- n. 等级；阶层；排；列
- v. 排列；分等级；列为；排名，排位
- adj. 繁茂的；讨厌的
- 卑鄙的，猥亵的， 下流的
- [C] [U] 军衔,职衔 position in the army, navy, etc.
- [S] 等级 degree to which sb/sth is of high quality
- [C] 排,行列 row or line of people or things
- vt. 分属某类 put or arrange in a rank or in a class
- vt. & vi. 超过; 高于 be more important than; outrank
a row or line of people (especially soldiers or police) standing abreast of one another;
"the entrance was guarded by ranks of policemen"
"his salary was determined by his rank and seniority"
the ordinary members of an organization (such as the enlisted soldiers of an army);
"the strike was supported by the union rank and file"
"he rose from the ranks to become a colonel"
position in a social hierarchy;
"the British are more aware of social status than Americans are"
the body of members of an organization or group;
"they polled their membership"
"they found dissension in their own ranks"
"he joined the ranks of the unemployed"
very fertile; producing profuse growth;
very offensive in smell or taste;
"a rank cigar"
conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible;
"a crying shame"
"an egregious lie"
"flagrant violation of human rights"
"a glaring error"
complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers;
"an absolute dimwit"
"a downright lie"
"an out-and-out lie"
"a rank outsider"
"many right-down vices"
"got the job through sheer persistence"
"rank jungle vegetation"
take or have a position relative to others;
"This painting ranks among the best in the Western World"
assign a rank or rating to;
"how would you rank these students?"
"The restaurant is rated highly in the food guide"
take precedence or surpass others in rank
- He is above me in rank.
- They are people of all ranks and classes.
- Taxis stand in a taxi rank waiting to be hired.
- The riot police quickly fell into rank for action.
- Rank the states in the order of size.
- A general ranks a captain.
- Don't rank me among such people.
- The rank of captain is inferior.
- The marks on his shoulder designated the rank of an army officer.
- He has a/the rank of major.
- The officer has a rank of captain.
- He gained the rank of Colonel.
- She reached the rank of captain.
- She attained rank of deputy director.
- He takes rank of a major now.
- He rose to the rank of general.
- She joined the navy, where she rose to the rank of captain.
- He never rose above the rank of lieutenant.
- The boss promoted him to a higher rank for his successful work.
- The captain was promoted to the rank of major.
- He was happy to be promoted to the rank of sergeant.
- He wants to be promoted to the upper ranks of the business.
- She was lifted from a captain to the rank of major.
- He was advanced to the rank of colonel.
- Because of this remarkable feat, he was elevated to the rank of colonel.
- He was raised to the rank of a nobleman.
- The captain was reduced to the ranks.
- He was demoted to the rank of ordinary soldier.
- He was stripped of his rank by a military court.
- A lieutenant colonel ranks above a major.
- An army major ranks between a captain and a colonel.
- The mate is one rank below the captain.
- The rank of captain is inferior to the rank of major.
- They had served in the ranks of the Sultan's army.
- He served in the ranks for most of the war.
- He rose from the ranks to become a warrant officer.
- He came up through the ranks to become a general.
- The new managing director has come up through the ranks, which is quite unusual these days.
- She is a physicist of the first rank.
- He is an artist of the first rank.
- He is in the first rank of university teachers.
- The author aspired to the first rank in his profession.
- Britain is no longer in the front rank of world powers.
- He can never take rank with the great writers.
- The findings are arranged in rank order according to performance.
- The group has little influence over those outside its own ranks.
- There are few women in the highest ranks of the organization.
- There is much disaffection among the ranks of the party.
- The leader's speech aimed to close the embarrassing divide in party ranks.
- The ranks of the teachers are constantly expanding.
- At 50, he was forced to join the ranks of the unemployed.
- Each month thousands more swell the ranks of the unemployed.
- The newly-arrived refugees swelled the ranks of the unemployed in the big city.
- He graduated with a good degree, only to join the ranks of the unemployed.
- He is higher in rank than I am.
- She was not used to mixing with people of high social rank.
- He rose through the ranks to become managing director.
- Within months she was elevated to ministerial rank.
- Women complain that employers discriminate against female workers when calculating their rank and pay.
- The soldiers stood in two ranks.
- The soldiers marched in three ranks of ten.
士兵每排10 人，分3 排行进。
- He's standing in the second rank.
- The officer ordered the front rank to fire.
- A few British sailors cautiously moved out of ranks.
- The trees grew in serried ranks.
- Rank upon rank of caravans filled the field.
- He ranks among the best pupils of his grade.
- Her latest novel does not rank alongside her earlier ones.
- The teacher ranked the students according to their grades.
- The librarian ranked the jumped books on the shelves.
- They ranked the tennis player the third in the world.
- break ranks
(成员)不支持所属团体或组织 refuse to support the group or the organization of which they are members
- close ranks
(一群人)紧密团结(面对困难) (of a group of people) to join together to (face difficulties)
- the rank and file
普通百姓，（团体等中的）普通成员 ordinary, undistinguished people; members of a group or organizationIt will be the rank and file, not the newspaper editors, who will finally decide who is to be elected. 最终决定谁当选的不是报纸的编辑，而是普通百姓。
- rank and filer
低阶层的一员，士兵 a member of the rank and file
- rank with (v.+prep.)
列为 put or arrange in a rank or in a class
rank with sth
This film ranks with the best.
Li Zhengdao ranks with the world's eminent scientists.
- achieve rank 达到…等级
- attain rank 达到…等级
- be admitted into rank 加入… 行列
- be admitted to rank 加入… 行列
- be promoted to rank 晋升到…等级
- be stripped of rank 被剥夺军衔
- break ranks 解散队伍
- come up from rank 从…晋升至…
- come up the ranks 行伍出身
- come up through ranks 从…晋升至…
- earn a rank 赢得地位
- enter rank 加入… 行列
- form a rank 排队
- get to rank 达到等级
- have rank 有…军衔
- hold rank 属于…军阶
- join the ranks 参军
- join rank 加入… 行列
- keep rank 保持队列
- occupy the front rank 名列前茅
- pull one's rank 仗势欺人
- reach rank 达到级别
- rise from rank 从…晋升至…
- rise through rank 从…晋升至…
- rise to rank 升级
- serve in the ranks 服兵役
- swell rank 加入… 行列； 增加… 的数目
- swell the rank of 扩大…的队伍
- take rank among 和…并列
- take rank with 和…并列
- take rank of 在…之上
- use one's rank 仗势欺人
- first rank 一级
- front rank 前排
- high rank 高级别；上层
- inferior rank 下级；低级别
- junior rank 下级；低级别
- low rank 下级；低级别
- massed rank 大规模的队伍
- middle rank 中级；中层
- ministerial rank 部长级
- permanent rank 终身地位
- rear rank 后排
- revolutionary ranks 革命队伍
- second rank 二级
- senior rank 高级别；上层
- separated ranks 分开的行列
- serried rank 密集的队伍
- social rank 社会等级
- superior rank 高级别；上层
- upper rank 高级别；上层
- the rank and file 普通士兵，普通百姓
- rank and filer 低阶层的一员，士兵
- rank and small 平常百姓
- rank duffer 十足的笨蛋
- rank knave 大流氓
- rank spoon 喋喋不休的无知之徒；肤浅的人
- above a/the rank 高于… 军衔
- among the ranks of 在…阶层中
- below a/the rank 低于…军衔
- by rank 以…地位
- sit by rank 坐成一排
- in rank 在地位上
- in a/the rank 在…排
- in the ranks 在组织内
- in the rank of 是…中的一员
- in the front rank 显著的
- above sb in rank 地位高于某人
- below sb in rank 地位低于某人
- beyond the ranks 在组织以外
- outside the ranks 在组织以外
- sit in rank 坐成一排
- under sb in rank 地位低于某人
- within the ranks of 在…阶层中
- take rank among （地位和职务）与…并列，与…同级
- rank in … 中的等级
- rank of … 的级别
- take rank of （地位和职务）在…之上，级别高于…
- rank on rank (of sth) 一排排的（…）
- rank upon rank (of sth) 一排排的（…）
- take rank with （地位和职务）与…并列，与…同级
The taxi-driver..was standing on the rank.出自： D. L. Sayers
A rank growth of nettles.出自： H. Read
Dripping greenery that grew high and rank.出自： R. Macaulay
They all ranked themselves round me.出自： Carlyle
The prisoners were then drawn up..ranked six deep.出自：Harper's Magazine
- rank用作名词的主要意思是“头衔”，主要指军阶、军衔、警衔、级别，也指地位（尤指较高的地位）、社会阶层，作此二解时可用作可数名词，也可用作不可数名词。the rank of后接表示军阶、职位的名词时，该表示军阶、职位的名词前通常不用冠词。the ranks则指“普通士兵”或“（团体或组织的）成员”。
- rank也可表示“等级”，一般用单数形式。of/in/to first rank和of/in/to the first rank两种说法均可，不过加the的情况多些。
- in rank, in ranks
- 这两个短语意思不同：in rank的意思是“在职位上”，in ranks的意思是“排成队”。例如：
- He is below me in rank.他在职位上比我低。
- Soldiers stood in ranks for inspection.士兵们站成队列接受检阅。
- rank and file, rank-and-file
- The rank and file of the trade union do not always agree with their officials.工会中的普通群众与政府官员之间的意见常有分歧。
- There are increasing signs that rank-and-file trade unionists recognise the need for great responsibility.越来越多的迹象表明普通的工会会员认识到担负更大责任是必要的。
- rank, class, order
- 1.rank一般指一个可以确定的“等级”,尤指“头衔”等; order指在社会中的某个阶层或某个结合紧密的社会性或职业性团体,尤指基督教某个等级的教士或团体; class主要指社会中持有同一个目的的一个社会阶层。例如:
- Even middle-class consumers in the U.S. are beginning to kick at the runaway prices.连美国中产阶级的消费者也开始对飞涨的物价表示不满。
- He gained the rank of Colonel.他获得了上校军衔。
- He is a member of the Order of the Garter.他是获得嘉德勋位的爵士社团中的一员。
- This ticket doesn't entitle you to travel first class.凭这张车票,你不能坐头等车旅行。
- rank, position, standing, status
- 这组词的共同意思是“地位”。position是普通用词,指社会地位、职位或在任何组织中的地位; standing意为“地位”,无论职位高低,都比position的概念模糊; rank指在某个领域里的地位,多指根据职位排列获得的一个明确的头衔,常用于军衔; status是这组词中最时髦的词,强调所有人获得社会或职业上成功的名望。
- v.［r ŋk］ (ranks /-s/; ranked /-t/; ranking)
- ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语，直接源自古法语的ranc；最初源自法兰克语的hring，意为圈，戒指。
- file 档案