substance

  核心词汇  
['sʌbstəns]     ['sʌbstəns]    
  • n. 实质;物质;财产;内容;重要性
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substance的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 实质,本质
  2. 物质
  3. 本体
  4. 主旨,要旨,要义,要领
  5. 财产
  6. 【哲】实体
  7. 牢固,坚实
  8. 东西,内容
  9. 资力
  10. 质地,材料

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C] 物质 a material
  2. [U] 主旨,要旨 the real meaning, without the unimportant details
  3. [U] 实质; 内容 importance, especially in relation to real life

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists;

    "DNA is the substance of our genes"

  2. the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;

    "the gist of the prosecutor's argument"
    "the heart and soul of the Republican Party"
    "the nub of the story"

  3. the idea that is intended;

    "What is the meaning of this proverb?"

  4. material of a particular kind or constitution;

    "the immune response recognizes invading substances"

  5. considerable capital (wealth or income);

    "he is a man of means"

  6. what a communication that is about something is about

  7. a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties;

    "shigella is one of the most toxic substances known to man"

substance的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The Substance and Prospect of "East China Sea" Dispute between China and Japan
    中日"东海问题"的实质及展望
  2. The emery is a hard metallic substance.
    金刚砂是非常坚硬的金属物质。
  3. Beware of what you do with this dangerous substance.
    你处理这些危险品时,可要当心。
  4. Later he became a man of substance.
    后来,他成为颇具资产的人。
  5. There is not anything of real substance in their book.
    他们的书中没有什么实质性的内容。
  6. This argument has some substance.
    这项争论具有一定的重要性。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Soil consists of various chemical substances.
    土壤由各种化学物质组成。
  2. Is there any substance to their claim?
    他们的要求有实质内容吗?
  3. The substance of their talk is condensed into a paragraph.
    他们谈话的要旨被压缩成一段话。
  4. There isn't anything of real substance in her book.
    她的书中没有任何真正实质性的内容。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~

经典引文

  • Bigots..who hate sects..more than they love the substance of religion.

    出自: Burke
  • Trends that are the substance of journalism.

    出自: J. Cartwright

substance的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. substance同essence最早出现在拉丁哲学术语中,源自希腊。大概的说,substance着重于物质和数量的方向上,而essence则是着重在精神和质量的方向上。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
substance, material, matter, stuff
  • 这组词都可表示“物质”。其区别在于:
  • 1.matter泛指构成客观物体或宇宙的所有物质。在物理学上指由很少的几种基本粒子构成的物质; 在哲学上则指与mind(意识)相对的物质。例如:
  • Matter occupies space.物质占据空间。
  • 2.stuff, material和substance都可指构成或制作某物的材料或零件, material特指人造制品的制作原料, substance则指某种可使某物具有某种特性的特殊物质。例如:
  • Hope is the stuff that dreams are made of.希望正是构成理想的材料。
  • The tips of matches are covered with chemical substance.火柴头上包着一层化学物质。
  • 3.material还可指文学创作的素材,而其他的词却无此义。例如:
  • He is now collecting material for a biography of Du Fu.他正在为写作杜甫传记而收集资料。
  • 4.stuff是日常用语,不用于科技文体中,而其他的词则可用作科技术语。例如:
  • He was told to move his stuff out of the room.人家叫他把他的东西搬出房间去。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的substance;最初源自拉丁语的substantia(substare的现在分词):sub (从下向上) + stare (站立),意为牢牢站立。
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