- 找岔子，吹毛求疵，非难，批评， 数落
- [C]短促的敲打(声) (sound of) a sharp blow
- [C]爆震声 (in an engine) sound of knocking
- [C](板球赛的)一局 (in cricket) innings
- [C]一件倒霉事或麻烦事 a piece of bad luck or trouble
- vt. & vi. 敲,击,打 hit or strike
- vt. 批评,数落,非难 say critical or insulting things about sb/sth
the sound of knocking (as on a door or in an engine or bearing);
"the knocking grew louder"
a vigorous blow;
"the sudden knock floored him"
"he took a bash right in his face"
"he got a bang on the head"
a bad experience;
"the school of hard knocks"
the act of hitting vigorously;
"he gave the table a whack"
deliver a sharp blow or push :
"He knocked the glass clear across the room"
rap with the knuckles;
"knock on the door"
knock against with force or violence;
"My car bumped into the tree"
make light, repeated taps on a surface;
"he was tapping his fingers on the table impatiently"
sound like a car engine that is firing too early;
"the car pinged when I put in low-octane gasoline"
"The car pinked when the ignition was too far retarded"
find fault with; express criticism of; point out real or perceived flaws;
"The paper criticized the new movie"
"Don't knock the food--it's free"
- Someone is knocking at the door.
- One may knock to signal one's presence to others.
- He knocked a big hole in the wall.
- I am so hurried as to knock into my teacher.
- The man is knock down by the bicycle.
- She knocked the bottom out of our argument.
- There was a knock at the window.
- I heard footsteps, then a knock on the door.
- There was no answer to my knock, so I went away.
- She took a bad knock when her husband died.
- When I fall, I get a terrible knock on the head.
- The hard knock made her cry.
- She gave three knocks on the window.
- He got a nasty knock on the head when he fell.
- His amnesia was caused by a knock on the head.
- When he heard the knock, he ceased writing.
- I heard a knock at the window just now.
- I heard a knock, what's matter?
- That was a good knock.
- Please knock before entering.
- Come in, don't knock.
- The engine of our car is knocking badly.
- The children were knocking the bottom of the box.
- The falling branch knocked him on the head.
- His rudeness knocked me completely.
- Why must you knock your hometown?
- The critics knocked his latest play.
- He is always knocking his country's foreign policy.
- Stop knocking him, he is a good singer really.
- He knocked me flat with one punch.
- She knocked him senseless.
- Overtaking drugs nearly knocked the girl paralyzed.
- I know it knocks you cold.
- take a knock
蒙受经济或感情上的打击 suffer a financial or an emotional blow
- knock about〔around〕1 (v.+adv.)
〈口〉玩; 开车等取乐 play; use sth such as a vehicle for pleasure
He knocked about in Europe when he was young.
Someone who's knocked around a lot is more interesting to listen to than someone who has never travelled.
He has knocked about quite a bit.
他经历过很多漂泊不定的日子。knock sb/sth ⇔ about〔around〕
They said that her husband used to knock her about but they had never heard her complain.
He knocked the tiger about fiercely until it lay dead.
She alleged that she had been knocked about by her husband.
He was knocked about by the gangsters for preventing them from robbing an old lady.
He was often knocked about by the shop owner during his apprenticeship.
他在学徒期间,常常遭到店老板的拳打脚踢。knock sth ⇔ about〔around〕
I don't like the children playing in this room, for fear they knock the furniture about .
There's nothing to do here; let's go into that field and knock a ball about for an hour or so.
That poor old piano has been considerably knocked about in its travels.
The bike could have lasted longer if it had not been knocked about so much.
The crops were badly knocked about by that freak storm.
The ship was badly knocked about by a rough sea.
Is the same chairman still knocking about?I thought he had left years ago.
The idea of world government has been knocking about for some time, but no one seems to take it seriously.
There's plenty of money knocking about if you know where to look.
I found this book knocking about upstairs, is it yours?
That book has been out of print for some years now, but there are probably a few copies knocking about in secondhand bookshops.
Jim bought Mary an old car, just for knocking about.
- knock about〔around〕2 (v.+prep.)
〈口〉在…猛干 work roughly in a place
knock about〔around〕 sth
The young man knocked about the world before finding a job after graduation.
He knocked around India when he was young.
They have been knocking about Europe all summer.
My uncle has been knocking about Africa most of his life.
The old carpenter was knocking about the street, hoping to get enough work to earn a few coppers.
He has knocked about the whole country to sell his products.
Those tramp steamers knock about Southeast Asia.
We need to knock around the district to find a proper man for the transplantation.
我们需要跑遍这个地区找一个合适的人来做器官移植。knock sth about〔around〕 sth
You can get some exercise by knocking a ball about a field with a friend.
和一个朋友在场上打打球会使你得到锻炼的。knock about sth
No, it's not mine, it's been knocking about the house for years.
不,那不是我的,好几年了这本书就扔在屋里没人管。knock about sth
I wear these old trousers for knocking about the garden.
- knock about〔around〕 with (v.+adv.+prep.)
和…有联系; 同…混在一起 associate with; spend spare time with
knock about〔around〕 with sb
I don't know why you are still knocking about with him who is good-for-nothing.
I think she knocks about with that dark-haired chap from down road.
They have knocked around with each other for ten years but are still not married.
- knock against (v.+prep.)
偶然碰到 meet sb by chance
knock against sth
The car knocked against the garage door and damaged it.
汽车撞在车库门上,把门撞坏了。knock sth against sth
I knocked my head against the doorpost and hurt it.
我的头撞在门柱上,碰破了。knock against sb
I knocked against Jim yesterday in the street.
I knocked against some Japanese sailors on the docks this morning.
- knock at (v.+prep.)
打,捶,敲 bump on; beat on
knock at sth
Listen. There's someone knocking at the door.
Opportunity knocks at the door only once.
- knock away (v.+adv.)
打掉,敲掉 push away with a sharp blow
I've been knocking away for ages, but nobody has answered the door.
我敲门敲了老半天,但无人答应。knock sth ⇔ away
Moving quickly from behind the criminal, the policeman was able to knock his gun away .
- knock back (v.+adv.)
使大吃一惊 surprise sb
He knocked on the wall and she knocked back.
他敲了敲墙壁,她在隔壁应声回敲。knock sth ⇔ back
It was hard liquor, but he knocked it back in a few seconds.
He certainly knows how to knock back the whisky!
She knocked back ten cups of coffee to keep herself from falling asleep.
她一下喝了十杯咖啡,使自己不睡着。knock sb ⇔ back
How much did that new watch knock you back?
那只新表花费了你多少钱?knock sb ⇔ back
This kind of news knocks you back a bit, doesn't it?
The news fairly knocked me back!
- knock down (v.+adv.)
在燃烧区域边缘控制或减弱火焰或高温 check or abate (flames or heat) at the edge of a blazing area
knock sb/sth ⇔ down
The boxer knocked his opponent down.
The soldier knocked down the spy with the buttock of his rifle.
He almost knocked me down before he saw me.
The anti-aircraft battery knocked down eleven enemy planes in a single day.
He was nearly knocked down by a taxi when he was crossing the street the other day.
He was knocked down by a car and was rushed to the hospital.
His wife is in hospital after being knocked down by a taxi.
The child was knocked down by a lorry and the driver ran away.
Some of the telephone poles were knocked down by the surging water.
The portable device easily knocks down.
这种便携装置容易拆卸。knock sth ⇔ down
Let's knock down the machine first. It'll save shipping costs.
Why are they knocking down the wall?
Many old houses in Beijing are knocked down and tall buildings are being built.
The whole block will be knocked down to make room for new buildings.
It was a pity that the old theatre had to be knocked down to make way for the widening of the road.
The machine has to be knocked down first before you move it into the house.
The furniture has been knocked down ready for the buyer to put it together himself.
家具已拆卸开,买主自己随时可以重新进行组装。knock sb/sth ⇔ down
The man was asking ￡5 for the dress, but I knocked it down to ￡4.50.
The man wanted 120 yuan for his bike, but I managed to knock the price down to 100.
The storekeeper decided to knock down his remaining winter stock.
The price was knocked down to ￡3. Perhaps he'll knock the price down a little if the glass is broken.
价格降到了三英镑。如果玻璃有破损,那他还要再降点儿。knock sth ⇔ down
The auctioneer knocked the bureau down to a furniture dealer from York.
The best furniture was knocked down for a low price to the dealer in the second line of seats.
The vase was knocked down to Smith for $25.
The books were knocked down to me for two pounds.
我以两英镑的拍卖价将书买走。knock sth ⇔ down
How much does he knock down a week?
他一星期挣多少钱?knock sth ⇔ down
He wanted to knock down a bank.
他想抢劫银行。knock sth ⇔ down
She does not want to knock down his self-esteem.
她不想压他的傲气。knock sth ⇔ down
They knocked down the suggestion.
The suggestion was knocked down.
这条建议被否定了。knock sth ⇔ down
She knocked down forty dollars at a restaurant.
她在一家饭馆花掉四十美元。knock sth ⇔ down
They cut down some trees to knock down the fire and prevent it from spreading further.
- knock in1 (v.+adv.)
〈非正〉灌输 try to teach sth by force
- knock in2 (v.+prep.)
knock sb in sth
“Is this new man funny, then?”“Funny! The way he tells these jokes will knock them in the aisles!”
- knock into (v.+prep.)
〈口〉彻底击败 defeat completely
knock sth into sth
Can you knock this nail into the wood?
It takes more skill than it looks to knock the ball into the hole.
要把球打进洞里看起来算不了什么,其实很需要技术。knock into sb
I knocked into my old teacher in the town this morning.
今天上午在镇上,我碰到了那位老教师。knock sth into sth
Can't you knock some sense into that stupid boy's head?
难道你不能下下工夫让那个笨孩子开窍?knock sth into a cocked hat
You may be only an amateur painter, but your pictures can knock mine into a cocked hat.
- knock off1 (v.+adv.)
〈口〉为惩罚而狠打 hit sb especially as a punishment usually as a threat
knock sb/sth ⇔ off
You're not safe on that ladder, a branch could knock you off.
A snowball knocked his hat off.
Just when I put the glass safely down on the table, the cat jumped up and knocked it off.
Your cigarette ash is very long; please knock it off before it falls on the carpet.
When the whistle goes, all the workers knock off for a cup of tea.
Let's knock off now.
We've done enough for today,I think we'll knock off.
We go to work at seven thirty in the morning and knock off at five thirty in the afternoon.
我们每天早晨七点半上班,下午五点半下班。knock it ⇔ off
〔说明〕 knock off作此解时常不用于进行体,也常不用于被动结构。
They were making so much noise that I couldn't sleep, so I told them to knock it off!
他们吵吵嚷嚷我睡不着,因此我叫他们都住嘴!knock sth ⇔ off
〔说明〕 knock off作此解时通常不用于进行体。
If you take both dresses,I'll knock ￡2 off.
The coat is a little dirty. Can you knock 50 yuan off for me?
The advertised price was ￡2.05, but the shopkeeper knocked off the odd pence.
When he received his money he found that five shillings had been knocked off for expenses incurred.
当他收到钱时,他发现已扣去了五先令的费用。knock sth ⇔ off
Immediately after supper, he sat down and knocked off his composition in half an hour.
He sat down and knocked off an article for the local paper in about two hours.
That composition was knocked off in about two hours after dinner one evening.
那个乐曲是一天晚饭后用两小时左右谱写出来的。knock sb ⇔ off
One night the guerrillas stole into the city and knocked off the traitor.
The old man who owned the jewels was knocked off by the thieves.
拥有这些珠宝的老头被盗窃犯杀死了。knock sb/sth ⇔ off
Where did you get all those watches?Did you knock them off?
I heard that they knocked off Smith's shop last night.
People are saying that he knocked her off for her diamonds.
人们纷纷传说他为了抢她的钻石而杀死了她。knock sb ⇔ off
You can't knock me off,I've done nothing!
The criminal was tracked down and knocked off by the police.
那个罪犯被警察追到后逮捕了。knock sth ⇔ off
I've a pile of work to knock off before I can take my holiday.
在我去度假之前,还有一大堆事情得干完。knock sth ⇔ off
His wife served him a big helping, but he knocked it off in next to no time.
He knocked off two chops and a plateful of vegetables in about ten minutes, and then asked for more.
It looked a big dish, but it was almost knocked off in no time.
看起来是一大盘菜,但几乎一下子就被扫光了。knock sth ⇔ off
If you don't take back what you said about me,I'm going to knock your head off.
- knock off2 (v.+prep.)
比…好得多 be much better than others
knock sth off sth
I'm sorry,I've knocked the glass off the table and broken it.
对不起,我把桌子上的杯子碰倒打碎了。knock off sth
Let's knock off work early and go to the football game.
My health compels me to knock off work.
我的健康问题使我不得不停止工作。knock sth off sth
I'll knock ￡2 off the price of the dress if you'll take both dresses.
两套衣服都要的话那我就把价钱减少两镑。knock spots off sb/sth
Tom's books knock spots off most writers of crime stories.
My new washing machine knocks spots off the old one.
- knock on1 (v.+adv.)
〈非正〉(使)增加 (cause to) increase
knock sb ⇔ on
Hurry up, you're late for your call, you've been knocked on!
Let's knock on for another half an hour.
我们再干半小时吧。knock sth ⇔ on
It's the interest payments that knock on the price of a house over the years.
- knock on2 (v.+prep.)
取消,停止干某事 cancel〔stop〕 doing sth
knock on sth
“Is there anybody there?”said the traveller, knocking on the moonlit door.
My dog just lies around all day and doesn't even bark when strangers knock on the door—he's not even worth his keep.
我的狗整天睡觉,甚至在陌生人敲门时也不叫——不值得养它了。knock sth on sth
I knocked my head on the doorpost and hurt it.
我的头撞在门柱上,碰破了。knock sth on the head
I used to go out nearly every night but I decided to knock it on the head because I couldn't really afford it.
- knock out (v.+adv.)
引起共鸣 elicit enthusiasm or an emotional response especially deep sympathy or laughter from
- knock out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
从…中敲出或击出(某物) remove by means of a hammer
knock the daylight out of sb
If I find him bullying small children again, and I can lay my hands on him,I'll knock the daylight out of him.
The unseeded player has no chance; the champion will knock the living daylights out of her.
这个非种子选手没有获胜的机会,在比赛中冠军会把她彻底打败的。knock sb out of sb
Our team was knocked out of the competition in the second game.
在第二轮比赛中我们队被淘汰了。knock sth out of sb
The way to deal with a young fighter is to hit him hard in the first few minutes, so as to knock the stuffing out of him.
对付一个年轻拳击手的办法是在头几分钟里猛打他几拳,先杀杀他的锐气。knock the bottom out of sth
When the next speaker produced all those facts, he knocked the bottom out of my arguments.
当下一位发言人提出所有论据时,他把我的论点彻底驳倒了。knock sth out of sth
The sudden blow knocked two teeth out of his mouth.
The policeman knocked the gun out of the criminal's hand.
Knock the ash out of your pipe before you refill it.
The diamond must have got knocked out of my ring when I dropped it.
- knock over (v.+adv.)
快速完成 complete quickly
- knock through (v.+adv.)
打通; 拆除 remove a wall, a partition, etc. in order to enlarge the area of a room
We'd better enlarge the reading room by knocking through between the two small rooms.
我们最好打通两个房间中间的隔墙,来扩大阅览室的面积。knock sth ⇔ through
We can knock the wall through to make a new entrance.
- knock together (v.+adv.)
烹调 prepare food by cooking
knock sth ⇔ together
See if you can knock together some sort of box to put it in.
The mobile medical team knocked together an operating table.
I'm no woodworker, but I can knock a bookshelf together when necessary.
They knocked together a rough box with wooden boards.
The two pieces of wood knocked together.
His knees were knocking together.
他害怕得腿肚子打战。knock sth ⇔ together
You should knock their silly heads together.
The logs were knocked together as they floated down the stream.
圆木顺流而下时互相碰撞着。knock sth ⇔ together
Hey,Mom, knock something together for us to eat.
- knock under (v.+adv.)
屈服 submit; yield
Confronting great hardships, the surveyors never knocked under.
在巨大的艰难困苦面前,那些勘探人员从未屈服过。knock under to sb/sth
We refuse to knock under to any difficulties.
- knock up (v.+adv.)
匆匆准备或做某事 prepare or make sth quickly and without much planning
knock sb ⇔ up
Would you mind knocking me up at about six o'clock tomorrow morning as I must catch an early train to Beijing?
Run for the doctor and knock him up.
We were knocked up by the police in the middle of the night.
我们在半夜被警察敲门叫醒了。knock sth ⇔ up
Even though they weren't expecting us, they managed to knock up a marvellous meal.
This house was just knocked up.
- knock up against (v.+adv.+prep.)
偶然遇见〔到〕 meet sb/sth by chance
- get the knock 被解雇,遭到失败
- hear a knock 听到敲门声
- receive a knock 受到挫折
- stand the knock 忍受指责
- take a knock 受到严重损失
- gentle knock 轻轻的敲门声
- loud knock 重重的敲门声
- good knock 打一局好球
- first knock 第一局球
- bad knock 损失不少钱财
- damaging knock 破坏性的挫折
- hard knock 沉重的打击
- engine knock 发动机的爆震声
- knock a ball 拍球
- knock colds 消除感冒
- knock head 撞头
- knock sb's hometown 抨击某人的家乡
- knock sb's play 抨击某人的戏剧
- knock such notions 给人以深刻的观念
- knock the ash 敲烟灰
- knock the bottom of the box 敲箱子底
- knock the dust 敲打灰尘
- knock the England team 挖苦英格兰队
- knock the foreign policy 抨击外交政策
- knock the furniture 碰倒家具
- knock the glass 打破玻璃
- knock the nail 钉钉子
- knock the price 降价
- knock the wall 拆墙
- knock the worry 摆脱忧愁
- knock badly 剧烈撞击
- knock loudly 发出大声地碰撞
- knock about〔around〕 流浪
- knock down 撞倒,拆除,挣(钱)
- knock down a machine 把机器拆卸开来
- knock down a plane 击落飞机
- knock down an A in history 历史考得优等分数
- knock down good money 挣很多钱
- knock down some cash 偷一些现金
- knock off 停止工作,完成,结束,快速写
- knock off a few lines 匆匆写几句
- knock off work 歇工
- knock out 击倒,使昏迷或入睡,彻底击败
- knock out the enemy guards 干掉敌人哨兵
- knock oneself out to get through the difficulty 竭尽全力渡过困难
- knock oneself out preparing for the experiment 努力为实验做好准备
- knock oneself out with excessive work 过度工作而筋疲力尽
- knock over 打翻,轻易击败
- knock over a lamp 打翻一盏灯
- knock up 击打,草率或匆忙地作出
- knock up a meal 匆匆做好一餐饭
The knock at the door startled Merdelius.出自： M. West
She..gave the prearranged knock on the door.出自： R. Ingalls
He took a bad ankle knock..and it is very swollen.出自：Press Journal (Aberdeen)
What's he that knocks as he would beat down the gate?出自：Taming of Shrew , Shakespeare
If you knocked at every house You wouldn't find a man who could recognise a louse.出自： M. Baldwin
He knocked on the inner door.出自： D. Adams
How tempted I would have been to yield, if opportunity had only knocked.出自： fig.
- knock后接at〔to〕的介词短语表示侧重敲击的对象; 接on的介词短语侧重敲击的位置。
- knock, blow, stroke
- 1.这组词都有“打击”“捶打”的意思, blow, stroke, knock均可指用工具、器械对另一物体的击打。例如:
- Children's furniture must withstand kicks and blows.孩子们用的家具必须经得起踢打。
- He drove in a nail with one stroke of the hammer.他一锤子就把钉子敲进去了。
- Did you hear a knock at the door?你听到有人敲了一下门吗?
- 2.blow和knock还可指用手击打,表示击打某人时, blow尤指用拳头打, knock也可指用拳头和指关节敲打。例如:
- The big boy aimed a blow at me.那个大个男孩朝我打来一拳。
- There came the 3 p.m. knock on the door.下午3点钟来客的敲门声响了。
- 3.blow的对象可以是物,也可以是身体某部位,还可以是某人; stroke的对象可以是物,也可以是人; knock的对象则是门、地板等物。例如:
- He got a nasty blow on the head.他的头部受到重重的一击。
- She killed him with one stroke of her sword.她一剑刺死了他。
- He split the log with one stroke of the axe.他一斧头就把那圆木劈开了。
- If you are not up by eight I'll give you a knock.如果你到8点钟还不起床,我就敲门叫醒你。
- 4.stroke的工具或器械可以是硬质的东西,也可以是软质的东西; knock的工具或器械一般是硬质的东西。例如:
- The man was given several strokes of the whip.那人挨了几鞭子。
- knock, bang, bash, bump
- 这四个词意思相近,但有区别:bash是口语用词,意为猛力地撞毁某物或撞伤某人; bump的意思是偶然地碰撞某物并发出低沉的声音; bang则指撞击较重,声音也较大; knock意为撞击某物而发出清脆的声音,可指意外的动作,可造成伤痛或毁坏东西。
- knock, beat, buffet, hit, strike
- We were buffeting a storm.
- The fall knocked me senseless.
- The child's head struck against the door.
- 2.buffet表示连续猛击; beat指用棍、棒等连续击打; hit指对准某一目标去“打”; strike指徒手或持物一次性地打击。例如:
- The waves buffeted the shore.
- The missile hit the carrier but only dented the hull.
- 这枚导弹击中了航空母舰,但只是把 舰体打凹了。
- His fist struck home.
- 3.hit引申为“攻击”“抨击”“受打击”,也可以指精神上或感情上的“打击”; beat可指在游戏、竞赛或战争中击败对方,用作不及物动词时,可指心脏或脉搏的“跳动”; 而strike则可以用于时钟敲响。例如:
- The reviewers hit his novel severely.
- This clock strikes on the hour.
- knock, rap, tap
- 这组词都有“敲打”的意思。它们的区别是:knock指用手、拳或其他硬的东西用力敲打; rap指用关节、棒等急速地敲,发出刺耳的声音使人们静下来; tap指用手指尖等徐徐地叩或拍。 例如:
- We rapped at the door, but there was no answer.我们笃笃地敲门,但无人回答。
- The chairman rapped on the table for order.主席敲桌子要求安静。
- She tapped her girl to let her sleep.她轻轻拍着女儿让她睡觉。
- He tapped his forehead knowingly.他会心地拍拍前额。
- Ameria was knocked down by a car.
- Ameria was knocked over by a car.
- Suddenly there came a knock at the door.
- Suddenly there came a knocking at the door.
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的cnocian；最初源自古挪威语的knoka，意为打击，打。
- rejection v.