matter

  基本词汇  
['mætə(r)]     ['mætər]    
  • n.事情;事态;问题;关于...的事情;物质;重要性
  • v.有关系;要紧
mattered mattered mattering matters
new

matter是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 物质
  2. 问题
  3. 事情,事件
  4. 事态,情势
  5. 内容
  6. 材料
  7. 物品
  8. 重要性
  9. 素材
  10. 主题
  11. 物体
  12. 毛病
  13. 原因,理由
  14. 根据
  15. 邮件
v.(动词)
  1. 有关系,相干,跟...有关系
  2. 【医】化脓,出脓
  3. 要紧,重要,至关紧要
  4. 有重大影响
  5. 有重要性,有重大关系

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U]物质,物体 the material which makes up the world and everything in space which can be seen or touched
  2. [U]题材,内容 a subject itself as opposed to the form in which it is spoken or written about
  3. [C]事情,问题 affair; subject to which one gives attention
  4. [S]困难,毛病,麻烦 a trouble or cause of pain, illness, etc.
  5. [U]重要性 (of) importance
v.(动词)
  1. vi. 要紧,有关系 be of importance

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
matter : 物质 ...
在 《外教社物理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
matter : 事情, 物资 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
matter : 打印文稿; ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
matter : 物质 ...
在 《外教社材料学英语词典》 中查看更多...
matter : 事情, 物资 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
matter : 物质;物料 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
matter : 物质 ...
在 《外教社天文学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a vaguely specified concern;

    "several matters to attend to"
    "it is none of your affair"
    "things are going well"

  2. some situation or event that is thought about;

    "he kept drifting off the topic"
    "he had been thinking about the subject for several years"
    "it is a matter for the police"

  3. that which has mass and occupies space;

    "physicists study both the nature of matter and the forces which govern it"

  4. a problem;

    "is anything the matter?"

  5. (used with negation) having consequence;

    "they were friends and it was no matter who won the games"

  6. written works (especially in books or magazines);

    "he always took some reading matter with him on the plane"

Verb:
  1. have weight; have import, carry weight;

    "It does not matter much"

matter的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I don't talk with my boss about my private matters.
    我不和我的老板谈私事。
  2. She reluctantly agreed to let the matter drop.
    她勉强同意这事到此为止。
  3. He reconsidered his decision for the new development of the matter.
    他根据事态的发展重新考虑自已的决定.
  4. Is anything the matter?
    有什么问题吗?
  5. I want to speak to her in the matter of my salary.
    我想跟她谈谈我的薪水问题。
  6. Matter can change from one state to another.
    物质能从一种状态变成另一种状态。
  7. It is no matter whether he comes or not.
    他来不来都无关紧要。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Does it matter what you do next ?
    你下一步所做的事关系重大吗?
  2. What matter if they meet with some difficulties?
    即使他们遇到一些困难,那又有什么关系呢?
  3. As long as you are happy, it doesn't matter what you will do.
    只要你高兴,你干什么都不要紧。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Matter is the opposite of mind.
    物质与精神相对。
  2. Matter is primary and mind is secondary.
    物质是第一性的,精神是第二性的。
  3. The river is rich in organic matter.
    这条河里有丰富的有机物质。
  4. The entire universe is made up of different kinds of matter.
    整个宇宙是由各种物质构成的。
  5. Matter and energy are equal and interchangeable.
    物质和能量是相等的,并可相互转换。
  6. What's the subject matter of today's debate?
    今天辩论的内容是什么?
  7. The book contains much useless matter.
    这本书里有许多无用的东西。
  8. I find much matter for reflection in this book.
    我在这本书中发现许多值得思考的东西。
  9. Perfection of form cannot excuse poverty of matter.
    不能用形式完整来为内容贫乏辩解。
  10. The matter in your composition is quite good but the writing is not lucid enough.
    你的作文内容很好,但文字不够简单明了。
  11. I must take some suitable reading matter for the journey.
    我必须带些合适的读物在旅途中阅读。
  12. The room is furnished with good reading matter.
    房间里备有良好的读物。
  13. The matter admits of no delay.
    此事刻不容缓。
  14. I don't talk to my employer about private matters.
    我不跟我的雇主谈私事。
  15. It is a matter of regret that you couldn't come there on time.
    你不能按时到达那儿是一件遗憾的事。
  16. Some people adopted a wait-and-see policy in this matter.
    在这件事上,有些人采取了观望的态度。
  17. It is difficult to argue the matter without hurting her feelings.
    就这件事进行争论而又不伤她的感情是困难的。
  18. It relates to a matter of time.
    这涉及一个时间的问题。
  19. Not much the matter.
    没有什么事情。
  20. That is a decision of little matter.
    那是一个不重要的决定。
  21. It's a matter of duty.
    这是个责任问题。
  22. That is his matter for complaint.
    那正是他抱怨的原因。
  23. There is no matter for wonder.
    没有惊奇的理由。
  24. Matters went rapidly from bad to worse.
    情况急剧地恶化。
  25. This will make matters worse.
    用这种方法将会使情况更加恶化。
  26. They kept quiet about it until matters took a disturbing new turn.
    他们对此始终保持沉默,直到情况发生了令人不安的新转折。
  27. You should adapt yourself for new ways of looking at matters.
    你应当适应于对事情的新的看法。
  28. You must have something the matter with your eyes.
    你的眼睛一定有点毛病。
  29. Is there anything the matter with him?
    他出了什么事吗?
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Age doesn't matter.
    年龄无关紧要。
  2. All these things do not matter now.
    现在所有这些事情都不重要了。
  3. What they say matters little.
    他们的话无关紧要。
  4. It doesn't matter.
    这不碍事。
  5. It doesn't matter much.
    没有多大关系。
  6. It does not matter at all.
    毫无关系。
  7. I wasn't able to speak to her before she left—not that it matters though, because I can phone her tonight.
    我未能在她离开前同她谈话,但这并不重要,因为今晚还能给她打电话。
  8. “I'm sorry; I am two minutes late.”“It doesn't matter.”
    “对不起,我迟到了2分钟。”“没关系。”
  9. The cut got dirty and after a few days began to matter.
    伤口弄脏了,几天后就开始化脓。
It+~+ v -ing
  1. It doesn't matter hurting myself a little bit.
    我受点伤,不要紧。
It+~+that/wh-clause
  1. It had never mattered much to her that she had not had a formal education.
    她未受过正规教育,这对她来说从来没有多大关系。
  2. If a person does his best it doesn't matter what people think of him.
    如果一个人尽了他最大的努力,那么人们如何看他并没关系。
  3. It does not matter who wins.
    无论谁赢都无关紧要。
  4. It doesn't matter how you're dressed.
    你穿得怎样并没关系。
It+~+if/whether-clause
  1. What does it matter if it rains?
    下雨有啥要紧?
  2. It doesn't matter if I miss my train, because there's another later.
    如果我错过了我那趟火车,没关系,晚些时候还有一趟。
  3. It doesn't matter much whether we go together or separately.
    我们一起去还是分头去都可以。
It+~+to sb+wh-clause
  1. Does it matter to you what people say?
    别人说什么你在乎吗?
  2. It doesn't matter to me whether to go by ship or train.
    乘船还是乘火车对我来说都可以。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
a matter of fact
  1. 事实上 the truth

    It is a matter of fact, not a matter of opinion. 这是一个事实问题,而不是一个看法不同的问题。

    It is a matter of fact that excessive exposure to the sun's rays, especially in fair-skinned people, can cause skin cancer. 事实上,过度地暴露于阳光之下,特别是对那些白皮肤的人们来说,易患皮肤癌。

a matter of life and death
  1. 生死攸关的事情;成败的关键 issue that is crucial to survival,success,etc.

    He told the telephone operator that his call was a matter of life and death. 他告诉接线员,说他的电话是生死攸关的重要事情。

a matter of opinion
  1. 看法不同的见解 sth about which people hold different views

    Whether she's clever or not is a matter of opinion. 对于她是否聪明大家看法不同。

as a matter of conscience
  1. 从道德观点出发 thinking of sth according to conscience

    As a matter of conscience, he doesn't feel that he can stand up for the President any longer. 凭良心讲,他认为他没法再支持总统了。

as a matter of course
  1. 自然,通常 naturally

    She took the news as a matter of course. 她把这则消息当作理所当然的事承受。

    When I go out of the house I lock the door as a matter of course. 我走出家门时总是理所当然地把门锁上。

    We don't have to ask her—she'll do it as a matter of course. 我们不必请求她做这件事,她自然会去做的。

    The milkman leaves us three pints a day as a matter of course. 送奶人每天自然给我们送3瓶奶。

as a matter of fact
  1. 事实上,其实 in truth

    Mary didn't seem to believe it.As a matter of fact, she said she suspected it. 玛丽似乎不相信,事实上,她怀疑。

    Mike said he didn't tell a lie.As a matter of fact, he did. 迈克说他从没有说过谎。事实上,他说过。

    I'm going there tomorrow, as a matter of fact. 其实,我明天是准备去的。

as a matter of routine
  1. 按照惯例 routinely

    As a matter of routine, the sheriff's office there had been notified of the change of address. 按照惯例,他们已把地址改变的消息通知了那里的郡长办公室。

be a matter of
  1. 问题的关键是… be a question of what is necessary

    I know we need some extra help but it's a matter of finding the right person for the job. 我知道我们需要更多的帮助,但问题的关键是找个合适的人来干这项工作。

be a matter of time
  1. 迟早要发生 will happen sooner or later

    We must do something about that dead tree, it's only a matter of time before it falls down and maybe injures somebody. 我们必须对那棵枯树进行处理,它迟早要倒下来,可能会砸伤人的。

    It's only a matter of time. 这只是个时间问题。

be the matter with
  1. 成为困难〔问题〕 be the difficulty〔problem〕

    Whatever is the matter with you? 你究竟出了什么事?

    Something is the matter with his voice. 他的嗓音有些不对头。

    Something is the matter with Eric—he's been in a bad mood all day. 埃里克是有些问题——他整天精神不佳。

for that matter
  1. 就那件事而论,关于那一点 concerning that

    He doesn't trust his partner.For that matter I can't blame him. 他不信任自己的合伙人,就这一点来说,我不能责怪他。

    Your mother would never allow it, and for that matter, neither would I. 你母亲绝不会允许这种事,而且我也不会。

(in) a matter of
  1. 大约,左右 about; or so

    The book sold for a matter of five yuan . 这本书售价过去是5元左右。

    We walked the whole way to the station, a matter of 3 miles. 我们一直走到车站,大约3英里的路程。

    Don't worry it's only a matter of hours till the doctor arrives. 别着急,医生几小时后就会赶到。

    The police arrived in a matter of minutes. 警察几分钟就到了。

in the matter of
  1. 在…方面; 就…而论 about sth

    He has not too good a reputation in the matter of honesty. 就诚实而言,他的名声不太好。

matter in question
  1. 正在考虑〔讨论〕的问题 point being considered〔discussed〕

    Did the matter in question occur on or about ten o'clock on the fifteenth of June? 那事是在6月15日10点正或10点左右发生的吗?

no laughing matter
  1. 需要严肃对待的事,正经事 serious thing

    Looking after fifteen noisy children is no laughing matter. 照看15个吵吵嚷嚷的孩子可不是闹着玩的事。

no matter
  1. 不介意,不要紧 never mind; it is unimportant

    It's no matter that he didn't phone. 他没有打电话也没关系。

    It's no matter whether you arrive early or late. 无论你早到或晚到都无关紧要。

    It made no matter to him that his daughter lost all her money. 他女儿把钱都丢失了,但对他来说这并不要紧。

    Let it go since it is of no matter. 既然那不要紧,就让它去吧。

    It's no matter to me whether you arrive early or late. 你到得早还是晚,对我来说无所谓。

    It makes no matter. 那无关紧要。

  2. 不管,不论 regardless of

    No matter what you say,I like to listen. 不管你说什么,我都喜欢听。

    No matter what happens,I won't leave my position. 不论发生什么事,我都不会擅离岗位。

    No matter how difficult the task may be, we must complete it in time. 不管任务如何艰巨,我们必须按时完成。

    I'll finish the job, no matter how long it takes. 不管花多长时间,我都要把这工作做完。

    No matter what happened, he would not say a word. 不管发生过什么事,他不会说一个字。

    Don't open the door, no matter who calls! 不管谁叫门,都不要开!

no matter what
  1. 无论如何,不管怎样 whatever

    He's decided to leave tomorrow, no matter what. 不管发生什么事,他已决定明天走。

not to mince matters
  1. 坦率地说 to be frank

    We're in trouble.Not to mince matters, we're ruined! 我们遇到了麻烦,坦率地说,我们已破产了!

what's the matter?
  1. 怎么回事?怎么啦? what is the problem?what is wrong?

    What's the matter?Why are you crying? 怎么回事?你为什么哭?

    What's the matter with this machine? 这机器怎么啦?

    What's the matter with your eyes? 你的眼睛怎么了?

用作动词 (v.)
matter about (v.+prep.)
  1. 对…重要 be important to (sb) matter about sb/sth/v-ing

    It doesn't matter about me; I can walk.不要管我,我能走。

    It doesn't matter about the price, buy it, whatever it costs.不要考虑价钱,无论花多少钱,都买吧。

    Is the idea clear?It does not matter about the actual numbers.概念清楚了吗?具体数字倒没什么关系。

    It doesn't matter if you close the door.关门没关系。

matter to (v.+prep.)
  1. 对…重要 be important to (sb) matter to sb/sth

    My health matters more to my doctor than to my family.我的健康状况对医生比对我家里人更为重要。

    That was what mattered most to him.那是对他至关重要的事。

    It matters little to me.这对我无所谓。

    It matters greatly to our relationship.这事对你我之间的关系影响重大。

    I don't think anybody matters to her apart from herself.我认为除了她自己以外,别人对她无关紧要。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词

经典引文

  • He vsed no golde but pure beryll and christall, and other like mattier to drinke in.

    出自:T. Elyot
  • He was still unpersuaded that his own fate mattered very much.

    出自:V. Brome
  • She hadn't brought her glasses with her; not that it really mattered.

    出自:R. Ingalls

matter的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. matter的基本含义是指与精神相对的“物质,物体”,泛指构成客观物体或宇宙的所有物质,在物理学上指由很少的几种基本粒子构成的物质,在哲学上则指与意识相对的物质,是不可数名词,表静态概念。
  2. matter也可指思想或表达的“题材”,书籍、演说等的“内容”,与“形式”相对,是不可数名词。
  3. matter也可作“事情”解,有时可转化为“问题”解。the matter指“麻烦事,困难,毛病”,在句中可用作表语或后置定语,常用在what, something, anything或nothing后。复数形式matters意为“情形,事态”,而不是“多件事”。
  4. matter还可作“重要性”解,为不可数名词,有时也可作“原因”“理由”解。
  5. (in) a matter of还可与表示时间、距离、金钱的词连用,意为“…左右,…上下”,有“很少”的意味。
  6. what's the matter有两种译法:如果要询问有关的人或物时, the matter相当于wrong(毛病,故障),意为“出了什么事”,是习惯用语。另外, matter还可作“物质”解,是不可数名词。例如:What's the matter with that boy?那男孩出了什么事?What's the matter with your leg?你的腿怎么了?What's the matter in the bottle?瓶里装的是什么物质?
  7. matter用作可数名词多指“事态,问题”,但指一般事情常用something, anything, nothing; 指具体的问题时常用question, problem,一般不用matter。
v.(动词)
  1. matter是不及物动词,基本意思是“对人们有重大关系,要紧”“重要,有严重性”。
  2. matter常用于以it作形式主语的结构中,其真实主语一般为现在分词短语、that从句、wh-从句或if/whether从句。
  3. 在回答别人的道歉时,应该说It doesn't matter,不说no matter。
  4. matter用于医学上,指“化脓”。
  5. matter是表示静态的动词,一般不用于进行体。
  6. matter后跟more and more或less and less短语时,可用于进行时态,因为matter已由状态性动词转化为运动性动词了。例如:Class origin seems to be mattering less and less, but diploma appears to be mattering more and more these days.如今家庭出身似乎越来越次要了,而文凭却越来越显得重要。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
in a matter of, in the matter of
两者不容混淆:in a matter of的意思是“只消,不过”; 而in the matter of的意思是“关于,对于”。例如:
You can finish the course in a matter of weeks.你只消几周就能学完这门课程。
Jimmy has a name in the matter of enthusiasm in work.吉米的工作干劲是有名的。
matter, affair, business, concern, thing
这组词在含糊地指那些所做的事时意义相近,常可互换。例如:
It is a regretful affair〔business, concern, matter, thing〕.这是一件遗憾的事。
I don't talk to her about private affairs〔business, concerns, matters, things〕.我从不和她谈私事。
它们之间的区别在于:
1.从模糊程度上看, affair<matter<thing, thing的词义最不确切,常可用在有意使概念含混不清的场合。例如:
How did you find things in America?你觉得美国怎样?
2.从含义上看, affair强调运行或操作过程,如一道程序,一笔交易,一个行动,一项事业等。business强调职责关系,例如:
It is her business to take good care of the baby.看护好这个婴儿是她的职责。
concern强调利害相关,例如:
It is no concern of mine.此事与我无关。
matter强调必须考虑和处理,例如:
We have a lot of matters to do.我们有许多事情要做。
thing则是一般用语,口语中常表示说话内容预先未考虑好或说话者力图掩饰自己的观点,例如:
I've another thing to talk with you.我还有一件事跟你说。
3.从用法上看, business不能用复数,而affair在指重大的或头绪较多的事务时则需要用复数。
4.从搭配范围上看,与foreign、international、state等词连用时只能用affair,在短语have an affair with sb (与某人有不正当男女关系)中也只能用affair。在指商业上的生意和活动或指“公事”“正事”时只能用business,例如:
It's a pleasure to do business with you.很高兴和你做生意。
Business before pleasure.公事比娱乐要紧。
口语中作“出了毛病”“失常”解时,只能用matter而不能用affair和business,例如:
What's the matter with you?你怎么啦?
在泛指“东西”“物品”时,用affair和thing均可。例如:
And these Tubes were convenient things〔affairs〕.而这地下铁道是非常方便的东西。
matter, material, stuff, substance
这组词都可表示“物质”。其区别在于:
1.matter泛指构成客观物体或宇宙的所有物质。在物理学上指由很少的几种基本粒子构成的物质; 在哲学上则指与mind(意识)相对的物质。例如:
Matter occupies space.物质占据空间。
2.stuff, material和substance都可指构成或制作某物的材料或零件, material特指人造制品的制作原料, substance则指某种可使某物具有某种特性的特殊物质。例如:
Hope is the stuff that dreams are made of.希望正是构成理想的材料。
The tips of matches are covered with chemical substance.火柴头上包着一层化学物质。
3.material还可指文学创作的素材,而其他的词却无此义。例如:
He is now collecting material for a biography of Du Fu.他正在为写作杜甫传记而收集资料。
4.stuff是日常用语,不用于科技文体中,而其他的词则可用作科技术语。例如:
He was told to move his stuff out of the room.人家叫他把他的东西搬出房间去。
v.(动词)
下面两个句子意思不同:
  • It doesn't matter about me.
  • 不必为我担心。
  • It doesn't matter to me.
  • 我不在乎。
affair business matter concern thing
这些名词均含“事情”之意。
  • affair:affair含义较广,侧重指已发生或必须去做的任何事情或事务。复数形式多指重大或较复杂的事务。
  • business:business通常指较重要或较难而又必须承担的事情,也可指商事。
  • matter:matter普通用词,着重指一件考虑中的或需要处理的事。
  • concern:concern往往强调与个人或团体利害有直接或重大关系的事。
  • thing:thing用作“事情”解时,词义较笼统、含糊,多用于指不很具体的事。
material matter substance stuff
这些名词均含“物质,东西”之意。
  • material:material通常指组成客观存在物的部分或其原料。
  • matter:matter通常指构成实物的物质,与精神相对立。在科学上,指占有空间,并能以某种方式被感官觉察的一切东西。
  • substance:substance多指某一种形式的物质,既可指元素也可指化合物。
  • stuff:stuff多用于日常生活中,非正式用词,常指构成整体的所有部分、物体或项目,有时指劣等材料,含轻蔑意味。
problem question issue matter
这些名词均含“问题”之意。
  • problem:problem指客观上存在的、难以处理或难以理解的问题。
  • question:question通常指用口头或书面提出来要求回答或有待讨论解决的问题。
  • issue:issue多指意见能达到一致的问题,但要通过争论或讨论解决。
  • matter:matter含义不很具体,暗示人们考虑和关心的事和话题。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 物质世界是由物质组成的。

    The physical world is composed of matters.

    The physical world is composed of matter.

    matter作“物质”解时是不可数名词。

  2. 你怎么啦?

    What's the matter to you?

    What's the matter with you?

  3. 收音机没有什么毛病。

    There wasn't any matter with the radio.

    There was nothing the matter with the radio.

    the matter with为固定搭配,表示“…出了毛病”。

  4. 事实上,他在假装睡觉。

    As the matter of fact he was pretending to be asleep.

    As a matter of fact he was pretending to be asleep.

    as a matter of fact是固定说法,表示“事实上”。

  5. 我有几件事要做。

    I have several matters to do.

    I have several things to do.

    matter虽可用作可数名词,并可说a matter,但不可说two matters, several matters,可改用two things, several things。

  6. 无论你给那个孩子什么东西,他都会吃的。

    The child will eat no matter what you give him.

    The child will eat whatever you give him.

    no matter what引起的从句不能作主语或宾语,而whatever可以引导主语从句或宾语从句。

  7. 问题是车内没有位置容纳你,所以我们无法带你一起去。

    The matter is that we won't have enough room in the car to take you with us.

    The problem is that we won't have enough room in the car to take you with us.

    the matter作“问题”或“麻烦”解时不用作主语。

v.(动词)
  1. 你来不来对他都无关紧要。

    It doesn't matter with him whether you will come or not.

    It doesn't matter to him whether you will come or not.

    表示“…对某人无关紧要”,应该说It doesn't matter to sb,其中介词 to 不能改用with。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自殖英诺曼底语的matere;最初源自古典拉丁语的materia,意为一颗树的硬树的实心,组成事物的材料。

matter的相关资料:

正版词典

matter : 物质 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
matter : 事情;问题 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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互动百科

  • matter:matter n. 事件, 问题, 物质, 内容, 实质, 原因, (印刷或书写的)文件, (文章或讲话等的)素材vi. 有关系, 要紧习惯用语a matter of 大约, 大概 ...的问题a m…

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