blow

  基本词汇  
[bləʊ]     [bloʊ]    
  • n.打击;殴打;吹
  • v.吹;风吹;擤(鼻子);(保险丝)熔断;<口>浪费(机会)
blew blown blowing blows
new

blow是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. (精神)打击,挫折
  2. 不幸,意外的灾害,横祸
  3. 一击,打
  4. 殴打
  5. 花,开花(状态)
  6. 绚丽多姿
  7. 奇袭
  8. 猛攻
  9. 吹,吹动,吹气
  10. <口>强风,暴风
v.(动词)
  1. 吹,刮,吹出,吹气
  2. 吹响,鸣响
  3. 吹动
  4. (使)爆炸
  5. 吹奏,吃奏出音
  6. 烧断
  7. 随风飘动
  8. <俚>离去
  9. 吹掉,刮走
  10. <俚>因笨而失去
  11. <俚>挥霍,浪费(机会)
  12. 传播
  13. <俚><婉>诅咒
  14. 开放
  15. 使开花
  16. 吹成,吹制
  17. 吹胀
  18. 吹着
  19. 使通气
  20. 叫,鸣
  21. (使)呼吸困难急促,(使)喘气
  22. <美><澳><口>吹牛,自夸
  23. 将...搞糟
  24. 把钱花在...上
  25. 擤(鼻子)
  26. 送飞吻

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 吹; 吹气; 刮风 be moving
  2. vt. & vi. (使)吹响,吹奏 (cause to) sound by blowing
  3. vt. & vi. (使)爆炸 (cause to) explode or be destroyed by exploding
n.(名词)
  1. [C]一击,打击 a hard stroke with the open or closed hand or with a weapon; a bad effect on one's confidence, hopes, likelihood of success

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
blow : 喷气, 打击 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
blow : (汽笛)鸣 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a powerful stroke with the fist or a weapon;

    "a blow on the head"

  2. an impact (as from a collision);

    "the bump threw him off the bicycle"

  3. an unfortunate happening that hinders or impedes; something that is thwarting or frustrating

  4. an unpleasant or disappointing surprise;

    "it came as a shock to learn that he was injured"

  5. a strong current of air;

    "the tree was bent almost double by the gust"

  6. street names for cocaine

  7. forceful exhalation through the nose or mouth;

    "he gave his nose a loud blow"
    "he blew out all the candles with a single puff"

Verb:
  1. exhale hard;

    "blow on the soup to cool it down"

  2. be blowing or storming;

    "The wind blew from the West"

  3. free of obstruction by blowing air through;

    "blow one's nose"

  4. be in motion due to some air or water current;

    "The leaves were blowing in the wind"
    "the boat drifted on the lake"
    "The sailboat was adrift on the open sea"
    "the shipwrecked boat drifted away from the shore"

  5. make a sound as if blown;

    "The whistle blew"

  6. shape by blowing;

    "Blow a glass vase"

  7. make a mess of, destroy or ruin;

    "I botched the dinner and we had to eat out"
    "the pianist screwed up the difficult passage in the second movement"

  8. spend thoughtlessly; throw away;

    "He wasted his inheritance on his insincere friends"
    "You squandered the opportunity to get and advanced degree"

  9. spend lavishly or wastefully on;

    "He blew a lot of money on his new home theater"

  10. sound by having air expelled through a tube;

    "The trumpets blew"

  11. play or sound a wind instrument;

    "She blew the horn"

  12. provide sexual gratification through oral stimulation

  13. cause air to go in, on, or through;

    "Blow my hair dry"

  14. cause to move by means of an air current;

    "The wind blew the leaves around in the yard"

  15. spout moist air from the blowhole;

    "The whales blew"

  16. leave; informal or rude;

    "shove off!"
    "The children shoved along"
    "Blow now!"

  17. lay eggs;

    "certain insects are said to blow"

  18. cause to be revealed and jeopardized;

    "The story blew their cover"
    "The double agent was blown by the other side"

  19. show off

  20. allow to regain its breath;

    "blow a horse"

  21. melt, break, or become otherwise unusable;

    "The lightbulbs blew out"
    "The fuse blew"

  22. burst suddenly;

    "The tire blew"
    "We blew a tire"

blow的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The death of their daughter was a cruel blow.
    女儿的死对他们是一个残酷的打击。
  2. I was dazed by the blow on my head.
    我的头挨了一击而觉得晕眩。
  3. Bill knocked him down with one blow.
    比尔一拳把他打倒在地。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. It's blowing hard tonight.
    今晚风大得很。
  2. It is bad manners to blow your nose at table.
    吃饭时擤鼻子是不礼貌的行为。
  3. A short circuit will blow the fuse.
    短路会烧断保险丝的。
  4. If you put on the iron, the fuse will blow out .
    如果你插上电熨斗,则保险丝会断的。
  5. I really blew the chances with Marilyn when I told her she looked fat in the dress she was wearing.
    我真的把与玛罗琳的机会浪费了,刚才我告诉她她穿那条裙子显胖。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The fan was blowing.
    风扇正吹着。
  2. It is blowing hard.
    风刮得很大。
  3. It began to blow quite hard, just before midnight.
    在午夜之前,就开始刮起了狂风。
  4. Once in the night I woke and heard the wind blowing.
    有天夜里我醒了,听见在刮风。
  5. The wind blew and she shivered.
    刮着风,她直打冷战。
  6. The wind was blowing gently.
    和风轻轻地吹。
  7. The wind blew warm and the air felt like spring.
    风暖暖地吹着,空气使人感到像春天般的。
  8. The wind was blowing northerly.
    刮北风。
  9. The curtains blew in the wind.
    窗帘随风飘动着。
  10. Her hair blew in the wind.
    她的头发被风刮起来了。
  11. When it blows or rains, the mother bird covers the young with her wings.
    刮风或是下雨时,雌鸟就用翅膀护着幼鸟。
  12. Stop work when the whistle blows.
    汽笛一响就停止工作。
  13. We heard the bugles blowing.
    我们听见吹号。
  14. He took out his flute, and blew at it.
    他拿出笛子吹了起来。
  15. The old man was puffing and blowing when got to the top of the hill.
    那老人到达山顶时,喘息不止。
  16. The horse blew heavily.
    马喘着粗气。
  17. The balloon has blown.
    气球炸开了。
  18. The fuse has blown.
    保险丝烧断了。
  19. Let's blow before they catch us.
    趁他们还没有抓到我们时赶快溜吧。
用作系动词 S+~+ adj.
  1. The door blew open.
    门被风吹开了。
  2. The wind was beginning to blow clear.
    就要风吹云散了。
  3. The East wind blows strong and news of victory keeps pouring in.
    东风劲吹,捷报频传。
用作及物动词 S+~+ pron./n.
  1. The wind blew her hair.
    风吹动她的头发。
  2. The wind blew a gale.
    风刮得很大。
  3. She blew the fire.
    她把火吹灭了。
  4. The boy was blowing bubbles.
    这男孩在吹泡泡玩。
  5. The guard blew his whistle, and waved his bright green flag.
    警卫吹起了哨子,摇了摇手中鲜明的绿色小旗。
  6. The huntsman blew his horn loudly.
    猎人大声地吹他的号角。
  7. He lit one of the cigarettes, and blew a cloud of smoke.
    他点燃了一根香烟,然后吹了一个烟圈。
  8. He blew his fingers to make them warm.
    他对着手指吹气,使它们暖和起来。
  9. The explosion blew the bridge to smithereens.
    炸药把这座桥炸得粉碎。
  10. He is always blowing his own trumpet.
    他老是自吹自擂。
  11. He blew a thousand dollars last night.
    昨天一晚他就挥霍掉1000美元。
  12. The butcher has forgotten to send the sausages, blow him!
    卖肉的人忘了送香肠来,真糟糕!
  13. Blow it!I've missed the train.
    真倒霉!我误了这趟火车。
  14. My watch has stopped, blow it!
    见鬼!我的表停了。
  15. Blow it!I've sealed up the envelope and forgotten to put the letter in.
    真见鬼,我忘了把信放到信封里就封口了。
  16. Blow it!I've come out without any money.
    真糟糕!我没带钱就出来了。
  17. 用于be ~ed结构
  18. I'll be blowed if I do it.
    我要干这种事就不是人。
  19. Well,I'm blowed!Here are George and Vera.
    真是活见鬼!乔治和维拉就在这儿。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron. + n.
  1. The wind blew us delightful odors from the pine forests.
    风为我们吹来了松树的香味。
  2. She blew him a kiss.
    她送给他一个飞吻。
  3. It's an ill wind that blows nobody any good.
    世上没有对人人都有利的事。
  4. And I never got anywhere because you blew me so full of hot air I could never stand taking orders from anybody!Whose fault is it?
    我一事无成,因为你向我灌输了如此之多的大话、空话,使我无法听从别人的意见和指导,这到底是谁的过错呢?
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. Come on out, let the breeze blow your hair dry.
    出来吧,让微风把你的头发吹干。
  2. 用于be ~ed结构
  3. The door was blown open.
    风把门吹开了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Go for a blow.
    出外吹吹风。
  2. Blows rained down upon him.
    拳头雨点般地落在他身上。
  3. The blow stunned me.
    那一击把我打昏了。
  4. He struck the man a blow that sent him to the floor.
    他打了那个人一拳把他打倒在地上。
  5. The criminal screamed at every blow.
    这个罪犯每挨一拳就尖叫一声。
  6. She raised her hand to ward off a blow.
    她抬起手来,以挡开揍来的拳头。
  7. He was staggered by the blow.
    他被打得摇摇晃晃。
  8. I aimed a violent blow.
    我瞄准猛击。
  9. His eye swelled painfully after the blow.
    挨打后他的一只眼睛肿了起来,非常疼痛。
  10. He managed to duck the blow.
    他成功地躲过了那一击。
  11. He dealt me a sudden blow.
    他猛然袭击我。
  12. He accompanied his angry words with blows.
    他边骂边动手打。
  13. They gave a blow for blow.
    他们互击。
  14. He gave his opponent a violent blow on the cheek.
    他在他的对手的面颊上狠狠打了一下。
  15. He inflicted a heavy blow on the back of her head.
    他猛击她的后脑勺。
  16. He dealt me a sudden blow on the chin.
    他突然给我下巴一拳。
  17. He gave him a violent blow on the head.
    他照他的头部重重一击。
  18. He met her by a gentle blow on the shoulder.
    他见到她轻轻地拍了拍她的肩。
  19. I gave him a blow upon the middle finger of the left hand.
    我打了他左手的中指。
  20. He gave a strong blow to his wife.
    他猛打他的妻子。
  21. He gave a blow with the fist.
    他用拳一击。
  22. They put up with insult and blows.
    他们忍受侮辱和打击。
  23. Their prestige has been dealt a heavy blow.
    他们的威望受到了沉重的打击。
  24. He braced himself to meet the blow.
    他振作精神去承受这个打击。
  25. For some reason he did not turn up.This was a great blow.
    出于某些原因他没有来,这是一个很大的打击。
  26. He has received an unexpected blow.
    他受到了一次意想不到的打击。
  27. This was a sudden and unexpected blow.
    这是一个意想不到的打击。
  28. The economic crisis of 1929 dealt Brazil a heavy blow.1929
    年的经济危机给巴西以沉重的打击。
  29. His death is a national blow.
    他的逝世对国家是一个打击。
  30. The army struck a swift blow at the enemy.
    部队向敌人发动快速攻击。
  31. The failure of the bank proved a serious blow to the depositors.
    银行的破产给储户以严重的打击。
  32. We dealt a deadly blow to the enemy.
    我们给敌人一个致命的打击。
  33. His mother's death was a great blow to him.
    母亲的去世对他是一个沉重的打击。
  34. The death of his son is the death blow to him.
    他儿子的死给他以致命的打击。
  35. His death was a terrible blow to us.
    他的去世对我们是个可怕的打击。
  36. It was a sad blow to me.
    这对我是一个沉痛的打击。
  37. The first blow is half the battle.
    良好的开端是成功的一半。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
blow about1( v.+adv. )
  1. 使吹走,被吹散 be moved or carried by the wind or other air current blow about

    The dust was blowing about.灰尘吹得到处飞扬。

    blow sth ⇔ about

    The hurricane is blowing broken glass about in the city streets.狂风把碎玻璃刮得到处横飞。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    It seemed to be getting windy; the leaves were being blown about.好像起风了,树叶吹得到处都是。

blow about2( v.+prep. )
  1. 吹走,吹散 be moved or carried by the wind or other air current blow sth about sth

    The electric fan blew hot air about our heads.电扇在我们头周围吹起热风。

blow around( v.+adv. )
  1. 讨论,议论 talk about (an idea, etc.) with other people blow sth ⇔ around

    Let's blow Jim's suggestion around and see if we all agree with it.我们来议论一下吉姆的建议,看是否大家都同意。

blow away( v.+adv. )
  1. (使)吹掉 be moved or carried away by air or wind; cause to go away with the force of wind blow away

    The kite blew away.风筝乘风起飞。

    The smoke blew away.烟吹散了。

    Quick, catch my hat before it blows away.快,抓住我的帽子,别让它被风吹走!

    blow sth ⇔ away

    He blew away the cigar smoke.他吹散了雪茄的烟。

    A gust of wind blew all the dust away.一阵风把尘土都刮跑了。

    The wind blew away the clothes hanging on the line.风把绳上晾的衣服刮走了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The wind was so strong that people were nearly blown away as they waited for buses.风刮得很厉害,等候公共汽车的人们几乎要被风吹走。

    The wind blew so hard that my umbrella was almost blown away.风猛烈地刮着,我的伞都几乎被刮跑了。

    The papers on my desk were blown away by the wind.我桌上的报纸被大风吹走了。

blow back( v.+adv. )
  1. 吹回 return with or as with the force of wind

    Just when I thought I had lost the letter forever, it blew right back into my hand! 正当我以为那封信已永远丢失的时候,它好像又被风吹回来了。

  2. 漏气 blow in the wrong direction

    If the gas blows back you must turn off the supply, as it is dangerous. 如果煤气管漏气,你必须关闭送气管,否则很危险。

blow down( v.+adv. )
  1. 吹倒,吹掉 fall; be moved or carried by the wind or other air current

    The wind has blown apples down. 风把苹果刮下来了。

    The storm blew down many trees. 风暴刮倒了很多树。

    A strong wind blew down the tree. 一阵大风把这棵树刮倒了。

    The wind blew down the fence. 风把篱笆刮倒了。

    The explosion blew several buildings down. 有几座建筑物被炸塌了。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Several trees were blown down in the storm. 好几棵树在暴风雨中被吹倒了。

    Soot has been blown down into the fireplace. 风吹得煤烟倒进了壁炉。

    Many leaves have been blown down into the pipe, and have blocked it. 许多树叶都被吹进管道,造成堵塞。

  2. 真没想到 never expect; be unexpected

    Well, blow me down, if it isn't Jack Roberts; I've not seen you for years! 唷,真没想到,你不就是杰克·罗伯茨吗?久违了!

blow in( v.+adv. )
  1. 吹进 be moved or carried by the wind or other air current blow in

    The fresh air blew in from the open door.新鲜空气从开着的门吹进来。

    Suddenly a cold breeze blew in and right away he felt better.突然吹进一股凉风,他顿时感觉好了一些。

    A little breeze is blowing in from the window.微风从窗户里吹进来。

  2. 突然来访 arrive casually or unexpectedly blow in

    Say, look who's just blown in!喂,你看谁来啦!

    The door opened and Tom blew in.门一开,汤姆就进来了。

    The house was already full of guests when Bill blew in.当比尔突然来访时,房子里已经满是客人了。

    Jim just blew in; we weren't expecting him till Tuesday.吉姆忽然来了,我们本以为他星期二才到呢。

    Blow in any time you like; we shall always be pleased to see you.请随时来玩吧,我们见到你总是高兴的。

    What time did Mark blow in last night?昨晚上马克是什么时候来的?

    I was just passing, so I thought I'd blow in for a few minutes.我正好路过那儿,我想我应该进去看看。

  3. 花光(钱),滥花(钱) spend or lose money blow sth ⇔ in

    She blew in her salary yesterday.昨天她一下子把薪水全花光了。

blow into( v.+prep. )
  1. (使)吹进 enter (a place) with or as with the force of wind blow into sth

    The dust has blown into the house.灰尘被吹进了屋里。

    I opened the window and a pile of leaves blew into the house.我打开窗子,一大堆树叶吹进了屋里。

    The whistle makes a sound because you blow into it.因为你向里面吹气,所以哨子发出声音。

    blow sth into sth

    The wind blew the snow into deep drifts.风把雪吹积成厚厚的雪堆。

    The force of the explosion blew the car into the air.爆炸的力量把汽车抛到空中。

    When the door was opened the wind blew the leaves into the house.一打开门,风把树叶吹进了屋里。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The rock was blown into fragments with dynamite.岩石被炸药炸成了碎片。

blow off1( v.+adv. )
  1. 吹掉,吹走 be moved or carried by the wind blow off

    My hat blew off while I was crossing the bridge.我正过桥时,帽子吹掉了。

    When the water boiled, the lid of the pan blew off.水开后,锅盖被顶了起来。

    blow sb/sth ⇔ off

    You'll have to stay here until the blizzard blows itself off.你得等大风雪停了再走。

    The wind has blown my hat off.风把我的帽子刮掉了。

    A gust of wind blew off all the dead leaves on the tree.一阵风把树上的枯叶全都刮掉了。

    He didn't know how to blow off his superfluous energy.他不知如何发泄过剩的精力。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    His straw hat was blown off.他的草帽被风吹掉了。

    In the lightning I saw that the roof of the hut had been blown off.闪电的时候,我看见棚屋的屋顶被掀掉了。

  2. 炸掉 burst and destroy blow sth ⇔ off

    They blew the door off with a small charge of high explosive.他们装了一小包烈性炸药把门炸掉了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    His one leg was blown off by a bomb in the war.他的一条腿在战争中被炸弹炸掉了。

    The ship's bow was blown off by a torpedo.船头被一枚水雷炸掉了。

  3. 放气 let out blow off

    Poison gas blew off and endangered the lives of hundreds of persons.毒气喷出来,危及几百人的生命。

    blow sth ⇔ off 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The surplus steam was blown off through the pipes.多余的蒸气通过管道放掉了。

blow off2( v.+prep. )
  1. 吹走,吹掉 be moved or carried by the wind or other air current send out air from the mouth blow sb/sth off sth

    The force of the wind nearly blew me off my feet.大风几乎把我吹倒在地。

    The wind blew the papers off my desk.风吹走了我桌上的作业。

    Blow the dust off that book, please.请把那本书上的灰尘吹掉。

    Don't blow the dust off the table, use a cloth.别吹桌上的尘土,用布擦掉。

    When the newspaper picked up part of the story, it blew the lid off the whole conspiracy.那家报纸获悉那项阴谋的部分内容后,事情就全都败露了。

blow on〔upon〕( v.+prep. )
  1. 吹凉; 吹气; 吹在…上 blow the whistle on

    He blew on his coffee. 他将咖啡吹凉。

    Never blow on your soup to cool it. 不要用嘴把汤吹冷。

    His soup was too hot, so he blew on it. 汤太烫了,所以他吹了吹。

    She blew on her food to make it cool. 她吹吹饭菜,使它凉下来。

    The wind blew on his face. 风迎面吹来。

    He blew on his numbed fingers from time to time. 天气非常冷,他不时往冻僵的手指上哈气。

    Blow on the back of your hand and you can feel air coming out of your mouth. 朝手背上吹气,你就会感到空气从嘴里出来。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The ship was blown on to the rocks. 船被风吹上礁石。

  2. 使受损害,使…丢脸 cause to lose face; be disgraced

    His cousin's reputation was much blown upon, but Tom had to marry her for the sake of her fortune. 汤姆的表妹名誉扫地,但他还是娶了她,因为她有钱。

    He used to have a good name but it has been blown upon recently. 他以前的名声一直很好,但最近却遭到诋毁。

    The reputation of the firm was blown upon for passing substandard products off as first-class merchandise. 该公司因把次品当正品出售而名誉扫地。

  3. 告发 let the secret become known
blow out( v.+adv. )
  1. 吹出 send air out of the mouth blow sth ⇔ out

    The chimney blew out a cloud of black smoke.烟囱里喷出一团黑烟。

    The wind blew the seeds out of the plant.风把这植物的种子吹落了。

  2. 吹干净 clean sth by blowing blow sth ⇔ out

    We shall have to blow the pipe out, it seems to be blocked.管子好像堵住了,我们得把里面吹干净。

  3. 吹熄; 吹灭 stop burning by blowing blow out

    Every time he tried to light the candle, it blew out.他几次想把蜡烛点起来,但都被风吹熄了。

    Someone opened the door and the lamp blew out.有人打开门,灯就灭了。

    blow sth ⇔ out

    The wind blew out the candle.风吹灭了蜡烛。

    The wind blew the match out.风把火柴吹熄了。

    He blew the oil lamp out.他把油灯吹灭了。

  4. 停吹; 停刮 stop blowing blow out

    The storm blew out after three days.风暴刮了三天之后停息下来。

    blow sth ⇔ out

    It won't be long before the storm blows itself out.暴风雨很快会停的。

    The gale has blown itself out.狂风平息下来了。

  5. 爆裂 explode outward blow out

    If a tire blows out while one is driving at high speed, it can be very dangerous.高速行驶时车胎爆炸是很危险的。

    Moving through an endless muddy puddle, the rear tire of my car blew out.在没有尽头的泥坑中行驶时,我的汽车的后轮胎突然爆炸。

  6. 炸毁 destroy sth by the force of air or other gas blow sth ⇔ out

    The bombs should blow them out.炸弹准能把他们炸飞。

    A bomb blew out the front of a hotel in central Jerusalem early today.今天早上一枚炸弹把耶路撒冷中部的一家旅馆正面炸毁了。

  7. 吹涨 fill sth with air blow sth ⇔ out

    The boy blew out the paper bag.男孩将纸袋吹得鼓了起来。

    The mischievous boy startled the company by blowing out a paper bag and bursting it.那个调皮的男孩啪的一声吹爆了一个纸袋,使伙伴们吓了一跳。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    When the paper bag was blown out to its full extent, it burst.当纸袋吹鼓得不能再鼓时,它破了。

  8. 突然冒出; (被气)冲出 come out unexpectedly blow out

    A steam cock blows out.气管旋塞给气冲开了。

    blow sth ⇔ out

    Heat the vessel and try to blow out the stopper.将容器加热,使蒸汽瓶塞冲出来。

  9. 烧断 stop working blow out

    The fuse blew out.保险丝烧断了。

blow over( v.+adv. )
  1. 停止刮; 停息 stop blowing

    The clouds will soon blow over. 云即将吹散。

    The sky was black, as if a bad storm was coming, but it blew over and the sun came out. 天空阴暗,仿佛一场猛烈的暴风雨就要来临,但是它很快平息下来了,太阳随之出现。

    They hoped that the disturbances would soon blow over. 他们希望风潮能很快过去。

    The storm has blown over. 风暴已经平息。

    The storm has lasted a long time, it should soon blow over. 风暴已持续很长时间,不久就该停下来了。

    As soon as the storm blew over, the members went out to work in the fields again. 暴风雨刚过,人们又去地里干活了。

  2. 停止,中止 cease

    Mary and I have frequent quarrels, but they soon blow over. 我和玛丽常吵架,但吵了过后很快就算了。

    It has blown over, and everything is back to normal. 风波过去了,一切恢复正常。

    The unhappy time between the two countries has blown over. 两国之间不愉快的时代已经过去了。

    The disagreement between them is not serious; it will soon blow over. 他们之间的分歧并不严重,很快就会消除的。

    The trouble had blown over. 麻烦结束了。

    I hope your troubles will soon blow over. 我希望你的烦恼会很快过去。

  3. 被忘掉 forget sb/sth

    The impression is so deep that it can hardly ever blow over. 印象太深了,总也忘不了。

    He was much criticized for the divorce, but it all blew over after a few years. 他为离婚的事而大受批评,但是隔不多年,人们就把这事忘掉了。

blow up( v.+adv. )
  1. 突然开始 develop suddenly blow up

    A storm seems to be blowing up.一场暴风雨似乎就要到来。

    There was a storm blowing up while we were out at sea.我们在海上航行时起了风暴。

    I shouldn't go sailing today if a storm's blowing up.如果一场暴风雨马上就要来临,那我今天就不应该去航行。

    The wind was blowing up.起风了。

    The gale had blown up again.大风又刮起来了。

    On our way to the peak, a fierce storm suddenly blew up.在我们爬向顶峰时,突然刮起猛烈的大风。

    A howling wind of force 7 blew up.刮起了7级大风。

    blow sth ⇔ up

    It looks as though it may blow up a gale tonight.看来今晚可能要刮大风。

    It may well blow up a storm tonight.今晚很可能下一场暴雨。

  2. 产生; 出现 give rise to; bring about; evolve ; emerge; come into being blow up

    The volcano blew up, violently shaking the neighbouring villages and towns.那座火山爆发了,强烈震撼着附近的村镇。

    The dispute has blown up again.这一争论又突然开始了。

    Trouble is blowing up again in the Middle East.中东地区又出现了纠纷。

    Something is blowing up and I don't like it.突然出了点事儿,我是不满意的。

    I expect this affair to blow up any minute now.我预料这件事现在会随时爆发。

  3. 把…吹旺 increase (sth such as fire) by blowing blow sth ⇔ up

    You'll have to blow up the fire to make it burn.你得把火吹旺让它烧起来。

  4. (使)爆炸,将…炸毁,毁掉 (cause to) break into pieces by explosion blow up

    A chemical factory blew up in the North of England.英国北部的一座化工厂爆炸了。

    When the torpedo struck it, the ship immediately blew up.鱼雷击中了这艘轮船,它立刻被炸毁了。

    The barrel of gunpowder blew up with a terrible noise.火药桶爆炸了,发出轰然一声巨响。

    The enemy ammunition dump blew up.敌人的军火库爆炸了。

    Several people were injured when an ammunition dump blew up yesterday.昨天一个军火临时堆积所爆炸的时候,有好几个人受了伤。

    blow sth ⇔ up

    The soldiers blew up the factory.士兵们将那个工厂炸毁了。

    The guerrillas blew up the bridge.游击队员把桥炸掉了。

    The terrorists blew up the police station.恐怖分子炸毁了警察局。

    Did they have to blow all the buildings up?他们必须把所有的建筑物炸毁吗?

    To keep the enemy from crossing the river, the defenders blew up the bridge with dynamite.为了阻敌过河,守卫者用炸药炸毁了桥梁。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Our house was blown up in an air raid.在一次空袭中我们的房子被炸掉了。

    The enemy pillbox was blown up with a bang.轰的一声,敌人的碉堡被炸毁了。

    The bridge was blown up by a villager after the guerrillas left for their camp in the woods.游击队离开去林中营地以后,桥就由一位老乡炸毁了。

  5. (使)失败 (cause to) fail especially publicly blow up

    The case blew up when they examined it more closely.他们更仔细地审查之后,这个案子不成立了。

    His scheme blew up in his face after all, despite his optimism.尽管他乐观,他的计划一下子失败也使他丢脸。

    blow sth ⇔ up

    The results of the latest investigation have blown up the case against him.最新的调查结果使对他的控告案归于失败。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    His reputation has been blown up completely.他名声扫地。

  6. 发怒,责骂 lose one's temper blow up

    Her father blew up when she arrived home late at night.她晚上很晚回家,她父亲大发脾气。

    He blew up when I told him I couldn't do it.当我告诉他我干不了时,他发火了。

    I'm sorry I blew up at you.很对不起,我向你发了脾气。

    “I was wrong to blow up like that.I must learn to keep a better check on my temper.”he said.他说,“我那样耍态度是不对的。我一定学会好好地控制自己,不发脾气。”

    When he asked for the day off, the manager blew up.他要求休假时,经理大发脾气。

    That fellow finally blew up and fairly screamed with rage.那个人最后大发脾气,几乎狂叫起来。

    They objected to being blown up for the slightest fault.他们反对因一点点过失就受到申斥。

    blow sb ⇔ up

    I got home very late that night, and mother blew me up.那天晚上我到家很晚,妈妈把我痛骂一顿。

    Your father will blow you up if you don't behave better.如果你不规矩一些,你父亲会责骂你的。

    You shouldn't have blown him up for so small a mistake.你不该为这点小错那么严厉地批评他。

    The headmaster blew the boys up about the broken window.校长斥责这些孩子打坏了窗户。

    Mother will blow you up when she finds her best dishes broken.要是母亲发现她最心爱的碟子碎了,一定会对你发火。

    When we arrived a little late our boss blew us up.我们晚到了一会儿,东家就狠骂了我们一顿。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    You're sure to be blown up for coming late to work.你一定会因为上班迟到被责骂。

    They were blown up for such a mistake.他们因这样一个错误受到责备。

  7. 吹胀,打气 expand or to fill air into blow sth ⇔ up

    Don't blow the balloon up any further!It'll burst!别给气球多充气了!它会炸的!

    Could you lend me a pump to blow up my bicycle tyres?你能借我一个打气筒给自行车轮胎打气吗?

用作名词 (n.)
at〔with〕 one〔a〕 blow
  1. 一下子,一举 with only one stroke or effort

    They brought down two enemy planes at one blow. 他们一举击落两架敌机。

    The executioner cut off his head at one blow. 刽子手一刀就把他的头砍了。

    He killed three men at a single blow. 他一下打死了三个人。

come to blows
  1. 动手互殴 start fighting

    They came to blows on the playground. 他们在操场上打了起来。

    Tom and Jerry came to blows when they were invited to a party. 当汤姆和杰瑞应邀参加宴会时,两人打了起来。

get a blow in
  1. 击中,在辩论中击中要害 succeed in hitting; make a point in an argument

    He got a blow in the head. 他被打中头部。

    The enemy got a fatal blow in the battle. 敌人在战斗中受到致命的打击。

    She got a real blow in the argument. 她在辩论中受到真正的打击。

strike a blow
  1. 为…而战,拥护或反对 do sth important for or against sth especially in some sort of struggle

    They struck a blow for freedom. 他们为捍卫自由而战。

    He struck a blow against slavery. 他反对奴隶制度。

    He struck a blow against being submitted to the enemy. 他反对向敌人投降。

without striking a blow
  1. 毫不费力 without having to fight

    They occupied the city without striking a blow. 他们毫不费力地占领了这个城市。

    They won the game without striking a blow. 他们毫不费力地赢得了比赛。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+形容词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+后置定语

经典引文

  • Catching him a light blow..with the back of her hand.

    出自:D. H. Lawrence
  • It was too late to check the blow and the axe blade struck the tree.

    出自:R. Dahl
  • A most poor man, made tame to fortune's blows.

    出自:King Lear,Shakespeare
  • Heark how it rains and blows.

    出自:I. Walton
  • It blew a gale.

    出自:Oxford English Dictionary
  • The wind blew fierce and strong.

    出自:J. Steinbeck

blow的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. blow for somebody意思为“对某人来说是一个打击”,而Strike a blow for 意为“为...而奋斗”,如Strike a blow for freedom(为自由而奋斗)。但是为了避免歧义,用的不频繁;
v.(动词)
  1. blow本意为“吹,刮,吹动”,引申可指“吹响”,也可作“爆炸”解。在美国俚语中还可表示“匆匆离开”“挥霍金钱”“吸毒”等意思。
  2. blow作及物动词时,一般接名词或代词作宾语,也可接同源宾语。作“带来”解时可接双宾语; 作“灌输”解时,可接复合宾语; 指自然界的风云变化时,可接形容词或名词充当表语; 以door之类的名词作主语时,除可接形容词作表语外,还可接过去分词作表语。
  3. blow常用作不及物动词,通常以风或it作主语,接介词或副词表示各种附加意义。有时blow的主动形式具有被动意义。
  4. 表示人用口吹时可及物或不及物;表示号、汽笛、喇叭等响起时主要用作不及物动词。
  5. blow后有时可接形容词open或hot and cold等,这是固定用法,此时blow可视为半系动词。
  6. blow偶尔还可用作温和诅咒语的委婉语,表示惊奇、烦扰、不赞成等情绪。
  7. blow的过去分词有两种形式,一般情况下使用blown,口语中表示生气、吃惊、不在乎时用blowed。
n.(名词)
  1. blow用作名词时主要作“打,击”解,既可指用拳、棒等击打,还可指精神上的打击、挫折或灾难。用于比喻也可指“风”。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
blow up, burst, explode
这三个词(组)的共同意思是“炸毁”。其区别是:
blow up指人炸毁汽车、楼房等物体; explode指炸弹、锅炉、油箱等爆炸; 而burst指气球、轮胎等爆炸。例如:
The car blew up.轿车被炸毁了。
When the boiler exploded many people were injured.因锅炉爆炸,许多人受了伤。
The tyre burst.轮胎爆炸了。
blow out, put out
这两个短语的意思不同, blow out的意思是“吹灭”; put out的意思是“熄灭”。例如:
You may put out a candle by blowing it out.你可以通过用嘴吹的方式把蜡烛熄灭。
下面两句的意思相同:
  • His cap was blown into the brook.
  • His cap blows into the brook.
  • 他的帽子吹到了小河里。
下面两句的意思不同:
  • The wind blows east. 刮东风。
  • The wind blows to the east. 刮西风。
n.(名词)
blow on, blow to
这两个短语中介词不同,用法也不同。表示具体的“击打”时,接某人用to,接表示身体部位的名词用on;表示抽象的“对某人的击打”时用to,不用on。
blow, knock, stroke
1.这组词都有“打击”“捶打”的意思, blow, stroke, knock均可指用工具、器械对另一物体的击打。例如:
Children's furniture must withstand kicks and blows.孩子们用的家具必须经得起踢打。
He drove in a nail with one stroke of the hammer.他一锤子就把钉子敲进去了。
Did you hear a knock at the door?你听到有人敲了一下门吗?
2.blow和knock还可指用手击打,表示击打某人时, blow尤指用拳头打, knock也可指用拳头和指关节敲打。例如:
The big boy aimed a blow at me.那个大个男孩朝我打来一拳。
There came the 3 p.m. knock on the door.下午3点钟来客的敲门声响了。
3.blow的对象可以是物,也可以是身体某部位,还可以是某人; stroke的对象可以是物,也可以是人; knock的对象则是门、地板等物。例如:
He got a nasty blow on the head.他的头部受到重重的一击。
She killed him with one stroke of her sword.她一剑刺死了他。
He split the log with one stroke of the axe.他一斧头就把那圆木劈开了。
If you are not up by eight I'll give you a knock.如果你到8点钟还不起床,我就敲门叫醒你。
4.stroke的工具或器械可以是硬质的东西,也可以是软质的东西; knock的工具或器械一般是硬质的东西。例如:
The man was given several strokes of the whip.那人挨了几鞭子。
下面两句意思不同:
  • The man knocked me down at one blow.
  • 那人一下子把我撞倒了。(一次动作)
  • The man knocked me down with one blow.
  • 那人只一下就把我撞倒了。(只用一击)

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我给他以沉重的打击。

    I blew him heavily.

    I gave him a heavy blow.

    I struck him heavily.

    blow用作名词时,有“打击”之意,但用作动词时无此义。

  2. 海上的微风吹拂着我们的脸。

    The sea breeze was blowing our faces.

    The sea breeze was caressing〔brushing〕 our faces.

    blow用作及物动词时,指“吹动”,因此不能说blow one's face。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:hard on the heels of the suggestion that children should take their mother 's surname rather than their father 's comes another blow for women's rights; pensions for housewives.

    纠正:hard on the heels of the suggestion that children should take their mother 's surname rather than their father 's comes another blow on behalf of women's rights; pensions for housewives.

    翻译:对建议的儿童应采取的母亲姓而不是其父亲,代表妇女权利的又一打击;以及家庭主妇的养老金。

    分析:在这里below for产生了歧义。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的blaawn,意为吹;最初源自原始印欧语的bhle,意为鼓涨。

blow的相关资料:

正版词典

blow : (风)吹;吹 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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缩略词

blow的相关缩略词,共有3

互动百科

  • blow:片名:《大毒枭》Blow (2001) 导 演: 泰德·戴米 Ted Demme主 演: 约翰尼·德普 Johnny Depp 雷·利奥塔Ray Liotta 保罗·雷宾斯 Paul Reubens…

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