pick

  基本词汇  
[pɪk]     [pɪk]    
  • v.拾;捡;挑选;采摘;找茬;偶然学到
  • n.拾;捡;选择;采摘;精华
  • n.鹤嘴锄;镐;琴拨
picker picked picked picking picks
new

pick是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 掘,凿,挖,剔,扒
  2. 找岔,寻衅吵架
  3. 扒窃,撬(锁)
  4. 拔羽毛
  5. 获得,得到
  6. 采摘
  7. 啄食,吃
  8. 挑选,选择
  9. 挑毛病;挑剔
  10. 恢复原状
  11. 整理,收拾
  12. 学会(语言)
  13. 弹奏
  14. 【纺】投(梭)
  15. 掐去,摘掉
  16. 【棒球】防守得法
n.(名词)
  1. 选择;挑选
  2. 精华,最好的部分
  3. 剔的工具;牙签
  4. 十字镐,鹤嘴锄,铁镐 ,铁撬 ,用于挖掘的尖状物
  5. 纬纱
  6. 投梭
  7. 凿,掘
  8. 选择权
  9. (琴弦的)拨子, 琴拨,拨指
  10. 收获

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 挑选,选择 choose or select
  2. vt. & vi. 采,摘 take up, remove, pull away , with the fingers
  3. vt. & vi. 啄,叼,啃 take up or remove sth separately or bit by bit using the fingers, a beak, a pointed instrument, etc.
  4. vt. 挖,剔 remove unwanted pieces from, especially with a finger or a pointed instrument
n.(名词)
  1. [S]挑选,选择 right of selecting; choice
  2. [S]最佳选择,精华 the best of sth
  3. [C]镐,锄 heavy tool with an iron head having two pointed ends, used for breading up hard surfaces; small sharp-pointed instrument

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
pick : 拣, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
pick : 拣, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
pick : 凿 ...
pick : 纸张 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
pick : 纬纱 ...
在 《外教社纺织英语词典》 中查看更多...
pick : 拣, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
pick : 挑选 ...
在 《外教社市场营销英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the person or thing chosen or selected;

    "he was my pick for mayor"

  2. the quantity of a crop that is harvested;

    "he sent the first picking of berries to the market"
    "it was the biggest peach pick in years"

  3. the best people or things in a group;

    "the cream of England's young men were killed in the Great War"

  4. the yarn woven across the warp yarn in weaving

  5. a small thin device (of metal or plastic or ivory) used to pluck a stringed instrument

  6. a thin sharp implement used for removing unwanted material;

    "he used a pick to clean the dirt out of the cracks"

  7. a heavy iron tool with a wooden handle and a curved head that is pointed on both ends;

    "they used picks and sledges to break the rocks"

  8. a basketball maneuver; obstructing an opponent with one's body;

    "he was called for setting an illegal pick"

  9. the act of choosing or selecting;

    "your choice of colors was unfortunate"
    "you can take your pick"

Verb:
  1. select carefully from a group;

    "She finally picked her successor"
    "He picked his way carefully"

  2. look for and gather;

    "pick mushrooms"
    "pick flowers"

  3. harass with constant criticism;

    "Don't always pick on your little brother"

  4. provoke;

    "pick a fight or a quarrel"

  5. remove in small bits;

    "pick meat from a bone"

  6. remove unwanted substances from, such as feathers or pits;

    "Clean the turkey"

  7. pilfer or rob;

    "pick pockets"

  8. pay for something;

    "pick up the tab"
    "pick up the burden of high-interest mortgages"
    "foot the bill"

  9. pull lightly but sharply with a plucking motion;

    "he plucked the strings of his mandolin"

  10. attack with or as if with a pickaxe of ice or rocky ground, for example;

    "Pick open the ice"

  11. hit lightly with a picking motion

  12. eat intermittently; take small bites of;

    "He pieced at the sandwich all morning"
    "She never eats a full meal--she just nibbles"

pick的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. That sentimental girl likes to pick up the fallen petals on the ground in autumn.
    那个多愁善感的女孩喜欢在秋天里拾起地上的落英。
  2. He picked the watch up from the carpet.
    他从地毯上把表捡起来。
  3. We had to find a flat in a hurry--there was no time to pick and choose.
    我们只好匆忙找套房子--没有时间挑选了.
  4. You should not pick any of the flowers in the park.
    你不应该采摘这个公园里的任何一朵花。
  5. He seemed determined to pick a quarrel with us.
    他似乎存心要找我们吵架。
  6. He picked up French while he was staying in Paris.
    他在巴黎时学会了法语。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He bent to the ground to pick up the pen.
    他弯腰从地上拾起钢笔。
  2. Please pick up dog feces from camps and trails.
    请从帐蓬和小道上拾起狗的排泄物。
  3. His pick of the wallet on his way home had caused him great trouble.
    他在回家的路上捡了一个钱包,这一捡给他惹了大麻烦。
  4. Here are ten books in English, take your pick.
    这里有十本英文书,你挑吧。
  5. The pick of apples is put off due to the bad weather.
    因为天气不好,采摘苹果的活动被推迟了。
  6. The pick of this poem lies in the last sentence.
    这首诗的精华是最后一句。
  7. I don't want us all to run at the nearest politician with a pick axe!
    我不希望大家突然用镐斧进攻最近的政治家。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The chicken picked about the yard.
    小鸡在院子里到处啄食。
  2. Ripe apples pick easily.
    熟了的苹果容易摘下来。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Pick the best one.
    挑最好的吧。
  2. Why not pick that one?
    为什么不挑那个呢?
  3. It took her two hours to pick a dress that suited her.
    她花了两个小时才挑选了一件合适的衣服。
  4. The housewife picked a tin of tomatoes nearest to her in the shop.
    那位家庭主妇在商店里就近随手挑了一听番茄。
  5. We picked the coolest room among those available.
    在那些可供选择的房间中,我们挑了最凉快的一间。
  6. This month is the time to pick fruit.
    本月正是摘水果的时间。
  7. We picked the field in a whole day.
    整块田我们一天就采摘完了。
  8. I could manage to pick a bit of food.
    我能稍稍进一点饮食。
  9. Don't pick your nose!
    不要抠鼻子。
  10. It's bad form to pick one's teeth in public.
    在公共场合剔牙很失礼。
  11. The thief picked the man's pocket.
    小偷扒了那人的口袋。
  12. They picked the lock and went in.
    他们撬开锁走了进去。
  13. The young writer picked the main content of the novel.
    这个年轻的作家剽窃了这部小说的主要内容。
  14. 用于be ~ed结构
  15. The famous reporter's brain was picked.
    这个著名记者的思想观点被人剽窃了。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. Just pick what suits you and leave the rest.
    只挑对你合适的,把其余的留下来。
  2. These are my sketches.You may pick the one you like best.
    这些是我的素描。你可以选择一张你最喜欢的。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Pick me a nice melon.
    为我挑一个好瓜。
  2. He picked her a rose.
    他为她采了一朵玫瑰花。
S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.
  1. He picked a good dictionary for me.
    他为我挑了一本好词典。
  2. She picked a bunch of flowers for her mother.
    她摘了一束花送给妈妈。
  3. Will you pick some flowers for the dinner table?
    你能采些花放在餐桌上吗?
  4. 用于be ~ed结构
  5. He was picked for the England team.
    他被选进英格兰队。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. The dog picked the bone clean.
    这狗把骨头啃得光光的。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. Edison had the gift of picking the right man to handle his affairs.
    爱迪生有一种天赋,能挑选合适的人来处理他的事务。
  2. He picked a man to teach English.
    他挑选了一个人来教英语。
  3. 用于be ~ed结构
  4. She's been picked to head the planning committee.
    她已被挑选担任计划委员会的主任。
  5. Only the best players were picked to play in the match.
    被选出参赛的都是最佳选手。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Of course I'll lend you a pen. Take your pick.
    我当然可以借给你钢笔用,自己挑吧。
  2. Here are three records; take your pick.
    这里有三张唱片,你挑吧。
  3. Which one do you want— take your pick?
    想要哪一个,任你挑选。
  4. I can give you your pick of half a dozen.
    我可以让你自己选半打。
  5. The salesman gave me my pick of the litter.
    售货员让我在这一窝幼仔中任选一只。
  6. He can have his pick of jobs.
    有几个工作可供他选择。
  7. The winner has first pick of the prizes.
    胜者有选择奖品的优先权。
  8. I was the first to arrive at the inn and got the pick of rooms.
    我第一个到达旅馆,有选择房间的优先权。
  9. Which of the books is your pick?
    你挑选的是哪一本书?
  10. That book is my first pick.
    那本书是我最中意的。
  11. She could have had her pick of all the eligible young men.
    她本来可以在所有这些合格的男青年中挑选一个。
  12. He is our pick for monitor.
    他是我们选的班长。
  13. He is our pick of the president.
    他是我们的总统人选。
  14. This lovely rose is the pick of the bunch.
    这朵可爱的玫瑰花是这束花中的精品。
  15. It's not much good, but it's the pick of the bunch.
    它虽不怎么好,但它是这一批中最好的。
  16. He is the pick of the aviators at the world.
    他是世界上最优秀的飞行员。
  17. Only the pick of the schools are able to pass the exams.
    只有各校最优秀的学生才能通过这些考试。
  18. He breaks up strong ground with a pick.
    他用镐刨开坚硬的地面。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
pick and choose (v.+v.)
  1. 挑三拣四,仔细挑选 select with great care; be very particular in choosing; choose carefully pick and choose

    He was never one to pick and choose.他从来不挑三拣四。

    I spent days picking and choosing before deciding on the wallpaper and curtains.我挑选壁纸和窗帘用了好几天的时间。

    pick and choose to-v

    Some people pick and choose to get something perfect.有些人挑三拣四是想弄到一些完美无缺的东西。

pick and steal (v.+v.)
  1. 扒窃 steal sth from sb's pocket pick and steal

    Jacelin often picked and stole when he was at school.杰斯林上学时经常扒窃。

    pick and steal sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The purse has been picked and stolen from my pocket.我的钱包被人从口袋里摸走了。

pick apart (v.+adv.)
  1. 把…撕成碎片,拆散 separate (sth) into pieces

    He picked apart an old quilt. 他把一条旧被子撕碎成片。

    She sat on the ground, picking the pictures apart. 她坐在操场上,把照片撕成了碎片。

    The tailor told me that she couldn't change the size of my trousers without picking the whole thing apart. 那个裁缝告诉我说不把我的裤子全都拆开的话,她无法改变它的尺寸。

  2. 〈非正〉对…吹毛求疵 find fault on (sth)

    They picked the play apart. 他们把这出戏批评得一无是处。

pick at (v.+prep.)
  1. 扯,拉 tear or pull (with fingers) pick at sth

    The baby is picking at the bedclothes.婴儿在抓弄被褥。

    The sick man picked at the blanket.病人拉扯着毯子。

  2. 找茬儿,批评 find fault with; criticize pick at sb

    Leave the child alone; you're always picking at her.不要管那孩子,你总是找她的岔。

    I wish she would stop picking at the little girl so much.但愿她不再老找那个小女孩的岔儿。

    Why are you always picking at the poor child?你为什么总是挑那可怜的小孩的毛病?

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    She'd been picked at so often by parents and teachers that she didn't know how to behave.家长和老师经常对她求全责备,她简直不知怎么办才好。

  3. 少量地吃 eat very little of a meal at a time; eat without interest or appetite pick at sth

    She only picked at her food.她只吃了一点点食物。

    The sick boy was only picking at his food.这个有病的孩子只吃了几口饭。

    I think something must be worrying Dade; he has only picked at his food for the last two days.我看达德有心事,最近两天他吃得很少。

    He never feels hungry and just picks at his food.他从不觉得饿,吃东西也没胃口。

pick from (v.+prep.)
  1. 从…摘下〔剔去〕; 从…捡起 lift or remove (sth) from (some place) pick sth from sth

    She picked some flowers from the garden.她从花园里摘了一些鲜花。

    You mustn't pick the bananas from others' tree.你不该从别人的树上摘香蕉。

    He picked a pen from the ground.他从地上捡起一支钢笔。

  2. 从…中挑选 choose or select (sb/sth) from (a group) pick sb/sth from sb/sth

    Imes picked Rose from all the beautiful girls in the school to be a model.艾姆斯从全校那些美丽的女孩子中选中露丝做模特儿。

pick in1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 画上(阴影) draw a shadow

    The artist is picking in shadows in the picture. 这位画家正在画面上画阴影。

  2. 承揽,接收 contract or receive (sth such as extra-clothes)

    That woman worker picked in some other extra-clothes. 这个女工又承接了一些洗换的衣服。

pick in2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 在…上扎开〔抠开〕洞 make a hole in sth by pulling at it or by using one's fingernails or a sharp instrument pick sth in sth

    The child has picked a hole in his new jumper.孩子在新毛衣上勾了一个洞。

    Don't just sit there picking holes in your meat with your fork, get on with your dinner!别坐在那儿只是往肉上扎洞,好好吃饭!

    The bird picked a hole in the ice with its beak.那只鸟在冰上啄出了一个洞。

pick off (v.+adv.)
  1. 摘去 take or pluck off pick sth ⇔ off

    Don't pick off any of these flowers.这些花一朵也不要采摘。

    The insecticide might harm the flowers.Let's pick off the insects by hand.杀虫剂可能会伤害花朵。我们用手把虫捉下来吧。

  2. 逐个毁掉; 瞄准射死 destroy one at a time; shoot (sb) with deliberate aim pick sb ⇔ off

    A sniper behind the bushes picked off three of our men.藏在树丛后面的一个狙击手射死了我方三个人。

    We picked off the officers first, so as to throw the attack into confusion.我们首先把敌军官一个个地射死,致使敌人的进攻陷入混乱。

pick on (v.+prep.)
  1. 挑选 choose (sb) for punishment, blame, or an unpleasant job pick on sb/sth

    I know someone has to fetch some more logs, but why pick on me?我知道得有人再去捡些木头,但为什么挑上了我?

    The teacher always picks on her to translate the long passages.老师总是叫她做长篇翻译。

    Why should you pick on me to do the chores?你为什么要挑我去做那些杂务?

    She wondered why we had picked on that small room to work in.她不知道为什么我们偏要选中那个小房间作为工作室。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I was picked on to announce the bad news.偏偏选中我去宣布这个坏消息。

  2. 招惹,找茬儿; 责备 find fault with; speak angrily (to sb) pick on sb

    Why pick on me every time?为什么每次都找我的岔?

    They always pick on her when anything goes wrong.每当事情出了什么差错,他们总是责怪她。

    She felt that her parents were picking on her.她觉得,父母老是偏偏责备她。

    Stop picking on me or I'll tell father.不要对我这么凶,不然我会告诉爸爸的。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    In the assignment of various sorts of work, none of them felt as if they were being picked on.在分配各项工作时,他们中间没有人觉得自己受到亏待。

pick out (v.+adv.)
  1. 取出,去掉 carry out sth (from sth) pick sth ⇔ out

    The child refuses to eat this fruit without first picking out the stones.不把果核取出来,那个小孩就不会吃这水果。

    This special blade on the boy's knife is for picking stones out of horses' feet.男孩子这把刀上的特殊刀刃是用来剔除嵌在马蹄上的石头的。

  2. 挑选,选择; 选拔 choose from〔among〕 others pick sb/sth ⇔ out

    Let's pick out the bad potatoes from the basket.让我们把坏掉的土豆从篮子里挑出来。

    He is going with me to help me pick out a color TV set.他要陪我一起去,帮我选一台彩电。

    My wife is going with me to help me pick out a new suit.我妻子跟我一起去以帮我挑选一套新西装。

    Have you picked out the movie you want to see?你选好你想看的电影了吗?

    I'm going to pick out a few books to send to some friends.我将挑选几本书寄给几个朋友。

    It's not easy to pick out the best actors for this play, because they're all so good.要在这出戏里选出最佳演员可真不容易,因为他们都演得十分出色。

    The architect has to pick out a new site for his building.建筑师得为他承建的房子选择新址。

    He picked out the ripest peach.他把最熟的桃挑了出来。

    We must pick out the enemy's weakest units for attack.我们必须找敌人最薄弱的部队攻击。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    That pile on the left are the ones that have been picked out for the library.左边的那一堆是挑出来给图书馆的。

    The pile of books on the shelf is picked out for you by the teacher.书架上那堆书是老师替你们挑选的。

  3. 分辨出 distinguish from surrounding persons, objects, etc.; recognize or see sb/sth among others pick sb/sth ⇔ out

    The police asked the witness to pick out the murderer from four suspects.警察让目击者从4名嫌疑犯中辨认出谁是杀人犯。

    The witness picked out the thief from a crowd of men.证人从一群人中认出了窃贼。

    He picked out a friend's face in the crowd.他在人群中认出了一位朋友的脸。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Counsel stated that the accused had been picked out by two different people at an identity parade.辩护律师声明,被告是在一次身份检验中被两个不同的人认出来的。

    Her house is easily picked out from the rest; it has a large black gate.她的住宅很容易和其他的区别开来,它有一个黑色的大门。

  4. 了解; 领会 understand; see (the meaning of a passage, etc.) by careful study pick sth ⇔ out

    I picked out the meaning of the passage.我领会了这段文章的含义。

    Can you pick out the operatic arias quoted in this orchestral passage?你能听出这段管弦乐曲里有歌剧式的咏叹调吗?

  5. 衬托,点缀,使明显 make (sth) clear to see, especially in a different colour pick sth ⇔ out 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    The design was picked out in the bright red.这图案色彩鲜艳,灿烂夺目。

    The actors' and actresses' costume was picked out by the spotlights.男女演员的服装在聚光灯照耀下显得十分显眼。

  6. 凭听觉〔记忆〕奏出 play a tune on a musical instrument by guessing which notes to play and experimenting pick out the tune

    As soon as she'd sung the first verse, he picked out the tune on the piano.她刚刚唱完了第一段,他就在钢琴上弹出了这首歌的曲调。

pick over (v.+adv.)
  1. 挑出来 examine carefully in order to choose the better ones

    He picked over the tomatoes, looking for the ripest ones. 他把西红柿拿来仔细看,要挑选最熟的。

    Pick over the lentils carefully in case there are any stones among them. 把这些豆子里的沙粒挑出去。

    The housewives pick the fruit over carefully before making their minds up which to buy. 在决定购买哪几个之前,家庭主妇们先将水果细心地挑选一番。

    She picked the apples over and threw out the bad ones. 她把苹果挑了一遍,把坏的扔掉了。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    You won't find any good tomatoes in that basket; they've been well picked over. 你在那只篮子里找不到好的西红柿了,好的已被挑走了。

  2. 老谈,老想 keep talking or thinking about (especially sth unpleasant)

    Don't keep picking over our old quarrels; let's be friends again. 不要老谈以前争吵的事了,让我们重新做朋友吧!

pick up (v.+adv.)
  1. 拾起; 捡起; 抬起 take hold of and lift up pick sb/sth ⇔ up

    Pick up your feet there, men!诸位,把脚抬起来!

    She picked up the ashtray and put it on the table.她拾起烟灰缸并把它放到桌子上。

    Facer dropped his pen and bent to pick it up, causing a sharp pain in his back.费塞掉了钢笔,在弯腰拣笔时,感到背上一阵剧痛。

    On hearing the news through the telephone she picked up her kit and dashed out of the door.从电话里听到这个消息后她拿起药箱冲出门去。

    I picked up your bag by mistake.我拿错了你的手提包。

    The telephone rang just as I was about to pick up the receiver.我刚要去拿听筒,电话就响了。

    I would have picked it up if I had noticed it.我如果看见的话,我早就把它捡起来了。

  2. 安排接取; 使搭乘; 搭救 arrange to fetch sb; give sb a ride in a vehicle; save (sb) pick sb/sth ⇔ up

    While driving to Edinburgh he picked up two students who were hitching a lift.他在驾车去爱丁堡的途中,让两个要求搭车的学生上了车。

    The bus stopped several times to pick up passengers.那辆公共汽车沿途停了好几次,让乘客上车。

    I'll pick you up at your place at eight o'clock.我8点钟在你住的地方接你上车。

    Please wait at the school gate.John will pick you up there.请在校门口等候,约翰要来找你一块走的。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    It's not safe to travel by standing at the roadside hoping to be picked up by passing motorists.站在路边等着搭便车,这样旅行并不安全。

    The boy is picked up in a lifeboat.小男孩被救上了救生艇。

  3. 爬〔站〕起来; 振作起来 raise (oneself) after a fall; gather together; collect pick up

    His spirits picked up.他的精神振作起来了。

    pick oneself up

    When the child fell off her bicycle, she picked herself up, got back on and rode away .那个女孩子从自行车上摔下来后自己爬了起来,又上车赶路了。

    Pick yourself up and brush yourself down.自己爬起来,把衣服掸干净。

    After the failure of his business, he had to pick himself up and start all over again.他的生意失败后,他不得不振作起来,一切重新开始。

  4. 使增加〔加快〕 cause to increase (usually speed) pick up

    The speed of the train began to pick up.火车开始加速。

    The car began to pick up the moment the vehicle got onto the motorway.一开上高速公路,车子的速度就加快了。

    The engine coughed for a few minutes, then picked up, and soon we were on our way.发动机突突地响了几分钟而后加速,很快我们就上路了。

    Let's see how fast you can pick up from a standing start.看看你站着起跑后能加速多快。

    pick sth ⇔ up

    Soon after the train left the station, it began to pick up speed.火车出站后不久就逐渐加快速度。

    The car picks up speed with just a touch of the accelerator.这辆车只要你一踩油门就会加速。

    The teacher told her singing class to pick up the tempo; the class did well after her.老师叫全班同学加快节拍唱歌,大家跟着她唱得很好。

  5. 收拾东西〔屋子〕 collect things; tidy a room pick up

    Children, it's time to pick up and have supper.孩子们,该收拾东西吃晚饭了。

    I refuse to pick up after children who are old enough to keep their own things in order.我不愿替那些能料理自己东西的大孩子们收拾房间。

    pick sth ⇔ up

    “What are you doing?”“I'm picking up my room.”“你在做什么呢?”“我在收拾屋子。”Pick up your room before you go out, please.请在离开之前整理好房间。

    Please pick up all your toys when you've finished playing.你玩过后请把玩具都收拾好。

    Let's pick up everything on the floor and get the room tidy before we go out.我们出去之前,先把地板上的东西收拾干净,把房间搞整齐。

    It's time to pick up tools and go home.到收拾工具回家的时候了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The room must be picked up before the guests arrive.这个房间在客人到达之前必须收拾出来。

  6. 掘,挖 dig up pick up

    The peasants were picking up in the field.农民们在田里翻地。

    pick sth ⇔ up

    The man was picking up the ground very hard.那个人正在使劲地挖地。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The frozen ground will have to be picked up by hand before machine digging can begin.这冻土必须挖过后才能用掘土机掘土。

  7. 〈非正〉学得〔会〕 learn or acquire casually pick sth ⇔ up

    He picked up Japanese while living in Japan.他在日本生活的时候学会了日语。

    I don't know where my children have picked up those rude words!我不知道我的孩子们从哪儿学来了这些粗话。

    Haas has never had a French teacher; he picked up the language by himself.哈斯从未请过法文教师,他的法语是自学的。

    Jacelin served no formal apprenticeship in car mechanics; he just picked it up at the garage where he works.杰斯林没有正式学过汽车机械修理,他只是在自己的汽车修理厂学的。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    It is said that the essentials of Esperanto can be picked up in a few lessons.据说上几次课就能掌握世界语的基本要领。

  8. 获得; 接收到 gain; be able to receive (sth such as electricity, sound waves, etc.) pick sth ⇔ up

    Where did you pick up that book?I've been trying to get it for weeks!你在哪儿弄到这本书?好几个星期来,我一直想买这本书。

    Where did you pick up that lovely vase?你是在哪里弄到那个漂亮的花瓶的?

    My friend knows where he can pick up a good used car for you at a very reasonable price.我的朋友知道在哪儿能给你弄辆还不错的旧车,而且价钱还相当公道。

    If Mother picks up a temporary job, they'll stop our welfare money.如果妈妈找到临时工作,他们就会停发福利金。

    You can always pick up new ideas if you keep your eyes open.你要是留意的话,总能接收到新的思想观点的。

    She tried to pick up a humble living by selling baskets that she had made by hand.她设法卖些自己编织的篮子挣钱糊口。

    Car factory workers can pick up good wages, especially with overtime.汽车厂的工人们能挣很多钱,特别是加班的时候。

    Besides his regular wages, the chauffeur picks up money in tips.那位汽车司机除领取正常工资外,还可以收点小费。

    My radio can pick up London very clearly.我的收音机能清楚地收到伦敦的广播。

    I picked up Fujian on the radio last night.我昨晚收听到福建广播电台。

    They can pick up a lot of stations on this radio set.他们能用这台收音机收到许多电台的广播。

    This powerful radio can pick up stations from halfway round the world.这台大功率的无线电能接收到半个地球的电台发出的电波。

    The searchers at last picked up a signal from the crashed plane.搜索者终于收到了一个那架失事飞机发出的信号。

    These new electric buses pick up their power from overhead wires.这些新电车从车顶上方的电线接受供电。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    John suggested to his companions that a few shillings might be picked up by running errands for the neighbours.约翰向伙伴们建议,帮邻居们跑跑腿也许还能挣些钱。

    An intruding enemy plane was picked up by our radar installations.我方雷达发现了一架入侵敌机。

  9. 染上 acquire or obtain by chance, or unexpectedly pick sth ⇔ up

    He must have picked up a cold; he's begun to sniffle.他鼻子有点不通,一定是感冒了。

    He has picked up some bad habits at that club.他在那个俱乐部里染上了一些坏习惯。

    I don't want to pick up any bad habits from those people.我不想从那些人那里染上任何坏习惯。

  10. 捉住,逮住 catch or arrest (sb); bring (sth such as a sound, smell, or sight) within the range of one's senses pick sb/sth ⇔ up

    The police picked the man up for burglary.警察以盗窃罪逮捕了那个人。

    He was implicated in a murder, and sooner or later they would pick him up.他和一宗凶杀案有牵连,迟早他们会逮捕他的。

    The police picked the burglar up as he was leaving the house.窃贼正要离开那幢房子的时候,警察捉住了他。

    They picked Eby up from a battlefield and sold him as a slave.他们把伊比从战场上捉住当作奴隶卖了。

    His ears are so sensitive that they can pick up very faint sounds from a long way away .他的耳朵非常灵敏,能听见远处的微弱的声音。

    The trained dogs soon picked up the smell of the creature that they were hunting.经过训练的狗很快就能嗅出被追捕的动物的气味。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He is picked up on a charge of killing a man.他因被指控杀人而被逮捕。

    The fleeing culprit was picked up within twenty-four hours.那名逃犯在24小时之内就被抓获了。

    The escaped prisoners were picked up by the police only a short distance from the prison.那些逃犯就在离监狱不远的地方被警方捕获。

  11. 好转; 恢复 get better〔increase〕 in volume of sth; recover pick up

    It looks as if the weather may pick up soon.看起来天气很快就会好起来。

    When is the weather going to pick up?It's been bad for weeks.天气什么时候转好?几周来一直很糟糕。

    Business is at last beginning to pick up.生意终于开始好转了。

    The hotel business always picks up in summer.夏季,旅馆的生意一向很好。

    Trade has been picking up again since the winter.自冬季以来,生意逐渐兴隆起来。

    He seemed to pick up quickly after his fever went down.他发烧好了以后身体似乎在很快好转。

    He has picked up slowly since he came out of hospital.他自出院以来,身体恢复得很慢。

    pick sb/sth ⇔ up

    The writer's personal appearance picked up the sales of the book considerably.那位作家亲自到场,使那本书的销售量大增。

    This medicine will help to pick up your health.这种药物能帮助你恢复健康。

  12. 继续,回到 continue or return to sth after a break or interruption pick up

    The engine sputtered and seemed about to cut out; then it picked up again.发动机劈劈啪啪响了几声,像是要停下来似的,接着又转了起来。

    We'll pick up where we finished yesterday.我们从昨天停止的地方继续进行。

    Let's pick up where we left off before our coffee break.咱们从喝咖啡休息之前停下的地方重新开始。

    pick sth ⇔ up

    He picked up the story where he had left it the day before.他接着往下讲前天没有讲完的故事。

    Because I had not studied for some years, it was difficult trying to pick up the threads again.我几年不摸书本了,重新再拾起书本非常困难。

    We lost the animal's track for some time, but picked it up further ahead.有好一会儿,我们失却了野兽的足迹,不过再往前又找到了。

    It's difficult to pick up the thread of a conversation when it has been interrupted.谈话一被打断就很难重新接上话题。

    They met after five years, and picked up their friendship as if there had been no interruption.分别了5年之后他们又重逢了,继续发展他们之间的友谊,就像他们从未分离过。

  13. 着火 burst into flame pick up

    This sort of match picks up easily.这种火柴容易点燃。

  14. 结识; 拉伙,勾搭 become friendly with sb after a short meeting, use. with sexual intentions pick sb ⇔ up

    I picked up this girl on the train and I'm going to meet her again tonight.我在火车上认识了这个姑娘,今晚我再去与她见面。

    They happened to pick up each other in a park yesterday.他们昨天在一个公园里偶然认识。

    I think she picked him up at a dance.我想她是在一次舞会上搭上他的。

    Some men go to dances just to see if they can pick up a girl for the night.一些男人去跳舞就是想看看能不能找个姑娘共度良宵。

    Mother told Cage not to walk home by herself from the party because some strangers might try to pick her up.母亲要凯奇晚会后不要单独回家,因为可能会有陌生人想跟她搭讪。

    The policeman took the woman to the police station for picking up men outside the hotel.警察把那个在旅馆外面拉男人的女人带到警察局去。

    pick up with sb

    Where did you pick up with that queer fellow?你在哪里结识那个怪家伙的?

    She's picked up with some peculiar people.她勾搭上一些不三不四的人。

  15. 〈非正〉纠正 find fault with; find the weak points in pick sb/sth ⇔ up

    While reading this book,I have picked up twenty-five printing mistakes.阅读这本书时,我纠正了25个印刷错误。

    I'm always having to pick up the children for rude behaviour.我不得不一再纠正孩子们的无礼举动。

  16. 为…付款 pay money for sth pick up the bill

    They offered to pick up the bill for all the expenses of the trip.他们表示愿意支付全部旅行的费用。

    It is the custom for the new wife's father to pick up the bill for the wedding.依照风俗,由新娘的父亲筹措婚礼的费用。

    The government should pick up the bill for the damaged ship.政府应该为那艘受损船只承担付款的责任。

  17. 接受挑战 accept to cause intentionally pick up the gauntlet

    He's said you can't possibly finish in time. Are you going to pick up the gauntlet?他说你未必能按时完成,你打算接受他的挑战吗?

  18. 〈非正〉收拾残局; 重整旗鼓 save sth after failure; do one's best to find or make some result pick up the pieces

    If you fail now, who will pick up the pieces?你现在要是失败了,谁来收拾残局?

    We must pick up the pieces of our political defeat, and start working towards the next election.我们在政治上失败后必须重整旗鼓,开始为下次的竞选进行工作。

    Their lives were shattered by the tragedy and they are still trying to pick up the pieces.他们的生活被这场悲剧摧垮了,但他们仍尽力重新整顿。

pick up on (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 对…熟悉起来 become familiar gradually on (sth) pick up on sth

    Eby was posted there to pick up on the whereabouts of their enemies.把伊比派到那里是为了了解他们敌人的行踪。

    Haas had a rep for picking up on any information that might turn to be useful some day.哈斯以掌握有朝一日可能有用的一切情报著称。

pick with (v.+prep.)
  1. 偶然和(某人)相识 be acquainted with (sb) occasionally pick acquaintance with sb

    I picked acquaintance with Mary in the park.我在公园里和玛丽偶然相识。

  2. 找人吵〔打〕架; 向某人挑衅 bring about a quarrel intentionally; provoke an incident pick a bone〔fight,quarrel〕 with sb

    Facer picked a bone with Haas this morning.今天上午费塞跟哈斯发生了口角。

    He picked a fight with his classmate.他和他的同学打了一架。

    Eby's going through a tiresome stage, always picking fights with his brother for no reason at all.伊比正是淘气的时候,总是和他的弟兄无缘无故打架。

    When he gets a little drunk, he begins to pick a quarrel with whoever is at hand.他喝得有几分醉意后就开始与身旁的人吵架。

    That dog will pick a quarrel with anyone he meets.那只狗碰到任何人都要叫。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Small picks..used by modern archaeologists.

    出自:J. A. Michener
  • A short-handled pick..to loosen the earth.

    出自:J. G. Farrell
  • The picks of the miners long ago.

    出自:J. Gardam
  • A pick of meat on Feastdays.

    出自:Austin Clarke
  • They didn't take a pick of notice.

    出自:W. Trevor
  • He picked his Nose, which..is neither graceful nor royal.

    出自:M. Coke
  • You were picking your teeth with a..straw.

    出自:G. Naylor

pick的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. pick的基本意思是“挑选,选择”,指从很多人或事物中选出其中的一个或一部分,含有随意选择的意味。pick也可指“摘,采”,指将某物(多指花、树叶等)从某处取下来或取走。pick引申可指“啄,叼,啃”“挖,剔”等,用于比喻还可以指“剽窃”。
  2. pick可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词、代词或由疑问词引导的从句作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转化为介词for的宾语。pick有时还可接以形容词或动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. pick用作不及物动词作“手摘”解时,常与表示行为、方式的状语连用。用物作主语时,其主动形式往往含有被动意义。
n.(名词)
  1. pick用作名词时的意思是“挑选,选择”,可指“挑选”的行为,也可指“选择权”; 可指供人选择的商品,也可指被选择的人,还可指各项选择中最好的部分,即“精华,最佳选择”。
  2. pick还可表示用来刨地的“镐,锄”。
  3. pick常用于take one's pick和the pick of两个短语中。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
pick, choose, collect, elect, select, single
这组词都指从若干事物或人中间“挑选出”适合要求、满足需要的事物或人。其区别在于:
1.pick可用于表示无需特别仔细的挑选、辨别的某种情况。例如:
My wife is going with me to help me pick out a new suit.我妻子和我一起去以帮我挑选一件新西装。
2.collect指有计划、有选择地“精选”。例如:
I like collecting stamps very much, and I've also collected many foreign stamps.我非常喜欢集邮,我还收集了许多外国邮票。
3.choose指判断和进行实际挑选,该词强调做决定过程中所下的决心,侧重于意志或判断。例如:
It is highly important for us to choose and train successors.对我们来说,挑选和培养接班人是十分重要的。
The students chose him as their monitor because they liked him.学生们选他做班长,因为他们喜欢他。
The greedy boy chose the largest apple in the dish.那贪心的孩子从盘中挑了一个最大的苹果。
You may choose from them the one you like best.你可从它们中间选出你最喜欢的一个。
They chose her a secretary.他们选择她做秘书。
He was chosen our team leader.他被选为我们的队长。
4.select强调在进行认真的考虑后,从很多的人或物中精选出最好的、最中意的。这是书面用语,有时具有庄严、正式的感情色彩。例如:
They selected a diamond engagement ring.他们挑选了一枚钻石订婚戒指。
Why didn't you select a nice subject?你为什么没选一个好题目?
Select the book you want.选你需要的书。
We selected her to represent us.我们选她作为我们的代表。
He selected the village as a base of operation.他选择了该村为试验基地。
He selected a pair of socks to match his suit.他为配他的那身衣服选了一双袜子。
5.elect所含的意思主要是指在一定的范围内,在有限的数量中,遵照一定的规章或法则,用投票或举手等表决方式,以多数为标准,选出代表或负责人。例如:
We elected the captain of our football team by a show of hands.我们举手选举我们的足球队长。
Only someone born in the United States can be elected as President.只有在美国出生的人才可以被选为美国总统。
The committee is made up of men and women elected by the people.委员会是由人民选出的人员组成。
6.single强调从若干人或物中慎重地挑出适合要求的人或物。例如:
He was singled out to succeed his uncle.他被选出来继承他叔叔的产业。
choose select elect pick prefer opt
这些动词均含有“选择”之意。
  • choose:choose普通用词,侧重根据个人意愿和判断从众多的对象中进行选择,着重被选者的优点。
  • select:select书面用词,具有庄严、正式的感情色彩。强调精选。
  • elect:elect指按照一定的规章或法律,用投票等方式进行的认真慎重的选择。
  • pick:pick口语用词,多指从个人角度仔细挑选,也含任意挑选之意。
  • prefer:prefer强调个人偏爱,不一定有选择的行动。
  • opt:opt多指在几种可能性之间进行选择。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我们在他的果园里摘苹果。

    We picked up apples at his orchard.

    We picked apples at his orchard.

    pick意为“摘,拾”(而非“拾起,捡起”)时不可与副词up连用。

  2. 玛丽在店里花了很长一段时间才挑好一件新衣服。

    It took Mary a long time to pick up a new dress at the store.

    It took Mary a long time to pick out a new dress at the store.

    表示从很多东西中“挑选出”应该说pick out。

  3. 昨天她去买东西时,钱包被人偷了。

    When she went shopping yesterday, she had her pocket stolen.

    When she went shopping yesterday, she had her pocket picked.

    steal pocket是指把口袋偷走, pick pocket才是指扒窃口袋中的东西。

  4. 她看见地上有个钱包,就把它捡了起来。

    She saw a wallet lying on the ground and picked up it.

    She saw a wallet lying on the ground and picked it up.

  5. 他拾起老人的帽子,并掸掉帽子上的灰尘。

    He picked the old man's hat up and dusted it.

    He picked up the old man's hat and dusted it.

    pick up表示“拾起,捡起”,是“ v.+adv. ”型短语。当宾语是代词时,习惯上把代词放在pick与up之间; 当宾语是名词时,一般放在pick up之后。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的piacin,意为扎,刺;最初源自日耳曼语的pikka,意为扎。

pick的相关资料:

正版词典

pick : 铤, ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
pick : 选取,挑选 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

派生词

n.(名词)
  • picky adj. 喜欢挑剔的,难讨好的

缩略词

pick的相关缩略词,共有10

互动百科

  • pick:pick n. 精选, 掘, 鹤嘴锄vt. 摘, 掘, 凿, 挑选, 挖, 挑剔vi. 摘, 掘, 凿, 挖, 挑选v. 拾取 英英解释:名词pick:1. the person or thing c…

临近单词

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