nation

  核心词汇  
['neɪʃn]     ['neɪʃn]    
  • n. 国家;民族
nationless nationhood
new

nation的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 国家
  2. 民族
  3. 国民
  4. 种族
  5. 印地安人的部落(联盟)
  6. 学生同乡会
  7. 国度
  8. 部族

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]国家 a large group of people living in one area and usually having an independent government
  2. [C]民族 a large group of people with the same race and language

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a politically organized body of people under a single government;

    "the state has elected a new president"
    "African nations"
    "students who had come to the nation's capitol"
    "the country's largest manufacturer"
    "an industrialized land"

  2. the people who live in a nation or country;

    "a statement that sums up the nation's mood"
    "the news was announced to the nation"
    "the whole country worshipped him"

  3. United States prohibitionist who raided saloons and destroyed bottles of liquor with a hatchet (1846-1911)

  4. a federation of tribes (especially Native American tribes);

    "the Shawnee nation"

nation的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I was told that Spain is a romantic nation.
    有人告诉我说,西班牙是个浪漫的国家。
  2. The nation levied all able-bodied man for the war.
    国家征召所有壮丁参战。
  3. My judgement was frequently faulty, but my loyalty to the nation could not be questioned.
    我的判断经常出错,但是我对祖国的忠诚是无可置疑的。
  4. The Jewish nation is scattered around the world.
    犹太民族散居于世界各地。
  5. The Chinese are a nation of hardworking.
    中国人是一个勤劳的民族。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Another new nation has been brought into being.
    又一个新国家诞生了。
  2. This nation will not be brought to the ground by enemy action!
    这个国家决不会被敌对行动所毁灭!
  3. However weak the nation may be, it will never bend to a greater power.
    无论这个国家多么弱小,它决不屈服于比它大的强国。
  4. They again threatened to cut off aid to this nation.
    他们再次威胁要停止对该国的援助。
  5. Some nations built their hopes for peace on the talks between big nations.
    有些国家把和平的希望建立在大国之间的谈判上。
  6. They have built their economies at the expense of the other nations of the world.
    他们是以损害别国利益的办法发展他们经济的。
  7. The two nations have been contending about the rights to deep-sea fishing in their waters.
    这两个国家一直为他们水域中的深水捕鱼权问题争吵不休。
  8. The two nations have decided on the establishment of diplomatic relations.
    两国决定建立外交关系。
  9. It is time the nations of the world called a halt to the manufacture of nuclear weapons.
    是世界各国停止制造核武器的时候了。
  10. The whole nation feels with the families of those who were drowned in the great floods.
    全国人民都对特大洪水中受难者的家属深表同情。
  11. The British nation has not risen up in a generation.
    英国民族并非在一代时期崛起。
  12. The story is about the Indian nations in the western United States.
    这个故事是关于美国西部印第安部落的。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Africa..has become..a mass of nations.

    出自: D. Lessing

nation的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. nation作“国家”解时,着重指一个独立政府领导下的人民或民族统一体,是可数名词。有时可指“全体国民”。
  2. nation作“民族”解时,指生活在一定的疆域里,说一种语言,形成了共同地域、共同经济、共同心理素质的人群,是可数名词。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
nation, country, state
  • 这组词都可表示“国家”。其区别是:
  • country表示地理概念,侧重“疆土”,即一个国家的整个区域; nation侧重“人民”,指一个独立政府领导下的全体人民或整个民族的集合体; state则侧重“政权”,即独立的国家,也可指其政府。试体会下面两句中这三个词的含义:
  • The United States is a nation of diverse peoples.
  • 美国是一个由不同民族组成的国家。
  • That country is now an independent state.
  • 那个国家现在是个独立的国家。
  • nation, people, race, state, tribe
  • 这组词都可表示“民族”。其区别在于:
  • 1.race作“种族”解时,侧重人种学含义,往往包括几个民族和国家,这些民族的人民有某一相同的的自然特点(如肤色)。
  • 2.nation指有共同的历史,使用同一种语言,居住在同一个大的地区,侧重于人民。例如:
  • The story is about the Indian nations in the western United States.这个故事是关于美国西部印第安民族的。
  • 3.tribe指有共同的语言与风俗习惯,尤其是以古老生活方式生活的“部落”。例如:
  • Schools will help to civilize the wild tribes there.学校将有助于使那儿的野蛮部落文明化。
  • 4.state指国家或者邦〔州〕,侧重政权。例如:
  • In our country, the people are protected by the state.在我国,人民受国家的保护。
  • That country is now an independent state.那个国家现在是个独立的国家。
  • They believed that the state was “above class distinctions”.他们认为国家是“超乎阶级区分之上”的。
  • 5.people指有共同文化、共同利益或理想的一群人,强调文化和社会的统一,而不是国家和民族的统一。例如:
  • They will discuss giving further help to the oppressed peoples.他们将讨论给予被压迫民族更多援助。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古法语的nacion,意为国土;最初源自拉丁语的nationem,意为部落。
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