grave

  核心词汇  
[ɡreiv]     [ɡreiv]    
  • n. 坟墓;死亡
  • adj. 严肃的;严重的;庄重的
  • v. 雕刻;铭记;
gravely graver gravest graveness graved graven/graved graving graves
new

grave的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]坟墓 hole dug in the ground for a dead body
  2. [S]死亡 death
adj. (形容词)
  1. (指情况)严重的 (of situations, etc.) needing careful consideration
  2. 严肃的,庄重的 serious or solemn in manner

英英释义

Noun:
  1. death of a person;

    "he went to his grave without forgiving me"
    "from cradle to grave"

  2. a place for the burial of a corpse (especially beneath the ground and marked by a tombstone);

    "he put flowers on his mother's grave"

  3. a mark (`) placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation

Adjective:
  1. dignified and somber in manner or character and committed to keeping promises;

    "a grave God-fearing man"
    "a quiet sedate nature"
    "as sober as a judge"
    "a solemn promise"
    "the judge was solemn as he pronounced sentence"

  2. causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm;

    "a dangerous operation"
    "a grave situation"
    "a grave illness"
    "grievous bodily harm"
    "a serious wound"
    "a serious turn of events"
    "a severe case of pneumonia"
    "a life-threatening disease"

  3. of great gravity or crucial import; requiring serious thought;

    "grave responsibilities"
    "faced a grave decision in a time of crisis"
    "a grievous fault"
    "heavy matters of state"
    "the weighty matters to be discussed at the peace conference"

Verb:
  1. shape (a material like stone or wood) by whittling away at it;

    "She is sculpting the block of marble into an image of her husband"

  2. carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface;

    "engrave a pen"
    "engraved the trophy cupt with the winner's"
    "the lovers scratched their names into the bark of the tree"

grave的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. She laid the bouquet on the newly turfed grave.
    她把那束花放置在新铺上草皮的坟墓上。
  2. You are just digging your own grave if you go on smoking so heavily.
    你继续这样过度吸烟,就是在自掘坟墓。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. His face was grave when I told him my decision.
    当我告诉他我的决定时,他的脸色很严肃。
  2. The situation poses a grave threat to world peace.
    这局势对世界和平构成了严重的威胁。
  3. He announced the news in a grave voice.
    他用庄重的声音宣布这一消息。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. She laid flowers on the grave.
    她把花放在坟上。
  2. He weeps over the grave of his brother.
    他在他哥哥的坟上哭泣。
  3. He drank himself into an early grave.
    他因喝酒过度而过早死去。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. This large rain could have grave consequences.
    这场大雨会造成严重后果。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. The situation was grave.
    情况是严重的。
  2. He looks terribly grave.
    他脸色很严肃。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. She is grave in manner.
    她举止庄重。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
dig one's own grave
    自取灭亡do sth which causes one's own downfall
from the cradle to the grave
    从生到死from birth to death
have one foot in the grave
    离死不远,行将就木be so old or ill that one is not likely to live much longer
turn in one's grave
    死后不得安生of a person who is already dead, likely to be offended or angry

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • A skull, torn out of the graves nearby.

    出自: H. Asquith
  • The new grave lying by the three short mounds of her little brothers.

    出自: M. Mitchell
  • The mountains against the heaven's grave weight Rise up.

    出自: Wordsworth
  • Maye the springes off waters be grauen awaye.

    出自:Bible (Coverdale): Jeremiah

grave的详细讲解:

词义辨析

n. (名词)
grave, tomb
  • grave和tomb均指埋葬尸体的“坟墓”。
  • 1.grave指一般的“土墓”; tomb可译为“陵墓”,是坟墓的雅称,指建在地下的墓室,也可是一种带墓碑的建筑,既可安放死者,又可作纪念物。
  • 2.tomb表示“坟墓”时,比grave更庄重,在说“扫墓”时,多用tomb。
  • 3.grave作“死”及“死亡”解时,一般不用tomb代替。
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