before I could copy them down.

    我还没来得及抄下来,他就把黑板上的那些词擦掉了。

    They wiped off the blood and went into battle again.

    他们揩干身上的血迹,又继续投入战斗。

    The girl wiped the dirty marks off.

    那女孩擦掉了脏痕。

    wipe sth ⇔ off

    It took five years for the couple to wipe off all the debts.

    夫妇俩用了5年时间才把债务还清。

    Tom's uncle sent him a sum of money which enabled him to wipe off his debts.

    汤姆的叔叔送给他一笔钱,使他得以还清债务。

    You have helped me so much that I am willing to wipe off the £20 you owe me.

    你帮了我那么多忙,我愿意把你欠我的20英镑一笔勾销。

    Generously, he agreed to wipe off their small debt to him as a mark of respect for their dead father.

    他慷慨大度地答应一笔勾销他们欠他的小额债务,以表示对他们过世父亲的尊敬。

    I shall never feel satisfied until that debt is wiped off.

    那笔债不了结,我的心就踏实不下来。

wipe off2 (v.+prep.)
    把…从…擦掉 remove sth such as a mark from a surface
    wipe sth off sth

    Wipe the dirt off your shoes.

    把你鞋子上的脏泥擦掉。

    She stood up to wipe the sweat off her face.

    她站起来擦掉脸上的汗水。

    Once inside the factory yard,Mother set her baskets down, wiped the sweat off her face and looked round.

    一进工厂大院,母亲便放下篮子,揩掉脸上的汗水,向四周张望。

    I'm sorry. I wiped those words off the blackboard before I remembered that you wanted them left on.

    对不起,我把黑板上那些字擦掉了才想起你要保留它们。

wipe on (v.+prep.)
    在…上擦… clean sth on sth
    wipe sth on sth

    Wipe your shoes on the mat before coming into the house.

    进入屋子以前,要在垫子上擦鞋。

    He wiped his dirty hands on his apron.

    他在围裙上擦他的脏手。

    Wipe wax on the scratched surface.

    请把划坏了的表面打上蜡。

wipe out (v.+adv.)
    彻底摧毁,消灭 cancel〔destroy〕 sth completely; put an end to sth; kill, destroy or get rid of sb/sth, especially in great numbers
    wipe sth ⇔ out

    It is months since he wiped out the fuel tank.

    他好几个月没有擦洗油箱了。

    Don't forget to wipe out the sink when you've finished the dishes.

    你洗完盘子后,不要忘记洗刷水槽。

    Could you wipe the basin out?

    把洗脸盆里面弄干净好吗?

    We wiped the bottles out before returning to the milkman.

    我们把瓶子还给送奶工之前,先把它们擦干净。

    These cups have been thoroughly wiped out.

    这些杯子已经擦得干干净净了。

    Make sure that the inside of the coffee pot is thoroughly wiped out.

    咖啡壶的里边一定要擦得干干净净。

    wipe out

    These stains won't easily wipe out.

    这些斑点不易去掉。

    wipe sth ⇔ out

    Wipe out the pencil marks on your textbook!

    把你课本上的铅笔道儿擦掉!

    She got angry and wiped out her name on the blackboard.

    她生气了,于是就把黑板上写的自己的名字擦掉了。

    wipe sth ⇔ out

    This last payment will wipe out your debt to me.

    这最后一笔付款将了结你欠我的债务。

    After years of family fighting, the uncles agreed to wipe out old scores so their children could marry.

    经过多年家族争斗之后,长辈们同意消除宿怨,以便孩子们可以通婚。

    wipe sb/sth ⇔ out

    They wiped him out to keep him from appearing as a witness.

    他们把他杀害了,怕他出来作证。

    The epidemic wiped out half the town's population.

    流行病夺去了镇上一半人的生命。

    One atom bomb can wipe out thousands of people.

    一颗原子弹能杀死成千上万的人。

    We are always ready to wipe out any enemy who dares to attack.

    我们时刻准备着消灭一切敢于来犯之敌。

    The enemy wiped out the whole nation.

    敌人毁灭了整个国家。

    Doctors are searching for a cure that will wipe out cancer.

    医生们正在寻找消灭癌症的医疗方法。

    Centuries ago, this deserted place was a flourishing town, but a tornado is said to have wiped it out.

    几个世纪前,这片荒芜的地方曾是一座繁荣的小镇,可据说一场龙卷风扫平了它。

    Smoking in the field is strictly forbidden in the harvest season; a single spark can start a fire that will wipe out all the crop.

    收获季节严禁在田地里吸烟,一点儿火星都可能引起一场大火,烧毁所有的庄稼。

    The depression wiped out his savings.

    经济萧条使他把存款花光了。

    His generous gift has helped to wipe out our loss.

    他的慷慨捐赠帮助我们弥补了损失。

    The wicked must be wiped out.

    除恶务尽,斩草除根。

    Thousands of men were wiped out in that battle.

    在那次战斗中数以千计的士兵阵亡了。

    A whole battalion of enemy troops were wiped out in the battle.

    那场战斗中消灭了敌军整整一个营。

    All four aircrafts were wiped out by missiles fired from the ground.

    四架飞机全被地面发射的导弹击毁了。

    The city was completely wiped out.

    那座城市被彻底毁灭了。

    Illiteracy has been wiped out in our village.

    我们村已经消灭了文盲。

    As time went on, those unpleasant events were gradually wiped out from his memory.

    随着时光的流逝,那些不愉快的经历便渐渐地从他的记忆中消失了。

wipe up (v.+adv.)
    (把洗过的碗碟等用抹布)擦干,擦掉(落下的某物或溅出的液体等) take up liquid etc. by mopping〔rubbing〕 with a cloth, or to dry crockery, etc. after it has been washed; make dry
    wipe sth ⇔ up

    Anyone is welcome to use the meeting room but must wipe up the mess afterward.

    欢迎大家使用会议室,但用后必须把废弃物清理干净。

    Who is going to wipe up this mess?

    谁来把这块乱糟糟的东西擦掉?

    The waitress wiped up the soup spilt over the table.

    女服务员擦干了溅在桌上的汤迹。

    Don't let the coffee sink into the carpet; wipe it up.

    别让咖啡渗进地毯里,把它擦干。

wipe with (v.+prep.)
    用…擦 clean (sth such as a surface) by rubbing with (a cloth); use (a cloth) for cleaning
    wipe sth with sth

    Mother wiped the glasses with a dry towel.

    妈妈用一条干毛巾擦干洗好的杯子。

    I like to wipe the windows with a very soft cloth.

    我喜欢用非常柔软的布擦窗子。

    He wiped his face and neck with a towel.

    他用毛巾擦脸和脖子。

    He wiped the sweat from his brow with his hands.

    他用手擦去了额头的汗。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Take the poker, and fetch it a wipe across the nose.

    出自: G. B. Shaw
  • Daisy..wiped her face with the back of her hand.

    出自: P. Fitzgerald
  • Rosie looked down at her earth-stained fingers...She wiped them on..her dress.

    出自: A. Huth
  • It was Henry who..scrubbed the kitchen floor, wiped down the surfaces.

    出自: N. Williams

wipe的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. wipe的基本含义是用布、纸或手等“擦,拭,抹”或者“擦去,拭去,抹去”。其目的(或结果)在于使被擦物“干”“净”或“干净”。
  2. wipe主要用作及物动词。作“擦”解时,其宾语可以是桌椅、自行车等物品或眼睛、额头等人体器官; 作“擦去”解时,其宾语则是灰尘、眼泪等被擦去的东西。
  3. wipe还可以接dry, clean等形容词充当补足语的复合宾语。
  4. wipe(及其构成的短语)偶尔可以用作不及物动词,这时的主动形式具有被动意义。
  5. wipe可与away, off, out, up等构成短语动词,表示“擦净,擦干”等意义。wipe out还可用于引申义如“消灭”“毁灭”等。
  6. wipe还可作“涂”“抹”解,这时的宾语一般是蜡、油漆等涂抹物,被涂抹的物体则通常由介词引出。wipe作“擦”“拭”解时偶尔也可仿此句式。
n. (名词)
  1. wipe用作名词的意思是“擦,拭,揩,抹,搽”,表示擦、拭、揩、抹、搽等的动作,既可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词,常用单数形式。
  2. 在口语中, wipe也可作“狠狠的一击”解。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
wipe with, wipe on
  • 这两个短语在含义上有细微差别:
  • wipe A with B表示的是“用…擦…”,一般说,A是静的,B是动的; 而wipe A on B表示的是“在…上擦…”,一般说,A是动的,B是静的。另外, wipe A on B还含有从A上擦下来的东西附着在B上的意味。注意有的句子只能用wipe with,有的句子只能用wipe on,有的句子用with或on均可。试体会下面三个句子的含义:
  • He wiped the furniture with a damp cloth.
  • 他用一块湿布擦家具。
  • Wipe your boots on the mat.
  • 在垫子上擦擦你的靴子。
  • He wiped his nose with〔on〕 his handker- chief.
  • 他用手帕擦鼻子。
  • wipe away, wipe off, wipe out, wipe up
  • 这四个短语的共同意思是“擦干净”,其区别在于:
  • 1.在构成上, wipe away, wipe out和wipe up都是“动+副”型短语动词; 而wipe off则既是“动+副”型短语动词,又是“动+介”型短语动词。
  • 2.在含义上, wipe away强调“擦下去,擦掉”, wipe off指从表面上擦去, wipe out指把器物的里面擦干净, wipe up则指把洗过的碗碟等擦干或把落下的某物或溅出的液体等擦掉。
  • 3.在用法上, wipe away, wipe out和wipe up都使用wipe sth  away〔out,up〕句型; 而wipe off除使用wipe sth  off句型外,还可使用wipe sth off sth 句型。
  • 4.wipe out常用来表示“摧毁”“消灭”“杀死”等义, wipe off和wipe up较少用于表示这些意思,而wipe away则一般不用于表示这些意思。在作“消灭”“毁灭”解时, wipe out有“大量”“成批”“不留痕迹”的意味, wipe up则有将被消灭的人〔物〕视如“溅出”之物的意味,暗含一种蔑视的感情。
  • 5.wipe off和wipe out都可表示“了结”,另外两个短语则无此含义。
  • wipe, rub
  • 这两个动词都有“擦,拭”的意思,其区别简言之即是rub>wipe,具体表现在于:
  • 1.rub的含义除“擦,拭”外,还可表示“摩擦”。例如:
  • He bent over and rubbed his sore ankle.他弯着身子按摩疼痛的脚踝。
  • Trainers rub down an athlete after hard exercise.强化训练之后,教练员为运动员按摩。
  • 2.rub一般说比wipe更用劲。例如:
  • Please wipe up the spilt milk.请把溅出来的牛奶擦干净。
  • I rubbed the rust from the old machine.我把旧机器上的锈擦掉。
  • 3.rub的用具除布、纸等外,还可以用刷子。例如:
  • She was rubbing her shoes with a brush.她正用刷子擦她的鞋子。
  • 4.rub的目的除“干”“净”之外,还有“滑”“亮”。例如:
  • She has rubbed up the plate.她把盘子擦亮了。
  • wipe, clean, sweep
  • 这三个词都有“清理,清扫”的意思。其区别是:
  • sweep用在“打扫房间,拖擦地板”的场合,含有“扫在一起后把它清除掉”的意味; clean指“擦洗,去掉污垢”,并不注重采用何种手段; wipe多指“用布轻轻地”擦。
  • wipe out, die out
  • 这两个短语都有“消灭,灭绝”的意思,其区别在于前者的意思是“主动地消灭”,后者的意思是“被动地灭绝”。试比较:
  • In order to find ways to wipe out flies, the biologist has spent 33 years watching their behaviour.
  • 为了消灭苍蝇,这位生物学家花了33 年时间观察苍蝇的行为。
  • If too many of these rare animals are killed, their kind will die out.
  • 如果过多地屠杀这些稀有动物,它们 就会绝种。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      请把盘子擦干。

      Please wipe the dishes dryly.

      Please wipe the dishes dry.

      表示“把…擦干”可以用“wipe+sth+ adj. ”结构,这里dry是宾语dishes的补语,表示动词wipe的动作发生后宾语dishes的变化,形容词dry不可用副词dryly代替。

      她擦去桌面上的灰尘。

      She wiped the dust out of the tabletop.

      She wiped the dust off the tabletop.

      out of表示“向外的动作”, off才表示“脱离的动作”。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的wipian,意为擦洗。
    今日热词
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