choose

  基本词汇  
[tʃuːz]     [tʃuːz]    
  • v. 选择;决定
chooser chose chosen choosing chooses
new

choose的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 选择,挑选,选,拣,物色,选取,进行抉择,选定,看中
  2. 宁愿,喜欢,愿意,决定(要…) ,情愿
  3. 选举
  4. 欲,愿
  5. 随意
  6. 不相上下,难分高低,相差无几

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 挑选; 选择 pick out from a great number; show what or which one wants by taking
  2. vt. & vi. 选定,决定 decide
  3. vt. & vi. 喜欢; 宁愿 like; prefer

英英释义

Verb:
  1. pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives;

    "Take any one of these cards"
    "Choose a good husband for your daughter"
    "She selected a pair of shoes from among the dozen the salesgirl had shown her"

  2. select as an alternative over another;

    "I always choose the fish over the meat courses in this restaurant"
    "She opted for the job on the East coast"

  3. see fit or proper to act in a certain way; decide to act in a certain way;

    "She chose not to attend classes and now she failed the exam"

choose的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. It's up to you to choose where we should go.
    我们要去的地点,由你负责选择。
  2. He will choose banking as his career.
    他将选择银行业做为职业。
  3. He chose not to go home until later.
    他决定晚一点才回家。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Do just as you choose.
    你愿意怎么办就怎么办。
  2. You have chosen well.
    你选择得很好。
  3. He chooses wisely.
    他选得很高明。
  4. I cannot choose but wait.
    我别无选择,只好等待。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I chose you because you have such a darling complexion.
    我之所以挑选你,是因为你的长相讨人喜欢。
  2. I have chosen the best.
    我已选了最好的。
  3. I have chosen the smallest.
    我挑了个最小的。
  4. She took a long time to choose a new sweater.
    她花了很长时间挑选一件新毛衣。
  5. Will you help me choose a cap?
    你帮我挑选一顶帽子好吗?
  6. She has chosen a green hat.
    她挑选了一顶绿色的帽子。
  7. He deliberately chose the heaviest and dirtiest job.
    他专拣重活、脏活儿干。
  8. They vote to choose a President.
    他们投票选举总统。
  9. In choosing your play,I recommend that you select one written during the last 25 years.
    在选剧本时,我建议你挑选近25年里写的。
  10. She chose happiness instead of wealth.
    她宁要幸福而舍弃财富。
  11. Well,I choose this one before all others.
    好吧,我宁愿要这一个,不要其他那些。
  12. He chooses death before dishonour.
    他宁愿死也不愿受辱。
  13. 1
  14. He was chosen for special training.
    他已被选中进行特殊的训练。
  15. The dean was chosen by election.
    系主任是选举产生的。
  16. Only the best young men were chosen.
    只有那些最优秀的青年人才能被选中。
S+~+to- v
  1. If you choose to come, you may.
    如果你要来,你就可以来。
  2. He does not choose to go abroad this year.
    他今年不愿去国外。
  3. Why have so many people chosen to migrate abroad?
    为什么有这么多的人情愿移居国外呢?
  4. He doesn't choose to be a teacher.
    他不愿意当教师。
  5. It's not my business how she chooses to live.
    她愿意如何生活,不关我的事。
  6. He did not choose to help me.
    他不愿意帮助我。
  7. Jack chose to stay at home rather than go fishing.
    杰克宁愿呆在家里而不愿出去钓鱼。
  8. He chose not to go home until later.
    他决定晚一点回家。
  9. Though I am fond of desserts, especially fruit,I chose not to have any.
    尽管我非常爱吃甜点心,尤其喜欢吃水果,但我决定还是不吃为好。
S+~+wh-to- v
  1. Have you chosen where to go?
    你选定去哪儿了吗?
S+~+ v -ing
  1. I do not choose running.
    我不打算跑。
  2. If you had to choose staying here alone or going with me, what would you do?
    如果要你选择独自留下或跟我走,你怎么办?
S+~+that-clause
  1. I do not choose that he should run for the Presidency.
    我不要他竞选总统职务。
  2. He chose that we should stay.
    他要我们留下。
  3. She chooses that we should set off early.
    她宁愿让我们早些出发。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. We can't choose who bring us into the world.
    出身不由己。
  2. Have you chosen what you want for your birthday?
    你过生日要什么东西决定了吗?
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Choose me a good one, please.
    请替我挑个好的。
  2. She took a long time to choose her new hat.
    她花了很久的时间挑选新帽子。
  3. He chose me a bike.
    他替我挑选了一辆自行车。
S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.
  1. We chose a Christmas present for her.
    我们为她挑选了一件圣诞礼物。
  2. They have chosen a competent tutor for their son.
    他们为儿子挑选了一位有能力的家庭教师。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to be/as) n.
  1. They chose her a secretary.
    他们选她做秘书。
  2. We chose him president.
    我们选他当会长。
  3. They choose me to be their representative.
    他们选我作他们的代表。
  4. They chose him to be president.
    他们选他当总统。
  5. Who did they choose to be their new member of Parliament?
    他们选了谁当他们的新国会议员?
  6. We choose him as our monitor.
    我们选他当我们的班长。
  7. They choose her as their spokesperson.
    他们选她为他们的代言人。
  8. They choose Mr. Hobbs as their leader.
    他们推选霍布斯先生当他们的队长。
  9. 1
  10. Smith was chosen the head of the factory.
    史密斯被选为厂长。
  11. He was chosen as President because he was a fully qualified, charismatic statesman.
    他被选为总统是因为他是一个完全合格、具有超凡魅力的政治家。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. I choose him to stay here.
    我选他留在这里。
  2. 1
  3. Last year he was chosen to attend a conference of advanced workers.
    去年他被推选出席了先进工作者会议。
  4. A small boy was chosen to run this errand because he would not arouse enemy's suspicions.
    一个小男孩被选来执行这项任务,因为他不会引起敌人的怀疑。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
choose among (v.+prep.)
    从…之间选择 elect among
    choose among sth

    You have to choose among these fabrics.

    你得从这些织品中挑选。

choose between (v.+prep.)
    在…之间选择 make a choice between ( usually two things or people)
    choose between sb/sth/v-ing

    We have agreed that you shall choose between us now.

    我们一致同意你现在就在我们两人中间选择。

    There is little to choose between them.

    他们都不相上下。

    We had to choose between death and dishonour.

    我们必须在死亡和耻辱之间进行选择。

    It is difficult to choose between two such nice houses.

    两幢房子都这么漂亮,让人难以作出抉择。

    I had to choose between staying with my parents and going abroad.

    留下来跟父母在一起还是出国,我必须作出选择。

    choose sth between sth

    You may choose one book between the two.

    你可以从这两本书中挑一本。

choose for (v.+prep.)
    把…选作 choose sb/sth to be
    choose sb/sth for sb/sth

    She chose Charlie for her husband.

    她挑选查理作为她的丈夫。

    That's the name he has chosen for his new novel.

    那就是他给自己的新小说选定的书名。

choose from (v.+prep.)
    从…之间选择 elect; choose sb/sth from
    choose sb/sth from sb/sth

    They chose us from a large number of students.

    他们从大量学生中挑选了我们。

    I chose a few books from the shelf yesterday morning.

    昨天早上我从书架上选了几本书。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Have unanimously chosen you Mayor.

    出自: S. Foote
  • Sir Thomas Arundell, who chose out..this spot.

    出自: A. L. Rowse
  • The Poles did not choose..the political system under which they live.

    出自: D. Lodge

choose的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. choose的基本意思是“选择,选取”,通常指一个人以主观判断或意愿在两个或两个以上的人或事物中加以选择,强调凭自己的好恶选择自己认为合适的东西,有时也指根据被选择对象的优点或实际需要所进行的选择。引申可作“决定”“喜欢; 宁愿”解。
  2. choose作“选择”解时可接名词、代词、带或不带疑问词的动词不定式、动名词、that/wh-从句作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转化为介词for的宾语。choose还可接以“to be/as+ n. ”或以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。 choose作“决定,选定”解时,可接动词不定式或that/wh-从句作宾语,而不接名词或代词作宾语,不可用于被动结构。choose后接的that从句须用虚拟语气。
  3. choose作“喜欢; 宁愿”解时,可以搭用before, instead of或more than引起的短语来构成选择比较结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
choose as, choose for
  • 这两者都可表示“选…作…”,其区别在于:choose as强调身份, choose for强调目的。
  • choose, collect, elect, pick, select, single
  • 这组词都指从若干事物或人中间“挑选出”适合要求、满足需要的事物或人。其区别在于:
  • 1.pick可用于表示无需特别仔细的挑选、辨别的某种情况。例如:
  • My wife is going with me to help me pick out a new suit.我妻子和我一起去以帮我挑选一件新西装。
  • 2.collect指有计划、有选择地“精选”。例如:
  • I like collecting stamps very much, and I've also collected many foreign stamps.我非常喜欢集邮,我还收集了许多外国邮票。
  • 3.choose指判断和进行实际挑选,该词强调做决定过程中所下的决心,侧重于意志或判断。例如:
  • It is highly important for us to choose and train successors.对我们来说,挑选和培养接班人是十分重要的。
  • The students chose him as their monitor because they liked him.学生们选他做班长,因为他们喜欢他。
  • The greedy boy chose the largest apple in the dish.那贪心的孩子从盘中挑了一个最大的苹果。
  • You may choose from them the one you like best.你可从它们中间选出你最喜欢的一个。
  • They chose her a secretary.他们选择她做秘书。
  • He was chosen our team leader.他被选为我们的队长。
  • 4.select强调在进行认真的考虑后,从很多的人或物中精选出最好的、最中意的。这是书面用语,有时具有庄严、正式的感情色彩。例如:
  • They selected a diamond engagement ring.他们挑选了一枚钻石订婚戒指。
  • Why didn't you select a nice subject?你为什么没选一个好题目?
  • Select the book you want.选你需要的书。
  • We selected her to represent us.我们选她作为我们的代表。
  • He selected the village as a base of operation.他选择了该村为试验基地。
  • He selected a pair of socks to match his suit.他为配他的那身衣服选了一双袜子。
  • 5.elect所含的意思主要是指在一定的范围内,在有限的数量中,遵照一定的规章或法则,用投票或举手等表决方式,以多数为标准,选出代表或负责人。例如:
  • We elected the captain of our football team by a show of hands.我们举手选举我们的足球队长。
  • Only someone born in the United States can be elected as President.只有在美国出生的人才可以被选为美国总统。
  • The committee is made up of men and women elected by the people.委员会是由人民选出的人员组成。
  • 6.single强调从若干人或物中慎重地挑出适合要求的人或物。例如:
  • He was singled out to succeed his uncle.他被选出来继承他叔叔的产业。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      那里有许多货物供你挑选。

      There are a lot of goods for you to choose.

      There are a lot of goods for you to choose from.

      表示“从…中挑选”,应用choose from〔between〕, among, out of,而choose sth/sb 表示“挑选某物〔人〕”。

      我的印象是,这些书是她仔细挑选出来的。

      I have the impression that she chose the books out with care.

      I have the impression that she chose the books with care.

      表示“选择”用choose即可, out与choose连用意思重复。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自中古英语的chesen,意为选择。
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