near

  基本词汇  
[nɪə(r)]     [nɪr]    
  • adj.近的;近似的;亲近的;吝啬的
  • adv.在附近;不久以后;几乎;[罕]吝啬地
  • prep.附近;接近;临近;大约;(质量、大小等)相仿;濒临
  • v.接近;靠近
nearer nearest nearness neared neared nearing nears
new

near是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 接近的,近似的,和原物难分的
  2. 近的,距离近的
  3. 近亲的,亲密的,关系深的
  4. 左侧的
  5. 直达的
  6. 近道的
  7. 随后的
  8. 不分伯仲的,差不多的
adv.(副词)
  1. 差不多,几乎
  2. 接近,近,将近,临近
  3. 邻接,附近,在附近
  4. 节省地
  5. 准确到…的程度
  6. 大约
  7. 没什么分别,相差无几
prep.(介词)
  1. 接近,靠近
  2. 在...附近
  3. 挨近
  4. 就近
  5. 近在眉睫,濒临,临近
  6. 在...身边,在...旁边
  7. 大约,接近于,上下
  8. 快要
v.(动词)
  1. 接近
  2. 靠近
  3. 临近
  4. 走近

双解释义

adv.(副词)
  1. (空间)在近处,在附近 at a short distance away; near by
  2. (时间)临近,来临 with a short time between
  3. (程度)几乎,差不多,将近 not far from in degree
prep.(介词)
  1. (表示位置)靠近,在…接近 with a short distance between
  2. (表示时间)将近,快到,临近 with a short time between
  3. (表示程度)接近,近乎,濒临 not far from in degree
  4. (表示关系)与…近似; 与…紧密相关 not far from in quality
  5. (表示过程)到…去从事活动 going in for sth
  6. (表示数目)大约,接近 about
adj.(形容词)
  1. 近的,不远的 within a short distance or time from sb/sth; not far
  2. 亲密的; 近亲的 closely related
  3. 近似,相似 similar
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 走近; 靠近 come or draw near to; approach

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
near : 近 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
near : 近 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
near : 近 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
near : 接近, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances;

    "near neighbors"
    "in the near future"
    "they are near equals"
    "his nearest approach to success"
    "a very near thing"
    "a near hit by the bomb"
    "she was near tears"
    "she was close to tears"
    "had a close call"

  2. being on the left side;

    "the near or nigh horse is the one on the left"
    "the animal's left side is its near or nigh side"

  3. closely resembling the genuine article;

    "near beer"
    "a dress of near satin"

  4. giving or spending with reluctance;

    "our cheeseparing administration"
    "very close (or near) with his money"
    "a penny-pinching miserly old man"

  5. with or in a close or intimate relationship;

    "a good friend"
    "my sisters and brothers are near and dear"

  6. very close in resemblance;

    "sketched in an approximate likeness"
    "a near likeness"

Adverb:
  1. near in time or place or relationship;

    "as the wedding day drew near"
    "stood near the door"
    "don't shoot until they come near"
    "getting near to the true explanation"
    "her mother is always near"
    "The end draws nigh"
    "the bullet didn't come close"
    "don't get too close to the fire"

  2. (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; all but;

    "the job is (just) about done"
    "the baby was almost asleep when the alarm sounded"
    "we're almost finished"
    "the car all but ran her down"
    "he nearly fainted"
    "talked for nigh onto 2 hours"
    "the recording is well-nigh perfect"
    "virtually all the parties signed the contract"
    "I was near exhausted by the run"
    "most everyone agrees"

Verb:
  1. move towards;

    "We were approaching our destination"
    "They are drawing near"
    "The enemy army came nearer and nearer"

near的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. His flat's very near.
    他的公寓就在附近。
  2. We will meet in Beijing in the near future.
    在不久的将来,我们将在北京见面。
  3. The supermarket is very near to the station.
    超级市场离车站很近。
  4. Can you tell me the nearest way to the railway station?
    你能告诉我去火车站最近的路吗?
  5. We don't have that color in stock, this is the nearest.
    我们现货中没有那种颜色,这是最近似的。
  6. He is very near with his money.
    他花钱很吝啬。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. I found some shops quite near.
    我发现附近有几个商店。
  2. The Mid Autumn Festival is drawing near.
    中秋节快到了。
  3. I was near dead with fright.
    我几乎给吓死了。
  4. Lisa lives near.
    丽莎生活地很节俭。
用作介词 (prep.)
  1. His clinic is near the newly-built railway station.
    他的诊所在新建的火车站附近。
  2. He is near forty.
    他年近四十。
  3. My birthday is very near Christmas.
    我的生日离圣诞节很近。
  4. Share prices are near their record high of last year.
    股票价格接近去年的最高纪录。
  5. Nobody else comes near her in intellect.
    谁也赶不上她聪明。
  6. The company had staged a strong recovery from a point of near bankruptcy.
    该公司已从濒临破产的状态中强劲地恢复过来。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. He must be nearing home by now.
    他现在一定已经快到家了。
  2. The ship is nearing the land.
    这条船快要靠陆地了。

常见句型

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. Please come nearer.
    请走近些。
  2. We live quite near.
    我们就住在附近。
  3. The summer holidays are drawing near.
    暑假快到了。
  4. He was near frozen when they found him.
    他们找到他时,他差不多冻僵了。
  5. I was near killed in the accident.
    我在这场车祸中险些丧命。
  6. The job is near impossible.
    这工作几乎办不到。
  7. The work is nowhere near finished yet.
    这工作离完成还很远。
  8. He came near falling.
    他差点跌倒。
用作介词 (prep.)
  1. The small child was afraid to go near the dog.
    那小孩子不敢靠近那条狗。
  2. We were near him at the table.
    我们吃饭时坐在他的附近。
  3. Our house is near the river.
    我们的房屋靠近那条河。
  4. It's near five o'clock.
    现在将近五点钟。
  5. It is near Christmas.
    快到圣诞节了。
  6. Most views were fairly near the truth.
    许多观点与真实情况十分相近。
  7. He has not been near the office for the past three days.
    过去三天他一直没有去办公室上班。
  8. He never goes near a public house.
    他从来不到酒馆喝酒。
  9. My father is near sixty.
    我父亲快60岁了。
  10. He must be getting near retiring age.
    他一定快到退休年龄了。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Can you tell me the nearest way to the station?
    你能告诉我去火车站最近的路吗?
  2. We are near relatives.
    我们是近亲。
  3. Very often tragedies or near tragedies occurred.
    悲剧或近乎悲剧的事经常发生。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. The fire is dangerous to us as it is so near.
    火这么近,对我们有危险。
  2. The post office is quite near.
    邮局很近。
  3. Christmas is near.
    圣诞节快到了。
  4. The color is the nearest.
    这种颜色是最相近的。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Storm clouds neared.
    暴风雨的乌云迫近了。
  2. Christmas is nearing.
    圣诞节快要到了。
  3. He got nervous as the day neared.
    日子接近时,他变得紧张。
  4. The harvest season nears.
    收获季节快到了。
  5. The destination is nearing.
    目的地将要到了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The boat was nearing the wharf.
    船正驶近码头。
  2. The ship neared the land.
    船只驶近陆地。
  3. He must be nearing home by now.
    他现在一定已经快到家了。
  4. When will we near the New York?
    我们什么时间接近纽约?
  5. The work is nearing completion.
    这项工作已接近完工。
  6. 用于be ~ed结构
  7. When the snake is neared by big animals, it will escape fast.
    当大动物接近时,蛇将飞快地逃逸。

常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)
as near as
  1. 达到…的准确程度as accurately as

    There are about 100 people there, as near as I could judge. 就我所能判断的来说,那里约有100人。

as near as make no differences
  1. 相差无几an amount, a measurement, etc. that is not significantly more or less

    She was as near thirty as makes no differences the year war broke out. 战争爆发的那一年,她差不多30岁了。

词汇搭配

用作副词 (adv.)
副词+~ ~+介词
用作介词 (prep.)
~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • The near kin of Meg were all in California.

    出自:D. H. Lawrence
  • She is Robert's near relative.

    出自:E. Bowen
  • The near in blood, The nearer bloody.

    出自:Macbeth,Shakespeare
  • Eva had come gradually nearer and nearer to her father.

    出自:H. B. Stowe
  • Now the hour of sunset was near.

    出自:B. Jowett
  • There was uneasiness..lest some danger might be near.

    出自:G. Stein

near的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. near用作形容词时,一般指在时间和空间相近或程度上相似,可引申表达感情上“亲密的,亲近的”等。
  2. near作“近似,相似”解时在句中作表语,但nearest除外。
v.(动词)
  1. near指人或事物在时间或空间上挨近或靠近,多用于进行体。可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词,用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。可用于被动结构。
  2. near多用于诗歌中,而少用于日常口语。

词义辨析

prep.(介词)
near, beside, by, on
这组词的共同意思是“靠近,在…旁边”。beside是一般用语,其宾语可以是表示任何人或事物的名词; by强调“紧贴”,其宾语可以是一般的人或事物,但更常见的是side或含有side的名词; near所指的距离要比by远得多,其宾语可是任何表示人或事物的名词; on一般表示与江〔河,湖,海〕岸或铁路线呈线状的地点相接触,含有“邻接,濒临”的意思。
adj.(形容词)
near, nearby
这两个词都可表示“附近的”。nearby在句中只可用作定语,可前置也可后置; near则既可用作定语,又可用作表语,作定语时只能前置。
near, close
这两个词的共同意思是“靠近的,接近的”。其区别是:
1.强调距离或数量上的“接近”用close更多些; 而强调关系或程度上的“接近”则用near更多些。
2.near的语气要比close弱。例如:
Near by is a department store.附近有一家百货商店。
This is a near translation.这是一篇接近原文的翻译。
下面两个句子的意思相同:
  • How near is the station from here?
  • How near is the station to here?
  • 火车站离这儿有多远?
close near nearby
这些形容词均有“接近的”之意。
  • close:close语气强于near。指时间、地点或程度方面的接近,有紧靠、相邻的意味。
  • near:near语气弱于close,也指时间或空间上的接近,但无“紧接,接触”的含义。
  • nearby:nearby指距离上很近,近在咫尺。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的anvigia,意为更近的。

near的相关资料:

正版词典

near : (空间)接近 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

near的相关缩略词,共有12

互动百科

  • near:near adj. 亲近的, 亲密的, 近, (车, 马等)左侧的, 吝啬的adv. (时间, 空间方面)近, 不远prep. 在...近旁, 近...v. 接近, 走近习惯用语come near (…

临近单词

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