rank

  核心词汇  
[ræŋk]     [ræŋk]    
  • n.等级;阶层;排;列
  • v.排列;分等级;列为;排名,排位
  • adj.繁茂的;讨厌的
rankly ranker rankest rankness ranked ranked ranking ranks
new

rank是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 等级,阶层,地位
  2. 行,排,列
  3. 士兵
  4. 横列
  5. 【军】行列,军队,队伍,列兵
  6. 阵线
  7. 身份
  8. 高级,显贵
  9. 次序,顺序
  10. 【统、数】秩,等值
  11. 【语】语结级位
  12. (棋盘上的)横格
  13. 军衔,军阶,官衔,官职
v.(动词)
  1. 排列,位于
  2. 分等级,把...分等级,把...评级
  3. 使成横排,使排成行,把…排成横列,把...排成行
  4. 把...分类,使归类
  5. <美>级别高于…,超过
  6. <俚>揭露,责难
  7. 列队,排队前进,列队行进
  8. 处于最高地位
  9. <俚>抱怨,埋怨
  10. 占,列为,属于某等级
adj.(形容词)
  1. 繁茂的,丛生的,蔓延的
  2. 恶臭的,臭极的,难闻的
  3. 倔强的
  4. 多杂草的,易生杂草的
  5. 过于茂盛的,过于肥沃的,过于多产的
  6. 极端的
  7. 讨厌的
  8. 真正的
  9. 十足的
  10. 很厉害的
  11. 卑鄙的,猥亵的, 下流的
  12. 难制御的

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C] [U] 军衔,职衔 position in the army, navy, etc.
  2. [S] 等级 degree to which sb/sth is of high quality
  3. [C] 排,行列 row or line of people or things
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 分属某类 put or arrange in a rank or in a class
  2. vt. & vi. 超过; 高于 be more important than; outrank

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
rank : 秩 ...
在 《外教社统计学英语词典》 中查看更多...
rank : 等级 ...
在 《外教社人类学英语词典》 中查看更多...
rank : 秩;阶;等 ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
rank : 军衔, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
rank : 军衔, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
rank : 伦克(意大 ...
rank : 排列 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
rank : 秩 ...
在 《外教社测绘学英语词典》 中查看更多...
rank : 排,列;等 ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
rank : 军衔, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
rank : 职级 ...
在 《外教社人力资源英语词典》 中查看更多...
rank : 行列;等级 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
rank : 列,排,顺 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a row or line of people (especially soldiers or police) standing abreast of one another;

    "the entrance was guarded by ranks of policemen"

  2. relative status;

    "his salary was determined by his rank and seniority"

  3. the ordinary members of an organization (such as the enlisted soldiers of an army);

    "the strike was supported by the union rank and file"
    "he rose from the ranks to become a colonel"

  4. position in a social hierarchy;

    "the British are more aware of social status than Americans are"

  5. the body of members of an organization or group;

    "they polled their membership"
    "they found dissension in their own ranks"
    "he joined the ranks of the unemployed"

Adjective:
  1. very fertile; producing profuse growth;

    "rank earth"

  2. very offensive in smell or taste;

    "a rank cigar"

  3. conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible;

    "a crying shame"
    "an egregious lie"
    "flagrant violation of human rights"
    "a glaring error"
    "gross ineptitude"
    "gross injustice"
    "rank treachery"

  4. complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers;

    "absolute freedom"
    "an absolute dimwit"
    "a downright lie"
    "out-and-out mayhem"
    "an out-and-out lie"
    "a rank outsider"
    "many right-down vices"
    "got the job through sheer persistence"
    "sheer stupidity"

  5. growing profusely;

    "rank jungle vegetation"

Verb:
  1. take or have a position relative to others;

    "This painting ranks among the best in the Western World"

  2. assign a rank or rating to;

    "how would you rank these students?"
    "The restaurant is rated highly in the food guide"

  3. take precedence or surpass others in rank

rank的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He is above me in rank.
    他的级别比我高。
  2. They are people of all ranks and classes.
    他们来自各阶层各阶级。
  3. Taxis stand in a taxi rank waiting to be hired.
    出租汽车排成一行等人雇车。
  4. The riot police quickly fell into rank for action.
    防暴警察迅速列队准备行动。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Rank the states in the order of size.
    按大小把这些州排列一下。
  2. Don't rank me among such people.
    别把我列为这种人。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The rank of captain is inferior.
    上尉的军衔很低。
  2. The marks on his shoulder designated the rank of an army officer.
    军官肩上的标记标明他的级别。
  3. He has a/the rank of major.
    他的军衔是少校。
  4. The officer has a rank of captain.
    那位军官是上尉军衔。
  5. He gained the rank of Colonel.
    他获得上校军衔。
  6. She reached the rank of captain.
    她达到了上尉级。
  7. She attained rank of deputy director.
    她晋升为副局长。
  8. He takes rank of a major now.
    现在他的军衔高于少校。
  9. He rose to the rank of general.
    他晋升为将军。
  10. She joined the navy, where she rose to the rank of captain.
    她加入了海军,晋升为上尉。
  11. He never rose above the rank of lieutenant.
    他一辈子只是个陆军中尉。
  12. The boss promoted him to a higher rank for his successful work.
    因为他工作干得出色,老板给他晋升一级。
  13. The captain was promoted to the rank of major.
    那上尉被提升为少校。
  14. He was happy to be promoted to the rank of sergeant.
    他很高兴升为军士军衔。
  15. He wants to be promoted to the upper ranks of the business.
    他想晋升为本商行较高的职位。
  16. She was lifted from a captain to the rank of major.
    她从上尉提升为少校。
  17. He was advanced to the rank of colonel.
    他已晋升为上校。
  18. Because of this remarkable feat, he was elevated to the rank of colonel.
    由于这桩奇功,他被提升为上校。
  19. He was raised to the rank of a nobleman.
    他被提升为贵族。
  20. The captain was reduced to the ranks.
    上尉被降为士兵。
  21. He was demoted to the rank of ordinary soldier.
    他被降为普通一兵。
  22. He was stripped of his rank by a military court.
    他被军事法庭免去了军衔。
  23. A lieutenant colonel ranks above a major.
    陆军中校比少校军衔高。
  24. An army major ranks between a captain and a colonel.
    陆军少校的军阶在上尉与中校之间。
  25. The mate is one rank below the captain.
    大副是低于船长的一个头衔。
  26. The rank of captain is inferior to the rank of major.
    上尉的级别低于少校。
  27. They had served in the ranks of the Sultan's army.
    他们曾在苏丹的军队当过兵。
  28. He served in the ranks for most of the war.
    战争期间,他大部分时间都在部队服役。
  29. He rose from the ranks to become a warrant officer.
    他从普通士兵升至准尉。
  30. He came up through the ranks to become a general.
    他行伍出身,最后成为将军。
  31. The new managing director has come up through the ranks, which is quite unusual these days.
    新任总经理是由普通员工逐步升上来的,这种事现在还挺少见的。
  32. She is a physicist of the first rank.
    她是一位一流的物理学家。
  33. He is an artist of the first rank.
    他是一位一流的画家。
  34. He is in the first rank of university teachers.
    他是一流的大学教师。
  35. The author aspired to the first rank in his profession.
    这位作家立志要做文坛上的第一流人物。
  36. Britain is no longer in the front rank of world powers.
    英国再也不是位于前列的世界强国。
  37. He can never take rank with the great writers.
    他绝不能与伟大的作家相提并论。
  38. The findings are arranged in rank order according to performance.
    这些研究结果是根据性能等级排列的。
  39. The group has little influence over those outside its own ranks.
    这个团体对非成员没什么影响力。
  40. There are few women in the highest ranks of the organization.
    这个组织内担任要职的女性很少。
  41. There is much disaffection among the ranks of the party.
    党员中存在着极强的不满情绪。
  42. The leader's speech aimed to close the embarrassing divide in party ranks.
    领导人的讲话旨在消除党内各阶层间令人尴尬的分歧。
  43. The ranks of the teachers are constantly expanding.
    教师队伍日益扩大了。
  44. At 50, he was forced to join the ranks of the unemployed.
    五十岁时他加入了失业大军。
  45. Each month thousands more swell the ranks of the unemployed.
    每个月都有数千人加入失业大军。
  46. The newly-arrived refugees swelled the ranks of the unemployed in the big city.
    新到的难民扩大了这座大城市失业者的队伍。
  47. He graduated with a good degree, only to join the ranks of the unemployed.
    他拿到很好的学位毕了业,却加入了失业大军的行列。
  48. He is higher in rank than I am.
    他的地位比我高。
  49. She was not used to mixing with people of high social rank.
    她不习惯和社会地位很高的人搅和在一起。
  50. He rose through the ranks to become managing director.
    他级级攀升,当上了常务董事。
  51. Within months she was elevated to ministerial rank.
    不出几个月她就被提升至部级。
  52. Women complain that employers discriminate against female workers when calculating their rank and pay.
    妇女们抱怨说雇主在定级和定工资时歧视女工。
  53. The soldiers stood in two ranks.
    士兵站成两排。
  54. The soldiers marched in three ranks of ten.
    士兵每排10 人,分3 排行进。
  55. He's standing in the second rank.
    他站在第二排里。
  56. The officer ordered the front rank to fire.
    军官命令前排开枪。
  57. A few British sailors cautiously moved out of ranks.
    几个英国水手小心地从队伍中走了出来。
  58. The trees grew in serried ranks.
    树木一排靠一排地生长。
  59. Rank upon rank of caravans filled the field.
    成排的大篷车挤满了营地。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He ranks among the best pupils of his grade.
    他是他们年级最好的学生之一。
  2. Her latest novel does not rank alongside her earlier ones.
    她最近出版的小说没有以前的好。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The teacher ranked the students according to their grades.
    老师根据学生的成绩把学生分等。
  2. The librarian ranked the jumped books on the shelves.
    图书管理员把书架上乱放的书籍排列好。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. They ranked the tennis player the third in the world.
    他们把这位网球运动员评为世界第三号选手。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
break ranks
  1. (士兵、警察等)打乱队形 fail to remain in line

    As the mines laid by the guerrillas began to explode,the enemy troops broke ranks and fled in panic. 游击队埋设的地雷开始爆炸,敌军顿时乱作一团,仓皇逃窜。

    The police broke ranks and started hitting people with their batons. 警察散开队形并开始用警棍打人。

  2. (成员)不支持所属团体或组织 refuse to support the group or the organization of which they are members
close ranks
  1. (一群人)紧密团结(面对困难) (of a group of people) to join together to (face difficulties)

    Members of the community closed ranks in an impressive display of unity. 社区成员携手合作的表现给人留下了深刻印象。

    When their business failed, the family closed ranks and worked to pay off the debts. 生意失败之后,全家人团结一致地工作以偿清债务。

    Although the family quarrelled a good deal among themselves, they quickly closed ranks against any outsider who criticized one of them. 尽管这家人之间总是吵吵闹闹,对外人的批评他们总是很快抱团反驳。

the rank and file
  1. 〔说明〕 (1)本短语用于第一义时是军事用语。(2)本短语用如集合名词,在句中用作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。
  2. 普通士兵 ordinary soldiersAbout 100 casualties occurred in the rank and file. 士兵伤亡一百人左右。
  3. 普通百姓,(团体等中的)普通成员 ordinary, undistinguished people; members of a group or organizationIt will be the rank and file, not the newspaper editors, who will finally decide who is to be elected. 最终决定谁当选的不是报纸的编辑,而是普通百姓。

    The rank and file had a taste of victory. 老百姓尝到了胜利的滋味。

    I can see that you are happy with the plan but what will the rank and file think? 我能看出你很喜欢这个计划,可是队员们会怎么想呢?

    The rank and file members will follow the injunction of the party leadership. 普通成员将服从该党领导人下达的命令。

    The payment offered to the rank and file is extremely poor. 列兵的待遇极低。

rank and filer
  1. 低阶层的一员,士兵 a member of the rank and file

    Management and union rank and filer alike hoped congress would act quickly. 资方与工会会员都希望国会迅速采取行动。

用作动词 (v.)
rank with (v.+prep.)
  1. 列为 put or arrange in a rank or in a class rank with sth

    This film ranks with the best.这部影片列为最佳影片之一。

    Li Zhengdao ranks with the world's eminent scientists.李政道名列世界著名的科学家之中。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+(and+)名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The taxi-driver..was standing on the rank.

    出自:D. L. Sayers
  • A rank growth of nettles.

    出自:H. Read
  • Dripping greenery that grew high and rank.

    出自:R. Macaulay
  • They all ranked themselves round me.

    出自:Carlyle
  • The prisoners were then drawn up..ranked six deep.

    出自:Harper's Magazine

rank的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. rank用作名词的主要意思是“头衔”,主要指军阶、军衔、警衔、级别,也指地位(尤指较高的地位)、社会阶层,作此二解时可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。the rank of后接表示军阶、职位的名词时,该表示军阶、职位的名词前通常不用冠词。the ranks则指“普通士兵”或“(团体或组织的)成员”。
  2. rank也可表示“等级”,一般用单数形式。of/in/to first rank和of/in/to the first rank两种说法均可,不过加the的情况多些。
  3. rank还可指“行,列”,尤指警察和士兵的队列,也指一行人或车,用作可数名词,一般用复数形式ranks。
v.(动词)
  1. rank的基本意思是“分属某类”,即把人、物或事物按其价值、社会地位、优点等分类、排队。引申可表示“超过”“高于”“评价”等。
  2. rank既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语,也可接以名词充当补足语的复合宾语。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
in rank, in ranks
这两个短语意思不同:in rank的意思是“在职位上”,in ranks的意思是“排成队”。例如:
He is below me in rank.他在职位上比我低。
Soldiers stood in ranks for inspection.士兵们站成队列接受检阅。
rank and file, rank-and-file
这两者的区别仅在于前者是名词,意思是“普通士兵,基层群众”;后者是形容词,意思是“普通士兵的,基层群众的”。例如:
The rank and file of the trade union do not always agree with their officials.工会中的普通群众与政府官员之间的意见常有分歧。
There are increasing signs that rank-and-file trade unionists recognise the need for great responsibility.越来越多的迹象表明普通的工会会员认识到担负更大责任是必要的。
rank, class, order
这组词都可表示“集团”或“派别”的划分,“身份地位”或“等级”的“差别”。其区别在于:
1.rank一般指一个可以确定的“等级”,尤指“头衔”等; order指在社会中的某个阶层或某个结合紧密的社会性或职业性团体,尤指基督教某个等级的教士或团体; class主要指社会中持有同一个目的的一个社会阶层。例如:
Even middle-class consumers in the U.S. are beginning to kick at the runaway prices.连美国中产阶级的消费者也开始对飞涨的物价表示不满。
He gained the rank of Colonel.他获得了上校军衔。
He is a member of the Order of the Garter.他是获得嘉德勋位的爵士社团中的一员。
2.class还可指按经济地位、职能或按人们所具有的某些共同特征所做的划分。例如:
This ticket doesn't entitle you to travel first class.凭这张车票,你不能坐头等车旅行。
rank, position, standing, status
这组词的共同意思是“地位”。position是普通用词,指社会地位、职位或在任何组织中的地位; standing意为“地位”,无论职位高低,都比position的概念模糊; rank指在某个领域里的地位,多指根据职位排列获得的一个明确的头衔,常用于军衔; status是这组词中最时髦的词,强调所有人获得社会或职业上成功的名望。
v.[r ŋk] (ranks /-s/; ranked /-t/; ranking)
class degree grade rank
这些名词均有“级,等级”之意。
  • class:class含义广泛,指人或物按优劣划分的等级,也指学校中的年级或班级。
  • degree:degree指程度、范围不同,社会地位的高低。也可指形容词或副词的级。
  • grade:grade指按地位或优劣划分的等级,既可指人又可指物。
  • rank:rank指人在社会中的地位或等级,尤指军队中的军衔。
row queue line rank file
这些名词均含“列、队、排”之意。
  • row:row指单独的一列,也可指平行的数行中的一行,而不论是横或纵。
  • queue:queue指人们为做某事而有顺序排成的队,在等的过程中不断向前移动。
  • line:line指人或物排成的行列。
  • rank:rank为军事用语,指肩并肩排列整齐的士兵横排。
  • file:file为军事用语,指纵队。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的ranc;最初源自法兰克h语的ring,意为圈,戒指。

rank的相关资料:

正版词典

rank : 列, ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
rank : 顺序,排列 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

rank的相关缩略词,共有2

互动百科

  • rank:rank n. 等级, 横列, 阶级adj. 繁茂的, 恶臭的, 讨厌的, 下流的vt. 排列, 归类于, 把...分等vi. 列为, 列队n. [数] 秩 英英解释:名词rank:1. a row…

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