prohibit

  常用词汇  
[prə'hɪbɪt]     [prə'hɪbɪt]    
  • vt. 禁止;妨碍
prohibited prohibited prohibiting prohibits
new

prohibit的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 禁止
  2. 使不可能
  3. 不准许
  4. 防止
  5. 违禁
  6. 阻止
  7. 妨碍

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 禁止; 阻止 forbid especially by rules or regulations

英英释义

Verb:
  1. command against;

    "I forbid you to call me late at night"
    "Mother vetoed the trip to the chocolate store"
    "Dad nixed our plans"

prohibit的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Smoking is prohibited here.
    这里禁止吸烟。
  2. We should prohibit the sale of pornographic literature.
    我们应该禁止出售淫秽文学。
  3. Some areas prohibit dogs or require them to be on a leash at all times.
    一些区域禁止狗或者要求一直拴住它们。
  4. Rainy weather and fog prohibited flying.
    雨天和大雾妨碍了飞行。
  5. I fear that a prior engagement will prohibit me from joining you in dinner.
    有约在先,我恐怕不能与你共进晚餐。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages.
    禁止出售含酒精的饮料。
  2. We prohibit air guns and the weapons that might wound someone.
    我们禁止使用气枪等伤人的武器。
  3. Your bid is so low that it prohibits business.
    你们的报价太低无法成交。
  4. The high cost prohibits the widespread use of the drug.
    该药昂贵而影响其广泛应用。
  5. 1
  6. All native traffic is prohibited for three months.
    当地交通被禁止通行三个月。
  7. The act was wrong in the scene that it was prohibited by law.
    因为法律禁止,所以这个行动是错误的。
S+~+(sb/sb's) v -ing
  1. Many firms prohibit smoking in the office.
    许多公司禁止在办公室抽烟。
  2. Rainy weather and fog prohibited flying.
    多雨的天气和雾妨碍了飞行。
  3. The police prohibit parking in the city centre.
    警方禁止在市中心区停车。
  4. His small size prohibits his becoming a policeman.
    他身材矮小,当不成警察。
  5. The police prohibited us reporters entering Brazil at Recife.
    警察禁止我们记者从累西菲进入巴西。
  6. 1
  7. Smoking is strictly prohibited.
    严禁吸烟。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
prohibit from (v.+prep.)
    禁止 forbid sth/sb from doing sth especially by laws or regulations
    prohibit sb from v-ing

    The law prohibits tobacconists from selling cigarettes to children.

    法律禁止烟贩向儿童出售香烟。

    We prohibit pupils from smoking.

    我们禁止学生抽烟。

    He threw himself in front of the door and prohibited us from leaving.

    他猛冲到门前不让我们离开。

    The tourists are prohibited from getting on the island.

    旅游者被禁止登上那个小岛。

    You are prohibited from riding bicycles on the sidewalk.

    禁止人行道上骑自行车。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Parents were prohibited from selling, gifting, or pledging their children.

    出自: A. Ranken
  • Purchase of tires was prohibited.

    出自: P. Fussell

prohibit的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. prohibit的基本意思是“禁止”,指以法令、条例、规章的形式禁止某事,禁止某人做某事。含有较弱的专横行使权力的意思,有时则指为了当事人的权益或有条理的秩序而强加的限制。
  2. prohibit是及物动词,接名词、代词或动名词作宾语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
prohibit, forbid
  • 这组词都有“禁止”“阻止”的意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.forbid既可指个人作出的约束,也指有关方面如国家、政府、机关等作出的规定或准则; prohibit只指以法律或官方行政手段,尤指以正式规章制度的形式加以禁止。
  • 2.forbid强调期望顺从,而prohibit则趋向于保护当事人利益或维护正常秩序。
  • 3.forbid用于禁止较小的事物; prohibit用于禁止影响比较大的事物。
  • 4.forbid较直接,较随便; prohibit则较正式。
  • 5.forbid后可接不定式或从句作直接宾语,还可接双宾语; 而prohibit通常与from搭配。
  • prohibit的相关资料:

    近反义词

    【近义词】
    【反义词】

    派生词

    v.(动词)
    • prohibition n. 禁令,禁律;禁酒‖prohibitive adj. 禁止使用或购买的,禁止性的;(指价格等)高得买不起的;禁止的‖prohibitively adv. 禁止地‖prohibitiveness n. 禁止

    临近单词

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