material

  核心词汇  
[mə'tɪəriəl]     [mə'tɪriəl]    
  • n. 材料;原料;素材;资料;题材;物质
  • adj. 物质的;重要的;关键的;肉体上的;实质性的
new

material的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 材料
  2. 原料
  3. 素材
  4. 资料
  5. 织物
  6. 料子
  7. 用具
  8. 工具
  9. 布料
  10. 节目
  11. 曲目
  12. 剧目
  13. 题材
  14. 物资
  15. 设备
  16. 用以创作的材料
  17. 物质
  18. 必需品
  19. 品质
  20. 人材
adj. (形容词)
  1. 物质的
  2. 身体上的
  3. 有形的
  4. 肉体的
  5. 重要的
  6. 【律】重要的
  7. 物欲的
  8. 追求实利的
  9. 关键的
  10. 决定判决的
  11. 实际的
  12. 客观存在的
  13. 必要的
  14. 实体的
  15. 肉体上的
  16. 卑俗的
  17. 物质性的
  18. 实质性的
  19. 必需的
  20. 【逻、哲】实质上的

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C][U]材料,原料 anything from which sth is or can be made; natural or man-made substance
  2. [U][C]布料 cloth
  3. [U]资料,素材 information from which a (written) work is to be produced
adj. (形容词)
  1. 物质的; 身体的,肉体的 of or having an effect on real or solid matter or substance; of the body; physical
  2. [A]重要的,重大的 important or having a wide effect
  3. 有重要关系的 having important connection

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object;

    "coal is a hard black material"
    "wheat is the stuff they use to make bread"

  2. information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form;

    "the archives provided rich material for a definitive biography"

  3. artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers;

    "the fabric in the curtains was light and semitransparent"
    "woven cloth originated in Mesopotamia around 5000 BC"
    "she measured off enough material for a dress"

  4. things needed for doing or making something;

    "writing materials"
    "useful teaching materials"

  5. a person judged suitable for admission or employment;

    "he was university material"
    "she was vice-presidential material"

Adjective:
  1. concerned with worldly rather than spiritual interests;

    "material possessions"
    "material wealth"
    "material comforts"

  2. derived from or composed of matter;

    "the material universe"

  3. directly relevant to a matter especially a law case;

    "his support made a material difference"
    "evidence material to the issue at hand"
    "facts likely to influence the judgment are called material facts"
    "a material witness"

  4. concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being;

    "material needs"
    "the moral and material welfare of all good citizens"

  5. having material or physical form or substance;

    "that which is created is of necessity corporeal and visible and tangible"

  6. having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary;

    "the substantial world"
    "a mere dream, neither substantial nor practical"
    "most ponderous and substantial things"

material的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The colour in this silk material will not fade.
    这种绸布料子不会褪色。
  2. The workshop has shut down for lack of raw material.
    由于缺乏原料,这个车间已停工了。
  3. She's collecting materials for her latest novel.
    她在为其最新的小说收集素材。
  4. He was grubbing about in the public library for materials.
    他正在公共图书馆里寻找资料。
  5. This is good material for a play.
    这是写剧本的好题材。
  6. This material is impervious to gases and liquids.
    气体和液体都透不过这种物质。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Material wealth doesn't equal spiritual wealth.
    物质的财富并不代表精神的财富!
  2. He made a material contribution to the work.
    他对工作做出了重要的贡献。
  3. Is this point material to your argument?
    这一点对你的论点很重要吗?
  4. Great men see that spiritual is stronger than any material force.
    伟人认为精神力量比肉体力量更强大。
  5. The citizens is looking forward to getting blessed with more material welfare.
    市民们都盼望着获得更多实质性的福利。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. This material is homogeneous.
    这种材料质地均匀。
  2. This material is imitation, it isn't natural leather.
    这材料是仿造的,不是天然皮。
  3. When light passes from air to a denser material such as water or glass, its speed will slow down.
    当光通过密度较大的物质,比如水或玻璃时,它的速度就会减慢下来。
  4. It is safest to cover all the bare metal parts of an electric circuit with insulating material.
    用绝缘材料将电路所有裸露的部件包裹起来是非常安全的方法。
  5. Japan imports textile materials from Britain
    日本从英国进口纺织材料。
  6. To trial-produce this product, we need some costly materials.
    为试制这种产品,我们需要某些价值昂贵的材料。
  7. It's dangerous to smoke when handling explosive materials.
    处理爆炸品时吸烟是非常危险的。
  8. This coat is made of coarse material.
    这件外套是用粗糙的衣料做的。
  9. These materials were collected through year's efforts.
    这些资料是通过多年的努力才收集到的。
  10. The book provides much material for thought.
    这本书中有许多东西是发人深省的。
  11. I'm gathering material for a novel.
    我正在搜集小说素材。
  12. I was not art historian material.
    我不是研究艺术史的料。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. The storm did a great deal of material damage.
    暴风雨造成许多物质的破坏。
  2. He wanted material things like money and power, possessions.
    他需要像钱和财产这类物质上的东西。
  3. Material civilization is very important today.
    物质文明在当今十分重要。
  4. She has a soul above material pleasures.
    她有一个超越物质享受的灵魂。
  5. You think of too much of material comforts.
    你对肉体的享受考虑得太多了。
  6. Hard work is a material factor in success.
    勤奋是成功的重要因素。
用作表语 S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. Such information is material to our researches.
    这种情报对我们的研究很重要。
  2. That is not material to the question.
    那对这个问题无关紧要。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
raw material
    原材料 starting material from which sth can be made
用作形容词 (adj.)
material witness
    重要证人 witness whose evidence is crucial to the case

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • The material world appears to be..boundless and immense.

    出自: J. Butler
  • The accumulation of material things has never been of great significance to me.

    出自:Annabel

material的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. material的基本意思是“材料,原料”,尤指“布料”,可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。泛指“建筑材料,化肥原料,战略物资,原材料”时,用复数形式。
  2. material还可指写作等所取材的“资料,素材”,是不可数名词,常与介词for连用。引申可作“可造之材”解。
adj. (形容词)
  1. material用作形容词的基本意思是“物质的”,指由物质构成的一切,或指与由物质构成的事物相关的一切。material也可作“身体的,肉体的”“重要的,重大的”“有重要关系的”解。
  2. material在句中作定语或表语。
  3. material无比较级和最高级。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
material, matter, stuff, substance
  • 这组词都可表示“物质”。其区别在于:
  • 1.matter泛指构成客观物体或宇宙的所有物质。在物理学上指由很少的几种基本粒子构成的物质; 在哲学上则指与mind(意识)相对的物质。例如:
  • Matter occupies space.物质占据空间。
  • 2.stuff, material和substance都可指构成或制作某物的材料或零件, material特指人造制品的制作原料, substance则指某种可使某物具有某种特性的特殊物质。例如:
  • Hope is the stuff that dreams are made of.希望正是构成理想的材料。
  • The tips of matches are covered with chemical substance.火柴头上包着一层化学物质。
  • 3.material还可指文学创作的素材,而其他的词却无此义。例如:
  • He is now collecting material for a biography of Du Fu.他正在为写作杜甫传记而收集资料。
  • 4.stuff是日常用语,不用于科技文体中,而其他的词则可用作科技术语。例如:
  • He was told to move his stuff out of the room.人家叫他把他的东西搬出房间去。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自后期拉丁语的materialis;最初源自拉丁语的materia,意为木头,木板。

    material的相关资料:

    近反义词

    派生词

    adj.(形容词)
    • materialism n. 唯物主义;唯物论;实利主义;物质主义‖materialist n. 唯物主义者;唯物论者;物质享乐主义者‖materialistic adj. 唯物论的;物质享乐主义的‖materialize v. 具体化;成为现实

    临近单词

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