happen

  基本词汇  
['hæpən]     ['hæpən]    
  • vi.发生;碰巧;出现;偶遇
happened happened happening happens
new

happen是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 也许,可能
v.(动词)
  1. 发生
  2. 碰巧,恰好,偶然出现,偶然发生,偶然发现
  3. 降临
  4. 遭到,遇到
  5. 偶遇
  6. <俚>极其兴奋,非常有趣

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vi. 发生 occur by chance
  2. vi. 碰巧,恰巧 chance; have the good or bad fortune
  3. vi. 偶然发现 find by chance

英英释义

Verb:
  1. come to pass;

    "What is happening?"
    "The meeting took place off without an incidence"
    "Nothing occurred that seemed important"

  2. happen, occur, or be the case in the course of events or by chance;

    "It happens that today is my birthday"
    "These things befell"

  3. chance to be or do something, without intention or causation;

    "I happen to have just what you need!"

  4. come into being; become reality;

    "Her dream really materialized"

  5. come upon, as if by accident; meet with;

    "We find this idea in Plato"
    "I happened upon the most wonderful bakery not very far from here"
    "She chanced upon an interesting book in the bookstore the other day"

happen的用法和样例:

例句

用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. The accident happened at six o'clock.
    事故发生在六点钟。
  2. It is impossible to anticipate when it will happen.
    不可能预料这事何时发生。
  3. I happened to see her yesterday.
    我昨天碰巧见到她。
  4. I happen to have the official statistics with me.
    我碰巧身边有官方的统计数字。
  5. I tremble at the thought of what may happen.
    我想到可能出现的情况就不寒而栗。
  6. I happened on just the thing I'd been looking for.
    我偶然发现了我一直在寻找的东西。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. It happened under my eyes.
    我亲眼看见这事发生的。
  2. How did this happen?
    这事是怎么发生的?
  3. The accident happened at three o'clock.
    事故是3点钟发生的。
  4. A crowd soon collected at the crossroad to see what had happened.
    十字路口上很快就聚集了一群人,都想看看出了什么事。
  5. Who can foretell what will happen to the world in 1000 year's time?
    谁能预言1000年后这个世界将会发生什么事?
  6. A near-total news blockout kept the outside world guessing as to what was really happening at the summit.
    由于对会议实行了全面新闻封锁,外界人士对首脑会议只能进行猜测。
  7. It's impossible to anticipate when it will happen.
    要预料何时会发生是不可能的。
  8. She exclaimed that she would not allow that to happen.
    她大声说她不允许那件事发生。
  9. Try to describe exactly what happened before the accident.
    设法描绘一下就在事故发生前的确切情景。
S+~+to- v
  1. If you happened to be in town, would you ask about it?
    你要是有机会进城,可不可以问问这件事?
  2. You happened to be out when I came to your house.
    我到你家时,你正好出去了。
  3. He happened to be going that way too.
    他恰好也正往那边走。
  4. She happened to have just finished reading the book.
    碰巧她刚读完那本书。
  5. Do you happen to know her telephone number?
    你知道她的电话号码吗?
  6. If you happen to see Miss Yang, please tell her to come to my office after supper.
    要是你碰见杨小姐,请告诉她晚饭后到我办公室来。
  7. There happened to be a severe drought that year.
    那年适逢严重旱灾。
It ~s/ed+that-clause
  1. It happens that his elder sister is a close friend of mine.
    恰好他姐姐是我的一个好朋友。
  2. It happened that the harvest was bad that year.
    恰好那年收成不好。
  3. It so happened that I had no money with me.
    碰巧我身上没带钱。
  4. It so happened that he had to be present at a meeting.
    他碰巧得去参加一个会议。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
as it happens〔happened〕
  1. 碰巧 by chance

    We met her only yesterday, as it happens. 我们只是在昨天才与她碰巧相遇。

    They were all out, as it happened. 真巧,他们全出去了。

happen along (v.+adv.)
  1. 出现 arrive by chance happen along

    She happened along just as we were about to leave.当我们将要离开的时候,她突然来访。

    Guess who happened along while I was waiting for the bus.你猜猜看,我在等公共汽车时谁碰巧也来了?

    You were obviously annoyed that the child had happened along.那孩子此时出现你显然很生气。

happen on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 巧遇,偶然发现 find or meet by chance happen on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    I happened on John in the park.我在公园里碰巧遇到约翰。

    We happened on an old country inn, and stopped to have a meal.我们碰巧发现一家古老的乡村小旅店,就停下来吃了一顿饭。

    The children happened on a charming little stream near the camp.孩子们无意间在宿营地附近发现了一条可爱的小溪。

    He happened upon the perfect solution to the problem just as he was about to give up his research.正当他要放弃自己的研究时,他偶然发现了解决这个问题的最佳方案。

happen to (v.+prep.)
  1. 发生在…身上 (of an event) take place and have an effect on happen to sb/sth

    The boy is crying.What has happened to him?那孩子在哭,他怎么啦?

    If anything should happen to you, follow my advice.万一你碰上什么意外,照我的话去做。

    The brakes failed.Has that ever happened to you?车闸失灵了,你以前发生过这种情况吗?

    What happened to him next?后来他怎样了?

    Be careful; don't let anything happen to that child.小心些,别让那个孩子出任何事。

    A bad accident happened to that family.那家人遇到了极其不幸的灾祸。

    What has happened to your hand?你的手怎么了?

    If anything happens to the machine, please let me know.要是机器出了毛病,请告诉我。

whatever happens〔happen what may〕
  1. 无论发生什么 not care anything occur

    Whatever happens, you must survive all along. 不管发生什么事,你必须好好活着。

    We'll go to London tomorrow, happen what may. 不管发生什么情况,我们明天都要去伦敦。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+副词+介词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • If anything happens to me, recollect that death is a debt we must all pay.

    出自:H. Nelson
  • No harm shall happen you.

    出自:E. S. Barrett
  • When we crossed into Gael, an interesting thing happened.

    出自:G. Vidal
  • I'm not someone who makes miracles happen.

    出自:P. Roth

happen的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. happen是不及物动词,作“发生”解时,可指偶然的事故,也可指有计划或无计划发生的事。一般以事件、环境、形势等作主语,表示“某人发生某事”时,须以介词to 引出“某人”。作“碰巧”解时,其后须接动词不定式构成复合谓语,可由人称代词或无人称代词it作主语。与if连用则可使语气委婉。
  2. happen也可如be般用于存在句中,其时态须与其后的主语保持一致。
  3. happen是瞬间动词,不能与表示一段时间的状语连用,也不能用于进行体。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
happen to sb, happen with sb
这两者都是“某人发生了某事”的意思,前者可指坏事,也可指好事; 而后者多指坏事。试比较:
  • What's happened to her?
  • 她怎么了?
  • What's happened with her?
  • 她出什么事了?
happen, occur, take place
这三者均可作“发生”解。它们的区别是:
1.happen和occur往往表示事情的发生带有偶然性, happen是一般用语, occur是较正式用语; take place常指按计划“发生”。例如:
The explosion happened〔occurred〕 during an exercise near the town.在离市镇不远的地方演习时发生了爆炸。
The talk is scheduled to take place tomorrow morning at eight o'clock.预定明早8时举行会谈。
2.当表示具体事情的名词作主语时,用happen和occur都可,如果不是表示具体事情的词则多用happen。在否定句里一般用occur。例如:
These events happened〔occured〕 last year.这些事是去年发生的。
What happened after I left?我走后发生了什么事情?
It didn't occur to him to ask for help.他没想到请别人帮忙。
下面两个句子意思不同:
  • It happens that I am there.
  • 碰巧我在那里。
  • It so happens that I am there.
  • 事情发生得那么凑巧,我在那里。
  • 第1句中的it是形式主语,第2句中的it是第三人称代词,相当于the thing。
occur happen take place
三者都表示“发生”,都是不及物动词。
  • occur:occur指“发生”时可与 happen 换用,但后接to sb./sth.时,两者含义不同:;occur to sb./sth. 指“某种思想等呈现于某人的知觉中”。
  • 你难道就没想过给他们打个电话?
  • Didn’t it occur to you to phone them about it?
  • happen:happen指“偶然发生”时,主语为“事”;当主语是“人”时,意为“碰巧”。happen to sb./sth. 指不好的事情发生在某人(物)身上。
  • 他碰巧知道那个地方。
  • He happened to know the place.
  • take place:take place表示“发生”,可与 happen 或occur换用,但其后面一般不接 to sb./sth.结构;指必然会发生的事情时,多用 take place;此外take place 还可表示“举行某种活动”。
  • 一九一九年,中国发生了五四运动。
  • In 1919, the May 4th Movement took place in China.

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自中古英语的happeenn,意为机缘,偶然发生。

happen的相关资料:

正版词典

happen : 一口,一小 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
happen : (偶然)发生 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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互动百科

  • happen:happen vi. 发生, 碰巧, 偶然v. 发生, 恰巧, 偶然发现习惯用语as it happens 碰巧来到, 恰好出现be likely to happen 可能要发生if anything…

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