tear

  基本词汇  
[teə(r)]     [ter]    
  • vt.撕掉;扯下;扰乱
  • vi.流泪;撕破
  • n.眼泪;(撕破的)洞或裂缝;撕扯
tearer tore torn tearing tears
new

tear是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 眼泪,泪,泪珠
  2. 裂缝,撕裂处,扯破的洞,绽线的地方
  3. 撕,扯,撕裂
  4. 激怒
  5. 狂奔
  6. 狂闹,闹饮
  7. 水珠,露珠
  8. 玻璃珠,树脂珠
  9. 珍珠
v.(动词)
  1. 流泪,含泪
  2. 拉掉,拉破,撕掉,撕开,撕,扯,(被)撕裂,,扯掉,扯开
  3. 狂奔,飞跑,猛冲,飞奔,疾驰
  4. 使精神不安,折磨,使烦恼
  5. 划破,刺破,刺伤,抓破,(被)撕破,(被)扯破,戳破
  6. 夺去,抢去
  7. 撕毁,撕裂,猛然撕掉
  8. (使)分裂,裂开
  9. 拔掉
  10. 赶快

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]眼泪,泪水 drops of salty liquid that flows from the eyes, especially because of pain or sadness
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 撕,扯; (使)分裂 pull apart or into pieces by force, especially so as to leave irregular edges
  2. vt. & vi. 刮伤; 扯伤 scratch badly; wound by tearing
  3. vt. 使烦恼; 使痛苦 cause great pain to; make miserable; distress
  4. vi. 飞奔 move excitedly with great speed
n.(名词)
  1. [C]破洞,裂口 a torn place in cloth, paper, etc.

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
tear : 眼泪 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
tear : 眼泪 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
tear : 磨损 ...
tear : 眼泪 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
tear : 眼泪 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a drop of the clear salty saline solution secreted by the lacrimal glands;

    "his story brought tears to her eyes"

  2. an opening made forcibly as by pulling apart;

    "there was a rip in his pants"
    "she had snags in her stockings"

  3. an occasion for excessive eating or drinking;

    "they went on a bust that lasted three days"

  4. the act of tearing;

    "he took the manuscript in both hands and gave it a mighty tear"

Verb:
  1. separate or cause to separate abruptly;

    "The rope snapped"
    "tear the paper"

  2. to separate or be separated by force;

    "planks were in danger of being torn from the crossbars"

  3. move quickly and violently;

    "The car tore down the street"
    "He came charging into my office"

  4. strip of feathers;

    "pull a chicken"
    "pluck the capon"

  5. fill with tears or shed tears;

    "Her eyes were tearing"

tear的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Take the book from Alice, she will tear it.
    把书从艾丽斯那拿开,她会撕了它的。
  2. Nails that project may tear your clothes.
    突出的钉子会刮坏你的衣服。
  3. Her heart was torn by anxiety.
    她焦虑得心都快碎了。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. Don began to tear up when he talked about his son.
    唐谈论起他的儿子就开始哭。
  2. Don't pull the pages so hard or they will tear.
    别那麽使劲扯书页,那会撕破的。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. She shed crocodile tear over his death.
    她为他的死而假哭了一场。
  2. She is mending a tear in her dress.
    她在缝补洋装上的破洞。
  3. They steal handkerchiefs, they tear off buttons, and they even cut off pieces of the unfortunate singers' hair.
    他们偷歌手的手帕,撕扯纽扣,甚至会剪下歌手的头发。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The tears flowed down from her eyes.
    泪水从她的眼中涌出。
  2. Her tears were fought back on such an occasion.
    在这种场合下她忍住了眼泪。
  3. She cried hot tears upon the books.
    她哭得热泪都滴到书上了。
  4. The old man's tears were flowing freely.
    老人的眼泪流出来了。
  5. She came near to tears.
    她几乎要哭了。
  6. When I told them my story the girls broke into tears.
    当我给女孩子们讲了我的身世后,她们都哭起来了。
  7. It was difficult for her to fight back her tears.
    她很难忍住不流泪。
  8. When she learned the sad news, she found it hard to choke back her tears.
    当她得知那个悲痛的消息时,泪水止不住夺眶而出。
  9. The remark touched her to the quick and she gave way to tears.
    那句话刺痛了她,使她情不自禁地哭了起来。
  10. The sound of her sob fetched tears to the eyes.
    她的啜泣声使人流泪。
  11. He brushed aside the tears with his sleeve.
    他用衣袖擦去泪水。
  12. She turned round, and dashed away the tears with a corner of her handkerchief.
    她转过身,用手帕的一角把泪水抹掉。
  13. I was truly moved by his tears.
    我的确被他的眼泪感动了。
  14. She cannot fool me with her crocodile's tears.
    我不会被她的假慈悲欺骗。
  15. His eyes filled with tears as he looked lovingly at her.
    他饱含深情地望着她时,眼里充满了泪水。
  16. Her eyes were flooded with tears.
    她的眼里充满了泪水。
  17. Her eyes were blinded with tears.
    泪水模糊了她的眼睛。
  18. She alternated between laughter and tears.
    她时笑时哭。
  19. This is English grammar without tears.
    这是一本容易看懂的英语语法书。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. I want cloth that won't tear.
    我要不易撕破的布。
  2. It seemed to be made of a thin sheet of some hard substance and it would not tear.
    它似乎是用一种结实的料子做成的,很耐用。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Why did you tear the cloth when I'd advised you to cut it with scissors?
    我劝你用剪子剪,为什么你却把布扯了?
  2. I tore my coat this morning.
    今天早上我把上衣撕破了。
  3. The saw tore her hand.
    锯子划破了她的手。
  4. Political conflict has torn the nation.
    政治冲突使这个国家四分五裂。
  5. The child's misery tore my heart.
    这小孩的悲惨境遇使我心碎。
  6. He flew into a rage and tore my hair.
    他勃然大怒,要扯我的头发。
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. The clothes were torn and patched in a good many places.
    衣裳都破了,打了好些补丁。
  9. The reactionary ruling clique was torn by internal strife.
    反动统治集团内部勾心斗角,四分五裂。
  10. The country had been torn by wars.
    这国家饱受战争之苦。
  11. In those years our mother land was torn by civil war.
    那些年,我们的祖国因内战而动乱不安。
  12. He was torn by rage.
    他愤怒至极。
  13. He is torn by jealousy.
    他正遭受嫉妒心理的折磨。
  14. His heart was torn by anxiety.
    他心里十分焦急。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj./adv.
  1. He ran to the wounded soldier and tore his shirt open.
    他跑到伤员跟前,撕开了他的衬衣。
  2. Tom tore the letter open and read it anxiously.
    汤姆撕开信,急切地读了起来。
  3. Tear this TV apart and fix it, please.
    请把电视机拆开来再把它装好。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. He was barefoot, wearing a torn and dirty shirt.
    他赤着脚,穿了一件又脏又破的衬衣。
v -ing as Attrib.
  1. I'm in a tearing hurry to catch the train.
    我心急如焚地去赶火车。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. This fabric has a tear in it.
    这织物上有个破洞。
  2. I've a tear in my left sock.
    我左脚袜子上有个洞。
  3. I wish you'd get rid of that old jacket, it's full of tears.
    我希望你将那件旧夹克衫处理掉,它完全破了。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
brush away a/one's tear
  1. 擦掉眼泪 clear away the tears

    She brushed away a tear. 她擦掉眼泪。

    Brushing away her tears, she promised to return. 她抹掉泪珠,答应回来。

gulp back one's tears
  1. 抑制眼泪 hold back; control tears

    Mary was still crying when unexpected visitors arrived; gulping back her tears, she made an effort to greet them cheerfully. 当有人突然来访时,玛丽还在哭,她强忍着泪水,努力作出高兴的样子来接待他们。

make with the tears
  1. 产生眼泪 produce the tears

    She made with the tears to try to win everyone's sympathy. 她挤下几滴眼泪,企图以此来赢得大家的同情。

melt into tears
  1. 痛哭 begin to sweep freely

    Mary melted into tears when she heard the bad news. 当玛丽听到这个坏消息时大哭了起来。

in tears
  1. 流着泪 crying

    The girl ran out of the room in tears. 这姑娘哭着从房间跑出去了。

    Her eyes were bathed in tears. 她泪眼汪汪的。

    Shocked by the sad news, she broke out in tears. 那不幸消息使她震惊,她失声痛哭了。

    When they heard of the surrender of Nazi Germany, they broke out in tears and laughter. 当他们听说纳粹德国已投降时,激动得又是哭又是笑。

用作动词 (v.)
tear along (v.+prep.)
  1. 沿…飞跑; 沿…狂奔 move excitedly with great speed along sth tear along sth

    The excited children tore noisily along the street.激动的孩子们吵吵嚷嚷地沿街跑去。

    An automobile came tearing along the road.汽车沿公路疾驰而来。

tear around〔about〕 (v.+adv.)
  1. 来回奔跑,四处奔跑,过游荡生活 move excitedly with great speed; go everywhere tear around〔about〕

    Look at the children tearing about in the playground.瞧那些在游戏场上飞跑的孩子们。

    Kate tore around from room to room, telling everybody the good news.凯特从一个房间奔到另一个房间,把好消息告诉大家。

    Tom, when are you going to stop tearing around and settle down?汤姆,你什么时候才能不再到处游荡而安定下来呢?

tear aside (v.+adv.)
  1. 把…扯向一旁 remove aside by force tear sth ⇔ aside

    She tore the curtain aside and looked out.她拉开窗帘向窗外望去。

tear at (v.+prep.)
  1. 撕; 扯破 pull sharply apart or to pieces tear at sth

    He tore at the wrapping of the parcel.他用力撕包裹的包装纸。

    He tore at the cover of the package.他用力扯拉包裹的封皮。

    The sight of her grief tore at his heart.看到她那伤心的样子,他的心都碎了。

tear away (v.+adv.)
  1. 勉强使…离开force sb to leave reluctantly tear oneself away from sth

    I couldn't tear myself away from the beautiful display of flowers.我舍不得离开那个漂亮的花展。

    The exhibits were so interesting that we could hardly tear ourselves away from them.展品是那样有意思,我们简直看得不愿意走了。

    She could scarcely tear herself away from the scene.这风景使她恋恋不舍。

    It was several hours before he could tear himself away from there.几小时过去了,他才恋恋不舍地离开那儿。

    He could not tear himself away from the book.他放不下那本书。

  2. 硬行拉走 leave by force tear sb/sth ⇔ away from sth

    The bandits struggled to tear her away from the safe.匪徒使劲想把她从保险柜跟前拉开。

    Why did you tear the letter away from her hand?你为何要从她手中夺走那封信?

tear between (v.+prep.)
  1. 在两者间犹豫 hesitate between; waver between; range between tear sb between sth 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    She was torn between love and hate.她在爱与恨之间徘徊。

    He was torn between a wish to return to the factory and a wish to stay to the end of the show.他又想回工厂,又想把节目看完。

    The government is torn between principle and expediency.政府在原则与权宜之间难于抉择。

    Being torn between their research work and their teaching, they often forgot to eat and sleep.他们又要搞研究,又要教学,常常弄得废寝忘食。

    Being torn between anger and self-reproach, he could hardly fall asleep.他又是气愤,又埋怨自己,简直没法睡着。

tear down (v.+adv.)
  1. 拆毁; 拆卸destroy, or take apart tear sth ⇔ down

    The workers tore down the old house and built a new one in its place.工人们拆毁旧屋,并在原地另盖新屋。

    The mechanics tear down the engine, and fix it, and put together again.机械工将发动机拆散,修理后再将它组合起来。

    Whoever tears down the notice will be punished.无论谁将通告撕下,都要受到惩罚。

    She tried to tear down his reputation.她试图诋毁他的声誉。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The old houses have been torn down.旧房子拆掉了。

tear from (v.+prep.)
  1. 从…撕扯掉 pull sharply apart or to pieces from sth tear oneself/sth from sth

    She tore several pages from the book.她从书上撕下好几页纸。

    He could not tear himself from that spot.他舍不得离开那个地点。

tear in (v.+prep.)
  1. 在…上撕出…; 撕成 make damage by pulling sharply in sth tear sth in sth

    The girl tore a hole in her dress climbing over the wall.那女孩翻墙时将连衣裙剐了一个洞。

    He picked up his contract and tore it in half.他拿起合同把它撕成两半。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I gave him a ticket for the film, and it was torn in two.我给他一张电影票,他却把它撕成了两半。

tear into (v.+prep.)
  1. 猛扑; 大吃; 戳穿,责备 attack violently, especially with words tear into sb/sth

    They tore into the enemy.他们向敌人猛扑。

    They tore into a steak.他们大口大口地吃牛排。

    Explosive shells tore into the walls of the stronghold.炮弹炸穿了据点的墙壁。

    The mother tore into her daughter for coming home late.母亲因女儿晚回家而训斥她。

tear off (v.+adv.)
  1. 匆匆地脱掉(衣服); 匆匆地做pull violently off; remove sth with urgent movements; do a job rapidly or casually tear off

    He tore off before we could say a word.我们还没来得及说句话他就匆匆走了。

    tear sth ⇔ off

    He tore off his clothes and jumped into the water to save the boy.他急忙脱下衣服,跳进水里去救那个男孩。

    Mind the child. He might tear off the cover of the book.当心那孩子,他会把书的封面撕掉的。

    I tore off two letters in twenty-five minutes.我在25分钟内匆匆写好两封信。

    No matter how busy he might be, he would tear off some sleep at noon.不管有多忙,他中午都要抓紧时间睡一会儿。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I caught the pocket of my coat on a nail; it's nearly torn off.我的上衣口袋给钉子钩住,差点儿给撕下来。

tear out (v.+adv.)
  1. 撕下; 撕掉,扯去 cause sth to be out of place tear sth out of sth

    He tore a page out of a book.他撕下一页书。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Two pages had been torn out of the book.这本书上有两页被人撕去了。

tear through (v.+prep.)
  1. 闪念 flash an idea through one's mind tear through sth

    All kinds of thoughts tore through my mind.各种想法在我脑海里一闪而过。

tear to (v.+prep.)
  1. 撕裂 pull apart or to pieces by force tear sth to sth

    The ferocious winds seemed about to tear the ship to pieces.狂风仿佛要把船撕成碎片似的。

    He tried to tear her argument to shreds.他试图把她的论点批驳得体无完肤。

tear up (v.+adv.)
  1. 撕成碎片destroy by tearing; cancel a contract〔an agreement〕, etc.

    He tore up sheet after sheet of music before producing the happy tune he wanted. 他撕掉一篇又一篇的乐谱,最后才写出他想要的合适的曲子。

    I believe the unions intend to tear up the agreement with the government. 我认为工会想要撕毁同政府签订的协议。

    Yuan Shikai openly tore up the constitution. 袁世凯公开撕毁了宪法。

  2. 挖开(地面等)remove the surface of

    They are tearing up the street to repair a sewer. 他们正挖开马路修下水道。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The tree was torn up by the strong wind. 树被大风拔了起来。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~

经典引文

  • He must not flote upon his watry bear..With-out the meed of som melodious tear.

    出自:Milton
  • His pants were patched, never mind the tear in the seat.

    出自:A. Brink
  • The hogs..scuffled over the snake, tore it apart.

    出自:J. Agee
  • He had torn the letter into small bits.

    出自:Sloan Wilson
  • The fumes were still so strong our eyes teared.

    出自:Jayne Phillips

tear的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. tear用作名词时,意思是“眼泪”,是可数名词,常用复数形式。
  2. in tears意为“流着泪”。
v.(动词)
  1. tear的基本意思是“撕”“扯”,多指在外力作用下使东西裂开(留有粗糙的边缘)或离开其附着处。引申可表示“折磨”“奔跑”“快步走开”等。
  2. tear既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词、代词作宾语,有时也可接由形容词、副词充当补足语的复合宾语。用作不及物动词时,主动形式含有被动意义。
  3. tear的过去分词torn可用作形容词,在句中作表语或定语。
n.(名词)
  1. tear用作名词时意思是“破洞,裂口”,是可数名词。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
下面两句意思相同:
  • Tears come to eyes.
  • Tears come into eyes.
  • 泪水涌上眼睛。
v.(动词)
tear, rip
这两个词均可表示“撕裂”。其区别在于:tear意为撕成碎片,留有粗糙的边缘; rip意为用力撕扯,通常指在连接处撕扯。例如:
He ripped the envelope open.他把信封撕开。
tear, split
这两个词都有“撕裂”的意思。其区别在于:tear多指外力作用下的撕裂; split既可指外力作用下的撕裂、分裂,也可指物体内部自动地分裂、裂开。例如:
Split the pineapple before peeling it.先把菠萝切开,然后削皮。
The furniture split open in the sunshine.家具在阳光下晒裂了。
下面各组中的几个句子意思相同:
  • He tore the photograph to pieces.
  • He tore the photograph in pieces.
  • He tore the photograph into pieces.
  • 他将照片撕成碎片。
  • He tore the May 2 page from his diary.
  • He tore the May 2 page out of his diary.
  • 他从日记本上撕下5月2日写的那页。
n.(名词)
tear, hole
这两个词都有“洞”的意思,其区别在于:tear多指织物由于磨损所造成的“裂口”,无深度; 而hole所指的洞多指纵深状的,如树洞,山洞等。
tear rip split
这些动词均有“撕裂、扯破”之意。
  • tear:tear最普通用词,指有意或无意地把布或纸等没接缝的材料撕开。可作引申用。
  • rip:rip侧重指用力把布料等物撕开,也可指用粗暴手段把某物撕裂。
  • split:split非正式用词,指有力的切断、劈开或撕裂的动作。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 听到这坏消息,可怜的女孩子突然哭了起来。

    They poor girl burst into tear when she heard the bad news.

    They poor girl burst into tears when she heard the bad news.

    tear作“眼泪”解时,为可数名词,常用复数形式。

v.(动词)
  1. 我在候机室等飞机时匆匆地给家里写了一封信。

    I tore a letter to my family while waiting in the airport lounge.

    I tore off a letter to my family while waiting in the airport lounge.

    tear off表示“匆匆地做”,副词off不可省略。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的ater,意为眼中的水。

tear的相关资料:

正版词典

tear : 眼泪 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

tear的相关缩略词,共有6

互动百科

  • tear:tear n. 破处, 破缝, 泪滴, 眼泪, 扯, 飞奔, 激怒vi. 流泪, 撕破, 猛冲, 飞奔, 被撕破vt. 扯, 撕, 撕破, 戳破, 拉掉, 折磨, 使分裂, 撕掉 英英解释:名词tea…

临近单词

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