retreat

  常用词汇  
[rɪ'triːt]     [rɪ'triːt]    
  • n. 撤退;改变;隐居处
  • v. 撤退;改变;退避;缩回象棋的棋子
retreater retreated retreated retreating retreats
new

retreat的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 隐退(处)
  2. 撤退(信号),降旗号,退却信号,回营号
  3. 退却,退避
  4. 休养所
  5. 收容所
  6. 退兵
  7. 躲藏处,避难处,潜伏处
  8. 巢窟
  9. 【宗】静修
  10. 默想
  11. 【空】向后倾斜
  12. 僻静
v. (动词)
  1. 后斜,向后倾
  2. 使后退,使往后移,使退回
  3. 凹陷,凹进
  4. 撤退,退却,后退,退缩,退出
  5. 隐退
  6. 缩回
  7. 撤回,撤销,作罢,放弃
  8. 退避,躲避,逃避,规避
  9. 把…后撤
  10. 离开,离去,退去
  11. 改变主意
  12. 跌价
  13. 退(棋)

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vi. 撤退; 退却 go back; withdraw
  2. vi. 规避,逃走,逃避 go away to a place of shelter or privacy
n. (名词)
  1. [S]退却,撤退 act or instance of retreating
  2. [S]退军号,收兵号 a military signal for retreating
  3. [C]退隐处; 藏匿处; 避难所 a place into which one can go for peace and safety
  4. [U][C]静修(期) a period of prayer, thought, and religious study, with a group

英英释义

Noun:
  1. (military) withdrawal of troops to a more favorable position to escape the enemy's superior forces or after a defeat;

    "the disorderly retreat of French troops"

  2. a place of privacy; a place affording peace and quiet

  3. (military) a signal to begin a withdrawal from a dangerous position

  4. (military) a bugle call signaling the lowering of the flag at sunset

  5. an area where you can be alone

  6. withdrawal for prayer and study and meditation;

    "the religious retreat is a form of vacation activity"

  7. the act of withdrawing or going backward (especially to escape something hazardous or unpleasant)

Verb:
  1. pull back or move away or backward;

    "The enemy withdrew"
    "The limo pulled away from the curb"

  2. move away, as for privacy;

    "The Pope retreats to Castelgondolfo every summer"

  3. move back;

    "The glacier retrogrades"

  4. make a retreat from an earlier commitment or activity;

    "We'll have to crawfish out from meeting with him"
    "He backed out of his earlier promise"
    "The aggressive investment company pulled in its horns"

retreat的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The troop made good their retreat from the occupied city.
    部队从沦陷的城市安全撤出。
  2. He immediately sounded a retreat.
    他立刻下令撤退。
  3. The minister made an undignified retreat from his earlier position.
    那部长很不光彩地背离了他原先的立场。
  4. The Senator made an embarrassing retreat from his earlier position.
    这位参议员很尴尬地改变了他早先的立场。
  5. He has a little retreat in the mountains.
    他在山里有一个小的静养处。
  6. Mike used to go to his comfortable retreat by the lake alone.
    麦克常常独自去位于湖边的舒适的隐居处。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. After several reverses the enemy was forced to retreat.
    几经失败之后,敌军被迫后撤。
  2. The soldiers had to retreat when they were beaten in battle.
    士兵们在战斗中受挫,不得不撤退。
  3. You can't retreat from the responsibility in this affair.
    你不能回避在这一事件中的责任。
  4. He retreats from the public eye.
    他避开公众的眼睛。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Our soldiers force the enemy to retreat.
    我们的战士迫使敌人后退。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The general ordered the bugler to sound the retreat.
    将军命令号手吹号收兵。
  2. He lives in a quiet retreat.
    他住在一个僻静的地方。
  3. They spent a week in (a) retreat.
    他们静修了一周。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
retreat from (v.+prep.)
    避开…move away from or try to get rid of sb/sth
retreat to (v.+prep.)
    撤退到move back to
    retreat to sth

    The soldiers were ordered to retreat to safer positions behind the lines.

    士兵们奉命撤退到后方较为安全的阵地上去。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • To harass the..German retreat by..ambushing.

    出自: M. R. D. Foot
  • The dollar was on the retreat.

    出自: J. Archer
  • The intruders were in retreat.

    出自:Time
  • There can be no retreat from the truth.

    出自: S. Rushdie
  • He saw his troops retreat from the field.

    出自: H. H. Wilson
  • Footsteps..retreated on the pavement.

    出自: W. Sansom
  • She would retreat to Crowlink.

    出自: J. Briggs
  • Ned retreated into a private world.

    出自: G. Daly

retreat的详细讲解:

词义辨析

v. (动词)
retreat, retire, withdraw
  • 这组词都有“撤退,离开”的意思。其区别是:
  • retire指从公共场所移到私人场所,用法较为正式; withdraw与retire相似,为正式用语,现已较少使用; retreat多指从危险的处境中退出,也可能从一个地方移到另一个安静的私人场所。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古法语的retret;最初源自拉丁语的retrahere,意为撤回。
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